专题 12
情景交际
交际是一种综合性测试题, 考查学生在具体的语言环境中正确运用所学语言知识交流思 想,表达观点的能力。符合课标中强调以交际为主的原则,是以书面形式考查交际能力的一 种形式。情景交际测试的常见题型是:
  1.单项选择。设置一定的情景,然后根据情景配备四个选项,要求考生根据提供的情 景选出最佳答案。
  2.补全对话。这里又分两种题型:(
  1)要求学生从所给选项中选择句子补全对话;(
  2) 填入适当的词或句子,使对话完整、通顺。 情景交际的内容包括常用社交用语, 常见日常询问和情感态度。 主要涉及初中教材中的问候、 介绍、告别、打电话、感谢和应答、祝愿、祝贺和应答、意愿、遗憾和同情、邀请和应答、 提供(帮助等)和应答、请求允许和应答、表示同意和不同意、谈论天气、问候和应答、购物、 问时间或日期和应答、劝告和建议、就餐、看病、求助等 30 多个交际功能项目。同学们在 平时的学习中,要熟读、背诵课本中相关主题的对话。
知识网络
? ? 介绍常用语 常?
  2.介绍 ? ? ?经介绍后,人们常用的问候语 用 ? ?常见告别用语 社
  3.告别 ? 交? ?回应告别用语 用? ?一般场合的常见表达
  4.感谢和应答? 语 ?特定场合的常见表达 ? ?
  5.道歉和应答?表示道歉的常见句式 ? ?表示原谅的常见句式 ?
?初次见面问候语
  1.问候 ? ?日常问候语

  1.问候 (
  1)A:Hello/Hi. B:Hello/Hi. (
  2)A:Hello.How are you? B:Fine,thank you. And (How are )you? A:Very well, thank you. (
  3)A:Good morning/afternoon/evening. B:Good B Good morning/afternoon/evening. (
  4)A:Hi,Jim! B:Hi, Li Lei.Nice to see you again! (
  5)A:Hi, Sam!How are you today? B:Oh,hello, Lin Tao. Fine, thanks. What about you? (
  6)Please say hello to your parents. Please give my best wishes to your parents.

  2.介绍 (
  1)自我介绍: ①A:My name is Li Yan. Glad to meet you. B:Nice to meet you. My name is Huang Tao. ②A:Excuse me. What's your(full)name, please? B:My name is Robert Thomas Brown. A:May I call you Robert? B:Certainly. /Of course. (
  2)介绍他人: ①A:This is Mr Huang. B:How do you do? C:My name is Lin Ping.How do you do?/Nice to meet you. ②A:This is Mr Huang. B:Nice to meet you. C:Glad to meet you. 注:在交际场合里,介绍常常伴随着问候,可参见问候用语。

  3.告别 (
  1)告别前,客方表示要离开的常用语: ①I'm afraid I must be going now./I'm afraid I must go now. ②I think it's time for me to leave now./I think it's time for us to go now. (
  2)双方相互道别时的常用语: ①Goodbye!/Bye-bye!/Bye! ②See you later./See you tomorrow./See you. ③Good night.
  4.感谢和应答 (
  1)感谢某人: ①Thank you./Thanks a lot./Thank you very much. ②Thank you for your help. ③It's very kind /nice of you. ④Thank you anyway /all the same. (
  2)回答感谢时的答语: ①It's a pleasure. ②That's OK./That's all right. ③You're welcome.

  5.道歉和应答 (
  1)当要麻烦别人时: ①Excuse me, please. ②I beg your pardon. (
  2)当做错某事时: ①Sorry. ②I'm sorry for...③I'm sorry that... (
  3)回答道歉时的答语: That's all right./That's OK./Never mind./It's nothing./It doesn't matter.
  6.邀请和应答 (
  1)表示邀请的用语: ①Will you come to my party? ②Would you like to go for a walk? ③May I invite you to dinner? ④How/What about going for a walk? (
  2)接受邀请时的答语: ① Yes, I'd like /love to. ②Yes. It's very kind of you. ③That would be nice. (
  3)拒绝邀请时的答语: ①No, thank you. ②I'd love /like to, but...

  7.请求和应答 (
  1)表请求用语: ①May I...? ②Can /Could I...? ③Would you mind if I smoke here? (
  2)表肯定的答语: ①Sure/Certainly.②Yes, do please. ③That's all right. ④Of course,you can. (
  3)表否定的答语: ①I'm afraid not. ②I'm sorry, but you mustn't/can't. ③You'd better not.

  8.祝愿、祝贺和应答 (
  1)祝贺用语: ①Have a good day/time! ②Have a good journey/trip! ③Good luck! ④Enjoy yourself! ⑤Best wishes to you! ⑥Happy New Year! ⑦Merry Christmas! ⑧Happy birthday! ⑨Congratulations! ⑩Well done! (
  2)应答用语: ①Thank you. ②You, too. ③The same to you.

  9.提供帮助和应答 (
  1)提供帮助: ①Can I help you? ②Would you like me to help you? ③What can I do for you? ④Let me help you. (
  2)肯定答语: ①Yes, please./Yes, thanks. ②Thank you for your help. ③Thank you. ④That would be nice. (
  3)否定答语: ①No,thanks/thank you. ②That's very kind /nice of you, but I can manage it myself.

  10.约会 (
  1)约会前询问对方有无空闲时间: Are you free this afternoon /evening /Sunday? (
  2)常用答语: ①Yes,I'll be free then. ②No, I won't be free then. But I'll be free tomorrow. (
  3)提出约会时间、地点以征求对方意见的常用语: ①How about tomorrow morning? ②Shall we meet at
  3:00 p.m. at the school gate? (
  4)常用答语: Yes,that's all right./All right, see you then.

  11.打电话 (
  1)打电话人常用语: ①Hello!May I speak to...? ②Is that...speaking?(注意:不能用 Are you...?或 Who are you?) ③Extension eight one six, please? ④Can I leave a message? ⑤I'll call back later /again. ⑥I'll ring him /her up again. (
  2)接电话人常用语: ①Hello! This is Tom speaking.(注意:不能用 I am Tom.) ②Hello!Who is that? ③Hold on, please. ④Hold on a moment. ⑤Hold the line, please. ⑥Tom isn't here right now. ⑦Sorry, but Tom is out. ⑧Can I take a message for you? ⑨I couldn't get through. ⑩Sorry, I'm afraid you have the wrong number.

  12.就餐 (
  1)主人常用语: ①What would you like to have? ②Would you like something to drink? ③Help yourself to some chicken? ④Would you like some more rice? (
  2)客人常用语: ①Yes, I'd like a drink. ②I'd like rice and chicken. ③Just a little, please. ④Can I have some more soup? ⑤It's so delicious. Thank you. ⑥No, thank you. I've had enough. ⑦I'm full, thank you.

  13.看病 (
  1)医生诊断常用语: ①What's the matter? ②What seems to be the trouble? ③Do you have a fever? ④How long have you felt like this? ⑤It's nothing serious. ⑥Take this medicine three times a day. ⑦You'll be all right /well soon. You'll (
  2)病人叙述病情常用语: ①I feel terrible /bed. ②I don't feel well. ③I've got a cough /headache. ④I've got a pain here. ⑤There's something wrong with my eyes. ⑥It hurts here. ⑦I can't sleep well.

  14.购物 (
  1)售货员常用语: ①Can/May I help you? ②What can I do for you? ③How many/much do you like? ④What color/size/kind do you like? ⑤What about this one? ⑥Here's your change. (
  2)顾客常用语: ①I want/I'd like a pair of shoes. ②How much is it /are they? ③May I try it on? ④It's too big /small. ⑤Sorry,it's too expensive. ⑥Do you have any other colours/sizes/kinds? ⑦Two and a half kilos /pounds,please. ⑧That's fine. I'll take it. ⑨Just have a look. ⑩Well, I'll think about it.

  15.问路和应答 (
  1)问路用语: ①Excuse me, where is the nearest post office? ②Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the post office? ③Excuse me, how can I get to the nearest post office? ④Excuse me, which bus goes to People's Park? (
  2)应答: ①It's over there. ②It's about 500 meters from here. ③Go down this street until you see the tall red building. ④Turn right/left at the first /second crossing/corner. ⑤You can't miss it. ⑥You can take bus No.1
  03. ⑦You'd better take a taxi. ⑧Sorry,I don't know. I'm a stranger here.

  16.谈论天气 (
  1)询问天气情况: ①What's the weather like today? ②How's the weather in Beijing? (
  2)陈述天气情况: ①What a cold/hot day today! ②It's a nice/fine/beautiful/horrible day today. ③It's sunny/cloudy/windy/rainy/snowy/foggy. ④It's getting cool/cold/warm/hot.
  17.语言交际困难 Pardon?/I beg your pardon. Sorry,I can't follow you. Could you speak again/more slowly? How do you say...in English? I don't know how to say that in English. I don't know the word in English. How do you spell it, please? I'm sorry I only know a little English.

  18.提醒注意 Don't forget your raincoat. Remember to lock the door. Mind your head/step! No smoking! No spitting! Wet floor! Look out! Be careful! Don't touch! It's dangerous!
  19.劝告 You'd better go to see the doctor. You should listen to and read English every day. You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary. Don't rush/hurry/push. Please stand in line.

  20.建议 Let's go and have a look. What /How about a picnic this Sunday? Why don't you buy a computer? Why not go to a movie?
  21.常见的标志和说明 BUSINESS HOURS 营业时间 OFFICE HOURS 办公时间 OPEN 营业 CLOSED 关门 PULL 拉 PUSH 推 NO SMOKING 请勿吸烟 NO PHOTOS 请勿拍照 NO PARKING 请勿停车 DANGER 危险 ON 开 OFF 关 PLAY 打开 STOP 关闭 EXIT 出口 PAUSE 暂停 ENTRANCE 入口 SHUT 此门不通 BATHING PROHIBITED 禁止游泳 NO ADMITTANCE 闲人免进 MEN'S (GENTLEMEN'S)男厕所 WOMEN'S(LADIES')女厕所 OCCUPIED(厕所)有人 VACANT(厕所)没人 SOS 紧急求救讯号 EMS(邮政)特别专递

  22.态度 (
  1)同意和不同意 ①表示赞同的常用语: Certainly./Sure./Of course./Yes, please. Yes, I think so./All right./OK. That's a good idea./I agree(with you ). ②表示不同意的常用语: No, I don't think so./I'm afraid not./ I really can't agree with you. ③表示不完全赞同的常用语: Yes, maybe./You may be right. (
  2)希望和愿望 I wish to see you again. I hope to become a doctor. I hope it stays fine. I hope so. I hope not. (
  3)表扬和鼓励 ①表示表扬和鼓励的常用语: Very good! Well done! Wonderful! Excellent! You speak English very well! Your dress is beautiful! Come on ! Keep trying! You can do it! ②应答: Thank you. OK,I'll try in again.

  23.情感 (
  1)高兴 How wonderful /nice! That's lovely /great /wonderful! I'm happy.It's well done. I'm pleased to know that. (
  2)满意 Good! Well done! Perfect! That's fine. That's better. That's good enough. I'm pleased with your spoken English. (
  3)惊奇 Really? Oh dear! Is that so? What a surprise! How nice to see you! How surprising! I'm surprised. (
  4)忧虑 What's wrong? What's the matter? Anything wrong? What should we do? Are you worried about your health?
(
  5)恐惧 Help! How terrible! I'm afraid of that dog. I'm frightened. (
  6)安慰 There, there. Don't be afraid. Don't worry. It's (quite)all right. (
  7)同情 I'm so sorry! I'm so sorry about your illness. I'm sorry to hear you are going away. Please accept my deep sympathy.It'll be OK/all right. (
  8)遗憾 I'm so sorry! It's a great pity! What a shame! That's too bad!
(2010?烟台)?I think college students should be allowed to have part-time jobs. ?. That will be a good experience and lesson for them.
A.I suppose so C.No problem
B.I disagree with you D.I think not
解析:由答语“那(兼职工作)对于他们(大学生)来主将是一次很好的经历和很好的一 课。”可知对问句表示赞同,A 项“我想是这样”最符合题意,故选 A。
?Are you confident about this evening's performance, Katie? ?.I'm well prepared and feel I've got everything ready. A.I hope so B.It's hard to say C.Sure, I am D.I am afraid not
(2010?江西)?What do you think of Lucy's birthday party? ?. I hope I can have such a party too. A.Just so so B.Boring C.Terrible D.Wonderful
解析: 问句为“你觉得露西的生日聚会怎么样?”由答句“我希望我也能有这么一个聚 会。”可知“露西的聚会很好”。故用 wonderful“精彩的”。
?I prefer to eat cakes that have cream on top. ?! They are delicious. A.Good luck B.Me too C.I hope so D.You're kidding
考点训练
  27, , 考点训练 ,
  28,29
单选型交际用语
(训练时间:44分钟 训练时间: 分钟 训练时间 分值:44分) 分值: 分

  1.(2010?安徽)?Excuse me. May I use your eraser, please? ?Sure. A.Watch out! B.Well done! C.Go ahead. D.Follow me.
【解析】上句是“我可以用你的橡皮吗?”;下句是“当然可以,拿吧。”应选 go ahead“拿吧”,而不是 watch out“小心”;well done“做得好”;follow me“跟我学”。
【答案】C

  2.(2010?武汉)?Thanks for your help. ?. A.No, thanks B.Let me see C.It doesn't matter D.That's OK
【解析】当别人感谢时,答案一般应当是“没什么/不客气。”从选项上看,A 项的用 法错误; B 项答非所问;C 项一般用来回答别人表示歉意时的用语;只有 D 项符合题意。 故答案为 D。
【答案】D

  3.(2010?晋江)?Liu Xiang had to give up the race because of his foot. ? A.What a shame! B.Of course. C.He was so careless.
【解析】 根据句意“刘翔必须放弃比赛, 因为他的脚。 ”可知, 应该用“What a shame! ”
【答案】A

  4.(2010?咸宁)?I bought a tie for Dad on Father's Day yesterday. ?
 

相关内容

2011年中考英语复习专题二十 定语从句

   2011 年中考英语复习专题二十 定语从句 一、选择题 1.(2010 .河北中考) There are lots of things A. who B. that C. whom D. whose I need to prepare before the trip. 【解析】选 B 2.(2010.自贡中考)Jim dislikes people talk much but never do anything . A.who 【解析】选 A 3.(2010 南京中考)?I hear Sam ...

2011年中考英语复习专题二十二 条件从句

   2011 年中考英语复习专题二十二 条件从句 选择题 1.(2010.内江中考)I don’t know if ittomorrow.If it,we won’t go on a picnic. A.rains;rains 【解析】选 B 2.(2010?山西中考)In summer , food goes bad easily it is put in the refrigerator. A. until 【解析】选 C 3.(2010?莱芜中考)--I hear Jack Chan wi ...

2011年中考英语复习:易错集锦大全

   学而思教育?学习改变命运! 南京中考网 nj.zhongkao. com 中学英语易错集锦大全 211 道题 (精华珍藏版) 本人所整理收集内容基本囊括初中阶段英语易错内容大全 1.Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (×) Because he was ill yesterday, he didn’t go to work. (√) He was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to w ...

2011年中考英语复习走出中国式作文的误区

   2011 年中考英语复习走出中国式作文的误区 “为什么我的词汇量如此丰富却仍然写不出能让阅卷老师满意的作 文?”相信不少同学都曾有过这样的疑问。对此,英语老师分析指出, 词汇量的多寡往往并不是一篇英语作文质量好或者坏的关键。 许多同 学即便很努力地去准备作文,但最终分数仍然不理想,这很可能是因 为他们陷入了某种写作的误区。 英语老师特为我们列举了比较常见的 三种英语写作误区,希望能帮广大学生“对号入座”,并施以针对性的 改进。 误区一:用中文思维串联英文词汇 一些同学在绞尽脑汁也写不出英语作 ...

2011年中考英语复习三年经典真题题库15 形容词

   www.zk5u.com www.zk5u.com 中考资源网 温馨提示: 温馨提示: 滑动鼠标滚轴, 此题库为 word 版,请按住 ctrl,滑动鼠标滚轴,调节合适的观 滑动鼠标滚轴 看比例,点击右上角的关闭按钮可返回目录。 看比例,点击右上角的关闭按钮可返回目录。 中考题库 15 形容词 一、选择题 1.(2010?扬州中考)?Yummy! The coffee is good. --That’s right .It will taste with some milk. A.good ...

2011年中考英语复习课件专题1 名词

   第一讲 专题1 专题 语 名 法 词 中考对于名词的考查主要侧重以下几点: 1.可数名词的复数。 2.不可数名词的量。 3.名词所有格的用法。 4.名词的句法作用。 5.词义辨析。 6.名词与主谓一致。 考查形式主要有:单项选择、词形转换、词语辨析、翻译句子等题型。 知识网络 名词的分类 可数名词 规则变化 不规则变化 普通名词 不可数名词:不可数名词的量 名 词 所有格的构成 名词所有格所有格的用法 名词双重所有格 名词的句法作用:作主语、宾语、定语等 专有名词 考 ...

2011年中考英语复习课件专题11 句子类型

   专题 11 句子类型 中考对句子类型的考查主要有: 1.并列连词的用法。 2.主从复合句,其中对宾语从句往往考查引导词,语序和时态三个方面;对状语从句 的考查主要是联系主句与从句之间的引导词的选择以及主句与从句在时态上的一致性; 定语从句重点考查引导定语从句的关系代词。 知识网络 并列句(由and,but,or,so连接的并列句) 句子类型 宾语从句 复合句定语从句 状语从句 按结构分,句子可分为简单句、并列句和复合句。 简单句(5种类型) 考 点一 简单句 只有一套主、谓语的句 ...

2011届高考英语二轮专题复习课件:第17讲 情景交际

   第17讲 情景交际 例① ? Would she mind playing against her former teammates? ? She is willing to play against any D tough players. A. I think so. B. I'm not surprised. C. Of course. D. Not likely! 解析] 考查交际用语。 根据语境: [ 解析 ] 考查交际用语 。 根据语境 : “ 她会介 意与她之前的队友们对垒吗? ...

2011届高考英语二轮专题复习课件:第17讲_情景交际

   第17讲 情景交际 例① ? Would she mind playing against her former teammates? ? She is willing to play against any D tough players. A. I think so. B. I'm not surprised. C. Of course. D. Not likely! 解析] 考查交际用语。 根据语境: [ 解析 ] 考查交际用语 。 根据语境 : “ 她会介 意与她之前的队友们对垒吗? ...

2011年高考英语一轮复习精品课件:专题20 情景交际

   备战2011届高考英语一轮复习 单项选择专项 专题20 情景交际 高考链接 体验 考点梳理 精讲 要点知识 点拨 误区警示 透析 " 高考链接 体验 " 1.(2010 高 考 英 语 重 庆 卷 ,35)Have you played baseball before? We need one more player. " . I like ball games, so I believe it will be to learn baseball. " A. SometimesB. No ...

热门内容

牛津高一英语--辅导

   牛津高一英语(部分) 牛津高一英语(部分) 重点词组 1. know of /about 了解,知道关于… 3. make great achievements 取得巨大进步 5. in sight /out of sight /lose sight of 7. watch out (for)注意,小心/ on watch 站岗 9. wish (for) sb to do 希望…去做 11. be linked to / be related to 和…有关 13. make the be ...

大学英语精读第四册第三版book4Unit4答案

   大学英语精读第三版第四册 Book4 Unit4 答案 主编 1) herd 2) treading 3) in the rear 4) joking 5) communication 6) make it 7) wave 8) was fumbling/fumbled 9) make sense of 10) is blessed 11) abort 12) enormously 上海外语教育出版社 董亚芬 1) communication 2) abort 3) on business ...

新标准英语第七册第十模块一单元

   新标准英语第七册 Module 10 Unit 1 At the library. 学习任务: Don’t talk in the library. Please stand in line. 功能: 使用祈使句发出指令或要求; 能够遵守规章制度,执行指令 1.热身复习 1)有节奏的颂唱上一单元的儿歌。 2) 听写上一单元的单词。 2. 导入: 给学生播放一段表现学校中的违规行为的录像片断,例如:上课时 看课外书、在教学楼的楼梯上追跑打闹等。老师一边播放一边询问学 生:“录像中的学生在做什么 ...

高二英语下册期末模拟测试试题

   3eud 教育网 http://www.3edu.net 百万教学资源,完全免费,无须注册,天天更新! 醒民高中 09-10 学年下学期期末模拟测试 高二英语 第I卷 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一部分:听力 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 ...

高考英语完形填空解题技巧分析

   近年高考完形填空题型特点 1. 以叙为主 叙议结合 以叙为主, 叙议结合; 2. 篇章短小 意义完整 篇章短小, 意义完整; 3. 首句完整 主题明确 首句完整, 主题明确; 4. 结构清晰, 层次分明 结构清晰 层次分明; 5. 考查语境, 侧重辨析; 考查语境 侧重辨析 6. 实词为主 虚词为辅 实词为主, 虚词为辅; 7. 逻辑推理 隐于语篇 逻辑推理, 隐于语篇; 8. 常识语法 每年出现。 常识语法, 每年出现。 四大要素 一个主题 词汇 逻辑 语法 常识 + 语境 完形填空解题步 ...