年自学考试英语( 模拟试题( 2011 年自学考试英语(二)模拟试题(六)
2011-4-2 13:32:19 来源:环球网校(edu24oL) 频道:自学考试 分享至微博
Part One (60 Points)
I. 语法、词汇。用适当的词填空。从 A、B、C、D 四个玄想中,选出一个正确答案,并在答题纸上写 上所选答案的字母。(本大题共 25 小题,没小题 1 分。共 25 分。)
Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer. (25 points.)

  1. All things, he is the best person we can find for the job.
A. considering B. being considered C. having considered D. considered

  2. The poor woman asked the lawyer what his judgment on.
A. did he base B. he based C. had he based D. he had based

  3. Yoube too careful when you use a knife (to cut things).
A. shouldn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. oughtn’t

  4. We will go on with the projectdifficulties we may meet with.
A. however B. whenever C. whatever D. wherever

  5. It is essential that a student complete the assignmentsrequired.
A. than B. as C. like D. thus 转自环 球 网 校 edu24ol.com

  6. Heunwisely, but he was at last trying to do something helpful.
A. should act B. would act C. may have acted D. must have acted

  7. six days later, the boy was more dead than alive.
A. Rescued B. Rescuing C. Having been rescued D. Having rescued

  8. None of their new products have sold well, ?
A. haven’t they B. have they C. hasn’t it D. Has it

  9. Students should not be easily contented with the facts offered in textbooks, as many things in the world area matter of attitude and perceptionthe simple memorization of facts.
A. either, or B. neither, not C. more, than D. both, and

  10. In the area, AIDS isdisease that the very mention of it strikes terror into the population.
A. so dreadful a B. such dreadful C. a so dreadful D. a such dreadful

  11. his insistence, I would have given it up long ago.
A. Despite B. But for C. Except D. With

  12. The facthe works hard does not necessarily mean that he can be a competent leader.
A. which B. what C. why D. that

  13. It is vital that enough money to fund the project.
A. be collected B. must be collected C. is collected D. was collected

  14. In my opinion, hard work is the most important factor thatto one’s success.
A. results B. affects C. contributes D. interferes

  15. In the past few years, the award was given to male writers. But this year the went to a woman writer.
A. publicity B. distinction C. fame D. celebrity

  16. Betty’s remarksthe General in his belief that she was telling the truth.
A. affirmed B. informed C. reformed D. confirmed

  17. I hope you will comea better solution tomorrow.
A. up with B. down with C. into D. around

  18. Around noon iton him that he had never had breakfast.
A. occurred B. fell C. dawned D. came 转自环 球 网 校 edu24ol.com

  19. When he returned to the city ten years later, he found that it had changed.
A.. beyond measure B. without imagination C. out of reach D. in sight

  20. Do you think there is a period in one’s life when one is particularlysickness, accident or disasters of other kinds?
A. sensitive to B. available for C. vulnerable to D. ready for

  21. In a foreign country, if you want to make friends, you have tothe language barriers first.
A. keep off B. turn for C. break down D. come upon

  22. If this proposed sanction should be really brought into action, some problems are sure to.
A. arise B. rise C. arouse D. raise

  23. True friends do not abandon each otherof danger.
A. at all times B. at one time C. in no time D. in times

  24. If this is the case, how is hein blaming her?
A. qualified B. justified C. capable D. competent

  25. Drivers areto a speed of 80 kilometers in the highway.
A. restrained B. refrained C. restricted D. refined
II.完形填空。 从四个选项中,选择一个正确答案, 并在答题纸上写上所选答案的字母。(本大题共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,共 15 分)
Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer. (15 points)
A land free from destruction, plus wealth, natural resources and labor supply all these were important26in helping England to become the center for the Industrial Revolution.27--they were not enough. Sometimes28was needed to start the industrial process. That “ something special” was men creative individuals who could invent machines, find new29 of power, and establish business organizations to reshape society.
The men who created the machines of the Industrial Revolution?30?from many backgrounds and many occupations. Many of them were31inventors than scientists. A man who is a pure scientist is primarily interested in doing his research
  32. He is not necessarily working33that his findings can be used.
An inventor or one who is interested in applied science is34trying to make something that has a concrete use. He may try to solve a problem by using the theories35science or by experimenting through trail and error. Regardless of his method, he is working to obtain a -?36result; the construction of a harvesting machine, the burning of a light bulb, or one of37other objectives.
Most of the people who38the machines of the Industrial Revolution were inventors, not trained scientists. A few were both scientists and inventors. Even those who had?39?or no training in science might not have made their inventions if groundwork had not been laid by scientists years
  40.

  26. A. cases B. reasons C. factors D. situations

  27. A. But B. And C. Besides D. Ever

  28. A. else B. near C. extra D. similar

  29. A. origins B. sources C. bases D. discoveries

  30. A. came B. arrived C. stemmed D. appeared

  31. A. less B. better C. more D. worse

  32. A. happily B. occasionally C. reluctantly D. accurately

  33. A. now B. and C. seldom D. so

  34. A. seldom B. sometimes C. usually D. never

  35. A. of B. with C. to D. as

  36. A. single B. sole C. specialized D. specific

  37. A. few B. those C. many D. all

  38. A. proposed B. developed C. supplied D. offered

  39.A. little B. much C. some D. any

  40. A. ago B. past C. ahead D. before
III. 难句释义。 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并在答案纸上写上所选答案的字母。 (本大题共 10 个小题,共 10 分)
Choose the closest paraphrased version for each of the sentences or italicized parts. (10 points)

  41. “It’s no use having a dog without teeth”, they (British member of ICC) argue.
A. It’s no use having principles that nobody respects.
B. Laws without legal enforcement are useless.
C. A gentle guard won’t be able to keep trouble-makers away.
D. A dog without sharp teeth doesn’t frighten burglars away.

  42. Rapport to most of us (Americans) is less important than performance.
A. In the business world, most of us think establishing close relationship with others is more important than going to performance with them.
B. Most of us measure our potential business partners by what they have done instead of what they say in their reports.
C. When we do business with others, whether they are successful is most important; relationship doesn’t count.
D. In business dealings, most of us pay more attention to the previous achievements of the other party than to their personal relationship with us.

  43.What was a butterfly to do among bulls and bears?
A. It was absolutely impossible for a butterfly to win when competing with bulls and bears.
B. He was doomed to failure in the stock market because he was always expecting too much.
C. A person who couldn’t settle down on any job was sure to fail in the stock market.
D. As he didn’t have much money, he couldn’t be successful in the stock market.

  44.I was going to gamble on their inspection ending there, before they dug deeper to my diaries.
A. I actually would take a risk, hoping their search would stop when they discovered the stamped broadcast scripts.
B. I bet that they would be satisfied with the stamps of approval and would not continue to search my suitcases.
C. I would pray that their inspection would be put off and they would never find my diaries in the suitcases.
D. I would depend on their being careless not to dig deeper enough in the case where my diaries were hidden.

  45. After all, funerals are very democratic affairs.
A. After all, all the people who will attend the funerals are members from the Democratic Party.
B. After all, it is up to very individual to decide whether to attend the funerals not.
C. After all, funerals are occasions where little attention is paid to social status or class divisions.
D. After all, funerals are occasions where people can express their opinions freely.

  46.They wouldn’t let you down in a crisis.
A. They wouldn’t leave you alone in times of difficulty.
B. They wouldn’t disappoint you in times of difficulty
C. They would stay with you to cope with difficulties.
D. They would do whatever they could to help you out.

  47. My maternal grandfather, it is true, was cut off in the flower of his youth at the age of sixty-five.
A. My maternal grandfather, it is true, was wounded when picking flowers at the age of
  65.
B. My maternal grandfather, it is true, cut flowers at the age of
  65.
C. My maternal grandfather, it is true, passed away at the age of 65,the age when he should be strong and vigorous.
D. My maternal grandfather, it is true, could pick flowers like a young man though he was already
  65.

  48. Love is freeing. Love is freely given, not doled out in demand.
A. Love is given of one’s own free will, not provided for anyone who asks for it.
B. If you beg for love, you will never get it because true love is not given out of pity.
C. Love cannot be obtained by force, and it is given with no strings attached.
D. There is a noble quality about love that helps improve man morally.

  49.Seven days before the design is due, I’m still deadlocked.
A. In order to finish the design ahead of time. I ‘m deeply absorbed in my work.
B. Seven days before I’m expected to finish the design, I get into some trouble.
C. I am not allowed to go out of the lab until I have finished my design.
D. Seven days before I am supposed to hand in the design, I am still puzzled with the problems.

  50. It would be a shallow kind of optimism to assume that the introduction of the art of inventing has been as immediate and unmixed blessing to mankind.
A. It would be a shallow kind of optimism to believe that the introduction of the art of inventing has directly benefited only mankind.
B. It would be a shallow kind of optimism to believe that the introduction of the art of inventing has benefited mankind directly.
C. It would be a shallow kind of optimism to think that the introduction of the art of inventing has blessed mankind immediately and blessed only mankind.
D. It would be a shadow kind of optimism to believe that the introduction of the art of inventing has benefited mankind immediately and brought them only benefit.
IV.阅读理解。认真阅读下列两篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 个问题。根据短文的内容从 ABCD 四个选项中, 选择一个正确答案,并在答题纸上写上所选答案的字母。(本大题共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,共 10 分。)
Read the two passages and answer the questions. (10 points)
Passage 1
A century ago, the overwhelming majority of people in developing countries worked with their hands: on farms, in domestic service, in small craft shops and ( at that time still a small minority) in factories. Fifty years later, the proportion of manual workers in the American labor force had dropped to around half, and factory workers had become the largest single section of the workforce, making up 35% of the total. Now, another 50 years later, fewer than a quarter of American workers make their living from manual jobs. Factory workers still account for the majority of the manual workers, but their share of the total workforce is down to around 15%--more or less back to what it had been 100 years earlier.
Of all the big developed countries, America now has the smallest proportion of factory workers in its labor force. Britain is not far behind. In Japan and Germany, their share is still around a quarter, but it is shrinking steadily. To some extent this is a matter of definition. Data-processing employees or a manufacturing firm, such as the Ford Motor Company, are counted as employed in manufacturing, but when Ford out-sources its data processing, the same people doing exactly the same work are instantly redefined as service workers. However, too much should be made of this. Many studies in manufacturing businesses have shown that the decline in the number of people who actually work in the plant is roughly the same as the shrinkage reported in the national figures.

  51. The proportion of factory workers in the workforce a century ago was around
A. 15% B. 50% C. 35% d. 85%

  52. It can be inferred from this passage that
A. most people in developed countries work with their hands.
B. workers in American manufacturing are not defined manual workers.
C. There are actually fewer factory workers in American industry than has not been reported.
D. The proportion o
 

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