2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试(二)考试大纲 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试( 考试性质 英语 (二) 考试是为高等学校和科研机构招收硕士研究生而设置的具有选拔性质的全国 统一入学考试科目,其目的是科学、公正、有效地测试考生对英语语言的运用能力,评价的 标准时高等学校非英语专业本科毕业生所能达到的及格或及格以上水平, 以保证被录取者具 有一定的英语水平,并有利于各高等学校和科研院所在专业上择优选拔。
考试形式和 考试形式和试卷结构
(一)考试形式 一 考试形式 考试形式为笔试。考试时间为 180 分钟。满分为 100 分。 试卷分试题册和答题卡。答题卡分为答题卡 1 和答题卡
  2。考生应将英语知识运用和阅读 理解部分的答案按要求填涂在答题卡 1 上,将英译汉和写作部分的答案写在答题卡 2 上。 (二)考试内容与试卷结构 二 考试内容与试卷结构 试题分四部分,共 48 题,包括英语知识运用、阅读理解、英译汉和写作。 第一部分 英语知识运用 主要是考查考生对英语知识的综合运用能力。共 20 小题,每小题
  0.5 分,共 10 分。 在一篇约 350 词的文章中留出 20 个空白, 要求考生从每题所给的 4 个选项中选出最 佳答案,使补全后的文章意思通顺、前后连贯、结构完整。考生在答题卡 1 上作答。 第二部分 阅读理解 主要是考查考生获取信息、理解文章、猜测重要生词词义并进行推断等方面的能力。 该部分由 A、B 两节组成,共 25 小题,每小题 2 分,共 50 分。 A 节(20 小题) 本部分为多项选择题,共四篇文章,总长度为 1500 词左右。要求考生阅读文章并回 答每篇文章后面的问题。考生需在每小题所提供的选项(A、B、C、D)中选出唯一正确或 是最合适的答案。 每篇文章设 5 题,共 20 小题。每小题 2 分,共 40 分。考生在答题卡 1 上作答。 B 节(5 小题) 本部分有 3 种备选题型。每次考试从这 3 种备选题型中选择一种进行考查。或者这 3 种形式中某几种的组合进行考查。本节文章设 5 小题,每小题 2 分,共 10 分。 考生在答题卡 1 上作答。 备选题型有:
  1)多项对应。
  2)小标题对应。
  3)正误判断。 第三部分: 第三部分:英译汉 考查考生理解所给英语语言材料并将其译成汉语的能力。要求译文准确、完整、通顺。 要求考生阅读、理解长度为 150 词左右的一个或及格英语段落,并将其全部译成汉语。 考生在答题卡 2 上作答。共 15 分。 第四部分 写作 该部分由 A、B 两节组成,主要考查考生的书面表达能力。共 2 小题,共 25 分。 A 节:
题型有两种,每次考试选择其中的一种形式。 备选题包括:
  1)考生根据所给情景写出一篇约 100 词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括私人 和公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告等。
  2)考生根据所提供的汉语文章,用英语写出一篇 80~100 词的该文摘要。 考生在答题卡 2 上作答。共 10 分。 B 节: 要求考生根据所规定的情景或给出的提纲, 写出一篇 150 词以上的英语说明文或议论文, 提供情景的形式为图画、图表或文字。 考生在答题卡 2 上作答。共 15 分。 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)试卷结构表
部分 节 为考生提供 指导 的信息 Ⅰ英语知识运用 (10 分) 语言 英语知识综合运用能力 完形填空多项选 择题(四选一) 多项选择题 20 40 答题卡 1 测试要点 题型 题目 计分 数量 20 10 答题卡种类
1 篇文章 (350 英语 词)
A 4 篇文章(共 英语 理解重要信息, 掌握文章大 约 1500 词) Ⅱ B 1 篇文章(约 英语 阅读理解(50 分) 4
  50-550 题) 1 个或几个段 英语 理解和表达的准确、完整、 Ⅲ英译汉(15 分) 落(150 词) 通顺 意, 猜测生词词义并进行推 断等 推理、判断、概括能力
(四选一) 选择搭配题 或 正误判断 英译汉 5 10 5 10
(机器阅卷)
答题卡 2
A
规定情景或 英语 书面表达、归纳、概括、表 应用文(80~100 汉语文章 达 书面表达 词) 短文写作 (150 词 以上)
1
10 (人工阅卷、机器 登分)

B 规 定 情 景 或 英语 提纲
1
20
写作
(25 分) 总计
  50+2 100
考查内容: 考查内容:
考生应掌握下列语言知识和技能: (一)语言知识 一 语言知识
  1. 语法知识 考生应能熟练地运用基本的语法知识。

  1)名词、代词的数和格的构成及其用法; (
  2)动词时态、语态的构成及其用法; (
  3)形容词与副词的比较级和最高级的构成及其用法; (
  4)常用连接词的词义及其用法; (
  5)非谓语动词(不定式、动名词、分词)的构成及其用法;

  6)虚拟语气的构成及其用法; (
  7)各类从句(定语从句、主语从句、表语从句等)及强调句型的结构及其用法; (
  8)倒装句、插入语的结构及其用法。

  2. 词汇
考生应能较熟练地掌握 5 500 个左右常用英语词汇以及相关常用词组。考生应能根据具体语境、 句子结构或上下文理解一些非常用词的词义。
(二)语言技能※ 二 语言技能※ 语言技能
  1. 阅读 考生应能读懂不同题材和体裁的文字材料。题材包括经济、管理、社会、文化、科普等, 体裁包括说明文、议论文和记叙文等。 对所读材料,考生应能:
  1)理解主旨要义;
  2)理解文中的具体信息;
  3)理解文中的概念性含义;
  4)进行有关的判断、推理和引申;
  5)根据上下文推测生词的词义;
  6)理解文章的总体结构以及上下文之间的关系;
  7)理解作者的意图、观点或态度;
  8)区分论点和论据。
  2. 写作 考生应能根据所给的提纲、情景或要求完成相应的短文写作。短文应中心思想明确、切 中题意、结构清晰、条理清楚、用词恰当、无明显语言错误。
2010 考研英语二真题及答案 考研英语 英语二真题及答案 2010 年全国考研考试刚刚落下帷幕,笔者在此特意准备了 2010 考研英语二真题及答案,希望能对广大考 生朋友有一定的帮助,以下为 2010 考研英语二真题及答案: Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following passage. For each numbered blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET l. (10 points) The outbreak of swine flu that was first detected in Mexico was declared a global pandemic on June 11, 2009, in the first designation by the World Health Organization of a worldwide pandemic in 41 years. The heightened alert came after an emergency meeting with flu experts in Geneva that convened after a sharp rise in cases in Australia, and rising numbers in Britain, Japan, Chile and elsewhere. But the pandemic is "moderate" in severity, according to Margaret Chan, the organization's director general, with the overwhelming majority of patients experiencing only mild symptoms and a full recovery, often in the absence of any medical treatment. The outbreak came to global notice in late April 2009, when Mexican authorities noticed an unusually large number of hospitalizations and deaths among healthy adults. As much of Mexico City shut down at the height of a panic, cases began to crop up in New York City, the southwestern United States and around the world. In the United States, new cases seemed to fade as warmer weather arrived. But in late September 2009, officials reported there was significant flu activity in almost every state and that virtually all the samples tested are the new swine flu, also known as (A) H1N1, not seasonal flu. @Zov&0 1 In the U.S., it has infected more than one million people, and caused more than 600 deaths and more than 6,000 hospitalizations. Federal health officials released Tamiflu for children from the national stockpile and began taking orders from the states for the new swine flu vaccine. The new vaccine, which is different from the annual flu vaccine, is available ahead of expectations. More than three million doses were to be made available in early October 2009, though most of those initial doses were of the FluMist nasal spray type, which is not recommended for pregnant women, people over 50 or those with breathing difficulties, heart disease or several other problems. But it was still possible to vaccinate people in other high-risk group: health care workers, people caring for infants and healthy young people. Section Ⅱ Reading comprehension Part A Directions:
Read the following four passages. Answer the questions below each passage by choosing A, B, C and D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1.(40 points) Text1 The longest bull run in a century of art-market history ended on a dramatic note with a sale of 56 works by Damien Hirst, “Beautiful Inside My Head Forever”, at Sotheby’s in London on September 15th 2008 (see picture). All but two pieces sold, fetching more than ā70m, a record for a sale by a single artist. It was a last hurrah. As the auctioneer called out bids, in New York one of the oldest banks on Wall Street, Lehman Brothers, filed for bankruptcy. The world art market had already been losing momentum for a while after rising vertiginously since 20
  03. At its peak in 2007 it was worth some $65 billion, reckons Clare McAndrew, founder of Arts Economics, a research firm?double the figure five years earlier. Since then it may have come down to $50 billion. But the market generates interest far beyond its size because it brings together great wealth, enormous egos, greed, passion and controversy in a way matched by few other industries. In the weeks and months that followed Mr Hirst’s sale, spending of any sort became deeply unfashionable, especially in New York, where the bail-out of the banks coincided with the loss of thousands of jobs and the financial demise of many art-buying investors. In the art world that meant collectors stayed away from galleries and salerooms. Sales of contemporary art fell by two-thirds, and in the most overheated sector?for Chinese contemporary art?they were down by nearly 90% in the year to November 20
  08. Within weeks the world’s two biggest auction houses, Sotheby’s and Christie’s, had to pay out nearly $200m in guarantees to clients who had placed works for sale with them. The current downturn in the art market is the worst since the Japanese stopped buying Impressionists at the end of 1989, a move that started the most serious contraction in the market since the second world war. This time experts reckon that prices are about 40% down on their peak on average, though some have been far more volatile. But Edward Dolman, Christie’s chief executive, says: “I’m pretty confident we’re at the bottom.” What makes this slump different from the last, he says, is that there are still buyers in the market, whereas in the early 1990s, when interest rates were high, there was no demand even though many collectors wanted to sell. Christie’s revenues in the first half of 2009 were still higher than in the first half of 20
  06. Almost everyone who was interviewed for this special report said that the biggest problem at the moment is not a lack of demand but a lack of good work to sell. The three Ds?death, debt and divorce?still deliver works of art to the market. But anyone who does not have to sell is keeping away, waiting for confidence to return.
  21.In the first paragraph,Damien Hirst's sale was referred to as “a last victory”because -. A.the art market hadwitnessed a succession of victoryies B.the auctioneer finally got the two pieces at the highest bids
C.Beautiful Inside My Head Forever won over all masterpieces D.it was successfully made just before the world financial crisis
  22.By saying “spending of any sort became deeply unfashionable”(Line 1-2,Para.
  3),the author suggests that . A . collectors were no longer actively involved in art-market auctions B .people stopped every kind of spending and stayed away from galleries C.art collection as a fashion had lost its appeal to a great extent D .works of art in general had gone out of fashion so they were not worth buying
  23.Which of the following statements is NOT ture? A .Sales of contemporary art fell dramatically from 2007to 20
  08. B.The art market surpassed many other industries in momentum. C.The market generally went downward in various ways. D.Some art dealers were awaiting better chances to come.
  24.The three Ds mentioned in the last paragraph are A.auction houses ' favorites B.contemporary trends C.factors promoting artwork circulation D.styles representing impressionists
  25.The most appropriate title for this text could be A.Fluctuation of Art Prices B.Up-to-date Art Auctions C.Art Market in Decline D.Shifted Interest in Arts Text2
I was addressing a small gathering in a suburban Virginia living room -- a women's group that had invited men to join them. Throughout the evening one man had been particularly talkative frequent
 

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