2011 年英语四级阅读理解模拟试题及答案详解 5
温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题, 温馨提示:帮考网英语四级考试免费练习题,如需完整题库请登录 http://news.bangkaow.com 英语四级考试免费练习题 Our quarrel with efficiency is not that it gets things done, but that it is a thief of time when it leaves us no leisure to enjoy ourselves, and that it strains our nerves when we try to get things done perfectly. In building bridges, American engineers calculate so finely and exactly as to make the two ends come together within one-tenth of an inch. But when two Chinese begin to dig a tunnel from both sides of a mountain both come out on the other side. --The Chinese’s firm belief is that it doesn’t matter so long as a tunnel is dug through, and if we have two instead of one, why, we have a double track to boot. The pace of modern industrial life forbids this kind of glorious and magnificent idling. But, worse than that, it imposes upon us a different conception of time as measured by the clock and eventually turns the human being into a clock himself. (This sort of thing is bound to come to China, as is evident, for instance, in the case of a factory of twenty thousand worker. The luxurious prospect of twenty thousand workers coming in at their own sweet pleasure at all hours is, of course, somewhat terrifying.)Nevertheless, such efficiency is what makes life so hard and full of excitement. A man who has to be punctually at a certain place at five o’clock has the whole afternoon from one to five ruined for him already. Every American adult is arranging his time on the pattern of the schoolboy - three o’clock for this, five o’clock for that, six-thirty for change of dress, six-fifty for entering the taxi, and seven o’clock for arriving at the destination. It just makes life not worth living.
  1. The writer objects to efficiency mainly on the grounds that it . A) entitles us to too much leisure time B) urges us to get things done punctually C) deprives us of leisure time D) imposes on us a perfect concept of time
  2. In the eyes of the author, the introduction of industrial life gives rise to . A) the excitement of life B) magnificent idling of time C) more emphasis on efficiency D) terrifying schoolboy
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  3. The passage tells us . A) Chinese workers come to work when it is convenient B) all Americans are forced to be efficient against their will C) Chinese engineers are on better terms with the management D) Americans ought not to work so hard for efficiency
  4. The author believes that relaxing the rule of punctuality in factories would lead to . A) great confusion B) increased production C) a hard and exciting life D) successful completion of a tunnel
  5. What is implied but NOT stated by the author is that . A) every American is arranging his time in the pattern of a schoolboy B) every American is reluctant to be efficient C) every one should have some time to spend as he pleases D) being punctual is an undesirable habit which should not be formed 答案:
  1.C)deprives us of leisure time 对应原文第一句 but that it is a thief of time when it leaves us no leisure to enjoy ourselves. 选项 A 是与作者想法完全相反的; 选项 B 虽有章可循, 但要注意原 文是 it strains our nerves when we try to get things done perfectly, 而非 it 直接 urges us to get things done punctually; 选项 D 要看清,原文是 a different conception of time 而非 a perfect concept of time.
  2.C)more emphasis on efficiency 对应原文第二段第一句 The pace of modern industrial life forbids this kind of glorious and magnificent idling. 通过第一段可以看出, 与 efficiency 对立 的是 this kind of glorious and magnificent idling, 而 industrial life 又 forbids, 自然说明 industrial life gives rise to more emphasis on efficiency.
  3.D)Americans ought not to work so hard for efficiency. 排除法: A)Chinese workers come to work when it is convenient 不符合原文()中的内容; B)all Americans are forced to be efficient
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against their will 语气太重, 不是被强迫讲求效率, 也不是违背自己意愿, 只是为了适应工业社会; C)Chinese engineers are on better terms with the management 不属于本文讨论范畴。。。
  4.A)great confusion 对应原文(This sort of thing is bound to come to China, as is evident, for instance, in the case of a factory of twenty thousand worker. The luxurious prospect of twenty thousand workers coming in at their own sweet pleasure at all hours is, of course, somewhat terrifying.)
  5.C)every on should have some time to spend as he pleases, 这是 4 个选项中唯一一个符合 is implied but NOT stated 两个条件的。 A 选项有被直接提及, B 选项 reluctant 是不愿的意思, 而 本文并非讨论愿不愿的问题, D 选项 being punctual is an undesirable habit which should not be formed, 黑体部分分别为守时和不良习惯的意思, 显然不是作者本意。 总结一下, 今天这期比昨天讲小猫小狗的阅读要难一些- -, 是一篇既要求词汇量, 同时又要求答 题技巧的典型的阅读理解。 所谓答题技巧, 就是首先要读懂文章的大概意思, 然后注意一些关键句子。 关键句子很有可能出现在段落的连接部分, 比如开头和结尾。 一般情况下, 阅读理解的前面几道题 是可以从原文的关键句子中直接找出答案的, 而后面几道题, 往往要求综合全文来分析。 最近几天的阅 读, 大体分为两种: 一种是偏向主观论述的阅读, 比如倒数 55 天的癌症、倒数 53 天的空调和今天的效 率; 另一种是偏向客观叙述的阅读, 比如倒数 52 天的家养宠物和倒数 54 天的无家可归的儿童。 前者往 往要着重考虑作者的中心思想, 后者往往要着重考虑作者的整体内容.
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