2011 年中考英语复习六:介词、连词考点讲解和训练 年中考英语复习六:介词、
【考点直击】
  1. 常用介词及其词组的主要用法和意义;
  2. 常用动词、形容词与介词、副词的固定搭配及其意义。
  3. 并列连词 and, but, or, so 等的主要用法;
  4. 常用的从属连词的基本用法 【名师点睛】
  1. 介词的功能 介词是一种虚词, 用来表示名词或相当于名词的其它词语句中其它词的关系, 不能单独 使用。 介词可与名词或相当于名词的其它词构成介词短语。 介词短语可在句中作定语, 状语, 表语和宾语补足语。例如: The boy over there is John’s brother. (定语) The girl will be back in two hours. (状语) Our English teacher is from Australia. (表语) Help yourself to some fish. (宾语补足语)
  2. 常用介词的用法辨析 (
  1)表时间的介词
  1)at, in on 表示时间点用 at。例如:at six o’clock, at noon, at midnight。表示在某个世纪, 某年,某月,某个季节以及早晨,上午,下午,晚上时,用 in。例如:in the ninettenth century, in 2002, in may, in winter, in the morning, in the afternoon 等。表示 具体的某一天和某一天的上午,下午,晚上时,用 on。例如:on Monday, on July 1st, o n Sunday morning 等。
  2) since, after
由 since 和 after 引导的词组都可表示从过去某一点开始的时段,但 since 词组表示 的时段一直延续到说话的时刻, 因而往往要与现在完成时连用。 after 词组所表示的时段 而 纯系过去,因而要与一般过去时连用。例如: I haven’t heard from him since last summer. After five days the boy came back.
  3) in, after in 与将来时态连用时,表示“过多长时间以后”的意思,后面跟表示一段时间的词语。 After 与将来时态连用时,后面只能跟表示时间点的词语。After 与过去时态连用时,后面 才能跟表示一段时间的词语。例如: He will be back in two months. He will arrive after four o’clock. He returned after a month. (
  2)表示地点的介词
  1)at, in, on at 一般指小地方;in 一般指大地方或某个范围之内;on 往往表示 “在某个物体的表面” 。 例如: He arrived in Shanghai yesterday. They arrived at a small village before dark. There is a big hole in the wall. The teacher put up a picture on the wall.
  2) over, above, on over, on 和 above 都可表示“在……上面”,但具体含义不同。Over 表示位置高于某 物, 在某物的正上方, 其反义词是 under。 above 也表示位置高于某物, 但不一定在正上方, 其反义词是 below。On 指两个物体表面接触,一个在另一的上面。例如: There is a bridge over the river.
We flew above the clouds. They put some flowers on the teacher’s desk.
  3) across, through across 和 through 均可表示“从这一边到另一边”,但用法不同。Across 的含义与 on 有关,表示动作在某一物体的表面进行。Throgh 的含义与 in 有关,表示动作是在三维空间 进行。例如: The dog ran across the grass. The boy swam across the river. They walked through the forest. I pushed through the crowds.
  4) in front of, in the front of in front of 表示“在某人或某物的前面”,在某个范围以外;in the front of 表示 “在……的前部”,在某个范围以内。例如: There are some tall trees in front of the building. The teacher is sitting in the front of the classroom.
  3. 介词的固定搭配 介词往往同其他词类形成了固定搭配关系。 记住这种固定搭配关系, 才能正确使用介词。 (
  1)介词与动词的搭配 listen to , laugh at, get to, look for wait for, hear from, turn on, turn o ff, worry about, think of, look after, spend…on…, 等。 (
  2)介词与名词的搭配 on time, in time, by bus, on foot, with pleasure, on one’s way to, in trou ble, at breakfast, at the end of, in the end 等。 (
  3)介词与形容词的搭配
be late for, be afraid of, be good at, be interested in, be angry with, be full of, be sorry for 等。
  4. 连词的功能 用来连接词,短语,从句或句子的词叫连词。连词是一种虚词,在句中不能单独使用。 连词可分为两类:并列连词和从属连词。
  5. 并列连词 并列连词用来连接具有并列关系的词,短语或句子。常见的并列连词有: (
  1)表并列关系的 and, both…and, not only…but also, neither…nor 等。 (
  2)表选择关系的 or, either…or 等。 (
  3)表转折关系的 but, while 等。 (
  4)表因果关系的 for, so 等。
  6. 从属连词 从属连词用来引导从句。常见的从属连词有: (
  1)引导时间状语从句的 after, before, when, while, as, until, till, since, a s soon as 等。(
  2)引导条件状语从句的 if, unless 等。 (
  3)引导原因状语从句的 because, as, since 等。 (
  4)引导目的状语从句的 so that, in order that 等。 (
  5)引导让步状语从句的 though, although, even if 等。 (
  6)引导结果状语从句的 so that, so…that, such…that 等。 (
  7)引导比较状语从句的 than, as…as 等。 (
  8)引导名词从句的 that, if , whether 等。
  7. 常用连词的用法辨析 (
  1) while, when, as
这三个连词都可引导时间状语从句,但用法有所不同。
  1) 当某事正在进行的时候,又发生了另一件事。While, when, as 都可用来引导表示 “背景”的时间状语从句。例如: As/When/While I was walking down the street I noticed a police car.
  2) 当两个长动作同时进行的时候,最常用的是 while。例如: While mother was cooking lunch, I was doing my homework.
  3) 当两个动作都表示发展变化的情况时,最常用的是 as。例如: As children get older, they become more and more interested in things aroun d them.
  4) 当两个短动作同时发生时,或表示“一边…一边…”时,最常用 as。例如: Just as he caught the fly, he gave a loud cry. She looked behind from time to time as she went
  5) 当从句的动作先于主句的动作时,通常用 when。例如: When he finished his work, he took a short rest.
  6) 当从句是瞬间动作,主句是延续性动作时,通常用 when。例如: When John arrived I was cooking lunch. (
  2)as, because, since , for 这四个词都可表原因,但用法有区别。
  1) 如果原因构成句子的最主要部分,一般用 because。因此,because 引导的从句往往 放在句末。例如: I stayed at home because it rained. Why aren’t you going? Because I don’t want to.

  2) 如果原因已被人们所知,或不如句子的其它部分重要,就用 as 或 since。Since 比 as 稍微正式一点。As 和 since 引导的从句一般放在句子的开头。例如: As he wasn’t ready, we left without him. Since I have no money, I can’t buy any food.
  3) for 用来补充说明一种理由,因此,for 引导的从句几乎可以放在括号里。For 引导 的句子不放在句子的开头。例如: I decided to stop and have lunchfor I was feeling quite hungry. (
  3)if, whether if 和 whether 都可作“是否”讲,在引导宾与从句是一般可互换。例如: I wonder whether (if) you still study in that school. I don’t know whether (if) he likes that film. 在下列情况下,只能用 whether,不能用 if:
  1) 引导主语从句时。例如: Whether he will come to the party is unknown.
  2) 引导表语从句时。例如: The question is whether I can pass the exam.
  3) 在不定式前。例如: I haven’t made up my mind whether to go there or not. (
  4)so…that, such...that
  1) so…that 中的 so 是个副词,其后只能跟形容词或副词,而 such...that 中的 such 是个形容词,后接名词或名词短语。例如: I’m so tired that I can’t walk any farther. It was such a warm day that he went swimming.

  2) 如果在名词之前有 many, much, little, few 时,用 so,不用 such。例如: He has so little education that he is unable to get a job. I have had so many falls that I am black and blue all over. (
  5)either…or…, neither…nor, not only…but also… 这三个连词词组都可连接两个并列成分。当它们连接两个并列主语时, 谓语动词要随相邻的主语变化。例如: Either you or he is wrong. Neither he nor his children like fish. Not only the teacher but also the students want to buy the book. (
  6)although, but 这两个连词不能用在同一个句子中。例如:我们不能说“Although he is over sixty, but he works as hard as others.” 这个句子应改为: Although he is over sixty, he works as hard as others.或 He is over sixty, but he works as har d as others. (
  7)because, so 这两个连词同样不能用在同一个句子中。例如:我们不能说“Because John was ill, so I took him to the doctor.” 这个句子应改为 Because John was ill, I took him to the doctor.或 John was ill, so I took him to the doctor. 【实例解析】
  1.(2004 年北京市中考试题) When will Mr Black come to Beijing? September
  5. A. On B. To C. At D. In
答案:A。表示时间的介词的用法。表示某一天用介词 on。
  2. (2004 年安徽省中考试题) The boys felt sad as they lost the girls in the talk show. A. by B. in C. to D. on 答案:C。该题考查的是介词和动词的固定搭配。lose 表示输给谁的时候用介词 to。应 选 C。
  3. (2004 年吉林省中考试题) I like riding fast. It’s very exciting. Oh! You mustn’t do it like that, it may have an accident. A. and B. or C. so D. but 答案:B。该题考查的是并列连词的用法。答语的意思是“你不要那样做,否则会发生 事故的。”在这四个并列连词中,只有 or 含有这样的意思,所以应选 B。
  4. (2004 年天津市中考试题) John fell asleep he was listening to the music. A. after B. before C. while D. as soon as 答案:C。该题考查的是引导时间状语从句的常用从属连词的用法。本句的含义是“约 翰在听音乐的时候睡着了。 表示在干某事时发生了某个事情” 通常用 while。 ” 因此应选 C。 【中考演练】 一. 单项填空
  1. We traveled overnight to Paris and arrived 5 o’ clock the morning. A. on; in B. at; in C. at; on D. in; on
  2. Where’s Lily? We are all here her.
A. beside B. about C. except D. with
  3. She sent her friend a postcard a birthday present. A. on B. as C. for D. of
  4. Jack has studied Chinese in this school the year of 20
  00. A. since B. in C. on D. by
  5. What is a writing brush, do you know? It’s writing and drawing. A. with B. to C. for D. by
  6. English is widely used travellers and business people all over th e world. A. to B. for C. as D. by
  7. the help of my teacher, I caught up with the other students. A. Under B. In C. With D. On
  8. Hong Kong is the south of China, and Macao is the west of Hong Kong. A. in; to B. to; to C. to; in D. in; in
  9. You’d better not go out now. It’s raining. It doesn’t matter. My new coat can keep rain. A. in B. of C. with D. off
  10. Japan lies the east of China. A. to B. in C. about D. at
  11. Will the foreigners have any problems talking with Chinese in 2008?
I don’t think so. Now the young the old can speak some En glish. A. either…or B. not only… but also C. neither…nor D. both…or
  12. We didn’t catch the train we left late. A. so B. because C. but D. though
  13. Tom failed in the exam again he wanted to pass it very much. A. if B. so C. though D. as
  14. I won’t believe that the five-year-old boy can read five thousand word s I have tested him myself. A. after B. when C. if D. until
  15. The book was so interesting that he had read it for three hours he realized it. A. when B. until C. after D. before
  16. This dress was last year’s style. I think it still looks perfect it has gone out this year. A. so that B. even though C. as if D. ever since
  17. Hurry up, you will miss the train. A. and B. so C. however D. or
  18. The mountain was steep few people in our city reached the top. A. so…as B. so…that C. as…as D. too…to
  19. Do you remember our pleasant journey to Xi’an?
Of course. I remember everything it happened yesterday. A. as soon as B. even though C. rather than D. as if
  20. you can’ answer this question, we have to ask someone else for t help. A. Although B. While C. Whether D. Since 二. 用适当的介词填空
  1. How are you going to the train station to meet your aunt? I’m going there my car.
  2. Mum, today is Mother’s Day. Mike and I want to invite you to have dinne r us at Zhonglou Restaurant.
  3. Hangzhou is famous the West Lake.
  4. Today some newly-produced mobile phones can take pictures a camer a.
  5. Could you tell me if there is a flight to the capital March, 25t h?
  6. We all agree you. Let’s start at once.
  7. There is a big shop the other side of the road.
  8. Which necklace have you lost? The one you gave me my birthday.
  9. You should take more exercise. It’s good your health.
  10. It is clear that fish cannot live water. 三. 用
 

相关内容

2011年中考英语复习:易错集锦大全

   中学英语易错集锦大全 211 道题 本人所整理收集内容基本囊括初中阶段英语易错内容大全 1.Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (×) ’ × Because he was ill yesterday, he didn’t go to work. (√) ’ √ He was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (√) ’ √ [析] 用 though, but 表示 虽然… ...

2011年中考英语复习专题二十 定语从句

   2011 年中考英语复习专题二十 定语从句 一、选择题 1.(2010 .河北中考) There are lots of things A. who B. that C. whom D. whose I need to prepare before the trip. 【解析】选 B 2.(2010.自贡中考)Jim dislikes people talk much but never do anything . A.who 【解析】选 A 3.(2010 南京中考)?I hear Sam ...

2011年中考英语复习专题二十二 条件从句

   2011 年中考英语复习专题二十二 条件从句 选择题 1.(2010.内江中考)I don’t know if ittomorrow.If it,we won’t go on a picnic. A.rains;rains 【解析】选 B 2.(2010?山西中考)In summer , food goes bad easily it is put in the refrigerator. A. until 【解析】选 C 3.(2010?莱芜中考)--I hear Jack Chan wi ...

2011年中考英语复习课件专题16 翻译填空

   第三讲 翻译、 翻译、词汇与书面表达 专题16 翻译填空 专题 1.考查各类词汇、短语、习惯用语、固定搭配的用法。 2.考查各种时态、语态、各种句型。 知识网络 给出中文句子,其英文句子中只留几个重点要填 的词语的空白,每空一词 翻译填空 给出中文句子,其英文句子中只留一个空白处,不 限填词数 考 点一 常用的短语 1.have been to 去过某地(去而回来了) have gone to 已去某地(去而未归) He_has_been_to_Wuhan twice. 他去过武汉两次 ...

2011年中考英语复习走出中国式作文的误区

   2011 年中考英语复习走出中国式作文的误区 “为什么我的词汇量如此丰富却仍然写不出能让阅卷老师满意的作 文?”相信不少同学都曾有过这样的疑问。对此,英语老师分析指出, 词汇量的多寡往往并不是一篇英语作文质量好或者坏的关键。 许多同 学即便很努力地去准备作文,但最终分数仍然不理想,这很可能是因 为他们陷入了某种写作的误区。 英语老师特为我们列举了比较常见的 三种英语写作误区,希望能帮广大学生“对号入座”,并施以针对性的 改进。 误区一:用中文思维串联英文词汇 一些同学在绞尽脑汁也写不出英语作 ...

2011年中考英语复习九

   2011 年中考英语复习九:定语从句的考点讲解和训练 年中考英语复习九: 【考点扫描】 中考对定语从句的考查主要集中在以下几个方面: 1. 定语从句的功用和结构 2. 关系代词和关系副词的功用 3. 各个关系代词和关系副词的具体用法 考查的主要形式是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空和完成句子。阅读理解和书面表达肯 定也要用到定语从句。 【名师精讲】 一. 定语从句的功用和结构 在复合句中, 修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。 被定从句修饰的词叫做先行词。 定语从句必须放在先行词之后。引导定语 ...

2009年中考英语复习课件 连词

   中考总复习之 连词 中考说明及要求 " 连词的用法 连词的用法 一、连词的定义 连词的定义 " 连接词与词、短语与短语、 连接词与词、短语与短语、 句子与句子的词,叫连词。 句子与句子的词,叫连词。 例如: 例如: " It is neither too cold nor too hot in spring. (neither…nor连接两个 连接两个 词) " You can read either in the morning or in the afternoon.(either… ...

2008年中考英语复习专项6 [连词]

   2008 年中考英语复习专项 6 [连词] 年中考英语 英语复习专项 连 1、连词的含义 、连词的含义:连接词与词、短语与短语、或引导从句的词叫连接词。 2、连词的分类:连词分为并列连接词 从属连接词两种。 、连词的分类:连词 并列连接词和从属连接词 并列连接词 从属连接词 ①、 并列连接词连接并列的词、 短语、 从句或句子。 常见的并列连接词有: and(和),but(但 并列连接词 是),or(或者,否则),nor(也不), so(所以), however(然而,无论如何),for(因为 ...

中考英语复习作文2

   提建议 had better (not) do 最好(不)做 how about / what about doing …怎么样? I think you should do 我认为你应该… I suggest / advice that you should do 我建议你做… If I were you, I would do… 我要是你的话,我会做… It’s best to do 最好做… Why not do / why don’t you do…? 为什么不… 典型句型 1). ...

2011年中考英语复习十八

   2011 年中考英语复习十八:书面表达的考点讲解和训练 年中考英语复习十八: 【考点扫描】 书面表达是每年中考必考题型, 是考查学生交际能力的一个重要组成部分。 书面表达通 常有三种形式: 1、书信、日记、通知、留言、假条; 2、看图作文; 3、根据汉语提示作文。 无论是那一种书面表达形式,考生所写的短文都要紧扣主题、文理通顺,要素完整,语 言准确、得当、格式正确、无大、小写和拼写错误,标点符号正确,能达到交际目的。 【名师解难】 一. 训练方法 1. 记。认真系统复习和背诵基础知识和优美的 ...

热门内容

英语常用缩写表

   常用缩写表 月份 Jan.January 一月 Feb.February 二月 Mar.March 三月 Apr. April 四月 May 五月 June 六月 July 七月 Aug.August 八月 Sept.September 九月 Oct.October 十月 Nov.November 十一月 Dec.December 十二月 星期 Mon.Monday 星期一 Tue.Tuesday 星期二 Wed.WedsWednesday 星期三 Thu.Thursday 星期四 Fri. ...

2009-2010学年九年级英语上学期期末模拟测试试卷及答案

   375 教育资源网 www.375edu.cn 中小学试卷,教案,课件免费下载! 2009~2010 学年度九年级英语(上学期)期末模拟考试试题 温馨提示: 温馨提示: 你手中的试题共四部分,六道大题,满分 120 分, 考试时间 90 分钟.请你在答题前,先 把学校,考号和姓名分别填在密封线内的矩形框内, 将选择题的答案填在每小题前的括号内, 非选择题的答案直接写在试题相应的横线上, 并请用蓝,黑钢笔或圆珠笔答题. 题 号 得 分 Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ Ⅵ 总 分 总分人 复分人 听力理解( ...

2009年中考英语真题分类汇编:单词拼写、词形填空

   本资料来源于大家网中考英语论坛 http://club.topsage.com/forum-213-1.html 知识点 1:单词拼写 : 1.(2009甘肃兰州) ( 甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州 读句子,根据汉语或首字母提示补全单词。 1. The policeman told that man to give a (描述) of the accident. 2. W is the third day of a week. 3. We are often told not to be (紧张) ...

Yale耶鲁大学中国留学生独家英语学习心得

   本学期伊始,我标到了 Aaron Ritzenberg 的 English 120 seminar??一门在 过去三年被 100%学生评价为 Very Good/Excellent 的传奇。第一次去上课,区 区 15 人的教室居然一窝蜂塞进了 15 个 tenant(中签者)和 35 个 uncertified shopper(没中签但心有不甘的孩子们),让老夫作为 tenant 优越感油然而生。 事实证明群众眼睛当真是雪亮的。在短短 75 分钟里,我就暗自笃定: 大学以来 上过的近二十门课 ...

剑桥商务英语讲义

   中级精讲班第1 BGC 中级精讲班第1讲 讲义 学习重点 1.Understanding new words 2.Using a dictionary 3. Gecording and storing vocabulary 4. Building vocabulary 5. Unit 1a: oral practice on teamwork 6. Fax writing 7. Homework Understandingnewwords I. Understanding new words ...