2011 年研究生考试英语 一)试题及答案 年研究生考试英语(一 试题及答案
Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle viewed laughter as “a bodily exercise precious to health.” But some claims to the contrary, laughing probably has little influence on physical filness Laughter does short-term changes in the function of the heart and its blood vessels, heart rate and oxygen consumption But because hard laughter is difficult to , a good laugh is unlikely to have benefits the way, say, walking or jogging does. , instead of straining muscles to build them, as exercise does, laughter apparently accomplishes the , studies dating back to the 1930’s indicate that laughter. muscles, Such bodily reaction might conceivably helpthe effects of psychological stress.Anyway,the act of laughing probably does produce other types of feedback,that improve an individual’s emotional state. one classical theory of emotion,our feelings are partially rooted physical reactions. It was argued at the end of the 19th century that humans do not cry they are sad but they become sad when te tears begin to flow. Although sadness also tears,evidence suggests that emotions can flow muscular responses.In an experiment published in 1988,social psychologist Fritz.
  1.[A]among [B]except [C]despite [D]like
  2.[A]reflect [B]demand [C]indicate [D]produce
  3.[A]stabilizing [B]boosting [C]impairing [D]determining
  4.[A]transmit [B]sustain [C]evaluate [D]observe
  5.[A]measurable [B]manageable [C]affordable [D]renewable
  6.[A]In turn [B]In fact [C]In addition [D]In brief
  7.[A]opposite [B]impossible [C]average [D]expected
  8.[A]hardens [B]weakens [C]tightens [D]relaxes
  9.[A]aggravate [B]generate [C]moderate [D]enhance
  10.[A]physical [B]mental [C]subconscious [D]internal
  11.[A]Except for [B]According to [C]Due to [D]As for
  12.[A]with [B]on [C]in [D]at
  13.[A]unless [B]until [C]if [D]because
  14.[A]exhausts [B]follows [C]precedes [D]suppresses
  15.[A]into [B]from [C]towards [D]beyond

  16.[A]fetch [B]bite [C]pick [D]hold
  17.[A]disappointed [B]excited [C]joyful [D]indifferent
  18.[A]adapted [B]catered [C]turned [D]reacted
  19.[A]suggesting [B]requiring [C]mentioning [D]supposing
  20.[A]Eventually [B]Consequently [C]Similarly [D]Conversely Section II Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 20
  09. For the most part, the response has been favorable, to say the least. “Hooray! At last!” wrote Anthony Tommasini, a sober-sided classical-music critic. One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a surprise, however, is that Gilbert is comparatively little known. Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’ s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him.” As a description of the next music director of an orchestra that has hitherto been led by musicians like Gustav Mahler and Pierre Boulez, that seems likely to have struck at least some Times readers as faint praise. For my part, I have no idea whether Gilbert is a great conductor or even a good one. To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music. All I have to do is to go to my CD shelf, or boot up my computer and download still more recorded music from iTunes. Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. There recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about a crisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert. One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record. Gilbert’s own interest in new music has been widely noted: Alex Ross, a classical-music critic, has described him as a man
who is capable of turning the Philharmonic into “a markedly different, more vibrant organization.” But what will be the nature of that difference? Merely expanding the orchestra’s repertoire will not be enough. If Gilbert and the Philharmonic are to succeed, they must first change the relationship between America’s oldest orchestra and the new audience it hops to attract.
  21. We learn from Para.1 that Gilbert’s appointment has [A]incurred criticism. [B]raised suspicion. [C]received acclaim. [D]aroused curiosity.
  22. Tommasini regards Gilbert as an artist who is [A]influential. [B]modest. [C]respectable. [D]talented.
  23. The author believes that the devoted concertgoers [A]ignore the expenses of live performances. [B]reject most kinds of recorded performances. [C]exaggerate the variety of live performances. [D]overestimate the value of live performances.
  24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings? [A]They are often inferior to live concerts in quality. [B]They are easily accessible to the general public. [C]They help improve the quality of music. [D]They have only covered masterpieces.
  25. Regarding Gilbert’s role in revitalizing the Philharmonic, the author feels [A]doubtful. [B]enthusiastic. [C]confident. [D]puzzled. Text 2 When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation was surprisingly straight up. Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of running a company.” Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,” McGee says. Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September
  29.
McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of company he wanted to run. It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations. And McGee isn’t alone. In recent weeks the No.2 executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. A turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronouncements cloud their reputations. As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net. In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23% from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders. The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey:”I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.” Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. Ellen Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade age, saying she wanted to be a CEO. It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exchange. Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO. He finally took that post at a major financial institution three years later. Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. The financial crisis has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. “The traditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally inverted,” says one headhunter. “The people who’ve been hurt the worst are those who’ve stayed too long.”
  26. When McGee announced his departure, his manner can best be described as being [A]arrogant. [B]frank. [C]self-centered. [D]impulsive.
  27. According to Paragraph 2, senior executives’ quitting may be spurred by [A]their expectation of better financial status. [B]their need to reflect on their private life. [C]their strained relations with the boards. [D]their pursuit of new career goals.

  28. The word “poached” (Line 3, Paragraph
  4) most probably means [A]approved of. [B]attended to. [C]hunted for. [D]guarded against.
  29. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that [A]top performers used to cling to their posts. [B]loyalty of top performers is getting out-dated. [C]top performers care more about reputations. [D]it’s safer to stick to the traditional rules.
  30. Which of the following is the best title for the text? [A]CEOs: Where to Go? [B]CEOs: All the Way Up? [C]Top Managers Jump without a Net [D]The Only Way Out for Top Performers Text 3 The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. No longer. While traditional “paid” media ? such as television commercials and print advertisements ? still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media. Consumers passionate about a product may create “owned” media by sending e-mail alerts about products and sales to customers registered with its Web site. The way consumers now approach the broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media. Paid and owned media are controlled by marketers promoting their own products. For earned media , such marketers act as the initiator for users’ responses. But in some cases, one marketer’s owned media become another marketer’s paid media ? for instance, when an e-commerce retailer sells ad space on its Web site. We define such sold media as owned media whose traffic is so strong that other organizations place their content or e-commerce engines within that environment. This trend ,which we believe is still in its infancy, effectively began with retailers and travel providers such as airlines and hotels and will no doubt go further. Johnson & Johnson, for example, has created BabyCenter, a stand-alone media property that promotes complementary and even competitive products. Besides generating income, the presence of other marketers makes the site seem objective, gives companies opportunities to learn valuable information about the appeal of other companies’ marketing, and may help expand user traffic for all companies concerned. The same dramatic technological changes that have provided marketers with more (and more diverse) communications choices have also increased the risk that
passionate consumers will voice their opinions in quicker, more visible, and much more damaging ways. Such hijacked media are the opposite of earned media: an asset or campaign becomes hostage to consumers, other stakeholders, or activists who make negative allegations about a brand or product. Members of social networks, for instance, are learning that they can hijack media to apply pressure on the businesses that originally created them. If that happens, passionate consumers would try to persuade others to boycott products, putting the reputation of the target company at risk. In such a case, the company’s response may not be sufficiently quick or thoughtful, and the learning curve has been steep. Toyota Motor, for example, alleviated some of the damage from its recall crisis earlier this year with a relatively quick and well-orchestrated social-media response campaign, which included efforts to engage with consumers directly on sites such as Twitter and the social-news site Digg.
  31.Consumers may create “earned” media when they are [A] obscssed with online shopping at certain Web sites. [B] inspired by product-promoting e-mails sent to them. [C] eager to help their friends promote quality products. [D] enthusiastic about recommending their favorite products.
  32. According to Paragraph 2,sold media feature [A] a safe business environment. [B] random competition. [C] strong user traffic. [D] flexibility in organization.
  33. The author indicates in Paragraph 3 that earned media [A] invite constant conflicts with passionate consumers. [B] can be used to produce negative effects in marketing. [C] may be responsible for fiercer competition. [D] deserve all the negative comments about them.
  34. Toyota Motor’s experience is cited as an example of [A] responding effectively to hijacked media. [B] persuading customers into boycotting products. [C] cooperating with supportive consumers. [D] taking advantage of hijacked media.
  35. Whic
 

相关内容

2011年益阳市一中保送生招生考试英语听力材料及答案

   2011 年上学期九年级检测考试 英语听力材料 英语听力材料 听力技能(共四部分,计 25 分) I. 听力技能 听音选图 根据所听内容,选择相应的图画。 (共 5 小题,每小题 1 分计 5 分) 1. Lucy’s favorite sport is playing basketball. 2. My uncle is a policeman. 3. There are lots of books in the bookcase. 4. Jane is playing the violi ...

2011年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解4

   2011 年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解 4 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题, 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题,如需完整题库请登录 http://news.bangkaow.com 英语四级考试免费练习题 Now let us look at how we read. When we read a printed text, our eyes move across a page in short, jerky movement. We recognize words ...

2011年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解6

   2011 年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解 6 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题, 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题,如需完整题库请登录 http://news.bangkaow.com 英语四级考试免费练习题 Of the thousands of different kinds of animals that exist in the world man has learned to make friends with an enormous number. Some a ...

考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析

   本文由494120837贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 清华大学考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析: 清华大学考研名师就2011研究生考试英语分析: 2011研究生考试英语分析 1.2012年考研英语复习指导: 1.2012年考研英语复习指导:五法攻克考研英语词汇难关 2012年考研英语复习指导 2.2012考研英语复习指导: 2.2012考研英语复习指导:小作文针对四大特点复习 2012考研英语复习指导 3. 考研 ...

小学英语必备老师业务考试英语试题及答案

   ★哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 官方网站:http://hafo.yeryy.com/ 小学英语老师业务考试英语试题及答案 2010-03-19 20:59 嘉积镇第一小学 陈丹丹[博客]13905 字, 阅读 3284, 评论 9 本文收录在 603992: 工作计划总结 一、单项选择:下面每题四个选择中只有一个答案,请选出,并填入答案卡内。 (1?30 小 题,每小题 1 分,计 30 分) 1. Binbin gets up about 8:30 Sa ...

英语学习_2011年研究生复试自我介绍8篇_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 考研复试英语自我介绍范文 8: ( For the On-Job Candidates) Respected Professors, Good afternoon! I'm great honored to meet you here.Now allow me to give a brief self-introduction. I'm ,26 years old , born in city , Province. ...

2011全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲

   《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲》 (以下简称《2011 大纲》 月 3 日终 )9 于与同学们见面了,与 2010 年考研英语大纲相对比,结论是一句话:没有任何实质变化。 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 《2011 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 一是仍然延续去年的考试形式, 英语试题分英语一和英语二两类试题, 分别针对不同的 考生群体, 主要目的是区分学术型硕士与专业型硕士的报考类别。 关于英语一和英语二的题 型区别请大家参看我的博客文章:徐绽解析 20 ...

2008年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试题及答案-四川卷

   2008 年普通高校招生统一考试四川卷 英 语 第一卷 第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑. 例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. A. however 答案是 B. 1. I haven't seen Ann for lon ...

北京英语口语考试中级历年试题及答案

   第话第第 Introduction and General Conversation (about 3 - 4 minutes) Good morning/afternoon! Sit down, please. (Take a seat, please./Please be seated.) I am …(examiner's full name). I’m your examiner. What's your name? (Could you tell me your name?) * ...

2010年研究生考试复试英语口语须知

   2010 年研究生考试复试英语口语须知 2010 年 01 月 22 日 09:20 来源:海天教育 根据笔者的了解以及历届考研学生的反馈,在英语口试中,一般会涉及以下 几个话题:自我介绍,家庭成员,家乡,原来的院校,考研原因,未来规划(学 习,职业).笔者对这些话题进行梳理,希望广大考生有所了解并做好充分的准 备,顺利通过英语口试. 1. 自我介绍篇(重点).基本上每个院校每个专业的口试中都会涉及这一 方面.考官其实是要借此了解你的口头表达能力以及你的报名表之外的一些信 息. 自我介绍时间 ...

热门内容

2009-2010学年八年级上学期英语期末教学评估考试试题卷及答案【广西北海市】学习必备

   ★哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 官方网站: 官方网站:http://hafo.yeryy.com/ 哈佛大学英语教授研究组提供 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了”。为什么有好多学生对英语的学 习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英语与汉语一样都是一种语言, 为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦 敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。但很多中学生没 ...

名师指导:考研英语之摘要题型写作

   名师指导:考研英语之摘要题型写作 摘要题型写作是难度非常大的一种写作形式。随着考生英语水平的不断提高,这种题型引起考生的普遍重视。 1)摘要题型写作要点 动笔之前,考生一定要认真仔细地阅读所给原文,弄懂原文大意,掌握原文要点; 摘要的长度一般是原文的四分之一或五分之一,考试时应遵守规定的字数限制; 在做摘要时考生切忌照搬原文; 摘要应与原文的观点保持一致,并且仍按原文的逻辑顺序排列; 重点反映主要观点,删除细节; 简化从句,用简短的语句代替冗长的语句; 检查与修改时,考生应重点检 ...

2009年19套高考英语试题汇编??上海卷

   2009 年全国普通高等学校招生统一考试 上海 第I卷 I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two : speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation ...

刘润清:漫长的学习道路-大师谈英语学习方法

   漫长的学习道路-大师谈英语学习方法 漫长的学习道路 大师谈英语学习方法 刘润清 [说明:全国大学英语教学掌门人物、北京外国语大学刘润 清教授,寄语所有英语专业的朋友。静下心来,看完本文,尤其 注意大学这看似漫长实则短暂的几年时光中, 刘润清教授是如何 提高英语水平的。诚然,刘教授当年经历的教学法、师资、学习 环境已经经历了较大的变革,但不变的是学习英语的过程,若想 追寻的大师的足迹,必须抛却浮躁,脚踏实地地走上这条漫长的 学习道路。这是刘润清教授给上海外国语大学《外国语》写的文 章,束定芳等 ...

(打印版)考研英语作文专用词汇-3-

   考研英语作文专用 专用词汇 考研英语作文专用词汇 教育类 词汇 文凭 diplomas and certificates 考研热 the craze for graduate school study 应试教育 the examination-oriented education 义务教育 compulsory education 复合型人才 interdisciplinary talents 文化底蕴 the rich cultural deposits 大学生创业 the univers ...