专题 12
情景交际
交际是一种综合性测试题, 考查学生在具体的语言环境中正确运用所学语言知识交流思 想,表达观点的能力。符合课标中强调以交际为主的原则,是以书面形式考查交际能力的一 种形式。情景交际测试的常见题型是:
  1.单项选择。设置一定的情景,然后根据情景配备四个选项,要求考生根据提供的情 景选出最佳答案。
  2.补全对话。这里又分两种题型:(
  1)要求学生从所给选项中选择句子补全对话;(
  2) 填入适当的词或句子,使对话完整、通顺。 情景交际的内容包括常用社交用语, 常见日常询问和情感态度。 主要涉及初中教材中的问候、 介绍、告别、打电话、感谢和应答、祝愿、祝贺和应答、意愿、遗憾和同情、邀请和应答、 提供(帮助等)和应答、请求允许和应答、表示同意和不同意、谈论天气、问候和应答、购物、 问时间或日期和应答、劝告和建议、就餐、看病、求助等 30 多个交际功能项目。同学们在 平时的学习中,要熟读、背诵课本中相关主题的对话。
知识网络
? ? 介绍常用语 常?
  2.介绍 ? ? ?经介绍后,人们常用的问候语 用 ? ?常见告别用语 社
  3.告别 ? 交? ?回应告别用语 用? ?一般场合的常见表达
  4.感谢和应答? 语 ?特定场合的常见表达 ? ?
  5.道歉和应答?表示道歉的常见句式 ? ?表示原谅的常见句式 ?
?初次见面问候语
  1.问候 ? ?日常问候语

  1.问候 (
  1)A:Hello/Hi. B:Hello/Hi. (
  2)A:Hello.How are you? B:Fine,thank you. And (How are )you? A:Very well, thank you. (
  3)A:Good morning/afternoon/evening. B:Good B Good morning/afternoon/evening. (
  4)A:Hi,Jim! B:Hi, Li Lei.Nice to see you again! (
  5)A:Hi, Sam!How are you today? B:Oh,hello, Lin Tao. Fine, thanks. What about you? (
  6)Please say hello to your parents. Please give my best wishes to your parents.

  2.介绍 (
  1)自我介绍: ①A:My name is Li Yan. Glad to meet you. B:Nice to meet you. My name is Huang Tao. ②A:Excuse me. What's your(full)name, please? B:My name is Robert Thomas Brown. A:May I call you Robert? B:Certainly. /Of course. (
  2)介绍他人: ①A:This is Mr Huang. B:How do you do? C:My name is Lin Ping.How do you do?/Nice to meet you. ②A:This is Mr Huang. B:Nice to meet you. C:Glad to meet you. 注:在交际场合里,介绍常常伴随着问候,可参见问候用语。

  3.告别 (
  1)告别前,客方表示要离开的常用语: ①I'm afraid I must be going now./I'm afraid I must go now. ②I think it's time for me to leave now./I think it's time for us to go now. (
  2)双方相互道别时的常用语: ①Goodbye!/Bye-bye!/Bye! ②See you later./See you tomorrow./See you. ③Good night.
  4.感谢和应答 (
  1)感谢某人: ①Thank you./Thanks a lot./Thank you very much. ②Thank you for your help. ③It's very kind /nice of you. ④Thank you anyway /all the same. (
  2)回答感谢时的答语: ①It's a pleasure. ②That's OK./That's all right. ③You're welcome.

  5.道歉和应答 (
  1)当要麻烦别人时: ①Excuse me, please. ②I beg your pardon. (
  2)当做错某事时: ①Sorry. ②I'm sorry for...③I'm sorry that... (
  3)回答道歉时的答语: That's all right./That's OK./Never mind./It's nothing./It doesn't matter.
  6.邀请和应答 (
  1)表示邀请的用语: ①Will you come to my party? ②Would you like to go for a walk? ③May I invite you to dinner? ④How/What about going for a walk? (
  2)接受邀请时的答语: ① Yes, I'd like /love to. ②Yes. It's very kind of you. ③That would be nice. (
  3)拒绝邀请时的答语: ①No, thank you. ②I'd love /like to, but...

  7.请求和应答 (
  1)表请求用语: ①May I...? ②Can /Could I...? ③Would you mind if I smoke here? (
  2)表肯定的答语: ①Sure/Certainly.②Yes, do please. ③That's all right. ④Of course,you can. (
  3)表否定的答语: ①I'm afraid not. ②I'm sorry, but you mustn't/can't. ③You'd better not.

  8.祝愿、祝贺和应答 (
  1)祝贺用语: ①Have a good day/time! ②Have a good journey/trip! ③Good luck! ④Enjoy yourself! ⑤Best wishes to you! ⑥Happy New Year! ⑦Merry Christmas! ⑧Happy birthday! ⑨Congratulations! ⑩Well done! (
  2)应答用语: ①Thank you. ②You, too. ③The same to you.

  9.提供帮助和应答 (
  1)提供帮助: ①Can I help you? ②Would you like me to help you? ③What can I do for you? ④Let me help you. (
  2)肯定答语: ①Yes, please./Yes, thanks. ②Thank you for your help. ③Thank you. ④That would be nice. (
  3)否定答语: ①No,thanks/thank you. ②That's very kind /nice of you, but I can manage it myself.

  10.约会 (
  1)约会前询问对方有无空闲时间: Are you free this afternoon /evening /Sunday? (
  2)常用答语: ①Yes,I'll be free then. ②No, I won't be free then. But I'll be free tomorrow. (
  3)提出约会时间、地点以征求对方意见的常用语: ①How about tomorrow morning? ②Shall we meet at
  3:00 p.m. at the school gate? (
  4)常用答语: Yes,that's all right./All right, see you then.

  11.打电话 (
  1)打电话人常用语: ①Hello!May I speak to...? ②Is that...speaking?(注意:不能用 Are you...?或 Who are you?) ③Extension eight one six, please? ④Can I leave a message? ⑤I'll call back later /again. ⑥I'll ring him /her up again. (
  2)接电话人常用语: ①Hello! This is Tom speaking.(注意:不能用 I am Tom.) ②Hello!Who is that? ③Hold on, please. ④Hold on a moment. ⑤Hold the line, please. ⑥Tom isn't here right now. ⑦Sorry, but Tom is out. ⑧Can I take a message for you? ⑨I couldn't get through. ⑩Sorry, I'm afraid you have the wrong number.

  12.就餐 (
  1)主人常用语: ①What would you like to have? ②Would you like something to drink? ③Help yourself to some chicken? ④Would you like some more rice? (
  2)客人常用语: ①Yes, I'd like a drink. ②I'd like rice and chicken. ③Just a little, please. ④Can I have some more soup? ⑤It's so delicious. Thank you. ⑥No, thank you. I've had enough. ⑦I'm full, thank you.

  13.看病 (
  1)医生诊断常用语: ①What's the matter? ②What seems to be the trouble? ③Do you have a fever? ④How long have you felt like this? ⑤It's nothing serious. ⑥Take this medicine three times a day. ⑦You'll be all right /well soon. You'll (
  2)病人叙述病情常用语: ①I feel terrible /bed. ②I don't feel well. ③I've got a cough /headache. ④I've got a pain here. ⑤There's something wrong with my eyes. ⑥It hurts here. ⑦I can't sleep well.

  14.购物 (
  1)售货员常用语: ①Can/May I help you? ②What can I do for you? ③How many/much do you like? ④What color/size/kind do you like? ⑤What about this one? ⑥Here's your change. (
  2)顾客常用语: ①I want/I'd like a pair of shoes. ②How much is it /are they? ③May I try it on? ④It's too big /small. ⑤Sorry,it's too expensive. ⑥Do you have any other colours/sizes/kinds? ⑦Two and a half kilos /pounds,please. ⑧That's fine. I'll take it. ⑨Just have a look. ⑩Well, I'll think about it.

  15.问路和应答 (
  1)问路用语: ①Excuse me, where is the nearest post office? ②Excuse me, can you tell me the way to the post office? ③Excuse me, how can I get to the nearest post office? ④Excuse me, which bus goes to People's Park? (
  2)应答: ①It's over there. ②It's about 500 meters from here. ③Go down this street until you see the tall red building. ④Turn right/left at the first /second crossing/corner. ⑤You can't miss it. ⑥You can take bus No.1
  03. ⑦You'd better take a taxi. ⑧Sorry,I don't know. I'm a stranger here.

  16.谈论天气 (
  1)询问天气情况: ①What's the weather like today? ②How's the weather in Beijing? (
  2)陈述天气情况: ①What a cold/hot day today! ②It's a nice/fine/beautiful/horrible day today. ③It's sunny/cloudy/windy/rainy/snowy/foggy. ④It's getting cool/cold/warm/hot.
  17.语言交际困难 Pardon?/I beg your pardon. Sorry,I can't follow you. Could you speak again/more slowly? How do you say...in English? I don't know how to say that in English. I don't know the word in English. How do you spell it, please? I'm sorry I only know a little English.

  18.提醒注意 Don't forget your raincoat. Remember to lock the door. Mind your head/step! No smoking! No spitting! Wet floor! Look out! Be careful! Don't touch! It's dangerous!
  19.劝告 You'd better go to see the doctor. You should listen to and read English every day. You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary. Don't rush/hurry/push. Please stand in line.

  20.建议 Let's go and have a look. What /How about a picnic this Sunday? Why don't you buy a computer? Why not go to a movie?
  21.常见的标志和说明 BUSINESS HOURS 营业时间 OFFICE HOURS 办公时间 OPEN 营业 CLOSED 关门 PULL 拉 PUSH 推 NO SMOKING 请勿吸烟 NO PHOTOS 请勿拍照 NO PARKING 请勿停车 DANGER 危险 ON 开 OFF 关 PLAY 打开 STOP 关闭 EXIT 出口 PAUSE 暂停 ENTRANCE 入口 SHUT 此门不通 BATHING PROHIBITED 禁止游泳 NO ADMITTANCE 闲人免进 MEN'S (GENTLEMEN'S)男厕所 WOMEN'S(LADIES')女厕所 OCCUPIED(厕所)有人 VACANT(厕所)没人 SOS 紧急求救讯号 EMS(邮政)特别专递

  22.态度 (
  1)同意和不同意 ①表示赞同的常用语: Certainly./Sure./Of course./Yes, please. Yes, I think so./All right./OK. That's a good idea./I agree(with you ). ②表示不同意的常用语: No, I don't think so./I'm afraid not./ I really can't agree with you. ③表示不完全赞同的常用语: Yes, maybe./You may be right. (
  2)希望和愿望 I wish to see you again. I hope to become a doctor. I hope it stays fine. I hope so. I hope not. (
  3)表扬和鼓励 ①表示表扬和鼓励的常用语: Very good! Well done! Wonderful! Excellent! You speak English very well! Your dress is beautiful! Come on ! Keep trying! You can do it! ②应答: Thank you. OK,I'll try in again.

  23.情感 (
  1)高兴 How wonderful /nice! That's lovely /great /wonderful! I'm happy.It's well done. I'm pleased to know that. (
  2)满意 Good! Well done! Perfect! That's fine. That's better. That's good enough. I'm pleased with your spoken English. (
  3)惊奇 Really? Oh dear! Is that so? What a surprise! How nice to see you! How surprising! I'm surprised. (
  4)忧虑 What's wrong? What's the matter? Anything wrong? What should we do? Are you worried about your health?
(
  5)恐惧 Help! How terrible! I'm afraid of that dog. I'm frightened. (
  6)安慰 There, there. Don't be afraid. Don't worry. It's (quite)all right. (
  7)同情 I'm so sorry! I'm so sorry about your illness. I'm sorry to hear you are going away. Please accept my deep sympathy.It'll be OK/all right. (
  8)遗憾 I'm so sorry! It's a great pity! What a shame! That's too bad!
(2010?烟台)?I think college students should be allowed to have part-time jobs. ?. That will be a good experience and lesson for them.
A.I suppose so C.No problem
B.I disagree with you D.I think not
解析:由答语“那(兼职工作)对于他们(大学生)来主将是一次很好的经历和很好的一 课。”可知对问句表示赞同,A 项“我想是这样”最符合题意,故选 A。
?Are you confident about this evening's performance, Katie? ?.I'm well prepared and feel I've got everything ready. A.I hope so B.It's hard to say C.Sure, I am D.I am afraid not
(2010?江西)?What do you think of Lucy's birthday party? ?. I hope I can have such a party too. A.Just so so B.Boring C.Terrible D.Wonderful
解析: 问句为“你觉得露西的生日聚会怎么样?”由答句“我希望我也能有这么一个聚 会。”可知“露西的聚会很好”。故用 wonderful“精彩的”。
?I prefer to eat cakes that have cream on top. ?! They are delicious. A.Good luck B.Me too C.I hope so D.You're kidding
考点训练
  27, , 考点训练 ,
  28,29
单选型交际用语
(训练时间:44分钟 训练时间: 分钟 训练时间 分值:44分) 分值: 分

  1.(2010?安徽)?Excuse me. May I use your eraser, please? ?Sure. A.Watch out! B.Well done! C.Go ahead. D.Follow me.
【解析】上句是“我可以用你的橡皮吗?”;下句是“当然可以,拿吧。”应选 go ahead“拿吧”,而不是 watch out“小心”;well done“做得好”;follow me“跟我学”。
【答案】C

  2.(2010?武汉)?Thanks for your help. ?. A.No, thanks B.Let me see C.It doesn't matter D.That's OK
【解析】当别人感谢时,答案一般应当是“没什么/不客气。”从选项上看,A 项的用 法错误; B 项答非所问;C 项一般用来回答别人表示歉意时的用语;只有 D 项符合题意。 故答案为 D。
【答案】D

  3.(2010?晋江)?Liu Xiang had to give up the race because of his foot. ? A.What a shame! B.Of course. C.He was so careless.
【解析】 根据句意“刘翔必须放弃比赛, 因为他的脚。 ”可知, 应该用“What a shame! ”
【答案】A

  4.(2010?咸宁)?I bought a tie for Dad on Father's Day yesterday. ?
 

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以有效为导向优化高中英语作业设计与布置的探索

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北二外国际商务英语

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怎样才算一堂好的英语课

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