年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(一)真题参考答案 客观题 Section I Use of English CDBBA BADCA BCDCB DADAC Section II Reading Comprehension Part A DBDBA BDCAC DCBAA CCDDB Part B
  41.B
  42.D
  43.A
  44.C
  45.F 翻译题: 翻译题:
  46、 艾伦的贡献在于提供了我们能分担和揭示错误性质的假设--因为我们不是机器人, 因此 我们能够控制我们的理想。
  47、我们可以单独通过意识维持控制的感觉,但实际上我们一直面临着一个问题,为什么我 不能完成这件事情或那件事情。
  48、这似乎可能为必要时的忽视正名,也能合理说明剥削,以及在顶层的人的优越感及处于 后层人们的劣势感。
  49、环境似乎是为了发挥我们的优势,而且如果我们感觉受了委屈,那么我们就不可能有意 识的做出努力逃离我们原来的处境。
  50、正面在于我们处于这样的位置,知道所有事情都取决与我们自己,之前我们是受到一系 列限制的专家,现在我们成了权威 作文
  51. Directions: Write a letter to a friend of yours to
  1) recommend one of your favorite movies and
  2) give reasons for your recommendation. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET
  2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use”Li Ming”instead. Do not write the address.(10points) 小作文范文: 小作文范文: Dear friends:
I am writing, without hesitation, to share one of my favorite movies, If You Are The One, with you, which is not only conducive to your study, but also beneficial to your life。 For one thing, it’s storyline is very tight and characters' language is classic and thought-provoking. For another thing, the profound cultural elements implicit in the scene will equip you with profound cultural background and, above all, enrich your daily life。 Would you like to see this movie after my recommendation? Remember to tell me your opinion about the movie. I am looking forward to your early reply。 Yours, Li Ming
  52、Direction Write an essay of 160-200words based on the following drawing .In your essay ,you should
  1) describe the drawing briefly
  2) explain its intended measing and
  3) give your comments You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2.(20points)
Our surroundings are being polluted fast and man's present efforts cannot prevent it. Time is bringing us more people, and more people will bring us more industry, more cars, larger cities and the growing use of man-made materials. The drawing sets us thinking too much due to its far-reaching influence。 Nowadays, though the awareness of protecting environment is being accepted by more and more people, we can still see many unpleasant scenes especially in scenic spots. Why does this phenomenon arise? Many factors are accounting for it. First
and foremost, to some people, the consciousness of protecting environment is still not so strong. They may not think it is a big deal to throw rubbish everywhere. In addition, the environmental management system isn’t so satisfying. For example, in some places there’re few regulations or the implementation is seldom performed actually。 From what has been discussed above, it is urgent to take some effective and relative measures. In the first place, we should continue to conduct more propaganda in communities and schools so as to let people realize the importance of protecting environment. In the second, more rules should be made and carried out by the government to restrain the conduction of destroying environment. People should work together to create clean and beautiful surroundings。 年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(一)试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A], B], C] or D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health.” But __1some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness Laughter does __2short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, 3_ heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard laughter is difficult to __4__, a good laugh is unlikely to have __5 benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does. __6__, instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the __7__, studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter__8 muscles, decreasing muscle tone for up to 45 minutes after the laugh dies down. Such bodily reaction might conceivably help _9__the effects of psychological stress. Anyway, the act of laughing probably does produce other types of 10 feedback, that improve an individual’s emotional state. __11one classical theory of emotion, our feelings are partially rooted 12 physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry 13they are sad but they become sad when the tears begin to flow. Although sadness also 14 tears, evidence suggests that emotions can flow __15 muscular responses. In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz Strack of the University of würzburg in Germany asked volunteers to __16 a pen either with their teeth-thereby creating an artificial smile ? or with their
lips, which would produce a(n) __17 expression. Those forced to exercise their enthusiastically to funny catoons than did those whose months were contracted in a frown, 19 that expressions may influence emotions rather than just the other way around __20__ , the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
  1.A]among B]except C]despite D]like
  2.A]reflect B]demand C]indicate D]produce
  3.A]stabilizing B]boosting C]impairing D]determining
  4.A]transmit B]sustain C]evaluate D]observe
  5.A]measurable B]manageable C]affordable D]renewable
  6.A]In turn B]In fact C]In addition D]In brief
  7.A]opposite B]impossible C]average D]expected
  8.A]hardens B]weakens C]tightens D]relaxes
  9.A]aggravate B]generate C]moderate D]enhance
  10.A]physical B]mental C]subconscious D]internal
  11.A]Except for B]According to C]Due to D]As for
  12.A]with B]on C]in D]at
  13.A]unless B]until C]if D]because
  14.A]exhausts B]follows C]precedes D]suppresses
  15.A]into B]from C]towards D]beyond
  16.A]fetch B]bite C]pick D]hold
  17.A]disappointed B]excited C]joyful D]indifferent
  18.A]adapted B]catered C]turned D]reacted
  19.A]suggesting B]requiring C]mentioning D]supposing
  20.A]Eventually B]Consequently C]Similarly D]Conversely Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A], B], C] or D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points)
Text 1 The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic. One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’ s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise. For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes. Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert. One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been widely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organization.” But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has A]incurred criticism. B]raised suspicion.
C]received acclaim. D]aroused curiosity.
  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is A]influential. B]modest. C]respectable. D]talented.
  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers A]ignore the expenses of live performances. B]reject most kinds of recorded performances. C]exaggerate the variety of live performances. D]overestimate the value of live performances.
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings? A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality. B]They are easily accessible to the general public. C]They help improve the quality of music. D]They have only covered masterpieces.
  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels A]doubtful. B]enthusiastic. C]confident. D]puzzled. Text 2 When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of running a company.” Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,” McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29.
McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronouncements cloud their reputations. As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders. The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.” Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ellen Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a CEO. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exchange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He finally took that post at a major financial institution three years later. Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisis has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. “The traditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally inverted,” says one headhunter. “The people who’ve been hurt the worst are those who’ve stayed too long.”
  26. When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be described as being A]arrogant. B]frank. C]self-centered. D]impulsive.
  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred by A]their expectation of better financial status. B]their need to reflect on their private life.
C]their strained relations with the boards. D]their pursuit of new career goals.
  28. The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means A]approved of. B]attended to. C]hunted for. D]guarded against.
  29. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that A]top performers used to cling to their posts. B]loyalty of top performers is get
 

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