2002 年全国高考英语试题及答案
第一卷(三部分, 共 115 分) 第一部分:听力(共两节, 满分 30 分) 做题时, 先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后, 你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1?5 分, 满分 7?5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应 位置。听完每段对话后, 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例: How much is the shirt? A.£
  19.
  15. B. £
  9.
  15. C. £
  9.
  18. 答案是 B 。

  1. Who is Chris Paine? A. A computer engineer. B. A book seller. C. A writer.
  2. What are the two speakers talking about? A. A football player. B. A football team. C. A football match.
  3. Why did the woman buy a heavy coat for Jimmy? A. Winter is coming soon. B. Jimmy'll go into the mountains. C. Jimmy has caught a cold.
  4. Where is the woman? A. In a soap factory. B. In her house. C. At an information desk.
  5. When is the man checking in? A. Friday. B. Thursday. C. Tuesday. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题
  1.5 分, 满分 22?5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标 在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒 钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料, 回答第 6 至 8 题。
  6. How does the man feel about David's way of sleeping? A. It's effective. B. It's strange. C. It's the best.
  7. How many hours does David sleep a day? A. Four. B. Six. C. Seven.
  8.What does the woman suggest at the end of the talk? A. People should develop a habit like David's. B. People need longer hours of sleep. C. People have different sleeping habits. 听第 7 段材料, 回答第 9 至 11 题。
  9.What is the woman going to do? A. Attend a party. B. Take a holiday. C. Go on a business trip.
  10.When does the woman plan to arrive? A. Late Friday. B. Mid-day Saturday. C. Saturday night.
  11.What is the weather like in the town during the day? A. Cold. B. Wet. C. Warm. 听第 8 段材料, 回答第
  12、13 题。
  12.Why does the man thank the woman? A. She has helped him with his problems. B. She has invited him for coffee. C. She has agreed to see him on Monday.
  13.When does the conversation take place? A. Before class.
B. After class. C. During class. 听第 9 段材料, 回答第 14 至 16 题。
  14.What will the man do next morning? A. Meet Mr Copper. B. Visit the National Lab. C. Meet Bill Lyons.
  15.How will the man spend his Saturday? A. He will do some paperwork. B. He will take some rest. C. He will meet some visitors.
  16.What do we know about the woman? A. She's the man's wife. B. She's a business manager. C. She's a company secretary. 听第 10 段材料, 回答第 17 至 20 题。
  17.What was the purpose of Mrs Whinfield's visits to Kew Gardens? A. To learn more about plants. B. To write an article on gardens. C. To meet the writers she read.
  18.Where did Mrs Whinfield live before she moved to her present home? A. Dorset. B. Somerset. C. West London.
  19.Where does Mrs Whinfield get most of her plants? A. She grows them from seeds. B. She gets them from her friends. C. She buys them from a market.
  20.Whatis the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Tourist and gardener. B. College professor and biology student. C. Newspaper reporter and garden owner. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例: It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 答案是 B。
  21.-I'm taking my driving test tomorrow. - ! A. Cheers B. Good luck C. Come on D. Congratulations
  22.Excuse me for breaking in, I have some news for you. A. so B. and C. but D. yet
  23.-You haven't said a word about my new coat, Brenda. Do you like it? -I'm sorry I anything about it sooner.I certainly think it's pretty on you.
A. wasn't saying B. don't say C. won't say D. didn't say
  24.The mother didn't know to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out. A. who B. when C. how D. what
  25.-Is John coming by train? -He should, but he not. He likes driving his car. A. must B. can C. need D. may
  26.Jumping out of airplane at ten thousand feet is quite exciting experience. A.不填; the B.不填; an C. an; an D. the; the
  27.Boris has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has IQ. A. a high B. a higher C. the higher D. the highest
  28.The taxi driver often reminds passengers to their belongings when they leave the car. A. keep B. catch C. hold D. take
  29.I wonder why Jenny us recently. We should have heard from her by now. A. hasn't written B. doesn't write C. won't write D. hadn't written
  30.John shut everybody out of the kitchen he could prepare his grand surprise for the party. A. which B. when C. so that D. as if
  31.We thought of selling this old furniture, but we've decided to it. It might be valuable. A. hold on to B. keep up with C. turn to D. look after
  32.Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains whether they will enjoy it. A. to see B. to be seen C. seeing D. seen
  33.It is said in Australia there is more land than the government knows . A. it what to do with B. what to do it with C. what to do with it D. to do what with it
  34.The research is so designed that once nothing can be done to change it. A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun
  35.Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, I will always treasure. A. that B. one C. it D. what
第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题
  1.5 分, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 掌握其大意, 然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 What is intelligence(智力)anyway?When I was in the army I 36 an intelligence test that all soldiers took, and, against 37 of 100, scored 1
  60. I had an auto-repair man once, who, on these intelligence tests, could not 38 have scored more than
  80. 39 , when anything went wrong with my car I hurried to him-and he always 40 it. Well, then, suppose my auto-repair man 41 questions for some intelligence tests. By every one of them I'd prove myself a 42 . In a world where I have to work with my 43 , I'd do poorly. Consider my auto-repair man 44 . He had a habit of telling 45 . One time he said, "Doc, a deaf-and-dumb(聋哑)man 46 some nails. Having entered a store, he put two fingers together on the counter and made 47 movements with the other hand. The clerk brought him a hammer. He 48 his head and pointed to the two fingers he was hammering. The clerk 49 him some nails. He picked out the right size and left. Well, Doc, the 50 man who came in was blind. He wanted scissors 剪刀) 51 do you suppose he asked ( . for them? "I lifted my right hand and made scissoring movements with my first two fingers. He burst out laughing and
said, "Why, you fool, he used his 52 and asked for them. I've been 53 that on all my customers today, but I knew 54 I'd catch you." "Why is that?" I asked. "Because you are so goddamned educated, Doc. I knew you couldn't be very 55 ." And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there.
  36. A. failed B. wrote C. received D. chose
  37. A. an average B. a total C. an exam D. a number
  38. A. always B. possibly C. certainly D. frequently
  39. A. Then B. Thus C. Therefore D. Yet
  40. A. fixed B. checked C. drove D. changed
  41. A. answered B. practised C. designed D. tried
  42. A. teacher B. doctor C. winner D. fool
  43. A. brains B. effort C. hands D. attention
  44. A. again B. as usual C. too D. as well
  45. A. lies B. jokes C. news D. tales
  46. A. bought B. tested C. found D. needed
  47. A. cutting B. hammering C. waving D. circling
  48. A. nodded B. raised C. shook D. turned
  49. A. brought B. packed C. sent D. sold
  50. A. clever B. other C. right D. next
  51. A. What B. How C. Who D. Which
  52. A. imagination B. hand C. voice D. information
  53. A. trying B. proving C. practising D. examining
  54. A. for sure B. at once C. in fact D. right now
  55. A. clear B. silly C. slow D. smart
第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分, 满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
In 1901, H.G. Wells, an English writer, wrote a book describing a trip to the moon. When the explorers(探险者) landed on the moon, they discovered that the moon was full of underground cities. They expressed their surprise to the "moon people" they met. In turn, the "moon people" expressed their surprise. "Why, "they asked, "are you traveling to outer space when you don't even use your inner space?" H.G. Wells could only imagine travel to the moon. In 1969, human beings really did land on the moon. People today know that there are no underground cities on the moon. However, the question that the "moon people" asked is still an interesting one. A growing number of scientists are seriously thinking about it. Underground systems are already in place. Many cities have underground car parks. In some cities, such as Tokyo, Seoul and Montreal, there are large underground shopping areas. The "Chunnel", a tunnel 隧道) ( connecting England and France, is now complete. But what about underground cities? Japan's Taisei Corporation is designing a network of underground systems, called "Alice Cities." The designers imagine using surface space for public parks and using underground space for flats, offices, shopping, and so on. A solar dome(太阳能穹顶)would cover the whole city. Supporters of underground development say that building down rather than building up is a good way to use the earth's space. The surface, they say, can be used for farms, parks, gardens, and wilderness. H. G. Wells' "moon people" would agree. Would you?
  56. The explorers in H. G. Wells' story were surprised to find that the "moon people" . A. knew so much about the earth B. understood their language C. lived in so many underground cities D. were ahead of them in space technology
  57. What does the underlined word "it"(paragraph
  2)refer to? A. Discovering the moon's inner space. B. Using the earth's inner space. C. Meeting the "Moon people" again. D. Traveling to outer space.
  58. What sort of underground systems are already here with us? A. Offices, shopping areas, power stations. B. Tunnels, car parks, shopping areas.
C. Gardens, car parks, power stations. D. Tunnels, gardens, offices.
  59. What would be the best title for the text? A. Alice Cities-cities of the future B. Space travel with H. G. Wells C. Enjoy living underground D. Building down, not up
B LONDON (Reuters) -Organic fruit, delivered right to the doorstep. That is what Gabriel Gold prefers, and he is willing to pay for it. If this is not possible, the 26-year-old computer technician will spend the extra money at the supermarket to buy organic food. "Organic produce is always better, "Gold said. "The food is free of pesticides(农药), and you are generally supporting family farms instead of large farms. And more often than not it is locally(本地)grown and seasonal, so it is more tasty. "Gold is one of a growing number of shoppers buying into the organic trend , and supermarkets across Britain are counting on more like him as they grow their organic food business. But how many shoppers really know what they are getting, and why are they willing to pay a higher price for organic produce? Market research shows that Gold and others who buy organic food can generally give clear reasons for their preferences-but their knowledge of organic food is far from complete. For example, small amounts of pesticides can be used on organic products. And about three quarters of organic food in Britain is not local but imported(进口)to meet growing demand. "The demand for organic food is increasing by about one third every year, so it is a very fast-growing market, "said Sue Flock, a specialist in this line of business.
  60.More and more people in Britain are buying organic food because . A. they are getting richer B. they can get the food anywhere C. they consider the food free of pollution D. they like home-grown fruit
  61.Which of the following statements is true to the facts about most organic produce sold in Britain? A. It grows indoors all year round. B. It is produced outside Britain. C. It is grown on family farms. D. It is produced on large farms.
  62.What is the meaning of "the organic trend" as the words are used in the text? A. growing interest in organic food B. better quality of organic food C. rising market for organic food D .higher prices of organic food
  63.What is the best title for this news story? A. Organic food-healthy, or just for the wealthy? B. The making of organic food in Britain C. Orga
 

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