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( ) 2011 年全国自考英语(二)模拟试卷(十)及答案
一、Vocabulary and Structure(10 points,1 point for each item)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最 佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。
  1. A:in B: on C:by D: at
  2.
The reason for making a decision is that a problem exists, or something is standing
the way of accomplishing them. (1分)
Weinstein’s body, with hands and feet , was discovered by a hiker on March
  17.
(1分)
A: bound B: bind C:binding D: bounded
  3.
These future robots, with a sense of touch and the ability to see and make decisions,
will have plenty of work to do. (1分)
A:assembling B: assembled C:assemble D: to have been assembled
  4.
What developed was a music readily various forms and capable of an almost
limitless range of expression. (1分)
A: taking in B: taking on C: taking off D: taking to
  5.
The White House working personnel were as fresh as , while the locals, in this lagged. (1分)
case, were jet
A: paint B: painter C: painting D: painted
  6.
Grabbing Weinstein the jaw, the attacker told her he had a gun and forced her
into her car. (1分)
A: with B: to C: in D: by
  7.
Although my fellow longshoremen and I are getting paid for eight hours, we work
only four. (1分)
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A: but in occasion B: but on occasion C: with occasion D: on occasion
  8.
The secretary was fired for her duty. (1分)
A: neglecting B:avoiding C: ignoring D: missing
  9.
There are many that organizations wish to attain simultaneously. (1分)
A:subjects B:subjectives C:objectives D: objections
  10.
Long life is altering our society, of course, but in experiential. (1分)
A:items B:terms C:turns D:themes 二、Cloze Test(10 points,1 point for each item)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根 据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。
  1.Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the students.1 a
long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the information in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The 2 student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of 3 , not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned with brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 4 for the learning the material assigned. When research is assigned, the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with 5 guidance. It is the student’s responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 6 a university library works; they expect students, particularly graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference 7 in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students should not be 8 dependent on them. In the United States professors have many other duties besides teaching, such as administrative or research work. 9 , the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is limited. If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either 10 a professor during office hours or make an appointment. (10分) (
  1):
A:If B:Although C:Because D:Since
(
  2):
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A:poor B:ideal C:average D:disappointed
(
  3):
A:fun B:work C:learning D:prize
(
  4):
A:criticized B:innocent C:responsible D:dismissed
(
  5):
A:maximum B:minimum C:possible D:practical
(
  6):
A:when B:what C:why D:how
(
  7):
A:selections B:collections C:sources D:origins
(
  8):
A:too B:such C:much D:more
(
  9):
A:However B:Therefore C:Furthermore D:Nevertheless
(
  10):
A:greet B:annoy
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C:approach D:attach 三、Reading Comprehension(30 points,2 points for each item)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个 选择项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题卡上将相应的字母涂黑。
  1.Tides are created mainly by the pull of the moon on the earth. The moon’s pull causes water
in the oceans to be a little deeper at a point closest to the moon and also at a point farthest from the moon, on the opposite side of the earth. These two tidal “waves” follow the apparent movement of the moon around the earth and strike nearly every coast line at intervals of about twelve hours and twenty five minutes. After reaching a high point, the water level goes down gradually for a little more than six hours and then begins to rise toward a new high point. Hence, most coast lines have two tides a day, and the tides occur fifty minutes later each day. Differences in the coast line and in channels in the ocean bottom may change the time that the tidal wave reaches different points along the same coast line. The difference in water level between high and low tide varies from day to day according to the relative positions of the sun and the moon. The sun also exerts a pull on the earth, although it is only about half as strong as the pull of the tides arise higher and when they pull at right angles to one another, the tide is lower. The formation of the coast line and variations in the weather are additional factors which can affect the height of tides. Some sections of the coast are shaped in such a way as to cause much higher tides than are experienced in other areas. A strong wind blowing toward the shore may also cause tides to the higher. (10分) (
  1): Which of the following is right according to the passage?
A:Some coast lines do not have two tides each day. B: Tides are not affected by the shape of coast line. C: The sun has as much effect on tides as does the moon D: Tides usually rise to the same land day after day.
(
  2):
The time that high tide occurs at a particular place is affected by all of the following
EXCEPT .
A: the direction of the wind B:channels in the sea bottom C: variations in the coast line D: the position of the moon
(
  3):
Which of the following is an accurate statement about the pull of the sun on the earth?
A: It is about twice the pull of the moon. B:It determines the time of high tide. C: It determines the time of low tide. D: It is about half the pull of the moon.
(
  4):
The height of the tide is affected by all of the following EXCEPT .
A: the position of the sun B: channels in the sea bottom C: the direction of the wind D: variations in the coast line
(
  5):
Tides wouldif the pull of the moon equaled the pull of the sun .
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A: be the same height as they are now B: be of equal height all the time C: sometimes be higher than they are now D:no longer be affected by the windPassage Three
  2.
The electromagnet was invented in England by William Sturgeon, who took an iron rod and bent it into the shape of a horseshoe. This “horseshoe” was coated with varnish and a layer of copper wire was wrapped around it. An electric current was passed through the wire, thus making the rod magnetic. The rod was now, because of magnetic attraction, able to support nine pounds of iron. In the US, a scientist named Joseph Henry improved on Sturgeon’s electromagnet by insulating the copper wine with silk. He was able to wrap many turns of wire around an iron core without danger of short circuits between the turns. His magnet could hold 2,300 pounds. This experiment prompted Henry to try his hand at converting magnetism into electricity. First he coiled some insulated wire around an iron bar, connecting both ends of the wire to a galvanometer (电流表). The iron bar was placed across the poles of the electromagnet. Then the coil of the electromagnet was connected to a battery. The galvanometer indicated a voltage, then dropped to zero. Henry signaled his assistant to disconnect the coil. The galvanometer showed that once again a voltage had been produced, although this time in the opposite direction. The principle of electromagnetic induction had thus been discovered. Unfortunately for Joseph Henry he did not publish his findings and someone else (Faraday) got the credit for the discovery. (10分) (
  1): The principle of electromagetic was discovered by .
A:William Sturgeon B:Joseph Henry C:Faraday D:someone else
(
  2):
Why did Sturgeon’s electromagnet could support nine pounds of iron?
A: Because the iron rod was bent into the shape of a “horseshoe”. B:Because the rod was coated with varnish. C:Because a layer of copper wire was wrapped around the rod. D:Because the rod was made magnetic by the passing current.
(
  3):
What is NOT TRUE about Henry’s electromagnet?
A:His magnet could hold 2,300 pounds. B: His magnet was more dangerous. C: There were more turns of wire around the iron rod in his magnet. D: His magnet was an improved model.
(
  4):
In Henry’s experiment,he connected the wire to .
A: a galvanometer B:an iron bar C:a battery D:an electromagnet
(
  5):
In Henry’s experiment,the galvanometer indicated a voltage when .
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A:the coil was connected to a battery B:the coil was disconnected to a battery C:neither A nor B D:both A and B
  3.
In a family where the roles of men and women are not sharply separated and where many household tasks are shared to a greater or lesser extent, notions of superiority are hard to maintain. The pattern of sharing in tasks and in decisions makes for equality, and this in turn leads to further sharing. In such a home, the growing boy and girl learn to accept that equality more easily than did their parents and to prepare more fully for participation in a world characterized by cooperation rather than by the “battle of sexes”. If the process goes too far and man’s role is regarded as less important?and that has happened in some cases?we are as badly off as before, only in reverse. It is time to reassess the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of “Momism” ? but we don’t want to exchange it for a “neo Popism”. What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals. There are signs that psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and specialists on the family are becoming more aware of the part men play and that they have decided that women should not receive all the credits?nor all the blame. We have almost given up saying that a woman’s place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyze man’s place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant to the healthy development of the child. The family is a cooperative enterprise for which it is difficult to lay down rules, because each family needs to work out its own ways for solving its own problems. Excessive authoritarianism has unhappy consequences, whether it wears skirts or trousers, and the ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is pertinent (与……有关) not only to a healthy family but also to a healthy democracy. (10分) (
  1): Sharing tasks and decisions in a family leads to .
A:momism B:neo popism C:inequality D:further sharing
(
  2):
If a boy or a girl has grown up in a home with sharing tasks and decisions,he or she
will probably .
A:believe that life is a “battle of sexes” B:accept equality as their parents did. C:prepare more fully for participation in a cooperative world D:insist that man has a place in the home
(
  3):
According to the author, man’s role in the American family is .
A:less important than woman’s B:equal to woman’s C: irrelevant to the healthy development of the child D: hard to maintain
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(
  4): Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and specialists on the family .
A:are paying increased attention to man’s place in the home B:suggest that we exchange “Momism” for a “neo popism” C:women should receive all the credits and blames D:men should receive all the credits and blames
(
  5):
The ideal of equal rights and equal res
 

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