**现在完成时** **现在完成时** 现在完成时
泰山学院附中
现在完成时是由助动词have(has)+过去分词构成 ( 现在完成时是由助动词 ) 过去分词构成 其否定句在have/has后加 后加not. 一般疑问句把 其否定句在 后加 have/has提到主语前 提到主语前. 提到主语前 动词的过去分词:规则变化(和过去时一样) 动词的过去分词:规则变化(和过去时一样) 不规则变化: 不规则变化:
am/is-was-been begin-began-begun do-did-done drink-drank-drunk eat-ate-eaten fly-flew-flown give-gave-given grow-grew-grown know-knew-known ride-rode-ridden show-showed-shown sing-sang-sung take-took-taken run- ran ? run become
are-were-been break-broke-broken draw-drew-drawn drive-drove-driven fall-fell-fallen forget-forgot-forgotten go-went-gone hide-hid-hidden lie-lay-lain ring-rang-rung see-saw-seen speak-spoke-spoken come-came-come become-became-
1表过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果 表过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果 --would you like some bread? --No, thanks. I have just had my breakfast. (对现在的影响:不饿 对现在的影响: 对现在的影响 不饿) 常用副词 just(刚刚), already, before, yet(一般 (刚刚) ( 疑问:已经;否定句: 疑问:已经;否定句:还), never, ever ① I have never heard of that before. ② Have you ever ridden a horse? ③ She has already finished the work. ④ Have you milked the cow yet? Yes, I have done that already. ⑤ I’ve just finished my homework. ⑥ He has not come yet.

  2。表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态, 。表示过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态, 也可以表示实质可能继续下去的动作或状态。 也可以表示实质可能继续下去的动作或状态。通常和 for(一段时间), since(时间点) 引导的时间状语 (一段时间) (时间点) 连用.以及 连用 以及 so far, in the last ten years, by now, these days, 等连用。 等连用。 I have been here for just over two years. He has worked here since 19
  89.
I haven’t seen her these days. She has learnt English for 3 years/since 3 years ago They have lived here since 19
  90. Great changes have taken place in the last 10 years
注意点一: 注意点一: 现在完成时与一般过去时的用法比较 现在完成时表示过去的动作一直延续到现在甚至会 继续下去或表示过去的动作对现在造成的影响; 继续下去或表示过去的动作对现在造成的影响;一 般过去时表示动作发生的时间在过去。 般过去时表示动作发生的时间在过去。现在完成时 属于现在时态范围,因此,不能和表示过去的时间 属于现在时态范围,因此, 状语连用。 状语连用。 如:yesterday, last night, two weeks ago等 等 牢记: 不与现在完成时连用。 牢记 when 不与现在完成时连用。
Put the following sentences into English.

  1. A: 火车已经开走了 火车已经开走了. B: 什么时候开走的 什么时候开走的?
A: The train has left.
B: When did it leave? ? A: 半个小时之前开走的 A: It left half an hour ago. 半个小时之前开走的.

  2. A: 你看过这部电影吗 你看过这部电影吗? B: 看过 看过. A: 什么时候看的 什么时候看的. B: 上周星期天看的 上周星期天看的.
A: Have you seen the film? B: Yes, I have. A: When did you see it? B: I saw it last Sunday.
注意点二、 注意点二、非延续性动词与现在完成时 短暂性动词在肯定句、疑问句中不能与时间段连用, 短暂性动词在肯定句、疑问句中不能与时间段连用, 这些动词是: 这些动词是:become, begin, buy, borrow, arrive, come, die, fall, finish, get to know, go, join, leave, marry等。为了表述这种意思,我们常用相 等 为了表述这种意思, 应的延续性动词have,keep等来代替非延续性动词。 应的延续性动词 , 等来代替非延续性动词。 等来代替非延续性动词 电影开始五分钟了。 电影开始五分钟了。 The film began five minutes ago. The film has been on for five minutes.
瞬间动词与延续性动词的转换
come/go ? be (in) borrow ? keep die ? be dead begin ? be on go out ? be off leave ? be away buy ? have get to know ? know go out ? be off arrive ? be here/there
marry/get married (to)? be married (to) begin to work/study/live ? work/study/leave fall asleep/get to sleep ? be asleep join the Party ? be in the Party/be a member of
( ×) I have bought a new dictionary for a week. I have had a new dictionary for a week. ( ) 我买一本新词典已有一星期了。 我买一本新词典已有一星期了。 ( ) They have been here for two days. ( ×) They have come here for two days. 他们来这儿已经两天了。 他们来这儿已经两天了。 He has joined the League member for two years. ( ×) ( ) He has been a League member for two years. 他已入团两年了。 他已入团两年了。



The man has been dead for several years. The man has died for several years. 这个人已经去世好几年了。 这个人已经去世好几年了。
( ) ( ×)


  3. 这辆自行车我买了两年了。 这辆自行车我买了两年了。 had for I’ve the bike two years.
  4. He left Nanjing two years ago. has been He away from Nanjing for two years.

  5. The monkey died last month. has been dead The monkey for a month.

  1.I have borrowed the book for 2 weeks. A B C ( B kept )
  2.The film has begun for 5 minutes.( B been on ) A B C

  1、have (has) been in 表示“在某地(多长时间)”,现在仍在那里。 、 表示“在某地(多长时间) 现在仍在那里。 常与表示一段时间的状语连用。例如: 常与表示一段时间的状语连用。例如: Mr. Brown has been in Shanghai for three days. 布朗来上海已经有三 天了。 天了。 They have been in Canada for five years. 他们到加拿大有五年了。 他们到加拿大有五年了。
  2、have( has)been to表示“曾经去过某地”,现在已经不在那里了。 、 表示“ 表示 曾经去过某地” 现在已经不在那里了。 可与just, ever, never等连用,例如: 等连用, 可与 等连用 例如: Mary has never been to the Great Wall. 玛丽从未去过长城。 玛丽从未去过长城。 Have (has) been to 后面可接次数,表示去过某地几次。例如: 后面可接次数,表示去过某地几次。例如: They have been to that village several times. 他们去过那个村庄好几 次了。 次了。
  3、have (has) gone to 意为“到某地去了”,表示到了某地或正在去某 、 意为“到某地去了” 地的途中。总之,说话时该人不在现场,例如: 地的途中。总之,说话时该人不在现场,例如: Where is Tom? He has gone to the bookshop. 他到书店去了。 他到书店去了。

  1. My parentshave been tothe Great Wall twice. They like there very much.
  2. Hav you ever been to to the Happy valley? e How long has Peter been in the West Hill farm? My sister has gone to the shop. She will be back in two hours. She has gone to Shanghai. She isn’t here. She has been in Shanghai for two years
注意点四: 注意点四 since 的用法 1 since+具体的过去时间 since 2008 具体的过去时间 since last Sunday +…ago since two years ago +句子 过去时 句子(过去时 句子 过去时) 2 It is /has been +一段时间 + since 从句 自 从句.自 一段时间 从某事发生已有一段时间了. 从某事发生已有一段时间了 It is /has been two years since my brother joined the army.
--Will you go shopping with me now? --Sorry, I can’t. I my shirts. A wash C washed B have washed D am washing
How long have you the magazine? About a week. A found B borrowed C received D had you the film Harry Potter 5? Not yet. I will see it this Sunday. A Did, see B Are, seeing
C Have, seen D Do, see
How is Ann? I her for a long time. A don’t see B won’t see C didn’t see D haven’t seen Hasn’t Betty come yet? No, and I for her for nearly 2 hours. A wait B waited C have waited D had waited
Is Mr Baker at home? Sorry, he isn’t in. He Dalian for vacation. A has gone B went C is going D goes Mr Zhang is a teacher of rich experience. He English for 20 years. A has taught B will teach C teaches D taught
--How many times have you to Xi’an? --Three times. A been B went C gone D go I won’t forget my teacher because she so kind to me since I came to this school. A has been B will be C was D is
--I will return the book to Mary, but I can’t find her anywhere. --she the teacher’s office. You can find her there. A has left B was away from C has gone to D has been to You have my dictionary for two weeks. Sorry, I will give it back to you right now. A lent B borrowed C kept
-- you out the problem, Sam? --Not yet, but I am going to. A Did, work B Are, working
C Have, worked D Will, work --What are you going to do this Saturday? --I yet. A haven’ decided B won’t decide C am not decided D didn’t decide
How long the film when you got there? A has begun B had begun
C has been on D had been on Mr Green Beijing since three years ago. A has come to C had lived in B went to D has been in
He our school for two weeks. A left B has left C has been away from -- My father Shanghai with my grandparents. --Really? will they come back? A has been to, How soon B has gone to, How soon C has been to , How long D has gone to, How long
She that same song so many times. I’m getting sick of it! A sings B sang C will sing D has sung
--Mike, you the magazine since last week. Can you return it now? --Sure. A borrowed B have borrowed C have kept
 

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