第三讲
翻译、 翻译、词汇与书面表达
专题16 翻译填空 专题

  1.考查各类词汇、短语、习惯用语、固定搭配的用法。
  2.考查各种时态、语态、各种句型。
知识网络
?给出中文句子,其英文句子中只留几个重点要填 ? 的词语的空白,每空一词 翻译填空? 给出中文句子,其英文句子中只留一个空白处,不 ? 限填词数 ?
考 点一
常用的短语

  1.have been to 去过某地(去而回来了) have gone to 已去某地(去而未归) He_has_been_to_Wuhan twice. 他去过武汉两次。 ?Where is Meimei? 梅梅在哪儿? ?She_has_gone_to_the library. 她去图书馆了。
  2.be interested in 对……感兴趣 I am_interested_in_science. 我对科学感兴趣。
  3.take care of 照顾;be busy doing sth.忙于做某事 She has been_busy_taking_care_of_the old man for two weeks. 两个星期以来,她一直忙于照顾这位老人。
  4.hear from 接到……的来信 I haven't_heard_from_him for a long time. 我很久没收到他的来信了。
  5.tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事; tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉某人不要做某事 Mother told_me not_to go out at night. 母亲告诉我晚上不要出去。

  6.be late for 迟到 She_was_late_for_school yesterday. 她昨天上学迟到了。
  7.be good /bad for...对……有益/害 Eating more fruit_is_good_for our health. 多吃水果对我们的健康有益。
  8.keep...from.../prevent...from...(防止……做……) Forests help to_keep_the water from running away. 森林有助于防止水的流失。
  9.be proud of 以有……感到自豪 one of the best...最好的……之一 best... We are_proud_of_Yao Ming who is one_of_the_best basketball players in the world. 我们以有世界上最优秀的篮球运动员之一??姚明,而感到自豪。
  10.give up 放弃 Though he was so tired, he didn't give_up_the competition. 尽管他很累了,但他并没有放弃比赛。

  11.be surprised at /be amazed at 对……感到惊讶 During their visit to the mainland, Lian Zhan and James Song were_surprised_at the great changes here. 连战和宋楚瑜访问大陆期间,他们对大陆的巨大变化感到惊讶。
  12.make up one's mind 决心 She had made_up_her_mind to study hard. 她下定决心要好好学习。
  13.prefer...to... 宁愿……而不…… prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 喜欢……而不愿…… Mary prefers_to stay at home watching TV rather_than go out for exercises. 玛丽宁愿在家里看电视也不想出去运动。
  14.lose heart 灰心 Even though he had failed many times, he didn't lose_heart. 尽管他失败了许多次,但他没有灰心。
  15.come true 实现 His dream has_come_true. 他的梦想已变成了现实。

  16.be fed up with 讨厌 Though he has a lot of apple trees, he is_fed_up_with apples. 尽管他有许多苹果树,但是他讨厌苹果。
  17.speak/think highly of 高度评价…… The public speak_highly_of what he has done. 公众对他的所作所为给予了高度评价。
  18.put away 把……收起来 Put_away_ your books, and let's play a game. 把书收好,我们做个游戏吧! 19 thanks
  19.thanks to 幸亏 Thanks_to your help, I have finished my work on time. 多亏你的帮助,我按时完成了工作。
  20.so far 到目前为止;give away 捐赠 So far, he has given away millions of dollars to Hope Project. 到目前为止,他已经给希望工程捐赠了数百万美元。
考 点二
常用的句型

  1.It's time to do sth.;It's time for sth. 该干……了。 Children,it's_time_to have class./it's_time_for class. 孩子们,该上课了。
  2.It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多少时间。 It took him two hours to do his homework. 他花了两个小时写作业。
  3.too...to... 太……以至于不能…… She is too_excited to say a word. 她太兴奋了以至于不能说一句话。
  4.so...that... 如此……以至于…… He was_so_tired_that_he fell asleep while walking. 他如此累以至于边走边睡。
  5.not...until...直到……才…… He_didn't go to bed_until he finished his homework. 他直到做完作业才睡觉。
  6.It's important to do sth. 做……很重要 It's_important_to learn English well. 学好英语很重要。

  7.It's impossible to do sth. 做某事是不可能的 It's_impossible_for Taiwan_to_break away from our motherland. 台湾从祖国分裂出去是不可能的。
  8.It's one's duty to do sth. 做某事是某人的责任 It's_our_duty_to_protect the environment. 保护环境是我们的责任。
  9.as soon as 一……就…… I'll tell you as soon_as_she comes. 她一来,我就告诉你。
  10.as...as 和……一样 English is_as_important as maths. 英语和数学一样重要。
  11.either...or... 要么……,要么…… I left it either on the table or in the drawer. 我要么把它放桌子上了,要么放在抽屉里了。
  12.neither...nor... 既不……,也不…… Mary can_neither sing_nor_dance. 玛丽既不会唱歌,也不会跳舞。

  13.no matter... 无论…… No_matter_what he says, nobody believes him. 无论他说什么,没人相信他。
  14.know+疑问词+不定式 I don't_know_what_to_do._ 我不知道该怎么办。
  15.had better 最好 You had_better_not say that. 你最好别这样说。
  16.Thank you for doing sth. 感谢你做某事 Thank_you_for coming. 感谢你的到来。
  17.It's said that... 据说…… It's_said_that_we have a new English teacher. 听说我们来了个新的英语老师。
(2010?定西)句型转换,按括号内的要求转换下列句型,每空一词。 (
  1)Sometimes you're supposed to come early. (改为否定句) Sometimes you supposed to come early. (
  2)Mrs. Smith is busy. She is doing her housework now. (合并为一句) Mrs. Smith is her housework now. (
  3)Tom visits his grandparents once_a_week. (对划线部分提问) does Tom visit his grandparents? (
  4)My pen pal from America. (用 Japan 改为选择疑问句) Is your pen pal from America ? (
  5)The teacher said,“Don't cheat in exams,children!”(变为间接引语) The teacher told the children cheat in exams.
解析:(
  1)are not 肯定句变为否定句,像这种有系动词的直接在系动词后加否定词就可 以。 (
  2)busy with 这是把两个句子合并成一个句子。be busy with sth 忙于某事。 (
  3)How often once a week“一周一次”,表示频率,对频率提问就用 how often。 (
  4)or Japan or“或者”,表示选择。经常用于被选择疑问句中。 (
  5)not to 这是把直接引语变成间接引语。tell sb not to do sth 告诉别人不要做某事。
(2010?盐城)根据所给提示将下列各句译成英语。 (
  1)还是孩子时她就对表演产生了兴趣。 She acting she was a child. (
  2)在过去的十年里,中国发生了巨大变化。 Great changes in China . (
  3)他非常聪明,总想到一些好主意。 He is to some good ideas. (
  4)我认为父母在日常生活中一定要严格要求孩子们。 I think parents must their children . (
  5)参加篮球比赛能给我们提供学习团队精神的机会。 Playing basketball games can with chances . 解析: (
  1)became interested in, when become interested in 固定词组,根据后面应该用 过去时。 (
  2)have taken place,in the past 10 years take place 固定词组;in the past+一段时间是现 在完成时的标志。 (
  3)clever enough, come up with enough 修饰形容词放在形容词后面;come up with“想 出,提出”。 (
  4)be strict with, in their daily life be strict with“对某人严格要求”,要注意同 be strict in 的区别。 (
  5)provide us, to 1earn team spirit provide sb. with sth.是固定词组。
(2010?长沙)阅读下面的短文,将划线部分译成英文或中文 Salt is very important to us. (
  1)Without_enough_salt,_we_will_get_ill. Animals need salt, too. They need salt to grow strong. Most of the salt comes from the sea. (
  2)People_dig_very_big_holes_and_let_water_in. When the sun dries up the water, people can get the salt from the ground. There are a lot of salt wells in our country. People bring the well water up to the ground and then dry it up in big jars over fire. (
  3)用这种方式,人们得到食盐。 We can get salt from salt mines. The salt mines are under the ground. (
  4)A_few_years_ago,_people_found_a_big_salt_mine_in_China. In the northwest of China, there are a great number of salt lakes. (
  5)其中有些湖比较大。The salt in these lakes will be enough for all the people in our country for as long as hundreds of years. (
  1) (
  2) (
  3) (
  4) (
  5)
解析:(
  1)没有足够的盐,我们将会生病。 (
  2)人们挖很大的池子,然后让海水进入。 (
  3)In this way, people get salt. (
  4)几年前,人们在中国发现了一个大盐矿。 (
  5)Some of these lakes are very big.
考点训练30 考点训练
翻译填空
(训练时间:50分钟 训练时间: 分钟 训练时间 分值: 分 分值:68分)
(A) 并将所译句子写在答题卡上标有题号的横 (2010?苏州)句子翻译。 将下列句子译成英语, 线上。(10 分)
  1.这个俱乐部的确是个好玩的去处。 【答案】The club is a really fun place to go.
  2.你昨天为何急于买这台照相机? 【答案】Why were you in a hurry to buy this camera yesterday?
  3.我们的班长擅长地理,但他从不炫耀。 【答案】Our monitor is good at geography,but he never shows off.
  4.你认为新火车站什么时候能建成? 【答案】When do you think the new railway station can be built?
  5.有些人就是不知道怎样节约能源。 【答案】Some people just don't know how to save energy.
(B) (2010?兰州)按要求完成句子,根据所给汉语提示翻译句子。(5 分)
  1.无论你遇到什么困难都要充满自信。 You should be full of whatever difficulties you meet. 【答案】self-confidence/confidence
  2.在春节吃饺子是中国的传统习俗。 Eating dumplings in spring festival is a Chinese custom. 【答案】traditional
  3.你本应该完成作业,但是你没有。 You should your homework, but you didn't. 【答案】have finished/done
  4.红十字会给遭受洪水的人们提供了一些食物和衣服。 People suffered from the flood were provided some food and clothes by the Red Cross. 【答案】with
  5.他说等她一回来就把礼物送给她。 He said that he give her the present as soon as she came back. 【答案】would
(C) (2010?宜昌)根据所给汉语完成下列句子。(5 分)
  1.You'd better put on the sunglasses to (遮 挡阳光). 【答案】keep out/off/away from the sun/sunshine/sunlight
  2.Some leaves (落到水里) and remained there for some time. 【答案】fell into the water
  3.Could you please tell me (这本书我可以借多长时间)? 【答案】how long I can keep/have the book 4 . In her spare time, Amy (用旧电视机做玩具) and sells them to raise money for the Children's Hospital. 【答案】makes toys out of/from/old TVs/TV sets (uses old TVs/sets to make toys)
  5.Unless you speak French yourself, it's best to find (能为你翻译的人). 【答案】a person who can help you translate
(D) (2010?荆州)完成句子,根据括号内的汉语和句末括号内的英语单词提示完成句子。(5 分) 例:When we (起床) early in the morning, it was still dark.(get) 答案:got up
  1.The teacher says he (擅长) listening and speaking.(be) 【答案】is good at
  2.Li Ming is a funny boy because he loves (讲笑话).(tell) 【答案】telling jokes
  3.The sports shows (将推迟) because of the rain.(put) 【答案】will be put off
  4. Now you (已长大), should act like a man.(grow) you 【答案】have grown up
  5.I didn't know (你是否取得进步) last year.(make) 【答案】if you had made progress
(E) (2010?铜仁) (A)根据括号里所给的汉语写出英语单词。(5 分)
  1. There are many (乘客) waiting for train at Ton
 

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