le have come to expect endless situations about which they are required to make decisions one way or another. In the main
  2, these are just irksome moments at work which demand some extra energy or brainpower,or during lunch breaks like choosing which type of coffee to order or indeed which coffee shop to go to. But sometimes selecting one option as opposed to another can have serious or lifelong repercussions. More complex decision-making is then either avoided,postponed,or put into the hands of the army of professionals,lifestyle coaches,lawyers,advisors,and the like,waiting to lighten the emotional burden for a fee
  2.But for a good many4 people in the world,in rich and poor countries, choice is a luxury,not a right. And for those who think they are exercising their right to make choices,the whole system is merely an illusion,created by companies and advertisers wanting to sell their wares
  5. The main impact of endless choice in people’s lives is anxiety. Buying something as basic as a coffee pot is not exactly simple. Easy access to a wide range of consumer goods induces a sense of powerlessness,even paralysis,in many people,ending in the shopper giving up and walking away
  6,or just buying an unsuitable item that is not really wanted in order to solve the problem and reduce the unease. Recent surveys in the United Kingdom have shown that a sizeable proportion of electrical goods bought per household are not really needed. The advertisers and the shareholders of the manufacturers are,nonetheless,satisfied.
It is not just their availability that is the problem, but the speed with which new versions of products come on the market. Advances in design and production mean that new items are almost ready by the time that goods hit the shelves
  7.Products also need to have a short 1ifespan so that the public can be persuaded to replace them within a short time. The classic example is computers, which are almost obsolete once they are bought. At first,there were only one or two available from a limited number of manufacturers,but now there are many companies all with not only their own products but different versions of the same machine. This makes selection a problem. Gone are the days when one could just walk with ease into a shop and buy one thing
  8:no choice,no anxiety. The plethora of choice is not limited to consumer items. With the greater mobility of people around the world,people have more choice about where they want to 1ive and work-a fairly recent phenomenon. In the past,nations migrated across huge swathes of the earth in search of food, adventure,and more hospitable environments. Whole nations crossed continents and changed the face of history. So the mobility of people is nothing new. The creation of nation states and borders9 effectively slowed this process down. But what is different now is the speed at which migration is happening. 词汇: 词汇: spoil vt.使某人扫兴 unease n.焦虑,不安 irksome adj.令人心烦的 sizeable adj.相当大的,颇大的 brainpower n.智能 proportion n.部分,比例 option n.选择 shareholder n.股东 repercussions n.(常指意料之外的)影响,后果 manufacturer n.制造商,厂家 complex adj.复杂的 nonetheless adv.然而,不过 postpone vt.&vi.延迟,延缓 availability n.可获得性,可使用性 professional n.专业人士 adj 内行的 version n.版本 coach n.教练员,指导 obsolete adj.过时的,被淘汰的 luxury n.难得的享受 plethora n.过多,过剩 illusion n.幻觉,想象 phenomenon n.现象 ware n.商品,货物 migrate vi.迁徙
jmpact n.影响 swathe n.大片土地 anxiety n.焦虑,不安 hospitable 有利的,适宜的 consumer n.消费者 skip v.跳过 induce vt.引起,导致 obese adj.肥胖的 paralysis n.麻痹 metabolic adi.新陈代谢的 unsuitable adj.不恰当的,不适适宜的 psychiatric adj.精神病的 abnormal adj.异常的 注释: 注释:
  1.be given to:倾向于
  2.in the main:大体上,基本上
  3. More complex decision-making is then either avoided,postponed,or put into the hands of the army of professionals,lifestyle coaches,lawyers,advisors,and the like,waiting to lighten the emotional burden for a fee.对于情况更复杂的决策,人们或者回避、拖延,或者求助于各式各样的 专业人士--生活方式指导人员、 律师、 咨询师等等, 而他们也正等着你付费来缓解心理重负呢。 A in the put hands of B 由 B 为 A 做决策。the like 等等,诸如此类的(人或物)。
  4. a good many:也可说 a great many, (用来强调所指数量)非常多的。
  5.And for those who think they are exercising their right to make choices.the whole system is merely an illusion,created by companies and advertisers wanting to sell their wares.对那 些自认为行使选择权的人来说,这整个体制不过是销售商和广告商为了卖货而制造出的一种幻觉而已。 exercise one’S right 行使权利。
  6. Easy access to a wide range of consumer goods induces a sense of powerlessness,even paralysis,in many people,ending in the shopper giving up and walking away.购物更便捷,商品 更丰富,但这却让很多人感到不知所措,甚至麻痹,最后只好放弃挑选,一走了之。access to…获得…的 渠道。
  7.hit the shelves:上架,上市
  8.Gone are the days when one could just walk with ease into a shop and buy one thing.那种 无它可选,轻松购物的日子一去不复返了。此句为倒装句。
  9. nation states and borders:国家和疆域。 练习: 练习:

  1. What is the difference between the decision to shop in a certain supermarket and the decision to drop out of college according to the first paragraph? A)The former is a right while the latter is not. B)The latter has more impact on life. C)The former may happen for many times in life. D)The latter requires a fee.
  2.When people can not easily decide what to buy,what is the least possible choice? A)Give up. B)Walk away. C) Buy an unsuitable item. D) Seek advice.
  3. Why do products have short lifespan nowadays? A)They are more often replaced with better ones. B)They have worse quality. C)They have too many versions. D) Computer technology advances too fast.
  4.How does migration differ from the past? A)People now migrate across the whole earth. B)People now migrate for better life. C)People now have more choice about where to migrate. D)People now migrate for better environment.
  5. Which is the best summary of the writer’s attitude towards choice in a commercial society? A) More choice,more anxiety. B)Better more choice than no choice.
C)Better no choice than more choice. D) All choice is not easy. 答案与题解: 答案与题解:
  1. B 根据文章第一句话,这两种选择都是权利,所以 A 不对,选项 C 本身没错但文中丝毫未提及,选 项 D 有可能发生,但不是绝对的。选项 B 符合 But sometimes selecting one option as opposed to another can have serious or lifelong repercussions 的意思。
  2. D 第二段第三句提到了 A、B、C 三个选项,只有 D 没提到,这正是本题答案。
  3. A 第三段都是在讲商家为了销售更多的商品,不断推出新产品,老百姓不知不觉更换地更勤,所以 一个商品的使用寿命就更短了。
  4. C 其它三个选项都不是新的特点,最后一段第三句话都有涉及。
  5. A 整篇文章都是在论述现代商品社会人们虽然选择更多了,但焦虑感也多了。其它三个选项文中都 有提及,但不能代表作者整体的态度
完型填空新增文章( 完型填空新增文章(共 3 篇) 新增文章
第五篇 Why People Use Pseudonyms You can’t choose the name you are given at birth.but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood.Of course, most people never change their names 1 they feel unhappy about them.However, some people do 2 this course of action-particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it’s for purely 3 reasons, such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile,Neflali Reyes.He didn’t want his father to 4 he was writing poetry, so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man. 5 other times the reason may appear eccentric;take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa, 6 wrote under 75 different names.The reason?“When I use a different name,I always write in a different way,”he explained.In most cases, 7 ,the reason is for social,historical,political, or cultural reasons.Here are some of the most 8 : The person’s real name is just 9 long and difficult to remember.Let’s be honest, Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as 10 to remember as just plain “Madonna”.And short names are much easier to remember:William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele. Sometimes names are changed for marketing 11 .For example,if a name sounds too“foreign”, it may be changed to something that is more recognizable in a 12 .So in the film world,Ramon Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen.Or maybe the artist’s real name doesn’t sound very attractive-Chad Everett does 13 a lot better than Raymond Cramton.
Artists sometimes 14 the name of someone they admire.Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Boo Dylan because of his admiration for the Welsh poet,Dylan Thomas. Another reason may be practicality:in the past,women found it very difficult to get published.To 15 this situation they sometimes gave themselves men’s names,so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot,and she did get her books published! 词汇: 词汇: pseudonym n.假名,笔名 recognizable adj.可辨认的,可识别的 legally ad.法律上,合法地 eccentric adj.古怪的,反常的 attractive adj.有吸引力的,引人注目的 Portuguese adj.葡萄牙的,葡萄牙人的,葡萄牙语的 adopt v.采取,采纳 plain adj.清楚的,明白的 admire v.赞赏,钦佩 marketing n.推销,营销 注释: 注释: Nobel Prize:诺贝尔奖 练习: 练习:
  1.A)as if B)as C)even if D)even
  2.A)take B)make C)do D)have
  3.A)private B)individual C)own D)personal
  4.A)understand B)know C)recognize D)observe
  5.A)At B)On C)In D)During
  6.A)whom B)which C)who D)that
  7.A)but B)although C)though D)however
  8.A)popular B)common C)ordinary D)average
  9.A)so B)too C)very D)much

  10.A)easy B)short C)simple D)brief
  11.A)aims B)ends C)goals D)purposes
  12.A)market B)film C)country D)business。
  13.A)look B)sound C)appear D)seem
  14.A)choose B)give C)change D)get
  15.A)admit B)assure C)avoid D)affect 答案与题解: 答案与题解:
  1.C 本句前半句提到“大多数人不会改名字”,因此可以判断是选有让步转折意义的“even if,,其 他的选项都没有这个意思,尤其要注意 even 是副词,不可以这样用于句首引出从句。
  2.A 本句的意思是想说“有些人, 尤其是艺术家们, 会更改名字”。 不过, 本句没有直接说 change their names 而是说采取行动,那么只能用 take 与 action 进行搭配,其他动词都不合适。
  3.D 根据后面 such as 后所举的例子知道,某些人改名字完全出于个人的原因,故选择 personal。 private 是指与公众无关的,私隐的;individual 是与集体对立而言,个体的;而 own 则必须放在物主代词 的后面一起来表达属于某人的。
  4.B 本句是想说他改名字是为了不让父亲了解到他在写诗这件事,因此选 know。understand 是理解的 意思,recognize 是认出,observe 是察觉、观察到的意思。
  5.A 本句里的 times 是时机、场合的意思,at other times 是表示“其他的情况”,还有其他的固定 搭配也是用 at 这个介词,如 at all times,at the best of times 等等,其他介词无此搭配。
  6.C 本句是举葡萄牙人的例子来说明某些人更改名字的理由很奇怪, 后半句是想说此人用过 75 个不同 的名字。对本句结构做出分析后,应该是非限定性定语从句对此诗人做出补充解释,故用 who。that 不能 用于非限定性定语从句,which 则不能表示人,只能表示物,whom 是用来做宾格形式只能作宾语不能作主 语。
  7.D 如果注意到了此空前后的逗号的话就应该知道需要填一个副词来表示转折了,四个选项中只有 however 是副词,所以其他的选项都不对。
  8.B 前一句刚说到大家改名字有社会、历史、政治、文化等方面的原因,通过下面几段里所给出的例 子可以知道本句是想说“下面是几种常见的原因”,所以选 common 用于指常常发生的情况,而 popular 是 指大家都喜欢的,ordinary 和 average 则都是指没什么特别的。
  9.B 根据后文, 本句是想说某些人的名字太长、 太难不好记住, 是一个 too…to…的结构, 表达“太…… 而不能……”的意思。

  10.A 根据上下文知道,本句是想说简单明了的 Madonna 更容易记住。从本句中的 plain 一词可以断定 不是想说长短,所以 short 和 brief 都不对,而 simple 则是与复杂相对立的,因此选用 easy 一词与前句 的 difficult 来对应,后一句话中的 easier to remember 也可以帮助我们选择 easy。
  11.D 此题四个选项都能表示
  •  
 

相关内容

2011年职称英语考试流程

   2011 年职称英语考试流程:网上报名(补报名)->准考证领取->考试->成绩查询-> 年职称英语考试流程: 证书领取 考试介绍 免考规定 考试时间 类别选择 报名时间 考试培训 考试大纲 成绩查询 报名流程 合格证书 全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试大纲 一、概述 全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试是由国家人事部组织实施的一项国家级外语考试。 本考试遵循“严格要求、实事求是、区别对待、逐步提高”的原则,根据英语在不同专业领域 活动中的应用特点, 结合专业技术人员掌握和 ...

2011年职称英语(理工类)阅读理解-1-50题及答案中文翻译

   2011年职称英语(理工类) 2011年职称英语(理工类)阅读理解 年职称英语 问题 Vehicles( 1. Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles(理C) 1) What have the Ford motor company, General Motor’s and Honda done concerning electric cars? 2) According to Tim Holmes of Ford Europe, batterypowered cars ...

2011年职称英语考试技巧

   本文由yangdh301312贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 1、词汇、阅读理解、完型填空所占分值最高(合计高 达 75 分),放到前面来做, 2、词汇、阅读理解、完型填空都是部分来自教材,放 到前面来做,记忆比较深刻,答题成功率较高。 3、 阅读判断放到最后,是因为本题根据经验蒙答案 (具 体方法后面详述)成功率可拿到全部 7 分中的 3 分,这 样可以腾出时间给需要查词典即可稳拿分数的词汇题。 4、 《牛津英语同义词词 ...

2011年职称英语新增.doc

   2011 年综合类职称英语教材新增文章下载 阅读理解新增文章( 阅读理解新增文章(共 3 篇) 第八篇 The State of Marriage Today Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years,the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded:almost 50%of marriages end in div ...

2011年职称英语理工类考试教材新增文章译文

   2011 年职称英语理工类考试教材新增文章 译文 第四部分 阅读理解 第二篇 世界原油产量可能提前十年达到峰值 科威特科学家预测世界常规原油产量将在 2014 年达到峰值,这一发现可能会促进储存 石油的 努力。这一预测比其他预测提前了将近十年,已经发表在美国化学学会《能量与燃 料》杂志上。 伊布赫姆?纳夏威和同事们指出,全球石油消耗的快速增长使人们对"石油峰值"预测的 兴趣越来越浓 o"石油峰值"指的是石油产量达到最大值然后开始下降的时间点。科学家已经 ...

2011年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文---理工类

   http://club.topsage.com/forum-109大家论坛职称英语 http://club.topsage.com/forum-109-1.html 2011年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文 理工类 年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文理工类 年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文 世界原油产量可能提前十年达到峰值 理C 科威特科学家预测世界常规原油产量将在2014年达到峰值,这一发现可能会促进储存 石油的努力。 这一预测比其他预测提前了将近十年, 已经发表在美国化学学会 《能量与燃料》 杂 ...

2011年职称英语综合类完型填空新增文章篇目

   2011 年职称英语综合类 新增文章篇目 综合类完形填空新增文章 篇目 第五篇 Why People Use Pseudonyms *第十二篇 Sport or Spectacle? +第十五篇 Life Expectancy in the Last Hundred Years 第五篇 Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth,but in many countries you can ...

2010年职称英语保过班基础班doc讲义 第6讲 代词(二)

   "南无般若龙树" 复习前请先诚恳地念三遍:"南无般若龙树",然后粉用功地复习据说可以借来龙树的智慧,也就是说学习效果会得到大大 提高。 请大家务必认真复习有好资料再加上一定的努力,必定一次通过考试!! ! 2010 年职称英语保过班基础班 doc 讲义 代词( 第 6 讲 代词(二) 7.关系代词 7.关系代词 是用来引导定语从句的。 关系代词 who , whom , whose , which , that 是用来引导定语从句的。它一方面代表定语从 ...

职称英语新增文章

   2011 年综合类职称英语教材新增文章下载 阅读理解新增文章( 阅读理解新增文章(共 3 篇) 第八篇 The State of Marriage Today Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years,the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded:almost 50%of marriages end in div ...

2011职称英语新增文章

   理工类职称英语教材新增文章下载 2011 年理工类职称英语教材新增文章下载 阅读理解新增文章( 阅读理解新增文章(共 6 篇) 目录: 目录: 第三十四篇(B 级):Batteries Built by Viruses 第三十八篇(B 级):Longer Lives for Wild Elephants 第四十五篇(A 级):Some People Do Not Taste Salt Like Others 第四十六篇(A 级):Marvelous Metamaterials 第三十四篇 B ...

热门内容

山东省2009届高三高考模拟考试英语试题

   2009 年山东省高考模拟考试 学科网 英语试题 学科网 学科网 学科网 本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分为 150 分,考试时 间 120 分钟。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 学科网 学科网 第 I 卷(三部分,共 105 分) 学科网 学科网 1.答题前,考生务必用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔将姓名、座号和准考证号填写在答题卡和 试卷规定的位置,并认真核准条形码上的姓名、座号和准考证号。 2.第 I 卷答题时,考生须用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标 ...

高中英语考点精析精练:夹叙夹议(完形填空)

   命题点 3 夹叙夹议 本类考题解答锦囊 夹叙夹议的文章是高考完形填空中最有难度的题材,也是最容易造成考生失误的一类题材。所选文章语 言地道,寓意深刻,可读性强。很多考生在参加高考时往往会因为完形填空的失误而大大影响做题的心理, 甚至会出现“兵败如山倒”的情况。因此对这类完形填空,大家应该引起足够的重视。高考夹叙夹议的完形 填空一般有以下两种结构特点: 1.先叙述作者自己亲历或所见所闻的一件事情,然后针对这件事情发表自己对生活的看法,或揭示生活 的真理。 2.先提出一种观点或看法,然后围绕这一 ...

深圳中考英语总复习??冠词

   成功,从改变开始! 冠词 二, 冠词 (一) 知识概要 冠词在英语中只有 3 个词,分为两类:不定冠词 a 与 an,定冠词 the. a 用在以辅音开始的单数名词前,an 用于 以元音开始的单词前. 不定冠词用来表示一类事物中泛指的某一事物, 而定冠词则用于特指的某一个或某些事物, 可用于不可数名词,可数名词单数及可数名词复数前. (二) 正误辨析 [误]This building is an university. [正]This building is a university. [析 ...

[转贴]学好英语的42个经典要诀

   Aug 15 [转贴 学好英语的 42 个经典要诀 转贴]学好英语的 转贴 学习方法, 语言学习 Add comments 标签:兴趣, 口语, 呼吸, 困惑, 坚持, 培养, 复习, 学习, 学习方法, 学习计划, 快速阅读, 想象, 日记, 注意力, 目标, 笔记, 联想, 自言自语, 英语, 英语学习, 记忆, 语言学习, 起床, 运动, 速读, 阅读 转自:http://www.neworiental.org/backoffice/news/viewnews.asp?id=29995 ...

高考英语谚语

   高考英语常考英语谚语(含句子结构分析) 高考英语常考英语谚语(含句子结构分析) (1)Actions speak louder than words. 行动比言语更有说服力。 (事实胜于雄辩。 ) (2)Better later than never. 迟做总比不做好。 (3)Honesty is the best policy. 诚实总是上策。 (4)The best fish are / swim near the bottom. 好鱼居水底。 (有价值的东西不能轻易得到。 ) (5)T ...