年自学考试英语( 模拟试题( 2011 年自学考试英语(二)模拟试题(四)
2011-4-1 16:11:27 来源:环球网校(edu24oL) 频道:自学考试 分享至微博
PART ONE
Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure (10 points,1 point for each item)
从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。

  1.Not until quite recently that language was closely related to culture.
A.I realized
B.I did realize
C.had I realized
D.did I realize 【】转自环 球 网 校 edu24ol.com

  2.He has been widely exposed the public on television.
A.on
B.in
C.for
D.to 【】

  3. The quality of life, especially as by the individual, varies with cultures.
A.seen
B.seeing
C.to see
D.to be seen 【】

  4.In the United States, eggs are sold the dozen.
A.for
B.with
C.by
D.in 【】

  5. It is just as foolish to say that one should never drink orange juice and milk together it is to say that one should never drink water and beer together.
A.when
B.as
C.while
D.since 【】

  6.When you hear the tape, it will profound questions about what is happening in our world with juvenile and our society.
A.cause
B.raise
C.draw
D.make 【】

  7. Wait till you get your into the work, you will find it very interesting.
A.teeth
B.face
C.mouth
D.ear 【】

  8.There are always those who would substitute fantasy lives the rewards of real activity.
A.on
B.in
C.as
D.for 【】

  9.But that she saw it with her own eyes, she it.
A.could not believe
B.could not have believed
C.did not believe
D.believe 【】

  10.After many days of relaxation, he looks as fresh as .
A.water
B.desk
C.paint
D.tree 【】转自环 球 网 校 edu24ol.com
Ⅱ.Cloze Test(10 points, 1 point for each item)
下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案。
In the English educational system, students
11
three very important examinations. The
first is the eleven ? plus, which is taken at the age of eleven or a little past. At one time the ability or aptitude 12 on the eleven ? plus would have determined if a child stayed in
school. Now, however, all children continue in “ comprehensive ” schools, and the eleven-plus determines which courses of study the child will follow. At the 13 of fifteen or sixteen,
the students are tested for the Ordinary Level of the General Certificate of Education. This examination to specialize, 14 a wide range of subjects; once students have passed this exam, they are allowed 15 two thirds or more of their courses will be 17 16 physics, chemistry,
classical languages, or whatever they wish to study
greater length. The final examination,
at eighteen, covers only the content of the special subjects. Even at the universities, students study only in their 19 18 area, and very few students ever venture outside that subject again;
a real sense, the English boy or girl is a specialist from the age of fifteen. This is supposed 20 description about English educational system.
to be a

  11. A.write
B. take
C. make
D. mean

  12. A.shown
B. showing
C. show
D. to show

  13. A.time
B. day
C. date
D. age

  14. A.relating
B. covering
C. covers
D.relates

  15. A.since
B. so as
C. so that
D. because

  16. A.in
B. at
C. with
D. for

  17. A.in
B. at
C. over
D. on

  18. A.concentrating B. concentrated C. concentration
D. being concentrated

  19. A.for
B. in
C. to
D. after

  20. A.detailing
B. detailed
C. being detailed
D. details
Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension(30 points, 2 points for each item)
从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出一个最佳答案。
Passage One
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Space is a dangerous place, not only because of meteors (流星) but also because of rays from the sun and other stars. The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth. Light gets through, and this is essential for plants to make the food which we eat. Heat, too, makes our environment endurable. Various kinds of rays come through the air from outer space, but enormous quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation but their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft, if they are inside, do prevent a lot of radiation damage.
Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space. The unit of radiation is called “rem”.Scientists have reason to think that a man can put up with far more radiation than
  0.1 rem without being damaged; the figure of 60 rems has been agreed on. The trouble is that it is extremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage ?? a person may feel perfectly well, but the cells of his or her sex organs may be damaged, and this will not be discovered until the birth of deformed (畸形的) children or even grandchildren. Missions of the Apollo flights have had to cross belts of high amount of rems. So far, no dangerous amounts of radiation have been reported, but the Apollo missions have been quite short. We simply do not know yet how men are going to get on when they spend weeks and months outside the protection of the atmosphere, working in a space laboratory. Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation, but no really effective ones have been found so far.

  21. According to the first paragraph, the atmosphere is essential to man in that .
A. it protects him against the harmful rays from space
B. it provides sufficient light for plant growth
C. it supplies the heat necessary for human survival
D. it screens off the falling meteors 【】

  22. We know from the passage that .
A. exposure to even tiny amounts of radiation is fatal
B. the effect of exposure to radiation is slow in coming
C. radiation is avoidable in space exploration
D. astronauts in spacesuits needn ? t worry about radiation damage 【】

  23. The harm radiation has done to the Apollo crew members .
A. is insignificant
B. seems overestimated
C. is enormous
D. remains unknown 【】

  24. It can be inferred from the passage that .
A. the Apollo mission was very successful
B. protection from space radiation is no easy job
C. astronauts will have deformed children or grandchildren
D. radiation is not a threat to well-protected space explorers 【】

  25. The best title for this passage would be .
A. The Atmosphere and Our Environment
B. Research on Radiation
C. Effects of Space Radiation
D. Importance of Protection Against Radiation 【】
Passage Two
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
For some time past it has been widely accepted that babies ? and other creatures ? learn to do things because certain acts lead to “rewards” ; and there is no reason to doubt that this is true. But it used also to be widely believed that effective rewards, at least in the early stages, had to be directly related to such basic physiological (生理的) “ drives ” as thirst or hunger. In other words, a baby would learn if he got food or drink or some sort of physical comfort, not otherwise.
It is now clear that this is not so. Babies will learn to behave in ways that produce results in the world with no reward except the successful outcome.
Papousek began his studies by using milk in the normal way to “ reward ” the babies and so teach them to carry out some simple movements, such as turning the head to one side or the other. Then he noticed that a baby who had had enough to drink would refuse the milk but would still go on making the learned response with clear signs of pleasure. So he began to study the children ? s responses in situations where no milk was provided. He quickly found that children as young as four months would learn to turn their heads to right or left if the movement “ switched on ” a display of lights ? and indeed that they were capable of learning quite complex turns to bring about this result, for instance, two left or two right, or even to make as many as three turns to one side.Papousek ? s light display was placed directly in front of the babies and he made the interesting observation that sometimes they would not turn back to watch the lights closely although they would “ smile and bubble ” when the display came on. Papousek concluded that it was not primarily the sight of the lights which pleased them, it was the success they were achieving in solving the problem, in mastering the skill, and that there exists a fundamental human urge to make sense of the world and bring it under intentional control.

  26. According to the author, babies learn to do things which .
A. are directly related to pleasure
B. will meet their physical needs
C. will bring them a feeling of success
D. will satisfy their curiosity 【】

  27. Papousek noticed in his studie that a baby .
A. would make learned responses when it saw the milk
B. would carry out learned movements when it had enough to drink
C. would continue the simple movements without being given milk
D. would turn its head to right or left when it had enough to drink 【】

  28. In Papousek ? s experiment babies make learned movements of the head in order to .
A. have the lights turned on
B. please their parents
C. be rewarded with milk
D. be praised 【】

  29. The babies would “ smile and bubble ” at the lights because .
A. the lights were directly related to some basic “ drives ”
B. the sight of the lights was interesting
C. they need not turn back to watch the lights
D. they succeeded in “switching on” the lights 【】

  30. According to Papousek, the pleasure babies get in achieving something is a reflection of .
A. a basic human desire to understand and control the world
B. the satisfaction of certain physiological needs
C. their strong desire to solve complex problems
D. a fundamental human urge to display their learned skills 【】
Passage Three
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
Psychologists take opposing views of how external rewards, from warm praise to cold cash, affect motivation and creativity. Behaviorists, who study the relation between actions and their consequences, argue that rewards can improve performance at work and school. Cognitive (认知 学派的) researchers, who study various aspects of mental life, maintain that rewards often destroy creativity by encouraging dependence on approval and gifts from others.
The latter view has gained many supporters, especially among educators. But the careful use of small monetary (金钱的) rewards sparks creativity in grade ? school children, suggesting that properly presented inducements (刺激) indeed aid inventiveness, according to a study in the June Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
“If kids know they ? re working for a reward and can focus on a relatively challenging task, they show the most creativity, ” says Robert Eisenberger of the University of Delaware in Neward. “ But it ? s easy to kill creativity by giving rewards for poor performance or creating too much anticipation for rewards. ”
A teacher who continually draws attention to rewards or who hands out high grades for ordinary achievement ends up with uninspired students, Eisenberger holds. As an example of the latter point, he notes growing efforts at major universities to tighten grading standards and restore failing grades.
In earlier grades, the use of so ? called token economies, in which students handle challenging problems and receive ? based points toward valued rewards, shows promise in raising effort and creativity, the Delaware psychologist claims.

  31. Psychologists are divided with regard to their attitudes toward .
A. the choice between spiritual encouragement and monetary rewards
B. the amount of monetary rewards for student ? creativity
C. the study of relationship between actions and their consequences
D. the effects of external rewards on students ? performance 【】

  32. What is the response of many educators to external rewards for their students?
A. They have no doubts about them.
B. They have doubts about them.
C. They approve of them.
D. They avoid talking about them. 【】

  33. Which of the following can best raise students ? creativity according to Robert Eisenberger?
A. Assigning them tasks they have not dealt with before.
B. Assigning them tasks which require inventiveness.
C. Giving them rewards they really deserve.
D. Giving them rewards they anticipate. 【】

  34. It can be inferred from the passage that major universities are trying to tighten their grading standards because they believe .
A. rewarding poor performance may kill the creativity of students
B. punishment is more effective than rewarding
C. failing uninspired students helps improve their overall academic standards
D. discouraging the students ? anticipation for easy rewards is a matter of urgency 【】

  35. The phrase “ token economies ” (Line 1, Para.
  5) probably refers to .
A. ways to develop economy
B. systems of rewarding students
C. approaches to solving problems
D. methods of improving performance 【】
PART TWO
Ⅳ.Word Spelling (10 points,1 point for two items)
将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。

  36.投票;选举 v. v

  37.年轻的 a. y

  38.结合;合成 n. s

  39.护照 n. p

  40.鼓励;促进 v. f

  41.杰出人物 n. e

  42.侍者; 服务员 n. a

  43.分界线;边界
 

相关内容

2011年自学考试英语(二)模拟试题(四)

   年自学考试英语( 模拟试题( 2011 年自学考试英语(二)模拟试题(四) 2011-4-1 16:11:27 来源:环球网校(edu24oL) 频道:自学考试 分享至微博 PART ONE Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure (10 points,1 point for each item) 从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。 1.Not until quite recently that language was closely related to culture ...

2011年自学考试英语(二)模拟试题(三)

   年自学考试英语( 模拟试题( 2011 年自学考试英语(二)模拟试题(三) 2011-4-1 16:10:21 来源:环球网校(edu24oL) 频道:自学考试 分享至微博 一,单选题 1.I'm wondering why he hasn't turned at the meeting. 参考答案为:B A.down B.up C.out D.over [解析]本小题主要考查词组的搭配,turn up 是出现的意思。在学习的过程中要注意一些动词与介词 的搭配,尤其像 turn, set, ...

2011年益阳市一中保送生招生考试英语听力材料及答案

   2011 年上学期九年级检测考试 英语听力材料 英语听力材料 听力技能(共四部分,计 25 分) I. 听力技能 听音选图 根据所听内容,选择相应的图画。 (共 5 小题,每小题 1 分计 5 分) 1. Lucy’s favorite sport is playing basketball. 2. My uncle is a policeman. 3. There are lots of books in the bookcase. 4. Jane is playing the violi ...

2011年考研英语(二)参考答案

   年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(二)试题客观题部分参考答案 1-5 ACBDD 6-10 BACCA 11-15 DBACA 16-20 CDACD 21-25BBDAA 26-30DBCBB 31-35BDCDB 36-40DCBAC 41-45EDCFG 46 题翻译: 题翻译: 有谁会想到,在全球范围内,IT 行业产生的温室气体跟全球航空公司产生的一样多?占二 氧化碳总排量的 2%. 很多日常工作对环境造成了让人震惊的破坏作用。 根据你查询正确答 案的尝试次数,谷歌搜索引擎会插手 ...

2011年高考英语口语考试要求

   年普通高考"英语听说 英语听说"考试要求 广东省 2011 年普通高考 英语听说 考试要求 根据《广东省普通高校招生考试改革调整方案》,广东省普通高考英语科考试从 2011 年开 始分别进行笔试与听说考试.其中,听说考试占英语科总分(满分 150 分)的 10%.经反复测 试和多方论证,制定广东省 2011 年普通高考"英语听说"考试要求. 一,考试范围与内容 根据普通高等学校对新生文化素质的要求,依据中华人民共和国教育部 2003 年颁布的 《普通高 ...

2011-04英语四级口语考试题试

   口试场景 序号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Part 6 Part 8 Part 4 Part 3 Part 2 场景设置 Section 3 餐馆就餐 Section 4 在麦当劳和肯德基 Section 1 宾馆住宿 Section 3 房屋设施 Section 1 问路 Section 6 乘飞机 Section 8 出国通关 Section 1 电话 Section 3 在银行 页码 75~79 80~84 99~104 110~114 80~84 156~161 ...

2010年自学考试英语(二)串讲资料

   年自学考试英语( 串讲资料( 2010 年自学考试英语(二)串讲资料(一) 2010 年 01 月 07 日 9:22 阅读次数:4 主要内容 试卷分析和最新出题思路 转自学易网 www.studyez.com 重点语法 最新英语(二)试卷主观题统计数据转自学易网 平均分转自学易网 2.48 转自学易网 2.17 转自学易网 5.53 转自学易网 10.75 转自学易网 20.93 转自学易网 www.studyez.com 考题 满分 www.studyez.com www.studyez ...

2011年大学英语四级考试口试大纲及样题.

   2011 年大学英语四级考试口试大纲 编辑提醒 2011 年上半年大学英语四级考试将在 6 月 18 日 09:00~11:20 举行,下半年将在 12 月 17 日 09:00~11:20 举行,为了帮助大家有效的报考复习,考试大外语站点编辑收集整理了 相关信息供大家参考,希望对大家有所帮助,考试大祝大家顺利通过考试! 考试介绍 考试中心 考试时间 计分规则 报名条件 考试培训 考试大纲 成绩查询 机考解析 证书样张 口试大纲 口语考试成绩合格者由教育部高等教育司发给证书,证书分为 A、 ...

2011年高考英语听力模拟试题54[重庆卷]

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

自学考试“英语(二)”

   自学考试“英语(二) ” 英语(二)教学大纲是从 1998 年的 5 月份制定的,目前还没有改变,所以根据教学大纲题 型,试卷结构应该是一样的,大家应该注意一下结构有 70%是客观性题目,30%是主观性题 目。所谓主观性题目就是自己要思考、要写的,就像汉译英、英译汉,卷还是两个卷子,1 卷和 2 卷,1 卷是选择题,2 卷是非选择题。 英语(二)包括英语(一)的内容吗? 从近两年的试卷来看,英语一课文中的内容很少,最多一两句,但是英语一是英语二的 一个基础,所以里边的语法内容还有词汇、短语肯 ...

热门内容

高中牛津英语模块9 Unit1

   高中牛津英语模块 9 Unit1 1.maple 2.wilderness 3 minus 4 centigrade 5 defend 6 waste 7 mountain range 8 countless 9 seemingly 10 freezing 11 ice-covered 12 abundant 13 cross-country 14 ski 15 snowmobile 16 hunter 17 be fond of 18 metropolitan 19multicultura ...

2009年公共英语五级笔试真题及答案

   Section I Listening Comprehension (30 minutes) Directions: This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English.You will h ear a selection of recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany t hem.There are ...

2009年6月英语四级考前热点高分范文(二)

   2009年6月英语四级考前热点高分范文(二)来源:考试大 2009/5/9 【考试大:中国教育考试第一门户】 模拟考场 视频课程  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The Moonlight Clan. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the ...

人教版新课标小学英语六年级教案Unit1

   人教版新课标小学英语六年级教案 Unit1 What class are you in? Lesson 1 教案示例 【重点】What class are you in?I’m in Class One, Grade Six. 【难点】单词 same 的发音 Class One, Grade Six 的用法 【教学过程】 一、Warm up 1. 唱所学过的英文歌曲 Ten little Indians (放歌曲录音) 在唱歌的同时,老师用手势表示数字,并鼓励学生做同样的动作。为运用数 字 ...

魔术英语版四级词汇大纲word下载

   欢迎光临魔术英语网www.ms115.com ! 魔术英语网将为您提供《30小时速记四级词汇》、《15小时速记六级词汇》、《38小时速记考研词汇》等图书资料。 四级考试大纲(3600) 1. abandon vt.丢弃;放弃,抛弃 2. ability n.能力;能耐,本领;才能,才智 3. abnormal a.反常的, 异常的; 变态的 4. aboard ad.在(船、车、飞机)上;vi.上(船、车、飞机) 5. abolish vt.废止, 废除(法律、制度、习俗等) 6. abort ...