Cultivate ?cultivated Cultivate potatoes Cultivate an interest in … Which, taken together, make up the whole vocabulary With which we become familiar 熟悉的 in ordinary conversation.定语从句 定语从句 be familiar with… I am familiar with the city . It belongs to …. Concern v. The meeting concerns industry. be concerned about… the people at large ordinary people average people possession n. on the other hand a large number of… be known to sb. The Great Wall in China is known to people from all over the world. be known for … be known as … Mark Twain is known as a writer. every educated person There is little occasion to do sth 几乎没有场合做某事 acquaintance come not from… but from.. not …but …不是 …而是 而是… 不是 而是 highly educated speaker between…and… of great importance = adj be of great importance important?importance be of +n.= be +adj useful= of great use useless=of little use may be easily seen describe …as… A large number of people tend to describe China as an ancient country. On the other hand, we must have passed several years of our lives before learning the word “vivacious” must have done can’t have done may have done before doing sth before being done
The terms “popular” and “learned”, as (when) applied to words, are not absolute definitions. define-definition apply…to… apply the two terms to words conj + doing conj+ done 取决于句中的主语 When speaking English, you should pay attention to grammar. Popularity n popular the popularity of private cars classification ?classify v convenient and sound 合理的 safe and sound 安然无恙 Different opinions may come up as to the classification of any particular word. come up = arise 出现 Problems come up in different ways. as to = about 关于 come up with … 提出,找到 提出, come up with a tentative definition principle misconception Success belongs to people who work hard. Success belongs to people who apply themselves to work. Understanding each other is of great importance to friendship. Mutual understanding is of great importance to friendship. Scientific attitudes Attitudes to /toward… Environment n.?environmental adj. He sought answers to these and other questions. Seek ? sought?sought answers to … solutions to… at least lay aside ….把 …放到一边 把 放到一边 seek true explanations be curious about … curious ?curiosity n. arouse one’s curiosity take apart… Curiosity should be protected, which is one of the best qualities. make it work make sb do combination ? combine combine …with… combine curiosity with imagination
carry out…实施,进行 实施, 实施 carry out his well-known experiment experience stimulate phenomena This means the ability to face the facts as they are regardless of what one has previously thought. This means he has to quit the job. Ability to do sth 不管发生什么事情,我们都将实施这个实验。 不管发生什么事情,我们都将实施这个实验。 Regardless of what happens, we will carry out the experiment. Thomas Edison failed thousands of times before he succeeded in producing the first electric lamp. The solutions to real problems cannot be seen in advance. adapt their theories to new facts adapt…to…使…适应于 使 适应于 适应于… It is difficult to adapt myself to the new environment . apply …to…把…应用于 把 应用于 in the light of…= according to …根据 根据 The difficulty comes up when their ideas are different.(arise) available purpose n determine v. exist v. be based on…以…为基础 以 为基础 copyright law 版权法 Sorting through their possessions, they came up with some 1500 old, unwanted items. Eager buyers bought all but 50 of the items in one weekend, leaving the family $442 richer. Garage sales have become social events, drawing people of all ages. yard sales society?social draw?attract They spend their weekends going from sale to sale, hoping to run across a real treasure. run across…遇见 遇见 do some spring housecleaning get rid of… get rid of bad habits post homemade signs throughout the neighborhood Her homemade soup is out of the world. The Ericksons needn’t have worried. needn’t have done sth 没有必要做某事 must have done can’t have done may have done The variety of things put up for sale is really wonderful.
a great variety of… vary from…to… The percentage of income tax varies from person to person. vary ?variety various adj. various kinds of…/ a great variety of… Rising living costs Rising housing prices be priced at a very small part of their original cost be priced at … serve drinks and cakes be fed up with… bargain hunter It is a real bargain. Reluctant be reluctant to do sth Some day the people who are buying are bound to be faced with the same problem we had. Be bound to do sth Be faced with… In modern society you are bound to be faced with various kinds of difficulties and challenges. Try to face difficulties and challenges as they are. Our duty /our responsibility is to meet people’s ever-increasing needs. meet one’s needs Some people are fed up with the modern city life/the life in modern cities and move to the countryside. How dictionaries are made It is widely believed that… the supreme authority in matters of…=as to…=about … get into a dispute with sb I was born and brought up in England. bring sb up He was brought up in a single parent family. self-assurance= self confidence 自信 self- respect self-centered people Anyone who is willing to quarrel with the dictionary is regarded as either eccentric or mad. be reluctant to do sth be regarded as …=be thought of as… South Korea is regarded as a developed industrial country. Arrive at definitions = come to definitions What follows applies to those dictionary offices where first-hand, original research goes on. follows , applies to , goes on what, where begin with the reading of vast amounts of the literature
vast amounts of +不可数名次 不可数名次 Successful life begins with hard work. occupy decades to define a word illustrate v. represent v according to …=in the light of…根据 根据 sense n. a sense of humor He has a strong sense of humor. make sense to sb What you say doesn’t make any sense to me. He writes his definitions, following the hard ?and-fast rule that each definition must be based on what the quotations in front of him reveal about the meaning of the word. reveal=show n that…. 定从, 定从, 同位语从句 influence a given word to the best of one’s ability various adj. vary ?variety?various Looking under a hood, we should ordinarily have found, five hundred years ago, a monk; today, we find a car engine. describe?description (n) The more words you are familiar with, the less you are aware of reading words and the more you are aware of content and meaning. mean-meaning-meanful ?meaningless be aware of…意识到 … 意识到 aware ?awareness (n) The +比较级,the +比较级 比较级, 比较级 比较级 be familiar with… insurance?insure self-assurance= assure self-confidence an insurance agent coverage life insurance program protection-protectprotective consume-consumer consumption feel disturbed
policy one- child policy friend-friendly-friendship adj+ly=adv be eager to do sth be of help =be +helpful be of great importance=be important be on guard at best Three reasons why we are unwilling to discuss insurance can be suggested. be reluctant to do sth suggest?suggestion suggest doing sth A young father who purchases a fairly small life insurance policy agrees to pay a sum of $200 every year for 40 years. agree ?disagree agreement agreeable adj in effect = in fact effect ?effective 有效的 有效的?effectively They pay as much for the insurance as they do for the car itself. that, those //do, does,did as much as… as many as… remind sb that S+V 提醒某人某事,让某人想起… 提醒某人某事,让某人想起 remind sb of+n The story reminds me of my childhood. financial loss (lose, lost ) financial report rational-rationalize real?realize modern?modernize occur 我突然想起… 我突然想起 It suddently occurs to me that… serious injury injure-injury would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 make sb do sth complex adj.复杂的 复杂的 a few insurance professionals professional adj. professional knowledge
a professional profession?professional inadequate adj. hide our ignorance by avoiding discussions of insurance ignore-ignorance-ignorant by doing sth 通过做某事 many of us spend as much on insurance as we do on the purchase of a home. Spend money on… Intelligently?intelligent? intelligence available adj. Neither should we depend entirely on the agent when we buy insurance. Only when you come up with a tentative definition should you open a dictionary to see if you are right. Only +状语+部分倒装 状语
only in this way +部分倒装
否定意义的词前置句首+部分倒装 他还没有意识到他犯了一个严重的错误 。
right. 他还没有他犯了一个严重的错误。 没有他犯了一个严重的错误 他还没有他犯了一个严重的错误。 Little did he realize that he had made a serious mistake. basic?base be based on… basic concepts neither…nor… Insurance fundamentals can be understood by those willing to study them. Insurance fundamentals can be understood by those are willing to study them. Insurance fundamentals can be understood by those who are willing to study them. Importance hear people speak so honestly hear sb do sth make sb do sth would rather do sth unless +s+v Failing to be impressed by a friend’s collection of stamps impress-impression -impressive I am deeply impressed by the child’s self-assurance. fail to do sth /succeed in doing sth fail?failure , succeed?success yawning when a golfer tells you about the great shot he made on the 14th hole, falling asleep when friends show pictures from their last trip to Sault Ste.Marie are all things that educated people try not to do. in a civilized way friction, conflict
enforce v. interact with sb social consensus represent v a majority of … acceptable?unacceptable Rude people are those whose behavior shows little respect for the rules that the majority follow. respect- respectable adj. - respectful adj - respected adj as well =too be aware of +n. be aware that S+V. 下周开始用二册书 as dangerous to our mental health as smoke is to our lungs. dangerous adj.-danger n endanger 危及,危害 v 危及, It is better to remain unknown than to make people hate you. make sb do sth remain unknown It is better to do sth than to do sth It is + adj. to do sth Indifferent parents who refuse to discipline their children are not helping them. Indifferent=cold 冷淡的 Indifferent-indifference discipline v refuse to do sth refuse?refusal n. pay the price sooner or later 迟早付出代价 迟早付出代价 real?realize The behavior of these rude young people is closer to that of animals than civilized individuals . be close to … that 替代单数名词,后面加介词短语 替代单数名词, lose a few contracts grown-up kids adult adj 成年的 get ahead 取得成功,取得进步 取得成功, give us an edge Getting a job is usually based on making the right impression be based on… impress-impression -impressive 印象深刻的 It is a good idea to do sth 做某事是一个不错的主意
It is a good idea to remember more words. I am a teacher with a strong sense of responsibility. How TV violence affects kids violent-violence domestic violence affect v 影响 For more than a quarter of a century, evidence has been increasing that children’s exposure to violence on television has long-lasting effects on their behavior. exposure to …暴露于 接触 暴露于…,接触 暴露于 接触… expose-exposure expose sb to sth 使某人接触… 使某人接触 It is a good idea to expose children to English. be exposed to… 接触 接触… Young people should be exposed to new ideas. have effects on … 对…产生影响 产生影响 Between 1982 and 1986, the amount of television time allocated each week to violent programs increased significantly. allocate…to… The position statement on media violence in children’s lives 关于媒体暴力在孩子们生活中的作用的立场声明 adopt v .采纳,收养 采纳, 采纳 adapt…to…使…适应于 适应于… 使 适应于 adapt myself to the new environment point out … distinguish A from B Children naturally often want the toys shown on and advertised during these programs. imitate - imitative 模仿性的 imagine - imaginative 想象力丰富的 ? imagination undermine v 破坏 The narrow range of most violence-related 与暴力有关的 toys advertised on television jeopardizes the role of play in helping children make better sense of their own feelings and interpret their world. Smoke-related diseases job-related injuries Some research even suggests (shows) that children apply the behaviors observed on TV programs to their real-life situations. apply …to…把…应用于 应用于… 把 应用于 initiate v 开始 创始,发起 开始,创始 创始, restrict v 限制,约束 限制, Many preschool teachers do not like to have commercially made
 

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