年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(一)真题参考答案 客观题 Section I Use of English CDBBA BADCA BCDCB DADAC Section II Reading Comprehension Part A DBDBA BDCAC DCBAA CCDDB Part B
  41.B
  42.D
  43.A
  44.C
  45.F 翻译题: 翻译题:
  46、 艾伦的贡献在于提供了我们能分担和揭示错误性质的假设--因为我们不是机器人, 因此 我们能够控制我们的理想。
  47、我们可以单独通过意识维持控制的感觉,但实际上我们一直面临着一个问题,为什么我 不能完成这件事情或那件事情。
  48、这似乎可能为必要时的忽视正名,也能合理说明剥削,以及在顶层的人的优越感及处于 后层人们的劣势感。
  49、环境似乎是为了发挥我们的优势,而且如果我们感觉受了委屈,那么我们就不可能有意 识的做出努力逃离我们原来的处境。
  50、正面在于我们处于这样的位置,知道所有事情都取决与我们自己,之前我们是受到一系 列限制的专家,现在我们成了权威 作文
  51. Directions: Write a letter to a friend of yours to
  1) recommend one of your favorite movies and
  2) give reasons for your recommendation. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET
  2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use”Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.(10points) 小作文范文: 小作文范文: Dear friends:
I am writing, without hesitation, to share one of my favorite movies, If You Are The One, with you, which is not only conducive to your study, but also beneficial to your life。 For one thing, it’s storyline is very tight and characters' language is classic and thought-provoking. For another thing, the profound cultural elements implicit in the scene will equip you with profound cultural background and, above all, enrich your daily life。 Would you like to see this movie after my recommendation? Remember to tell me your opinion about the movie. I am looking forward to your early reply。 Yours, Li Ming
  52、Direction Write an essay of 160-200words based on the following drawing .In your essay ,you should
  1) describe the drawing briefly
  2) explain its intended measing and
  3) give your comments You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2.(20points)
Our surroundings are being polluted fast and man's present efforts cannot prevent it. Time is bringing us more people, and more people will bring us more industry, more cars, larger cities and the growing use of man-made materials. The drawing sets us thinking too much due to its far-reaching influence。 Nowadays, though the awareness of protecting environment is being accepted by more and more people, we can still see many unpleasant scenes especially in scenic spots. Why does this phenomenon arise? Many factors are accounting for it. First
and foremost, to some people, the consciousness of protecting environment is still not so strong. They may not think it is a big deal to throw rubbish everywhere. In addition, the environmental management system isn’t so satisfying. For example, in some places there’re few regulations or the implementation is seldom performed actually。 From what has been discussed above, it is urgent to take some effective and relative measures. In the first place, we should continue to conduct more propaganda in communities and schools so as to let people realize the importance of protecting environment. In the second, more rules should be made and carried out by the government to restrain the conduction of destroying environment. People should work together to create clean and beautiful surroundings。 年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(一)试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A], B], C] or D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health.” But __1some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness Laughter does __2short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, 3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5 benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does. __6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter__8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down. Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of 10 feedback, that improve an individual’s emotional state. __11one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow. Although sadness also 14 tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow __15 muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16 a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile ? or with their
lips, which would produce a(n) __17 expression. Those forced to exercise their enthusiastically to funny catoons than did those whose months were contracted in a frown, 19 that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around __20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
  1.A]among B]except C]despite D]like
  2.A]reflect B]demand C]indicate D]produce
  3.A]stabilizing B]boosting C]impairing D]determining
  4.A]transmit B]sustain C]evaluate D]observe
  5.A]measurable B]manageable C]affordable D]renewable
  6.A]In turn B]In fact C]In addition D]In brief
  7.A]opposite B]impossible C]average D]expected
  8.A]hardens B]weakens C]tightens D]relaxes
  9.A]aggravate B]generate C]moderate D]enhance
  10.A]physical B]mental C]subconscious D]internal
  11.A]Except for B]According to C]Due to D]As for
  12.A]with B]on C]in D]at
  13.A]unless B]until C]if D]because
  14.A]exhausts B]follows C]precedes D]suppresses
  15.A]into B]from C]towards D]beyond
  16.A]fetch B]bite C]pick D]hold
  17.A]disappointed B]excited C]joyful D]indifferent
  18.A]adapted B]catered C]turned D]reacted
  19.A]suggesting B]requiring C]mentioning D]supposing
  20.A]Eventually B]Consequently C]Similarly D]Conversely Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A], B], C] or D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points)
Text 1 The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic. One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’ s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise. For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes. Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert. One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been widely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organization.” But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has A]incurred criticism. B]raised suspicion.
C]received acclaim. D]aroused curiosity.
  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is A]influential. B]modest. C]respectable. D]talented.
  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers A]ignore the expenses of live performances. B]reject most kinds of recorded performances. C]exaggerate the variety of live performances. D]overestimate the value of live performances.
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings? A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality. B]They are easily accessible to the general public. C]They help improve the quality of music. D]They have only covered masterpieces.
  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels A]doubtful. B]enthusiastic. C]confident. D]puzzled. Text 2 When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of running a company.” Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,” McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29.
McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronouncements cloud their reputations. As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders. The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.” Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ellen Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a CEO. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exchange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He finally took that post at a major financial institution three years later. Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisis has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. “The traditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally inverted,” says one headhunter. “The people who’ve been hurt the worst are those who’ve stayed too long.”
  26. When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be described as being A]arrogant. B]frank. C]self-centered. D]impulsive.
  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred by A]their expectation of better financial status. B]their need to reflect on their private life.
C]their strained relations with the boards. D]their pursuit of new career goals.
  28. The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means A]approved of. B]attended to. C]hunted for. D]guarded against.
  29. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that A]top performers used to cling to their posts. B]loyalty of top performers is get
 

相关内容

2011年研究生考试英语一、二试题与答案

   年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(一)真题参考答案 客观题 Section I Use of English CDBBA BADCA BCDCB DADAC Section II Reading Comprehension Part A DBDBA BDCAC DCBAA CCDDB Part B 41.B 42.D 43.A 44.C 45.F 翻译题: 翻译题: 46、 艾伦的贡献在于提供了我们能分担和揭示错误性质的假设--因为我们不是机器人, 因此 我们能够控制我们的理想。 47、我 ...

2011年硕士研究生复试英语指导

   恭喜你顺利完成了研究生入学考试,接下来必须准备复试了,凡事只有经过充分的准备才能得到一个完美 结果。英语复试是你考研复试必须要经历的,而对英语口语的考查,每个学校各不相同。有的学校制定了 非常详细的标准和流程,有的只是老师的自由发挥。不管是否严格控制,文都考研命题组老师要提醒考生 认真准备以下几个问题:1. 自我介绍,如籍贯、毕业学校、所学专业、业余喜好、性格特点、家庭基本情 况等信息。2. 做好用英语简单介绍自己本科专业和报考专业的准备。口语测试时,老师有可能要求你就本 专业展开话题,考查 ...

2011年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解6

   2011 年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解 6 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题, 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题,如需完整题库请登录 http://news.bangkaow.com 英语四级考试免费练习题 Of the thousands of different kinds of animals that exist in the world man has learned to make friends with an enormous number. Some a ...

2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲

   《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲》 (以下简称《2011 大纲》 月 3 日终 )9 于与同学们见面了,与 2010 年考研英语大纲相对比,结论是一句话:没有任何实质变化。 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 《2011 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 一是仍然延续去年的考试形式, 英语试题分英语一和英语二两类试题, 分别针对不同的 考生群体, 主要目的是区分学术型硕士与专业型硕士的报考类别。 关于英语一和英语二的题 型区别请大家参看我的博客文章:徐绽解析 20 ...

2011年考研英语(二)参考答案

   年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(二)试题客观题部分参考答案 1-5 ACBDD 6-10 BACCA 11-15 DBACA 16-20 CDACD 21-25BBDAA 26-30DBCBB 31-35BDCDB 36-40DCBAC 41-45EDCFG 46 题翻译: 题翻译: 有谁会想到,在全球范围内,IT 行业产生的温室气体跟全球航空公司产生的一样多?占二 氧化碳总排量的 2%. 很多日常工作对环境造成了让人震惊的破坏作用。 根据你查询正确答 案的尝试次数,谷歌搜索引擎会插手 ...

2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲

   2011年考研英语(一)考试大纲 年考研英语( 年考研英语 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大 纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学 "海文根据2011年考研英语大纲与2010年考研英语大纲的对 比,对2011年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 《英语 (一) 考试大纲》 与去年相比没有任何变化。 总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能, 2011年的新大 纲也保持了这一持续性 ...

2009年6月英语四级考试真题与答案

   可可英语网 www.kekenet.com 2009 年 6 月英语四级考试真题与答案 月英语四 真题: Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lectures. You should write at least 120 words foll ...

2010年研究生考试复试英语口语须知

   2010年研究生考试复试英语口语须知 年研究生考试复试英语口语须知 根据笔者的了解以及历届考研学生的反馈,在英语口试中,一般会涉及以下几个话题:自我介绍,家庭成 员、家乡、原来的院校,考研原因,未来规划(学习、职业) 。笔者对这些话题进行梳理,希望广大考生有 所了解并做好充分的准备,顺利通过英语口试。 1. 自我介绍篇(重点) 。基本上每个院校每个专业的口试中都会涉及这一方面。考官其实是要借此了 解你的口头表达能力以及你的报名表之外的一些信息。自我介绍时间以2-3分钟为宜。思路要清楚,要突出 ...

2010年研究生考试复试英语口语须知

   2010年研究生考试复试英语口语须知http://www.sina.com.cn 2010年01月21日 17:30 海天教育   根据笔者的了解以及历届考研学生的反馈,在英语口试中,一般会涉及以下几个话题:自我介绍,家庭成员、家乡、原来的院校,考研原因,未来规划(学习、职业)。笔者对这些话题进行梳理,希望广大考生有所了解并做好充分的准备,顺利通过英语口试。   1. 自我介绍篇(重点)。基本上每个院校每个专业的口试中都会涉及这一方面。考官其实是要借此了解你的口头表达能力以及你的报名表之外 ...

2010年研究生考试复试英语口语须知

   2010 年研究生考试复试英语口语须知 2010 年 01 月 22 日 09:20 来源:海天教育 根据笔者的了解以及历届考研学生的反馈,在英语口试中,一般会涉及以下 几个话题:自我介绍,家庭成员,家乡,原来的院校,考研原因,未来规划(学 习,职业).笔者对这些话题进行梳理,希望广大考生有所了解并做好充分的准 备,顺利通过英语口试. 1. 自我介绍篇(重点).基本上每个院校每个专业的口试中都会涉及这一 方面.考官其实是要借此了解你的口头表达能力以及你的报名表之外的一些信 息. 自我介绍时间 ...

热门内容

高二下学期英语教学计划

   高二下学期教学计划 语 2011 年 3 月 8 日 高二英语下学期教学计划 高二英语下学期教学计划 英语组: 英语组:杜虹宏 本学期的主要目的和任务是:巩固、扩大基础知识;侧重培养阅读能力和写作能力;培养口头和书面初步运用英语进行交际的 能力;培养学生的总结归纳能力和自学能力。而近几年来,高考的词汇量由最初的 3400 增加为现在的 6800,而且还有继续增 加的趋势,口语也将成为高考的内容之一;现在对大学非英语专业的学生的外语要求也正越来越高,不但要求书面阅读能力和 写作能力,也要求使用 ...

牛津英语6A英语语法2

   英语语法( 名词, 牛津英语 6A 英语语法(一)名词,练习 转自: 2009 年 6 月 11 日 15:50 一.名词分可数名词和不可数名词 1 可数名词 个体名词都是可数名词.每个可数名词都有其单数和复数形式. A. 单数 表示"一个"的概念.用名词的单数时,名词前需加 a 或 an. 如 a book(一本书),an apple(一个苹果),an orange(一个橘子)等. B. 复数 表示两个或两个以上的物体.如 two pencils(两枝铅笔),three ...

高中英语必修1-选修8单词词组汇总

   大总结( 英语必修 1~选修 8 词组词汇大总结(人教新课标) 选修 词组词汇大总结 人教新课标) 必修 1 Unit 1 重点单词 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. add upset ignore calm concern cheat list share series vt.增加;添加;补充说 vi 加;加起来;增添 vt&vi.使不安;使心烦 adj.心烦意乱的;不适的;不舒服的 vt.不理睬;忽视 adj.平静的;镇静的;沉着的 vt.&vi.( ...

关于友谊的英语句子

   Trust not the praise of a friend, nor the contempt of an enemy. 不要信赖朋友的赞扬,也不要仇敌的轻蔑放在心上。 We can live without a brother, but not without a friend. 我们生活中可以没有兄弟,但不能没有朋友。 We can live without our friends, but not without our neighbours. 生活可无友,邻居不能无。 When ...

中考英语作文高分技巧

   中考英语作文高分技巧 一,纵观近年各地中考英语写作题,题材一般是写人,写事,写物,写景,日记,书信, 通知,便条等文体.一般来说,不同的写作题材,它的人物,时间,写作的重点也是不尽相 同的.下面结合一些常见的题型介绍一下写作的注意事项以及写作技巧. 1,以图表提供情景的作文要以"读"为主,首先要读懂图表中的数据,时间,编码, 序号以及相互间的变化关系,对所给的信息加以分析,推断,筛选,概括,去粗取精;在写 作时目的要明确,要注意内容的准确性和严肃性,尤其是图表中的数据,时 ...