年自学考试英语( 模拟试题答案( 2011 年自学考试英语(二)模拟试题答案(一)
2011-4-1 16:07:42 来源:环球网校(edu24oL) 频道:自学考试 分享至微博
根据句子的意思选择正确答案

  1.Besides being expensive,the food in the cafeteria smells .
A.bad
B.badly
C.more badly
D.too much bad

  2.It is a pleasure to watch the face of baby.转自环 球 网 校 edu24ol.com
A.an sleep
B.a sleep
C.a slept
D.a sleeping

  3.This diagram is that one.
A.different of
B.different about
C.different from
D.different with

  4.There the last piece of cake and the last spoonful of ice-cream.
A.we go
B.goes
C.go
D.is going

  5.Albert is looking forward to visiting her grandma in Harbin at the end of this semester.He is always saying,the summer vacation can’t come soon.
A.so
B.very
C.rather
D.too

  6.This club more than 200 members.
A.consists in
B.consists from
C.Consists with
D.Consists of

  7.The twin brothers are so alike that we cannot tell .
A.what is whom
B.who is who
C.who is whom
D.whom is who

  8.He is ill.That accounts his absence.
A.for
B.at
C.to
D.about

  9.I’m going to see the victim’s brother.I’d rather you .
A.don’t
B.didn’t
C.do not
D.do

  10.The higher the standard of living and the greater the national wealth,the .
A.greater is the amount of paper used 转自环 球 网 校 edu24ol.com
B.greater amount of paper is used
C.greater the amount of paper used
D.amount of paper is used is greater
本题共有三段短文,每段短文后面有三至四道小题,共计十道小题。每道题
都四个选择项。找出你认为正确的答案。
Passage1
Governments must take an active part in encouraging people to preserve the environment.One of the best ways everyone can become involved is through recycling.
Recycling is a safe,less costly solution to the problem of waste disposal.It reduces the amount of solid waste taken to landfills and thereby decreases the amount of water and air pollution.
One of the most important reasons for recycling is to preserve natural resources.Recycled materials can be substituted for natural materials ones that come directly from the earth and would reduce such problems as deforestation.
Production of natural materials also uses more fossil fuels and other resources that could be saved by recycling.
Contrary to popular belief,recycling also saves governments and citizens money.For example, businesses and individuals can reduce their waste disposal costs by more than 70 percent by using a recycling program.Also,individuals or communities receive money from selling recyclables to recycling companies.So businesses are not only saving money,they are earning money as well.
Furthermore,production using recycled materials is usually cheaper for a company and reduces the cost of pollution control.In addition,the recycling industry provides employment for hundreds for thousands of people.
In spite of all these benefits,however,recycling is quite limited.A greater effort must be put forth to promote recycling.Governments must become environmentally responsible and act quickly to set recycling goals and implement a recycling program.

  1.All of the following are benefits of recycling EXCEPT .
A.preserving natural resources
B.getting everyone involved
C.saving money
D.creating jobs

  2.It can be inferred from the passage that many people believe recycling
A.costs money
B.saves money
C.produces profit
D.provides employment

  3.What is the purpose of the passage?
A.To tell people that recycling preserves natural resources.
B.To discuss the benefits of recycling
C.To suggest promoting recycling
D.To point out that recycling is still quite limited.
Passage 2
We often hear people talking about a generation gap.The name is new,but the idea is old.Young people and their parents don’t understand each other.The world keeps changing.It has always kept changing.During the second century after Christ a wise man said:“Bury me on my face because in a little while everything will be turned upside down.”
There has always been a gap between generations,but more people talk
about it now.Old Mr.Ellis thinks he understands what has happened:
“When I was a boy,I thought the world was a beautiful place.My life was” very pleasant.But when I was older.l learned about people who were treated badly,people who didn’t have enough to eat.I wanted to help them,and I married a girl who wanted to help them,too.We went to meetings and talked a lot,but it didn’t seem to make much difference."
“Our children grew up in a world at war.They didn’t know when the fighting would stop.They wanted their children to have nice clothes and toys.They didn’t want to think about the future.They thought nothing could be done about it.”
“Now I have grandchildren,and they have their own ideas.They are trying to make the world better.They are trying to help other people.They’re making people listen to them.I am proud of their generation.”

  4.The wise man mentioned in the passage told people to bury him on his face so that when everything is turned upside down he will .
A.lie on his stomach
B.lie on his back
C.stand quietly
D.sit in peace.

  5.Which generation did NOT want to do anything to make the world a better one?
A.Mr.Ellis’generation
B.his children’s generation
C.his grandchildren’s generation
D.none of the above

  6.Which generation is/was more efficient in making the world better one?
A.Mr.Ellis’generation
B.His children’s generation
C.His grandchildren’s generation
D.None of the above
完型填空
My formula for staying young is simple:Concentrate 1 the part of you that’s young and growing-your brain.Keep your mind awake and you’ll stay young all over.These are exciting times.Take an interest 2 the world around you,and make a point 3 learning at least one new thing every day.
Regardless 4 your age,it’s not too late to make your life more interesting.I know a housewife with no previous knowledge who made herself 5 an outstanding industrial designer;I know a retired electrical engineer who has become a highly paid artist.
6 the notion that you are ever 7 old to go back to school.I know a man who entered medical college at
  70.He got his degree with honors and became an eminent physician.8 man went to law school at 71 and is now an active lawyer.
9 years,staying young is easy for those who live In the future.You can do it if you care enough to try.Keep your mind awake and active;that’s the only youth elixir(万灵药)10 to work.

  1.
A.in
B.on
C.to
D.at

  2.
A.with
B.on
C.of
D.in

  3.
A.with
B.at
C.of
D.in

  4.
A.in
B.of
C.with
D.to

  5.
A.into
B.to
C.as
D.for

  6.
A.Get through
B.Get around
C.Get over
D.Get out of

  7.
A.enough
B.so
C.such
D.too

  8.
A.Another
B.Other
C.The other
D.Others

  9.
A.In spite
B.Despite of
C.In spite of
D.In despite of

  10.
A.guarantee
B.guaranteeing
C.to guarantee
D.guaranteed

  1.根据给出的汉语词义和规定的词性写出相应的英语单词,每条短线上写一字母该词的首字母已给出

  1)因素,要素 n.f._ _ _ _ _

  2)石头 n.s _ _ _ _

  3)自由 n.f _ _ _ _ _ _

  4)膝盖 n.k _ _ _

  5)燃料 n.f _ _ _

  6)星期一 n.M _ _ _ _ _

  7)把…归因于,把…归咎于 v.a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  8)经历,遭受 v.u _ _ _ _ _ _

  9)鼓励 v.e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  10)接受,接纳 v.a _ _ _ _ _

  11)饮,喝 v.d _ _ _ _

  12)彻底废除,废止 v.a _ _ _ _ _ _

  13)获得 v.o _ _ _ _ _

  14)给予帮助 a.h _ _ _ _ _ _

  15)棕色的 a.b _ _ _ _

  16)古怪的 a.f _ _ _ _

  17)足够的 a.a _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  18)快的,迅速的 a.q _ _ _ _

  19)日本的 a.J _ _ _ _ _ _ _

  20)以某种方式,用某种方法 ad.s _ _ _ _ _ _

  2.根据句子的意思将括号中的词变成适当的形式

  1)Do you need somewhere (sleep).

  2)His plan is (seek)work in the city.

  3)He stood there with his hands (cross)before him.

  4)Don't you see him (come)towards us?

  5)Have you any difficulty (analyze)the sentence?

  6)He walked into the room,his face (cover)with blood.

  7)When she arrived I (wait)for three hours.

  8)She was annoyed (ignore).

  9)He (save)from bankruptcy by a friend last year.

  10)It's time you (be)in bed.

  3.短文英译汉
Small as it is,the pen has changed the course of history,shaped the destiny of nations, facilitated the commerce of peoples,recorded events,carried news,and done more work for mankind than all other tools or weapons.In the past the pen did all the work.For all writing Intended to last for any length of time was valid only if written with pen and ink.The most famous letters in the world were written with a pen ;and it was with a pen that the greatest thinkers of all time wrote down their thoughts.
Today the pen is more highly valued than ever.We cannot sign a cheque or write a letter or buy a house without our pen.The editor stirs the world with it,the student would fail to pass his examination without it,
The next time we take up our pen to write lets us remember that we hold in our hand the most powerful instrument mankind possesses.

  4.将下面的句子译成英语

  1)那座古城已经不存在了。

  2)你越是勇敢地迎接挑战,你越可能成功。

  3)我为他的仁慈而祝福地。

  4)为了纪念这位英雄,人们树起了一座纪念碑。

  5)周围这么吵,我不能聚精会神地工作。
参考答案

  1.根据给出的汉语词义和规定的词性写出相应的英语单词,每条短线上写一字母,该词的首字母已给 出

  1)factor
  2)stone
  3)liberty

  4)knee
  5)fuel
  6)Monday

  7)attribute
  8)undergo
  9)encourage

  10)accept
  11)drink
  12)abolish

  13)obtain
  14)helpful
  15)brown

  16)funny
  17)adequate
  18)quick

  19)Japanese
  20)somehow

  2.适当形式填空

  1)to sleep
动词不定式做状语。

  2)to seek
动词不定式做表语。

  3)crossed
过去分词构成的独立结构。其构成:名词或代词主格+过去分词。过去分词
独立结构多用于笔语中,常用做状语,可置于句首,句末或句中。eg.She gazed,
her hands clasped to her breast.她凝视着,双手在胸前。

  4)Coming
现在分词做宾补,表示正在发生的动作。

  5)analyzing
当宾语是情感名词如:difficulty,trouble,fun,a hard time 等时,后面必须用介词 in+动名词做 定语。但在当代英语中,介词 in 一般要省略。

  6)covered
过去分词构成的独立结构。

  7)had been waiting
过去完成进行时表示动作在过去某一段时间之前开始,一直延续到这一过
去时间。e.g.I had been looking for it for days before I found it.这个东西,我找了很多天才 找到。

  8)to have been ignored
不定式的被动语态,做原因状语。

  9)was saved
被动语态。此句中 bankruptcy“破产”之意。

  10)were
It's time 后从句要用虚拟语气,用过去时形式。

  3.短文英译汉
笔虽然很小,却已经改变了历史的进程,决定了民族的兴亡,推进了民间的
贸易,记录事件,传播消息,为人类做了比任何其它工具或武器更多的工作。在过去,笔干着所有的 工作,因为所有需要保留任何一段时间的文字,只有用笔和墨水写了,才是有效的。世界上显著名的信件 都是用笔写成的。历代最伟大的思想家写下他们的思想,用的都是笔。
今天,笔比以往任何时候都更加受到重视。没有笔,我们就不能签署支票,
写信,购买住宅。编辑靠它鼓动世界,学生没有它就不能通过考试。
下次,当我们拿起笔准备写的时候,让我们记住,我们手中握着的是人类所
拥有的最强有力的工具。

  4.将下面的句子译成英语

  1)The ancient city is no longer there.

  2)The more bravely you face the challenge,the more possibly you will succeed.

  3)I blessed him for his kindness.

  4)People set up a monument in honor of the hero.

  5)l can't concentrate on my work with so much noise around me.
 

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