第三部分 2011 年职称英语教材阅读理 解新增文章英文+中文+可替换题目
2011 年阅读理解新增文章 综合类 年阅读理解新增文章_综合类
The State of Marriage Today(C 级) 第八篇 ( Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now, and the evidence suggests it is going to get worse. If this trend continues, it will lead to the breakup of the family, according to a spokesperson for the National Family Association. Some futurists predict that in 100 years, the average American will many at least four times, and extramarital affairs will be even more common than they are now. But what are the reasons for this, and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer to the first question is really quite simple: marriage is no longer the necessity it once was. The institution of marriage has been based for years partly on economic need. Women used to be economically dependent on their husbands as they usually didn't have jobs outside the home. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs, this is no longer the case, so they don't feel that the5 need to stay in a failing marriage. In answer to the second question, the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems, While the rate of divorce has risen, the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much, so marriage is still quite popular. In addition to this. many couples now cohabit and don't bother to marry. These couples are effectively married, but they do not appear in either the marriage or divorce statistics. In fact, more than 50% of firs marriages survive. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. So is marriage really an outdated institution? The fact that most people still get married indicates that it isn't. And it is also true that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences, such as heart problems, and married men generally consider themselves more contented than their single counterparts. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! 练习:
United States today? 美国当代的婚姻存在的问题是__。 A) Divorce leads to the breakup of the family.离婚导 致家庭的破碎。 B) Half of the married couples get divorced. 一半的已 婚夫妻最终离婚了。 C) American people marry more than four times.美国 人一生至少结四次婚。 D) More and more people are getting divorced. 越 来越多的人离婚。 正确答案) (正确答案 来越多的人离婚。 正确答案) (
  2. What does "this is no longer the case" in paragraph two mean? 现在情况已经变了,这句话的意思是。 A) It is not necessary to get married any more.结婚再 也没有什么必要了。 B) Women do not need a husband any longer. 妇女们 不再需要伴侣了。 C) Women are not economically dependant any more. 妇女们在经济上已经不再依赖了。 正确答案) 妇女们在经济上已经不再依赖了。 正确答案) (正确答案 ( D) Many wives do well-paying jobs outside home now. 现在很多妻子在外面有很好的工作。
  3. Why may the outlook of marriage not be as gloomy as it appears? 前景似乎不像人们想的那么悲观的原因_。 A) Many people still like to get married. 很多人仍 然想结婚。 正确答案) (正确答案 然想结婚。 正确答案) ( B) The rate of divorce has actually decreased.离婚率 实际上已经降低了。 C) Over 50% of the marriages continue to exist.超过 50%的婚姻仍然存在。 D) The statistics of divorce is not quite true.关于离婚 的数据不真实。
  4. How do people usually feel in their marriage life? 人们 对于婚姻生活的感觉是 。 A) They are much healthier.他们更健康。 B) They feel no longer single.他们不再感觉到孤单。 C) They are more satisfied. 他们更满意。 正确答 他们更满意。 (正确答 ( 案) D) They suffer a lot less.他们遭遇的更少。
  5. Which of the following about marriage is NOT mentioned in the passage? 以下关于婚姻的论述下列 没有在文中提到。 A) There will be more relationships outside marriage. 在婚姻以外将有更多的亲戚关系。 B) Many people try to get married again after
很多人离婚之后尽量再一次结婚。 正确答案) (正确答案
  1. Which is true about the problem of marriage in the divorce. 很多人离婚之后尽量再一次结婚。 正确答案) (
C) Marriage has long been partly an economical need. 婚姻一直以来部分是婚姻的需要。 D) It is a fact that most people choose to get married. 大多数人选择结婚是一个事实。 词汇 divorce /di'v?:s/ n. 离婚 evidence /'evid?ns/ n. 证据,迹象 futurist /'fju:t??rist/ n. 未来主义者 explode /iks'pl?ud/ v. 激增,迅速扩大 predict /pri’dikt/ v. 预言,预料,预报 extramarital /,ekstr?'m?rit?l / adj. 婚外的 gloomy /'?lu:mi/ adj. 阴暗的;令人沮丧的 institution /,insti'tju:??n/ n. 制度,习俗 outlook / 'autluk/ n. 展望,前景 pessimistic /,pesi'mistik/ adj. 悲观的 cohabit /k?u'h?bit/ v. 同居 effectively /i'fektivli/ ad. 实际上 statistics /st?'tistiks/ n. 统计,统计资料 deceptive /di'septiv/ adj. 迷惑的,骗人的 outdated /,aut'deitid/ adj. 旧式的,过时的 indicate /'indikeit/ v.表明,暗示 consequence / 'k?nsi,kw?ns/ n. 结果,后果 contented /k?n'tentid/ adj.满足的,满意的 counterpart /'kaunt?p?:t/ n. 对应的人(或物) 注释 National Family Association: 美国国家家庭联合会
  8. They suffer less from stress and its consequences, such as heart problems, and married men generally consider themselves more contented than their single counterparts. 他们压力较小, 因压力产生的诸如心脏 问题也相应减少。而且,婚后男性总体上较之配偶 更为满意。 Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! 也许, 关键在于找出成功婚姻背后的秘诀并把它运用到我 们所有人与人的关系中去。 当代婚姻( 第八篇 当代婚姻(C 级) 如今的婚姻出什么严重问题了吗?在过去 50 年中,
  7. These couples are effectively married, but they do not appear in either the marriage or divorce statistics. 这 些人事实上已经结婚,但他们却是统计结婚与离婚 率的盲区。
  6.
  5.
  4. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs, this is no longer the case, so they don't feel that they need to stay in a failing marriage. 现在,随着高 薪女性的增多,情况也已经改变。因此,她们觉得 没有必要被一段失败的婚姻捆住手脚。 In answer to the second question, the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems, While the rate of divorce has risen, the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much, so marriage is still quite popular. 回答第二个问题,前景似乎不像它看起来 那么令人悲观。尽管离婚率升高,但世纪结婚率并 没有下降,所以说结婚还是挺流行的。 In addition to this. many couples now cohabit and don't bother to marry. 。除此之外,现在许多恋人同居但 并不急着领证。
可替换题目关键知识点: 可替换题目关键知识点:

  1. During the past 50 years the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages
  9. end in divorce now, and the evidence suggests it is going to get worse..现在几乎 50%的婚姻以离婚告 终,证据显示,情况还将持续恶化。
  2. Some futurists predict that in 100 years, the average American will marry at least four times, and
extramarital affairs will be even more common than 美国的离婚率暴涨:现在几乎 50%的婚姻以离婚告终, they are now. 一些未来学家预测, 年后的美国人 证据显示,情况还将持续恶化。据美国国家联合会的发 100 将平均至少结四次婚,而婚外恋甚至将比现在更为 言人称,如果这种趋势持续下去,将导致家庭的破裂。 普遍。
  3. But what are the reasons for this, and is the picture 一些未来学家预测,100 年后的美国人将平均至少结四 次婚,而婚外恋甚至将比现在更为普遍。 那问题的原因是什么?现状真的如此糟糕吗?第一 really so gloomy? The answer to the first question is 个问题的答案十分简单:婚姻早已不像它过去那样非有 really quite simple: marriage is no longer the necessity 不可了。从好些年前开始,经济需求已经只是婚姻的部 it once was. 那问题的原因是什么?现状真的如此 分基础。过去,由于女性除了家庭以外没有任何工作, 糟糕吗?第一个问题的答案十分简单:婚姻早已不 她们常常在经济上依赖丈夫。现在,随着高薪女性的增 像它过去那样非有不可了。 多,情况也已经改变。因此,她们觉得没有必要被一段
失败的婚姻捆住手脚。 回答第二个问题,前景似乎不像它看起来那么令人 悲观。尽管离婚率升高,但世纪结婚率并没有下降,所 以说结婚还是挺流行的。除此之外,现在许多恋人同居 但并不急着领证。这些人事实上已经结婚,但他们却是 统计结婚与离婚率的盲区。超过 50%的第一次婚姻实际 上是成功的。之前数据的欺骗性在于二度与三度婚姻的 离婚率要高于首次婚姻。 婚姻真的过时了吗?大多数人仍会结婚,这一事实证明 不是这样的。而且事实上婚后夫妻比单身过着更健康的 生活:他们压力较小,因压力产生的诸如心脏问题也相 应减少。而且,婚后男性总体上较之配偶更为满意。也 许,关键在于找出成功婚姻背后的秘诀并把它运用到我 们所有人与人的关系中去。
综合类C 级: 新增文章) 综合类 一级重点 2011 新增文章) (
Why People Use Pseudonyms You can’t choose the name you are given at birth, but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood.. Of course, most people never change their names _1__ they feel unhappy about them. However, some people do _2__ this course of action- particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it’s for purely _3__ reasons, such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile, Neftali Reyes. He didn’t want his father to _4__ he was writing poetry, so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man. _5__ other times the reason may appear eccentric; take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa, _6__ wrote under 75 different names. The reason? “When I use a different name, I always write in a different way,” he explained. In most cases, _7__, the reason is for social, historical, or cultural reasons. Here are some of the most _8__: The person’s real name is just _9__ long and difficult to remember. Let’s be honest, Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as _10__ to remember as just plain “Madonna”. And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele. Sometimes names are changed for marketing _11__. For example, if a name sounds too “foreign”, it may be changed to something that is more recognizable in a _12__. So in the film world, Ramon Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen. Or maybe the artist’s real name doesn’t sound very attractive?Chad Everett does _13__ a lot better than Raymond Cramton. Artists sometimes _14__ the name of someone they admire. Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Boo Dylan because of his admiration for the Welsh poet, Dylan Thomas. Another reason may be practicality: in the past, women found it very difficult to get published. To _15__ this situation they sometimes gave themselves men’s names, so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot, and she did get her books published!

  1. A as if
  2. A take
  3. A private
  4. A understand
  5. A At
  6. A whom
  7. A but
  8. A popular
  9. A so
  10. A easy
  11. A aims
  12. A market
  13. A look
  14. A choose
  15. A admit
B as B make B individual B know B On B which B although B common B too B short B ends B film B sound B give B assure
C even if C do C own C recognize C In C who C though C ordinary C very C simple C goals C country C appear C change C avoid
D even D have D personal D observe D During D that D however D average D much D brief D purposes D business D seem D get D affect
为什么人们用假名 我们没法选择出生时的名字,但是在很多国家人们可以在成年后改名。当然,绝大多数 人即使不喜欢自己的名字也不会改。然而,有的人却付诸行动?尤其是艺术家!为什么艺术 家想改名呢?有时仅源于单纯的私人原因。比如诺贝尔奖得主,智利诗人 Neftali Reyes,因
为不想让父亲知道自己写诗,就在年轻时改名为 Pablo Neruda。有时改名的理由也很奇怪, 就拿葡萄牙诗人 Fernando Pessoa 来说吧,他的笔名多达 75 个。为什么?他解释说:“每用 一个不同的名字,我就写不
 

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