Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mar k [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health.” But __1some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influen ce on physical fitness Laughter does __2short-term changes in the function of th e heart and its blood vessels, 3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But becau se hard laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5 bene fits the way, say, walking or jogging does. __6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter appare ntly accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughte r__8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down. Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of 10 feedba ck, that improve an individual’s emotional state. __11one classical theory of em otion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow. Although sadness also 14 tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow _ _15 muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16 a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile ? or with their lips, which would produce a(n) __17 expression. Those forced to exercise their enthu siastically to funny catoons than did those whose months were contracted in a frow n, 19 that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other w ay around __20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
  1.[A]among [B]except [C]despite [D]like
  2.[A]reflect [B]demand [C]indicate [D]produce
  3.[A]stabilizing [B]boosting [C]impairing [D]determining
  4.[A]transmit [B]sustain [C]evaluate [D]observe
  5.[A]measurable [B]manageable [C]affordable [D]renewable
  6.[A]In turn [B]In fact [C]In addition [D]In brief
  7.[A]opposite [B]impossible [C]average [D]expected
  8.[A]hardens [B]weakens [C]tightens [D]relaxes
  9.[A]aggravate [B]generate [C]moderate [D]enhance
  10.[A]physical [B]mental [C]subconscious [D]internal
  11.[A]Except for [B]According to [C]Due to [D]As for

  12.[A]with [B]on [C]in [D]at
  13.[A]unless [B]until [C]if [D]because
  14.[A]exhausts [B]follows [C]precedes [D]suppresses
  15.[A]into [B]from [C]towards [D]beyond
  16.[A]fetch [B]bite [C]pick [D]hold
  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited [C]joyful [D]indifferent
  18.[A]adapted [B]catered [C]turned [D]reacted
  19.[A]suggesting [B]requiring [C]mentioning [D]supposing
  20.[A]Eventually [B]Consequently [C]Similarly [D]Conversely Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music dir ector has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announc ement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been favor able, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided cl assical-music critic. One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Bou lez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise. For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good o ne. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but i t is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear inter esting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my c omputer and download still more recorded music from iTunes. Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performan ce are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving publi c, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupe s, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of th e great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, availabl e everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live perfor
mances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s ch oosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a cris is in the institution of the traditional classical concert. One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music th at is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been wide ly noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is cap able of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organizatio n.” But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has [A]incurred criticism. [B]raised suspicion. [C]received acclaim. [D]aroused curiosity.
  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is [A]influential. [B]modest. [C]respectable. [D]talented.
  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers [A]ignore the expenses of live performances. [B]reject most kinds of recorded performances. [C]exaggerate the variety of live performances. [D]overestimate the value of live performances.
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings? [A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality. [B]They are easily accessible to the general public. [C]They help improve the quality of music. [D]They have only covered masterpieces.
  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels [A]doubtful. [B]enthusiastic. [C]confident. [D]puzzled. Text 2
When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explana tion was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague e xcuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of running a company.” Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,” McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Fina ncial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29. McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what ki nd of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside worl d about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder press ure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent busi ness environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronouncemen ts cloud their reputations. As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 2 3% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspirin g leaders. The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. Fo r years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attracti ve CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior part ner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.” Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ell en Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a CE O. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exc hange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He fin ally took that post at a major financial institution three years later. Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisis has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. “The tra ditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally inv erted,” says one headhunter. “The people who’ve been hurt the worst are those wh o’ve stayed too long.”
  26. When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be described as be ing [A]arrogant. [B]frank. [C]self-centered. [D]impulsive.

  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred by [A]their expectation of better financial status. [B]their need to reflect on their private life. [C]their strained relations with the boards. [D]their pursuit of new career goals.
  28. The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means [A]approved of. [B]attended to. [C]hunted for. [D]guarded against.
  29. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that [A]top performers used to cling to their posts. [B]loyalty of top performers is getting out-dated. [C]top performers care more about reputations. [D]it’s safer to stick to the traditional rules.
  30. Which of the following is the best title for the text? [A]CEOs: Where to Go? [B]CEOs: All the Way Up? [C]Top Managers Jump without a Net [D]The Only Way Out for Top Performers Text 3 The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional “paid” media ? such as television commercials and print advertisements ? still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternat ive forms of media. Consumers passionate about a product may create “owned” me dia by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered with i ts Web site. The way consumers now approach the broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media. Paid and owned media are controlled by marketers promoting their own products. F or earned media , such marketers act as the initiator for users’ responses. But in s ome cases, one marketer’s owned media become another marketer’s paid media ? f or instance, when an e-commerce retailer sells ad space on its Web site. We define such sold media as owned media whose traffic is so strong that other organization s place their content or e-commerce engines within that environment. This trend ,w hich we believe is still in its infancy, effectively began with retailers and travel provi ders such as airlines and hotels and will no doubt go further. Johnson & Johnson, f or example, has created BabyCenter, a stand-alone media property that promotes c omplementary and even competitive products. Besides generating income, the prese
nce of other marketers makes the site seem objective, gives companies opportunitie s to learn valuable information about the appeal of other companies’ marketing, and may help expand user traffic for all companies concerned. The same dramatic technological changes that have provided marketers with more (and more diverse) communications choices have also increased the risk that passio nate consumers will voice their opinions in quicker, more visible, and much more da maging ways. Such hijacked media are the opposite of earned media: an asset or c ampaign becomes hostage to consumers, other stakeholders, or activists who make negative allegations about a brand or product. Members of social networks, for insta nce, are learning that they can hijack media to apply pressure on the businesses th at originally created them. If that happens, passionate consumers would try to persuade others to boycott prod ucts, putting the reputation of the target company at risk. In such a case, the com pany’s response may not be sufficiently quick or thoughtful, and the learning curve has been steep. Toyota Motor, for example, alleviated some of the damage from its recall crisis earlier this year with a relatively quick and well-orchestrated social-med ia response campaign, which included efforts to engage with consumers directly on sites such as Twitter and the social-news site Digg.
  31.Consumers may create “earned” media when they are [A] obscssed with online shopping at certain Web sites. [B] inspired by product-promoting e-mails sent to them. [C] eager to help their friends promote quality products. [D] enthusiastic about recommending their favorite products.
  32. According to Paragraph 2,sold media feature [A] a safe business environment. [B] random competition. [C] strong u
 

相关内容

2011年硕士研究生复试英语指导

   恭喜你顺利完成了研究生入学考试,接下来必须准备复试了,凡事只有经过充分的准备才能得到一个完美 结果。英语复试是你考研复试必须要经历的,而对英语口语的考查,每个学校各不相同。有的学校制定了 非常详细的标准和流程,有的只是老师的自由发挥。不管是否严格控制,文都考研命题组老师要提醒考生 认真准备以下几个问题:1. 自我介绍,如籍贯、毕业学校、所学专业、业余喜好、性格特点、家庭基本情 况等信息。2. 做好用英语简单介绍自己本科专业和报考专业的准备。口语测试时,老师有可能要求你就本 专业展开话题,考查 ...

考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析

   清华大学考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析: 清华大学考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析: 2011研究生考试英语分析 1.2012年考研英语复习指导: 1.2012年考研英语复习指导:五法攻克考研英语词汇难关 2012年考研英语复习指导 2.2012考研英语复习指导: 2.2012考研英语复习指导:小作文针对四大特点复习 2012考研英语复习指导 3. 考研英语复试成功全攻略 考研信息网 2012年考研英语复习指导: 2012年考研英语复习指导:五法攻克考研英语词汇难 年考研英语复习指 ...

考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析

   本文由494120837贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 清华大学考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析: 清华大学考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析: 2011研究生考试英语分析 1.2012年考研英语复习指导: 1.2012年考研英语复习指导:五法攻克考研英语词汇难关 2012年考研英语复习指导 2.2012考研英语复习指导: 2.2012考研英语复习指导:小作文针对四大特点复习 2012考研英语复习指导 3. 考研 ...

2011年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语(二)参考答案

   2011 年考研英语 二)参考答案 年考研英语(二 参考答案 2011 年 01 月 17 日 16:57 来源:跨考教育 答案非官方, 答案非官方,仅供参考 选择题: 1~5ACBDD 6~10BACCA 11~15DBACA 16~20CDACD 21~25BBDAA26~30DBCBB 31~35BDCDB36~40DCBAC 41~45EDCFG 46 翻译:有谁会想到,在全球范围内,IT 行业产生的温室气体跟全球航空公 司产生的一样多?占二氧化碳总排量的 2%.很多日常工作对环境造 ...

2010年研究生考试复试英语口语须知

   2010年研究生考试复试英语口语须知 年研究生考试复试英语口语须知 根据笔者的了解以及历届考研学生的反馈,在英语口试中,一般会涉及以下几个话题:自我介绍,家庭成 员、家乡、原来的院校,考研原因,未来规划(学习、职业) 。笔者对这些话题进行梳理,希望广大考生有 所了解并做好充分的准备,顺利通过英语口试。 1. 自我介绍篇(重点) 。基本上每个院校每个专业的口试中都会涉及这一方面。考官其实是要借此了 解你的口头表达能力以及你的报名表之外的一些信息。自我介绍时间以2-3分钟为宜。思路要清楚,要突出 ...

研究生复试英语自我介绍

   考研英语复试自我介绍 1 自我介绍 Good morning. I am glad to be here for this interview. First let me introduce myself. My name is Dongzhanji,I am twenty-five years old. I come from zibo city of Shan dong Province. I graduated from Shandong university of technolog ...

研究生复试英语自我介绍

   研究生复试英语自我介绍 随着研究生考试的扩张,越来越多的人朝着研究生进军.但是对于英语相对差的人,研究 生复试英语自我介绍成为了一道障碍,这里将给大家介绍研究生复试英语自我介绍应该如何 做好. 1.开场白 Good morning. I am very glad to be here for this interview. 2.姓名,英文名,毕业院校,毕业专业,毕业学院 My name is LiShuai, and my English name is Jacky Lee. I've fi ...

研究生考试英语作文模板

   1:投诉信 Dear, I am . (自我介绍) I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about. The reason for my dissatisfaction is ( 总 体 介 绍 ). In the first place,(抱怨的第一个方面). In addition, (抱怨 的第二个方面). Under these circumstances, I find ...

2011的英语四级考试改革

   2011 的英语四级考试改革了 级大一的同学们,大学英语考试改革了!!! !!!经过 可亲可爱的 10 级大一的同学们,大学英语考试改革了!!!经过 2009 年 12 所高校进行机考试点之后, 年四级机考就要全面推广了。 月在全国 180 所高校进行机考试点之后,2011 年四级机考就要全面推广了。 在查阅了许多资料之后,我不得不说的是:四级机考,这个,真的很难。 在查阅了许多资料之后,我不得不说的是:四级机考,这个,真的很难。 新四级机考主要有三大不同: 新四级机考主要有三大不同: 首先 ...

2011年遵义英语中考考试说

   初中毕业生学业(升学 英语学 升学)英语 遵义市 2011 年初中毕业生学业 升学 英语学科 实施意见(草稿 草稿) 实施意见 草稿 一、考试性质与命题的依据 初中毕业生英语学业(升学)考试是义务教育阶段终结性考试, 是各类高中阶段学校录取合格新生的重要依据,同时对初中英语教 学有重要的、直接的导向作用。因此,中考应有较高的信度、效度, 必要的区分度和适当的难度。 遵义市初中毕业生英语学业(升学)考试由市教育局统一组织 命题,命题内容以《全日制义务教育普通高级中学英语课程标准(实 验稿)(以 ...

热门内容

七年级下册英语第一学月考试题

   七年级下册英语第一学月考试题 I 听力 一、听句子,选出你所听到的句子中所含有的单词或词组( 5 ) ( ) 1 A a big ball B a tall girl C a short boy D a small boat ( ) 2 A friend B father C mother D brother ( ) 3 A care B color C curly D carefully ( ) 4 A is a B have a C has a D had a ( ) 5 A start ...

透析中考英语语法交际用语考点

   透析中考英语语法交际用语考点 【交际用语命题趋势与预测】 交际用语命题趋势与预测】 根据对交际用语部分近几年高考试题的分析可知,今后该部分重点考查: 1, 打电话方面的交际用语. 2, 劝告和建议方面的交际用语. 3, 感谢与应答方面的交际用语. 4, 祝愿,祝贺及应答方面的交际用语. 5, 请求允许和应答方面的交际用语. 6, 邀请与应答方面的交际用语. 7, 提供帮助和应答方面的交际用语. 8,就餐时的交际用语. 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 【考例】 ①?Would you mind fe ...

初二下学期英语直接引语与间接引语练习题及答案

   初二下学期英语直接引语与间接引语练习题及答案 直接引语与间接引语练习: 请将下面的直接引语变成间接引语。 1. “Whenever my father is unhappy,” Ann said, “he will go out and buy something, usually something large and useless. 2. “In most countries Red Cross stands for humanitarianism (人道主义),” said Mr. ...

2008年黑龙江省哈尔滨市南岗区萧红中学中考二模英语试卷

   本资料来源于《七彩教育网》 本资料来源于《七彩教育网》http://www.7caiedu.cn 2008 年哈尔滨市南岗区萧红中学中考英语模拟试题二 一、单项选择 (25 分) ( ) 1. Bad comments can make you discouraged helping to solve your problems. A. instead of ( B. instead C. insteading ) 2. Father is sleeping. You’d better . ...

四年级英语下册第二单元第一课时说课稿

   自我介绍 各位领导各位老师大家下午好,今天能够站在这里参加试讲,有机会向各位 老师请教和学习,我感到非常的荣幸.希望通过这次试讲能够把自己展示给大家, 希望大家记住我.我叫陈晓今年 28 岁.汉族.英语本科.我平时喜欢看书和上网浏 览信息.我的性格比较开朗,随和.能关系周围的任何事,和亲人朋友能够和睦相 处,并且对生活充满了信心. 我 05 年毕业于昌吉学院英语系同年 8 月在硫磺沟中 小学小学代课,06 年参加昌吉市教育系统人事招聘考试以优异的成绩考入榆树 沟中心小学任教。在任教期 5 年 ...