年职称英语综合类 综合类阅读理解新增文 2011 年职称英语综合类阅读理解新增文 章篇目
第八篇 The State of Marriage Today *第三十八篇 Excessive Demands on Young People 第三十八篇 +第四十七篇 Spoilt for Choice 第四十七篇
注: 级文章; 即文章; 级文章;
  1、+表示 A 级文章;*表示 B 即文章;其他为 C 级文章;
  2、完形填空请参见第 13 页; 年教材相比未作任何变化。
  3、2011 年词汇部分与 2010 年教材相比未作任何变化。 第八篇 The State of Marriage Today Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years, the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded:almost
  50%of marriages end in divorce now, and the evidence suggests it is going to get worse.If this trend continues.it will lead to the breakup of the family,according to a spokesperson for the National Family Association.Some futurists predict that in l 00 years.the average American will marry at least four times.and extramarital affairs will be even more common than they are now. But what are the reasons for this,and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer to the first question is really quite simple:marriage is no longer the necessity it once was.The institution of marriage has been based for years partly on economic need.Women used to be economically dependent on their husbands as they usually didn’t have jobs outside the home . But with the rising number of women in well?paying jobs,this is no longer the case,so they don’t feel that they need to stay in a failing marriage. In answer to the second question,the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems.While the rate of divorce has risen,the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much,so marriage is still quite popular.In addition to this . many couples now cohabit and don’t bother to marry . These couples are effectively married,but they do not appear in either the marriage or divorce statistics.In fact.more than
  50%Of first marriages survive.The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages
than in first marriages. So is marriage really an outdated institution? The fact that most people still get married indicates that it isn’t.And it is also true that married couples have a healthier life than single people : they suffer less from stress and its consequences,such as heart problems,and married men generally consider themselves more contented than their single counterparts.Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! 词汇: Divorce n.离婚 Evidence n.证据,迹象 Futurist n.未来主义者 Explode v.激增,迅速扩大 Predict v.预言,预料,预报 Extramarital adj.婚外的 Gloomy adj.阴暗的;令人沮丧的 Institution n.制度,习俗 Outlook n.展望,前景 Pessimistic adj.悲观的 Cohabit v.同居 Effectively ad.实际上 Statistics n.统计,统计资料 Deceptive adj.迷惑的,骗人的 Outdated adj.旧式的,过时的 Indicate v.表明,暗示 Consequence n.结果,后果 Contented adj.满足的,满意的 Counterpart n.对应的人(或物)
注释: 注释: National Family Association:美国国家家庭联合会
练习: 练习:
  1.Which is true about the problem of marriage in the United States today? A) Divorce leads to the breakup of the family. B) Half of the married couples get divorced: C) American people marry more than four times. D) More and more people are getting divorced.
  2.What does “this is no longer the case” in paragraph two mean? A) It is not necessary to get married any more. B) Women do not need a husband any longer. C) Women are not economically dependant any more. D) Many wives do well-paying jobs outside home now.
2

  3.Why may the outlook of marriage not be as gloomy as it appears? A) Many people still like to get married. B) The rate of divorce has actually decreased. C) Over
  50%of the marriages continue to exist. D) The statistics of divorce is not quite true。
  4.How do people usually feel in their marriage life? A) They are much healthier. B) They feel no longer single. C) They are more satisfied. D)They suffer a lot less.
  5.Which of the following about marriage is NOT mentioned in the passage? A) There will be more relationships outside marriage. B) Many people try to get married again after divorce. C) Marriage has long been partly an economical need. D) It is a fact that most people choose to get married. 答案与题解: 答案与题解:
  1.D 从第一段里可以了解到选项 A 与 C 都是预计将来会发生的,而不是如今的情况。B 选 项与第一段第二句“almost
  50%of the marriages end in divorce”不符。第一段第二句 里的“the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded”“the evidence suggests 、 it is going to get worse”话语正好说明了 D 选项的情况。
  2.C 第二段第四句、第五句说得很清楚,妇女们如今在外工作在经济上不再依赖她们的丈 夫,因此觉得无需维持行将失败的婚姻。
  3.A 从第三段里可以了解到离婚率并没有下降而是上升了,因此 B 选项不对。而 C 选项与 第三段里“In fact,more than
  50%of first marriages survive”所说不符,该选项没 有提到是第一次婚姻。同样,D 选项在文中也没有说到,文中第三段的最后一句只是说统计 数据具有欺骗性,而没有说数据失实。
  4.C 文中第四段第三句的后半句说得很清楚,结了婚的人比单身的人更满足。A,D 选项提 到的是实际情况而不是婚后人们的感觉,因此不对。文中并没有提到选项 B 所说的情况。
  5.B A 选项在第一段最后一句里提到了,C 选项和 D 选项分别在第二段、第四段里提到了, 而 B 选项却没有哪一段具体提到。
3
*第三十八篇 第三十八篇 Excessive Demands on Young People Being able to multitask is hailed by most people as a welcome skill,but not according to a recent study which claims that young people between the ages of eight and eighteen of the so-called Generation M1 are spending a considerable amount of their time in fruitless efforts as they multitask. It argues that, in fact, these young people are frittering away as much as half of their time again as they would if they performed the very same tasks one after the other. Some young people are juggling an ever larger number of electronic devices as they study. At the same time that they are working, young adults are also surfing on the Internet, or sending out emails to their friends, and/or answering the telephone and listening to music on their iPods2 or On another computer. As some new device comes along it too is added to the list rather than replacing one of the existing devices. Other research has indicated that this multitasking is even affecting the way families themselves function as young people are too wrapped up3 in their own isolated worlds to interact with the other people around them. They can no longer greet family members when they enter the house nor can they eat at the family table. All this electronic wizardry is supposedly also seriously affecting young people's performance at university and in the workplace. When asked about their perception of the impact of modern gadgets on their performance of tasks, the overwhelming majority of young people gave a favourable response. The response from the academic and business worlds was not quite as positive. The former feel that multitasking with electronic gadgets by children affects later development of study skills, resulting in a decline in the quality of writing, for example, because of the lack of concentration on task completion. They feel that many undergraduates now urgently need remedial help with study skills. Similarly, employers feel that young people entering the workforce need to be taught all over again, as they have become deskilled. While all this may be true, it must be borne in mind4 that more and more is expected of young people nowadays; in fact, too much. Praise rather than criticism is due in respect of5 the way today's youth are able to cope despite what the older generation throw at them. 词汇: 词汇: excessive adj.过多的,额外 interact vi.交流,沟通,互动 multitask vi.同时进行多个任务 wizardry n.魔力,法术 supposedly adv.据认为,据推测 hail vt.赞扬 performance n.表现,行为 claim vt.声称,主张 perception n.认识,看法,见解 considerable adj. 相当大的,相当多的 impact n. 影响,作用
4
gadget n. 小巧的机械装置 fritter vt. 消费,浪费 overwhelming adj. 压倒性的 juggle vt. 耍弄,玩耍 majority n. 大多数 electronic device n. 电子装置,电子仪器 academic adj. 学术的,学校的 decline n. 下降,衰退 surf vi. (网上)冲浪,漫游,浏览 concentration n. 专心,专注 indicate vt. 表明,指出 remedial adj. 补习的,补救的 affect vt. 影响 deskilled adj. 逐渐失去技能的 isolated adj. 鼓励的,与世隔绝的 due adj. 应有的,适当的 注释:
  1. Generation M: M 代表 multimedia。Generation M 即“多媒体时代” ,是指伴随着计算机 和因特网的普及而成长起来的一代年轻人。他们多出生于 1980 年之后,热衷于计算机、因 特网、视频游戏、智能手机。这些新媒体和传统媒体如电视、印刷品、音响制品结合起来, 使得他们的世界异常丰富多彩。 “多媒体时代”的另一特征就是可以 multitask,即多项任务 同时进行,如他们可以_边上网冲浪、一边听着音乐、一边看着电视里的 MTV、一边和朋友 短信聊天、同时还做着自己的家庭作业。
  2.iPod:美国苹果公司的一款音乐播放器,除了可以播放 MP3 音乐外,iPod 还可以作为高 速移动硬盘使用,可以显示联系人、日历和任务,以及阅读电子书和聆听有声电子书以及播 客(Podcasts)。
  3.be wrapped up in..注意力完全集中于…… .
  4.bear in mind 记住
  5.in respect of 关于,就……而言 练习: 练习:
  1. According to a recent study, what is probably true about the multitasking Generation M? A)They are highly commended for being so effective and efficient. B)They waste more time than they should save, contrary to common assumptions. C)They should prioritize and focus on the most important tasks on hand. D)They need to improve their organizational skills SO as to complete all their tasks.
  2.With the advent of new gadgets, what will happen to Generation M's present e-devices? A)They make way for the latest and greatest and are retired by the young people. B)They are put away temporarily but stay in rotation for their owners to choose from. C)They become part of the ever increasing collection of novelties. D)They are either sold or traded so that their owners can update their toys and hobbies.
  3.How will multitasking affect Generation M adversely?
5
A) It makes them feel lonely and pitiful. B) It makes them aloof and elusive to family and friends. C) It makes them selfish and possessive. D) It makes them impolite and ungrateful.
  4.What is the biggest problem for multitasking undergraduates in universities? A) They should adjust their academic attitudes seriously. B) They should seek psychological professionals for assistance. C) They should take some crash courses to catch up with their classmates. D) They should try harder to focus on one task before moving on to the next.
  5.In dealing with today's youth, what approach should parents take? A) Be supportive and understanding. B) Be realistic and lower their expectations. C) Be encouraging and let their children stick to their old habits. D) Be patient and hope everything will work out just fine eventually. 答案与题解: 答案与题解:
  1. 从第一段第一句话中的"a considerable amount of their time""fruitless efforts''以及该段最 B 后一句话中的"frittering away as much as…"可以进行同义替换,waste 就是 fruitless 和 fritter 的同义词。
  2.C 从第二段的最后一句话中的"added to the list rather than replacing"可以判断出,这些年 轻人的电子设备是越来越多,而不是 A 被取而代之、8 被轮流使用、D 被出售或交换以 便买更新的产品。
  3. 答案 A 是文字游戏, B 原文中"isolated worlds"应该理解为孤立的世界, 即独自 “alone” , 而不是孤独“lonely” 。答案 C 说他们变得自私和占有欲强,想买更多电子产品,显然 不对。 答案 D 说他们变得不懂礼貌和不知感恩, 均是对第三段最后一句话中的 “no longer greet”和“nor can they eat at the family table”的字面理解。答案 B 是两个近义词,重点 在性格变化上,变得“若即若离,难以捉摸” 。
  4.D 答案 A 认为是态度问题,把客观问题主观化。答案 B 是遇到选项,试图用“remedial help”误导大家联想到 remedy 一词,故引出 psychological professional 的曲解。答案 C 把第五段第一句中的“later development”
  •  
 

相关内容

2011年综合类职称英语教材新增文章下载

   2011 年综合类职称英语教材新增文章下载 特别推荐:2011 职称英语考试教材变化情况 2011 年职称英语教材四大变化解析 2011 年 1?2 月份职称英语阶段性复习重点 2011 年职称英语考试正版教材购习入口>> 阅读理解新增文章( 阅读理解新增文章(共 3 篇) 第八篇 The State of Marriage Today Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past ...

2011年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文---理工类

   年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文理工类 2011 年职称英语阅读理解新增文章译文理工类 (2011-01-11 14:06:27) 转载 标签: 职称英语 考试 杂谈 教育 世界原油产量可能提前十年达到峰值 理C 科威特科学家预测世界常规原油产量将在 2014 年达到峰值,这一发现可能会促进储存石油 的努力。 这一预测比其他预测提前了将近十年, 已经发表在美国化学学会 《能量与燃料》 杂志上。 伊布赫姆?纳夏威和同事们指出,全球石油消耗的快速增长使人们对“石油峰值”预测的兴 趣越来越浓。 “石 ...

2011年职称英语完型填空新增文章译文---综合类

   http://club.topsage.com/forum 109um大家论坛职称英语 http://club.topsage.com/forum-109-1.html 2011 年职称英语完型填空新增文章译文综合类 上世纪人类平均寿命的变化 综A 一百年以前,发达国家的人均寿命大约是47岁;到21世纪初,美英两国的男性平均寿命约为 74岁,女性则约为80岁,人们的平均寿命一直在延长。是什么造 成了这样的变化呢?在研 究一百年前的人们寿命的时候,我们有必要注意当时一些不治之症。早在20世纪初 ...

2009年职称英语综合类AB级阅读判断例题解析

   2009 年职称英语综合类 AB 级阅读判断例题解析 A new start After Christmas comes the anti-Christmas. If the festive season is all abou t filling up on the things you like that are bad for you, then the new year is the 'detox season'- when people across the western wor ...

2009年职称英语综合类AB级概括大意与完成句子例题解析

   2009 年职称英语综合类 AB 级概括大意与完成句子例 题解析 The paper Chase "Running a house is a lot like running a business." says Stephanie Denton, a professional organizer based in Cincinnati, Ohio, who specializes in both re sidential and commercial paperwork ...

2010年职称英语综合类(C级)

   2010 年职称英语综合类(C 级)考试真题及答案(word 版)内容包括:词汇选项,阅读判断,概 括大意与完成句子,阅读理解,补全短文,完形填空试题及答案。 第一部分:词汇选项(第 第一部分:词汇选项 第 1-15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) 个词或短语划有底横线, 下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最为 接近的选项。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。 接近的选项。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。 1. Rodman met with Ton ...

2010年职称英语综合类新增文章

   职称英语考试精华资料目录 2010 年职称英语考试网上辅导课程: 2010 年职称英语考试网上辅导招生方案! 2010 年职称英语考试实验班网上辅导招生方案! 2010 年职称英语考试精品班网上辅导招生方案! 职称英语备考专题: 职称英语考试指南 外语教育网职称英语有问必答! 2010 年职称英语考试电子会刊 2010 年《职称英语考前每日一练》节目单 ☆☆☆2010 年外语教育网职称英语考友报道帖☆☆☆ 职称外语各地免考规定一览 各地职称英语免考规定及相关成绩使用规定汇总 全国专业技术人员 ...

2010职称英语理工完型新增文章

   职称英语理工完型新增文章2010 职称英语理工完型新增文章-第 15 篇 2010 年 02 月 08 日 10:08 来源:新东方在线 【发表评论】 实录: 日在线答疑 实录:新东方名师李玉技 1 月 31 日在线答疑 新东方在线独家解读 2010 年职称英语考试指定教材文章变化 年职称英语考试新增阅读理解篇目汇总 2010 年职称英语考试新增阅读理解篇目汇总 成绩使用相关规定 在线测试 通关训练 合格标准 成绩使用相关规定 准考证打印 2010 职称英语名师为学员送上新年祝福 职称英语理 ...

2010职称英语理工完型新增文章

   2010 职称英语理工完型新增文章?第 3 篇 中国职称英语考试网 网络课堂 考试用书 在线 考试 在线问答 纵观 2010 年职称英语考试新教材,只有阅读理解和完型填空文章做了很少 数量的更新,其他题型文章未做更新.中国职称英语考试网近期将 2010 年教材各类别新增 内容进行整理,以供广大考生复习备考. The color red often means danger -- and by paying attention, 1 can be prevented. At railroad ...

从教材新增文章分析2011年职称英语考试变化

   从教材新增文章分析2011年职称英语考试变化 来源:千龙网 2011年1月18日职称英语培训专家告诉我们,从今年增加的文章内容上分析,主要有以下几点需要考生在复习的时候好好把握:1.内容贴近生活,2. 关注青少年问题,3.整体难度增加。   随着《2011年全国职称英语考试指定教材》的推出,很多考生也开始关心,如何从教材的新增文章来分析今年职称英语考试的变化,为此,希望通过专家的分析帮助广大考生抓住重点,更有针对性地进行复习。    由于职称英语考试中的“词汇选项”、 ...

热门内容

中考英语完形填空技巧

   中考英语完形填空技巧 完形填空主要是阅读理解的类型,主要是考查学生对各种语言的综合运用能力.完形 填空又不同于阅读理解,主要是根据文章进行判断.完形填空在形式上又近似于单项选择, 但是答案上又要求与单项填空有很大的差别,有逻辑,还有上下文的连接,单项填空主要是 考查语文为主,根据一个情景判断语法的正确.可是完形填空题型很复杂,涉及的词法,句 法,惯用法,还涉及到一些常识. 下面讲讲解题的方法和技巧.第一,要通读全文,掌握大意,这是非常必要的. 有些同学因为很着急,想很快地做完,时间也有限,所 ...

2010年英语专业四级考试真题及答案

   TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (2010) -GRADE FOURTIME LIMIT: 135 MIN PART I DICTATION [15 MIN] Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and ...

剑桥商务英语(BEC)中级阅读全真试题

   www.hjenglish.com 沪江 BEC 网 PART ONE Questions 1-7 Look at the sentences below and the job advertisements on the opposite page. Which job does each sentence 1-7 refer to? For each sentence, mark one letter (A, B, C or D) on your Answer Sheet. You wi ...

英语单词对比

   again adv.1. 再(次), 又(一次)2. 此外, 另一方面, (引出相对照的事实或看法) 再说 3. 反响, 反应 4. 返回原处;复原 5. 增加;多 6. 再说;其次 7. 请再说一遍 against prep. 1. (表示方向)与…方向相反, 逆着, 迎着, 顶着 2. (表示方位)紧靠着…, 倚靠 着…3. (表示对象)对…不利, 对…有害; 和…碰撞, 与…撞击; 预防, 以…为抵御对象; 以…为竞争对手; 违反, 违背 4. (表示目的)为…做准备, 防备…之用 5 ...

[商务英语]+对话实例

   [商务英语] 对话实例 商务英语] [商务英语] 对话实例 商务英语] 对话实 最牛英语口语培训模式: 最牛英语口语培训模式:躺在家里练口语, 躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 太平洋英语,免费体验全部外教一对一课程 体验全部外教一对一课程: 太平洋英语,免费体验全部外教一对一课程:http://www.pacificenglish.cn 营销策略 营销是公司发展业务的重要手段。 如何推出新产品和占领市场, 营销策略的制 定是至关重要的。Ta ...