2011 年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解 10
温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题, 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题,如需完整题库请登录 http://news.bangkaow.com 英语四级考试免费练习题 After the violent earthquake that shook Los Angeles in 19
  94, earthquake scientists had good news to report: The damage and death toll(死亡人数) could have been much worse. More than 60 people died in this earthquake. By comparison, and earthquake of similar __1__ that shook America in 1998 claimed
  25,000 victims. Injuries and deaths were __2__ less in Los Angeles because the quake occurred at 4:31 a.m. On a holiday, when traffic was light on the city’s highway. In addition, __3__ made to the construction codes in Los Angeles during the last 20 years have strengthened the city’s buildings and highways, making them more __4__ to quakes. In the past, making structures quake-resist-ant meant firm yet __5__ materials, such as steel and wood, that bend without breaking. Later, people tried to lift a building off its foundation, and insert rubber and steel between the building and its foundation to __6__ the impact of ground vibrations. The most __7__ designs give buildings brains as well as concrete and steel supports, called smart buildings, the structures respond like living organisms to an earthquake’s vibrations. When ground shakes and the building tips forward, the computer would __8__ the building to shift in the opposite direction. The new designs should offer even greater __9__ to cities where earthquakes ofen take place. The new smart structures could be very __10__ to build. However, they would save many lives and would be less likely to be damaged during earthquakes. [A]changes [B]flexible [C]decrease [D]recent [E]push [F]reduce [G]relatively [H]safety [I]resistant
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[J]expensive [K]force [L]accordingly [M]intensity [N]security [O]opposed
Answers: Answers:

  1.选 M)。此处应填名词,作介词 of 的宾语,作为后置定语修饰 earthquake,说明该名词是“地震” 的自然属性。选项中的名词有 changes,safety,intensity 和 security,只有 intensity 可以表示地震 的强度,故选 M)。
  2.选 G)。此处应填副词,用来修饰形容词 less。选项中的副词有 relatively“相对的”和 accordingly“相应的”,第一段说这次地震和 1998 年的那次地震程度一样,但造成的损失却小很多,再 从后句中“高速路上的车辆不是很多”可以推断:这次的地震造成的“死伤人数”与 1998 年比少很多,即 少是相对的,故选 G)relatively。
  3.选 A)。空格中要填的词是本句话中的主语,应为名词。这句话的主干是 have strengthened the city’s buildings and highways,从第三段的内容和注释 3 的解析可知:建筑结构发生了变化,故应选 择 A)changes。
  4.选 I)。此处应填形容词,和其前面的 more 构成形容词的比较级,描述新型建筑与地震有关的性能。 them = the city’s buildings and highways, have strengthened “被加固”说明他们更有抵御风险 的能力了。选项中的四个形容词只有 resistant 符合这个意思,故选 I)。
  5.选 B)。此处应填形容词,修饰名词 materials。从后面的。。.bent without breaking “即使弯 曲也不会折断”,说明是有韧性的材料。选项中的四个形容词只有 flexible 表示“柔韧的,可变形的”, 故 B)正确。
  6.选 F)。此处应填名词。根据上下文 insert rubber and steel between the building and its foundation“在建筑物和地基之间填充橡胶和钢材”是为了减少 the impact of ground vibrations“地 面震动对建筑物的影响”。选项中 decrease 和 reduce 都可以表示“减少”的意思,前者指稳定的逐步地 减少,后者强调在大小、程度或强度方面下降或减少。故 F)reduce 更符合题意。
  7.选 D)。根据注释
  3,可以推知,这里要填的词是和前面的 In the past, Laer 相对应的,选项中 的形容词中只有 recent 可表示时间,the most recent desighs“最近的设计”,在原文中可以对应“过 去,后来”,故 D)为正确答案。
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  8.选 K)。前面提到了智能建筑,这里说明当地震使这样的建筑向前倒的时候,电脑会怎样它,使它 相反方向移动。在动词 push 和 force 之间悬着。push 强调的是外加的力量,而这里的拖力者是与智能建 筑一体的计算机系统,故这里 force 符合文意。
  9.选 N)。此后应填名词,做动词 offer 的宾语。本句前面一直在描述新型建筑采取的抗震措施,本 句是这些措施的结果。 抗震型建筑为城市提供的应该是更多的安全保障, 选项中表示“安全”的词有 safety 和 security,前者是处于安全状态,不受伤害,没有危险,多用于人身,货物。后者常指国家社会的免遭 战争,灾难而安然无恙,故 N)security 更符合文意。
  10.选 J)。此处应填形容词。从后面的 However 后的一句说明智能建筑的优点而得知,However 前所 说的是智能建筑的缺点。既然智能建筑很聪明,又是新事物,那么建造起来肯定会耗费很多资金的,所以 选 J)expensive。
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