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( ) 2011 年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(六)及答案
一、Vocabulary and Structure(10 points,1 point for each item)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答 案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。
  1.
He respectfully the invitation. (1分)
A: declined B: refused C: rejected D: abandoned
  2.
But too much of that lengthened experience, even in the wealthy West, will be
experience of poverty and neglect, we do something about it. (1分)
A: when B: unless C:because D:if
  3.
by guards with guns, they raised their legs in unison and made their way to the
edge of the highway, Interstate
  65. (1分)
A:Watching over B:Watch on C: Watched over D:Be watched over
  4.
The total water area is about the land area. (1分)
A: three times as larger as B: as three times large as C: three times as large as D: as large as three times
  5.
And they can their passports , making leaving or “escaping” virtually
impossible. (1分)
A: have ... remove B: had ... remove C: have ... removing D: have ...removed
  6.
There is a growing body of evidence to support the fact that most people suffer from a
lack of daydreaming an excess of it. (1分)
A:other than B:rather than C:in place of D: instead
  7.
In addition, a second doctor must confirm that these criteria has been met and the
death must to the police department. (1分)
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A:report B:be reported C: reporting D:having reported
  8.
The main bread winner in her family, she work for a very low wage at a tea
factory. (1分)
A:used to B: was used to C:uses to D: has used to
  9.
Yoube too careful when you use a knife to cut things. (1分)
A:shouldn’t B:can’t C:won’t D:oughtn’t
  10.
He isof doing any hard work. (1分)
A:able B:qualified C:capable D:competent 二、Cloze Test(10 points,1 point for each item)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上 下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。
  1.Nature has a perfect system for recycling water. Water is used again and again. It falls
as rain. Then it goes one of three places. It might seep slowly through the soil 1 it soaks through into the natural reservoirs underground. It might disappear into the air by 2 quickly. It might run off into streams to rivers and to the oceans. There is a problem 3 this recycling system. It is a balance that can be easily upset by people. Nature’s recycling system can work well 4 people work with the system?not against it. Some ways that people 5 with nature are easy to understand. Dirty sewage water from homes and factories must not 6 with drinking water. People would get sick from drinking dirty water. There are other ways that people hinder nature. Some of these ways are not so easy to understand. 7, a marshy bog may not be good for everything, but it serves an important purpose. The soft, wet soil of a bog(沼泽) 8 water to reach the underground reservoirs. What happens to the balance of nature if the bog is filled in? Many housing development projects have been built where marshes once were. The 9 of the houses are likely to have problems. They are likely to fill up with water, to flood in 10 seasons. Huge storm sewers are built to carry away with the water from wet areas. These huge pipes prevent wet basements in the houses of the community. (10分) (
  1):
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A:because B:if C:after D:as
(
  2):
A:because B:if C:after D:as
(
  3):
A:evaporating B:being evaporated C:having been evaporated D:being evaporating
(
  4):
A:of B:with C:through D:from
(
  5):
A:only before B:unless C:although D:only if
(
  6):
A:accord B:concern C:interfere D:interfere
(
  7):
A:separate B:clean C:mix D:filter
(
  8):
A:To start with B:To name just a few C:For example D:In contrast
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(
  9):
A:forbids B:discourages C:prevents D:allows
(
  10):
A:basis B:base C:basic D:basements
(
  11):
A:dry B:snowy C:rainy D:misty 三、Reading Comprehension(30 points,2 points for each item)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选 择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。
  1.In the past two years, millions of Americans have suddenly taken an interest in the
bicycle as if it were a startling new invention. Annual bike sales doubled between 1960 and 1970, and there are nearly 70 million bikes in the United States today. That’s more than two for every three automobiles. Of course, the bike has been around for more than 150 years, and this is ‘t America’s first bicycle boom (兴旺). A wave of bike enthusiasm swept the land in the late 1800s and bicycle production hit two million units in 18
  97. Then with the coming of the auto, bicycling declined, and for decades remained popular only with children and a few adults. Now, national concern with air pollution and physical fitness has brought the bike back to the forefrontparticularly with adults. More than eight million bikes were sold in the United States last year and a third of them went to adults. The year before, only 15 percent of new bike sales were for adults. (10分) (
  1): In the United States, the bicycle is.
A:becoming popular again B:creating traffic problems C:popular chiefly with children D:replacing the family car
(
  2):
According to the passage, there are.
A:more bicycles than automobiles in the United States B:more automobiles than bicycles in the United States C:as many bicycles as automobiles in the United States D:fewer automobiles than bicycles in the United States
(
  3):
We can infer from the passage that Americans are
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A:quick to follow the example of others B:interested in comfort and luxury C:concerned with the quality of their lives D:easy to accept new things
(
  4):
Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage ?.
A:More and more adults are beginning to accept bicycle. B:The bicycle has been existing for more than 150 years. C:The automobile once affected bicycle production. D:Americans have found the bicycle a better means of transportation.
(
  5):
It can be concluded that if people continue to concern themselves with air pollution
and physical fitness.
A:stricter air standard will be enforced B:fewer automobiles will be sold C:Americans will enjoy better health D:bicycle sales will continue to rise
  2.In our day of the automobile and paved highway few people ever encounter quicksand (流沙).
Yet quicksand is still common in many parts of the country. It may be more dangerous for being less familiar. Quicksand is usually found along the shores and in the beds of rivers. It is simply sand saturated (使饱和) with water from beneath, as from a spring. The water flowing into the sand separates the grains. The suspended grains give rather easily and a heavy object placed on the surface is likely to sink. How fast it sinks depends on its weight and surface area. How does one detect quicksand? It cannot be done by the eye alone, since sand which looks firm may suddenly collapse and trap anyone who ventures out on it. The only way to be sure is to test the sand before walking on it. For test a probing (探索) pole or long stick should be used. If the pole sinks more than six inches, the sand is probably quicksand. A traveler who stumbles into quicksand will soon sink to the depth of his knees. If he stands still or struggles wildly, he will sink even further. He should at once lie on his back and stretch out his arms. Contrary to popular notion, quicksand does not suck objects down, and will support more weight than water alone. While the trapped person “floats” on the surface of the sand, rescuers should build a platform with boards or branches. Then they can pull him out slowly. If the trapped person is alone, he can rescue himself. When he is in the floating position, he should begin rolling toward solid ground. Rolling is the only way of getting free. It should be done with frequent rests, so that the trapped person does not tire himself. When he reaches solid ground, he should swing his legs to safety, and quickly scramble out of the quicksand. (10分) (
  1): The main idea of this passage is .
A:that today few people ever encounter quicksand
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B:that quicksand is still common in many parts of the country C: that quicksand cannot be detected by the eye alone D:expressed by none of the above
(
  2):
According to the passage, quicksand is usually found .
A: on hillsides B: far inland C: near water D: on prairies
(
  3):
For detecting quicksand the author recommends .
A: good eyesight B:fast thinking C: the use of a long pole D: testing the surface with your shoe
(
  4):
If you are alone and you stumble into quicksand, you should .
A:struggle B:stand still C: call for help D: lie on your back
(
  5):
To escape from quicksand you should be .
A: calm B: excited C: strong D: daring
  3.One of the most exciting races ever run is now in progress between doctors fighting
malaria (疟疾) and mosquitoes. According to the most recent counts 225 million people a year suffer attacks of malaria and more than two million die. Public health workers around the world are doing all they can to destroy malaria before the mosquitoes that pass on the disease become resistant to the poisons now used against them. It’s a race against time and against difficulties, with millions of lives in danger and the chances of winning not in man’s favour. Malaria, it is true, has been practically wiped out in thirteen countries, including the United States, and is under attack in many others. But it is equally true that in some parts of the world certain types of malaria carrying mosquitoes have already learned to resist some of the sprays that formerly killed them. Other types of mosquitoes are not killed as quickly by present sprays as they once were. The World Health Organization is helping national governments to get rid of malaria before resistance among the mosquito population becomes so great that new poisons will have to be found to replace those in use at present. Most of the countries in the world have started, or are planning, campaigns against mosquitoes. If the race against resistance is won by man, it is possible that ten years from now this old evil will have disappeared completely
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from the America, perhaps from the world. (10分) (
  1): Malaria has been successfully got rid of in .
A: all countries B: some countries C: no countries D:most countries
(
  2):
Millions of people are in danger of getting malaria because .
A:some countries have not started a campaign against mosquitoes B: new species of mosquitoes may survive today’s sprays C: malaria was once thought to be a very old evil of the world D: present sprays are not as effective as people think
(
  3):
Why does the World Health Organization give help to national governments to wipe
out malaria?
A:The author does not give any reason in the whole passage. B: Local governments are not skillful enough to kill mosquitoes C:Current sprays are not powerful enough to kill mosquitoes. D: No new poisons have been developed to kill mosquitoes so far.
(
  4):
The present campaigns that doctors have begun are .
A: to save or rescue more than two million people B: to reveal the fight between doctors and mosquitoes C: to support the WHO’s effects in destroying mosquitoes D:to kill all malaria bearing mosquitoes before their resistance becomes too great
(
  5):
Which of the following statements is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A: Malaria is under attack in a number of countries. B: Some types of mosquitoes have become resistant to the current sprays. C: New poisons have been put into wide use with the new science. D: One of human’s challenges is to win the campaigns against mosquitoes. 四、Word Spelling(10 points,1 point for two items) 将下列汉语单词译成英语。每个单词的词类、首字 母及字母数目均已给
 

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