Cultivate ?cultivated Cultivate potatoes Cultivate an interest in … Which, taken together, make up the whole vocabulary With which we become familiar 熟悉的 in ordinary conversation.定语从句 定语从句 be familiar with… I am familiar with the city . It belongs to …. Concern v. The meeting concerns industry. be concerned about… the people at large ordinary people average people possession n. on the other hand a large number of… be known to sb. The Great Wall in China is known to people from all over the world. be known for … be known as … Mark Twain is known as a writer. every educated person There is little occasion to do sth 几乎没有场合做某事 acquaintance come not from… but from.. not …but …不是 …而是 而是… 不是 而是 highly educated speaker between…and… of great importance = adj be of great importance important?importance be of +n.= be +adj useful= of great use useless=of little use may be easily seen describe …as… A large number of people tend to describe China as an ancient country. On the other hand, we must have passed several years of our lives before learning the word “vivacious” must have done can’t have done may have done before doing sth before being done
The terms “popular” and “learned”, as (when) applied to words, are not absolute definitions. define-definition apply…to… apply the two terms to words conj + doing conj+ done 取决于句中的主语 When speaking English, you should pay attention to grammar. Popularity n popular the popularity of private cars classification ?classify v convenient and sound 合理的 safe and sound 安然无恙 Different opinions may come up as to the classification of any particular word. come up = arise 出现 Problems come up in different ways. as to = about 关于 come up with … 提出,找到 提出, come up with a tentative definition principle misconception Success belongs to people who work hard. Success belongs to people who apply themselves to work. Understanding each other is of great importance to friendship. Mutual understanding is of great importance to friendship. Scientific attitudes Attitudes to /toward… Environment n.?environmental adj. He sought answers to these and other questions. Seek ? sought?sought answers to … solutions to… at least lay aside ….把 …放到一边 把 放到一边 seek true explanations be curious about … curious ?curiosity n. arouse one’s curiosity take apart… Curiosity should be protected, which is one of the best qualities. make it work make sb do combination ? combine combine …with… combine curiosity with imagination
carry out…实施,进行 实施, 实施 carry out his well-known experiment experience stimulate phenomena This means the ability to face the facts as they are regardless of what one has previously thought. This means he has to quit the job. Ability to do sth 不管发生什么事情,我们都将实施这个实验。 不管发生什么事情,我们都将实施这个实验。 Regardless of what happens, we will carry out the experiment. Thomas Edison failed thousands of times before he succeeded in producing the first electric lamp. The solutions to real problems cannot be seen in advance. adapt their theories to new facts adapt…to…使…适应于 使 适应于 适应于… It is difficult to adapt myself to the new environment . apply …to…把…应用于 把 应用于 in the light of…= according to …根据 根据 The difficulty comes up when their ideas are different.(arise) available purpose n determine v. exist v. be based on…以…为基础 以 为基础 copyright law 版权法 Sorting through their possessions, they came up with some 1500 old, unwanted items. Eager buyers bought all but 50 of the items in one weekend, leaving the family $442 richer. Garage sales have become social events, drawing people of all ages. yard sales society?social draw?attract They spend their weekends going from sale to sale, hoping to run across a real treasure. run across…遇见 遇见 do some spring housecleaning get rid of… get rid of bad habits post homemade signs throughout the neighborhood Her homemade soup is out of the world. The Ericksons needn’t have worried. needn’t have done sth 没有必要做某事 must have done can’t have done may have done The variety of things put up for sale is really wonderful.
a great variety of… vary from…to… The percentage of income tax varies from person to person. vary ?variety various adj. various kinds of…/ a great variety of… Rising living costs Rising housing prices be priced at a very small part of their original cost be priced at … serve drinks and cakes be fed up with… bargain hunter It is a real bargain. Reluctant be reluctant to do sth Some day the people who are buying are bound to be faced with the same problem we had. Be bound to do sth Be faced with… In modern society you are bound to be faced with various kinds of difficulties and challenges. Try to face difficulties and challenges as they are. Our duty /our responsibility is to meet people’s ever-increasing needs. meet one’s needs Some people are fed up with the modern city life/the life in modern cities and move to the countryside. How dictionaries are made It is widely believed that… the supreme authority in matters of…=as to…=about … get into a dispute with sb I was born and brought up in England. bring sb up He was brought up in a single parent family. self-assurance= self confidence 自信 self- respect self-centered people Anyone who is willing to quarrel with the dictionary is regarded as either eccentric or mad. be reluctant to do sth be regarded as …=be thought of as… South Korea is regarded as a developed industrial country. Arrive at definitions = come to definitions What follows applies to those dictionary offices where first-hand, original research goes on. follows , applies to , goes on what, where begin with the reading of vast amounts of the literature
vast amounts of +不可数名次 不可数名次 Successful life begins with hard work. occupy decades to define a word illustrate v. represent v according to …=in the light of…根据 根据 sense n. a sense of humor He has a strong sense of humor. make sense to sb What you say doesn’t make any sense to me. He writes his definitions, following the hard ?and-fast rule that each definition must be based on what the quotations in front of him reveal about the meaning of the word. reveal=show n that…. 定从, 定从, 同位语从句 influence a given word to the best of one’s ability various adj. vary ?variety?various Looking under a hood, we should ordinarily have found, five hundred years ago, a monk; today, we find a car engine. describe?description (n) The more words you are familiar with, the less you are aware of reading words and the more you are aware of content and meaning. mean-meaning-meanful ?meaningless be aware of…意识到 … 意识到 aware ?awareness (n) The +比较级,the +比较级 比较级, 比较级 比较级 be familiar with… insurance?insure self-assurance= assure self-confidence an insurance agent coverage life insurance program protection-protectprotective consume-consumer consumption feel disturbed
policy one- child policy friend-friendly-friendship adj+ly=adv be eager to do sth be of help =be +helpful be of great importance=be important be on guard at best Three reasons why we are unwilling to discuss insurance can be suggested. be reluctant to do sth suggest?suggestion suggest doing sth A young father who purchases a fairly small life insurance policy agrees to pay a sum of $200 every year for 40 years. agree ?disagree agreement agreeable adj in effect = in fact effect ?effective 有效的 有效的?effectively They pay as much for the insurance as they do for the car itself. that, those //do, does,did as much as… as many as… remind sb that S+V 提醒某人某事,让某人想起… 提醒某人某事,让某人想起 remind sb of+n The story reminds me of my childhood. financial loss (lose, lost ) financial report rational-rationalize real?realize modern?modernize occur 我突然想起… 我突然想起 It suddently occurs to me that… serious injury injure-injury would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 make sb do sth complex adj.复杂的 复杂的 a few insurance professionals professional adj. professional knowledge
a professional profession?professional inadequate adj. hide our ignorance by avoiding discussions of insurance ignore-ignorance-ignorant by doing sth 通过做某事 many of us spend as much on insurance as we do on the purchase of a home. Spend money on… Intelligently?intelligent? intelligence available adj. Neither should we depend entirely on the agent when we buy insurance. Only when you come up with a tentative definition should you open a dictionary to see if you are right. Only +状语+部分倒装 状语
only in this way +部分倒装
否定意义的词前置句首+部分倒装 他还没有意识到他犯了一个严重的错误 。
right. 他还没有他犯了一个严重的错误。 没有他犯了一个严重的错误 他还没有他犯了一个严重的错误。 Little did he realize that he had made a serious mistake. basic?base be based on… basic concepts neither…nor… Insurance fundamentals can be understood by those willing to study them. Insurance fundamentals can be understood by those are willing to study them. Insurance fundamentals can be understood by those who are willing to study them. Importance hear people speak so honestly hear sb do sth make sb do sth would rather do sth unless +s+v Failing to be impressed by a friend’s collection of stamps impress-impression -impressive I am deeply impressed by the child’s self-assurance. fail to do sth /succeed in doing sth fail?failure , succeed?success yawning when a golfer tells you about the great shot he made on the 14th hole, falling asleep when friends show pictures from their last trip to Sault Ste.Marie are all things that educated people try not to do. in a civilized way friction, conflict
enforce v. interact with sb social consensus represent v a majority of … acceptable?unacceptable Rude people are those whose behavior shows little respect for the rules that the majority follow. respect- respectable adj. - respectful adj - respected adj as well =too be aware of +n. be aware that S+V. 下周开始用二册书 as dangerous to our mental health as smoke is to our lungs. dangerous adj.-danger n endanger 危及,危害 v 危及, It is better to remain unknown than to make people hate you. make sb do sth remain unknown It is better to do sth than to do sth It is + adj. to do sth Indifferent parents who refuse to discipline their children are not helping them. Indifferent=cold 冷淡的 Indifferent-indifference discipline v refuse to do sth refuse?refusal n. pay the price sooner or later 迟早付出代价 迟早付出代价 real?realize The behavior of these rude young people is closer to that of animals than civilized individuals . be close to … that 替代单数名词,后面加介词短语 替代单数名词, lose a few contracts grown-up kids adult adj 成年的 get ahead 取得成功,取得进步 取得成功, give us an edge Getting a job is usually based on making the right impression be based on… impress-impression -impressive 印象深刻的 It is a good idea to do sth 做某事是一个不错的主意
It is a good idea to remember more words. I am a teacher with a strong sense of responsibility. How TV violence affects kids violent-violence domestic violence affect v 影响 For more than a quarter of a century, evidence has been increasing that children’s exposure to violence on television has long-lasting effects on their behavior. exposure to …暴露于 接触 暴露于…,接触 暴露于 接触… expose-exposure expose sb to sth 使某人接触… 使某人接触 It is a good idea to expose children to English. be exposed to… 接触 接触… Young people should be exposed to new ideas. have effects on … 对…产生影响 产生影响 Between 1982 and 1986, the amount of television time allocated each week to violent programs increased significantly. allocate…to… The position statement on media violence in children’s lives 关于媒体暴力在孩子们生活中的作用的立场声明 adopt v .采纳,收养 采纳, 采纳 adapt…to…使…适应于 适应于… 使 适应于 adapt myself to the new environment point out … distinguish A from B Children naturally often want the toys shown on and advertised during these programs. imitate - imitative 模仿性的 imagine - imaginative 想象力丰富的 ? imagination undermine v 破坏 The narrow range of most violence-related 与暴力有关的 toys advertised on television jeopardizes the role of play in helping children make better sense of their own feelings and interpret their world. Smoke-related diseases job-related injuries Some research even suggests (shows) that children apply the behaviors observed on TV programs to their real-life situations. apply …to…把…应用于 应用于… 把 应用于 initiate v 开始 创始,发起 开始,创始 创始, restrict v 限制,约束 限制, Many preschool teachers do not like to have commercially made
 

相关内容

2011年中考英语复习:易错集锦大全

   中学英语易错集锦大全 211 道题 本人所整理收集内容基本囊括初中阶段英语易错内容大全 1.Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (×) ’ × Because he was ill yesterday, he didn’t go to work. (√) ’ √ He was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (√) ’ √ [析] 用 though, but 表示 虽然… ...

2011年中考英语复习:易错集锦大全

   学而思教育?学习改变命运! 南京中考网 nj.zhongkao. com 中学英语易错集锦大全 211 道题 (精华珍藏版) 本人所整理收集内容基本囊括初中阶段英语易错内容大全 1.Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (×) Because he was ill yesterday, he didn’t go to work. (√) He was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to w ...

2011年中考英语复习专题二十 定语从句

   2011 年中考英语复习专题二十 定语从句 一、选择题 1.(2010 .河北中考) There are lots of things A. who B. that C. whom D. whose I need to prepare before the trip. 【解析】选 B 2.(2010.自贡中考)Jim dislikes people talk much but never do anything . A.who 【解析】选 A 3.(2010 南京中考)?I hear Sam ...

2011年中考英语复习专题二十二 条件从句

   2011 年中考英语复习专题二十二 条件从句 选择题 1.(2010.内江中考)I don’t know if ittomorrow.If it,we won’t go on a picnic. A.rains;rains 【解析】选 B 2.(2010?山西中考)In summer , food goes bad easily it is put in the refrigerator. A. until 【解析】选 C 3.(2010?莱芜中考)--I hear Jack Chan wi ...

2011年中考英语复习走出中国式作文的误区

   2011 年中考英语复习走出中国式作文的误区 “为什么我的词汇量如此丰富却仍然写不出能让阅卷老师满意的作 文?”相信不少同学都曾有过这样的疑问。对此,英语老师分析指出, 词汇量的多寡往往并不是一篇英语作文质量好或者坏的关键。 许多同 学即便很努力地去准备作文,但最终分数仍然不理想,这很可能是因 为他们陷入了某种写作的误区。 英语老师特为我们列举了比较常见的 三种英语写作误区,希望能帮广大学生“对号入座”,并施以针对性的 改进。 误区一:用中文思维串联英文词汇 一些同学在绞尽脑汁也写不出英语作 ...

2011年高考英语复习

   2011 年高考英语复习:众多高考状元谈英语学习心得 年高考英语复习: 问题一:与高一、高二阶段的学习相比,高三阶段的学习策略有何不同呢? 何润夏(福建文科状元):如果说高中生活是一场马拉松长跑的话,那么,高一便是兴奋 的起点,高二算是难熬的中段,高三则是最后的冲刺。高一、高二是打基础的阶段,基础越 厚,高三才能冲得越高。凭我自己的经历,在高中阶段,每天学习时间的投入(包括上课时 间、课外学习时间)如下:高一、高二≥10 小时,高三≥12 小时。高中生应当树立时间至 上的观念,学会挤时间,抢 ...

2011高考英语听力仿真练习

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 2011 高考英语听力仿真练习 Part A: Short Conversations Directions: In part A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about wha ...

2011年中考英语作文必背万能句

   2011 年中考英语作文必背万能句 2011 考试热点: 2011 考试热点:回信类作文句型汇总 1. It is my great pleasure to hear from you (万能回信开头句) 2. 表建议句型 It is highly suggested that you should(not)… In addition, you are supposed to do sth Meanwhile,…is also a good way for you. 3.高级词汇的顺序词 3 ...

2011年中考英语复习专题一 冠词

   2011 年中考英语复习专题一 冠词 中考英语复习专题一 选择题 1.(2010 .三亚中考)In the united states, Father’s Day falls on third Sunday in June. A. the, 不填 【解析】选 A 2. (2010. 无锡中考) you go by train, you can have quite comfortable journey, but make If sure you take fast one. A. a, a ...

2011年商务英语口语900句(打印版)

   商务英语口语 900 句 Unit One 希望与要求 1 We'd like to express our desire to establish business relations with you on the basis of equality, mutual benefit and the exchange of needed goods. 2 In order to extend our export business to your country, we wish to e ...

热门内容

七年级英语月考试题

   七年级英语第一次月考试题 七年级英语第一次月考试题 第一次 考试时间: 考试时间:100 分钟 满分: 满分:150 分 第一部分 客观题( 客观题(共 70 分) 听力部分( 听力部分(每个 2 分,共 30 分) 一、据所听句子选出相应的图画。 听一遍) (听一遍) A 1. 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. E (听两遍 二、听句子选出最佳答语。 听两遍) 听句子选出最佳答语。 听两遍) ( 6. A. I don't think so. B. Never mind. 7. A. I ...

2009年全国高考英语真题(含答案)-安徽卷

   真题网提供各类考试真题 www.zhenti.com 2009 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 安徽卷 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷 安徽卷) 英 语 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分,第Ⅰ卷第 1 至第 l4 页,第Ⅱ卷第 l5 至第 l6 页。全卷满分 l50 分,考试时间 l20 分钟。 考生注意事项: 考生注意事项: 1.答题前,务必在试题卷、答题卡规定的地方填写自己的姓名、座位号,并认真核对 答题卡上所粘贴的条形码中姓名、座位号与本人姓名、座位号是否一致 ...

2010年高考试题英语答案(广东卷word版)

   状元源 http://zyy100.com/ 免注册,免费提供中学政治课件,试卷,教案等教学资源下载及高中学业水平测 试各科资源及中学政治课件,试卷,教案等教学资源下载 2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 广东卷 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷 广东卷) 英语解析(原创) 英语解析(原创) 一,听力部分(略) 听力部分( 二,完形填空 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 学 科网 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意 ...

幼儿英语教育的途径和方法

   幼儿英语教育的途径和方法 幼儿阶段是人一生中语言发展最迅速的时期, 在正常的教育情况下, 此阶段幼儿词汇量 已发展到 3000 个左右.幼儿阶段的语言学习不容忽视.由于此时幼儿对语言的学习完全凭 借听,说来发展提高,这为幼儿学习第二种语言提供了可能.因此利用多种渠道,创设良好 的语言环境,对幼儿的外语学习有着毋庸置疑的作用. 一,发挥园所优势,让幼儿在日常生活中耳濡目染英语 发挥园所优势, 语言是在不断的听,说,模仿,使用中提高的,特别是幼儿的外语学习,如果没有一个 连续,经常的语言环境刺激 ...

大学英语四级听力会话含义分析

   第 6 卷 第 4 期             重庆交通学院学报 ( 社科版)            2006 年 12 月 Vol . 6   . 4 J OU RNAL O F CHON GQ IN G J IAO TON G UN IV ERSIT Y ( Social Sciences Editio n)   No Dec. 2006 是全国大学英语四 、 六级统考中的的五大题型之一 , 占总 分的 20 % 。许多语言学家与外语专家认为外语学习一定 要从 “听” 着手 ,并提出了 ...