(美国纽交所上市公司 代码: DL) 正保远程教育
2011 年职称英语考试综合类 A 级阅读判断练习题
阅读判断题 阅读下面这篇短文, 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。 阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。 如果该句提供的是正确信息, 如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选 B;如果该句的 ;如果该句提供的是错误信息, ; 信息文章中没有提及, 信息文章中没有提及,请选 C. Going Back to Its Birthplace No sporting event takes hold of the world's attention and imagination like the Olympic Games. The football World Cup fascinates fans in Europe and South America; baseball's World Series is required viewing in North America; and the World Table Tennis Championships attracts the most interest in Asia. But the Olympics belong to the whole world. Now, after travelling to 17 countries over 108 years,the summer Games are returning to Athens,the place where the first modern Olympics was held. Participation in the Games is looked on not only as an achievement, but also as an honour. The 16 days between August 13 and 29 will see a record 202 countries compete, up from Sydney's 1
  99. Afghanistan is back, having been banned from Sydney because the Taliban government didn't let women do sports. There is also a place for newcomers East Timor and Kiribati. A total of
  10,500 athletes will compete in 28 sports, watched by
  5.3 million ticket-paying viewers as well as a television audience of 4 billion. Athens is to use its rich history and culture to make the Olympics as special as possible. The Games will open with cycling events which start in front of the Parthenon and Acropolis monuments. The final event will be a historic men's marathon following the original route run by Phidippides in 490 BC to bring news of victory over the Persians. The ancient stadium at Olympia, first used for the Games nearly three centuries ago, will stage the shot put competitions. And the Panathenian Stadium, where the first modem Olympics was held, is to host the archery(射箭) events. If the well-known ancient sites deliver a great sense of history to the Games, the 39 new venues add a modern touch to the city of Athens. The main Olympic stadium, with a giant glass and steel roof, is the landmark(标志) building of the Olympics.
(美国纽交所上市公司 代码: DL) 正保远程教育
"We believe that we will organize a 'magical' Games," said Athens 2004 President Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki. "Our history with the Olympic Games goes back nearly
  3,000 years, and Athens 2004 could be the best ever." 1 The World Table Tennis Championships attracts the most interest in Asian countries. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 2 Participation in the Olympic Games is looked upon as an honor as well as an achievement. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 3 Many state leaders will attend the opening ceremony. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 4 The Games will open with cycling events because these events will take hold of the world's attention. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 5 The first modern Olympics was held nearly three centuries ago. A Right B Wrong
(美国纽交所上市公司 代码: DL) 正保远程教育
C Not mentioned 6 The Panathenian Stadium is the landmark building of Olympics. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 7 Athens 2004 has been proven to be the best Olympic Games A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 【参考答案】
  1. A
  2. A
  3. C
  4. C
  5. B
  6. B
  7. C Winners and Losers Why are the biggest winners in the past decade of trade globalization mostly in South and East Asia, whereas the biggest losers are mostly in the former Soviet bloc (集团) and sub-Saharan Africa? History is a partial guide: East Asia has a long trading tradition, lately reinvigorated (给以新的活力) by the Chinese adoption of market economics. The Soviet Union, on the other hand, was sheltered from free-market forces for more than 70 years. In Africa, some countries are disadvantaged because of inadequate infrastructure (基础结构); many countries have little to trade but commodities, the prices of which have fallen in recent years. In some regions, certain countries have suffered by adopting misguided policies, often under pressure from International Monetary Fund. First among these is Russia, which in the early 1990s tried to embrace capitalism before first building the institutions that make capitalism work, such as an independent bank system, a system of business law, and an adequate method for collecting taxes. Encouraged by the IMF, the World Bank and the U.S. Department of the Treasury, President Boris Yeltsin's regime privatized the state-owned industrial sector, creating a class of oligarchs (寡头政治集 团成员), who, knowing how unstable conditions were at home, sent their money abroad instead of investing it at home. In contrast, China, the biggest winner from globalization, did not follow the IMF formula. Of the former states of the Soviet bloc, only a few, notably Poland and
(美国纽交所上市公司 代码: DL) 正保远程教育
Hungary, managed to grow, which they did by ignoring IMF advice and adopting expansionary plans, including spending more than they collected in taxes. Botswana and Uganda are also success stories: despite their disadvantages, their countries achieved vigorous growth by creating stable civil societies, liberalizing trade and implementing reforms that ran counter to IMF prescriptions. 1 Japan has a long trading tradition. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 2 Russia was wrongly guided by the IMF. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 3 All African countries followed the IMF formula. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 4 The Soviet Union was a capitalist country. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 5 Australia is one of the biggest winners from globalization A Right B Wrong
(美国纽交所上市公司 代码: DL) 正保远程教育
C Not mentioned 6 China did not take IMF advice. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 7 Many high officials in Russia have much benefited from privatization. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 【参考答案】
  1. A
  2. A
  3. B
  4. B
  5. C
  6. A
  7. C Using HIV Virus to Cure Cancer Scientists are planning to use human immunodeficiency (免疫缺陷) virus (HIV), one of mankind's most feared viruses, as a carrier of genes which can fight cancer and a range of diseases that cannot be cured. The experts say HIV has an almost perfect ability to avoid the body's immune (免疫的) defenses, making it ideal for carrying replacement genes into patients' bodies, according to the Observer. A team at the California-based Salk Institute, one of the world's leading research centers on biological sciences, has created a special new breed of HIV and has started negotiations with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to begin clinical gene therapy (治疗) trials this year. The first trials are expected to involve patients suffering from cancers that cannot be cured by surgery although project leader Professor Inder Verma said the HIV technique would have "far wider applications".来源:考试大 The plan remains very likely to cause controversy since it involves making use of a virus which has caused more than 22 million deaths around the world in the past two decades. Verma said that the idea of using HIV for a beneficial purpose was "shocking" but the fierce nature of HIV had disappeared by having all six of the potentially deadly genes removed.
(美国纽交所上市公司 代码: DL) 正保远程教育
Illnesses such as various cancers are caused when a gene in a patient's body fails to work properly. In the past two years, breakthroughs in genetics (遗传学) have led gene therapy scientists to try and replace the genes that do not function normally. Unfortunately, the body's immune defenses have been known to attack the modified genes and make them lose their effects before they can start their task and progress in the field has been held up by the lack of a suitable carrier.' The HIV virus has the ability to escape from, and. then destroy, the immune defense cells designed to protect our bodies and this makes it attractive to scientists as a way of secretly conveying replacement genes into patients' bodies. 1 FDA has approved the plan of using HIV to cure cancer in humans A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 2 The idea of using HIV for a beneficial purpose has been widely accepted. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 3 HIV can be safely used to cure cancer only if the deadly genes have been removed A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 4 The HIV virus is an excellent warrior to fight the body's immune cells A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
(美国纽交所上市公司 代码: DL) 正保远程教育
5 Other countries are also expected to begin clinical gene therapy trials soon A Right B Wrong 来源:考试大的美女编辑们 C Not mentioned 6 It is the lack of money that has held up the progress in using replacement genes to cure cancer. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 7 The HIV virus has caused more deaths in developed countries. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 【参考答案】
  1. B
  2. B
  3. A
  4. A
  5. C
  6. B
  7. C
 

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