新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列
新题型
2011 考研英语强化班新题型讲义
主讲:张销民
?
欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材
填空式阅读 (新题型) 部分
三种备选题型 7选5 排序 匹配
从命题形式看命题原理 - 一篇填空式阅读的文章也是由两大信息板块组成的: 已知信息 -(原文在空缺之外的没有被挖掉的信息) 未知(待选信息) -(就是后面的待选选项中的信息,而这些信息实际上也不 是未知的,也是考生通过阅读可以把握的信息,所以称为待选信息更合适)
这个题型也是在考生对这两个信息板块之间互动关系的把握
测试点分析 判断和把握两个信息板块之间“相近性”的能力 判断和把握两个信息板块之间“衔接性”的能力
1
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列
新题型
做题大原则 ? 就近原则、衔接原则
最终的评判原则: 连贯性 ? 把握了衔接原则 一致性 ? 把握了就近原则
推荐的解题步骤 根据填空式阅读的命题形式,建议考生按照以下步骤来解题: ① 先阅读原文文章的首段; ② 阅读后面的备选选项; ③ 再阅读原文的信息,进行解题; ④ 最后,通读全文; 解题方法的基本设计思路 - “由点入面、以点串面“
破解新题型的八大解题方法体系: 方法
  1:复现结构定位法 方法
  2:上下文逻辑关系定位法 方法
  3:总分/分总结构法 方法
  4:举例定位法 方法
  5:时间、地点、数字、人名等客观线索衔接关系定位法 方法
  6:排比结构衔接法 方法
  7:无关词排除法 方法
  8:代词指代关系定位法
大纲样题解析
Directions: In the following article, some sentences have been removed. For Questions 41-45, choose the most suitable one from the list A-G to fit into each
2
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列
新题型
of the numbered blank. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the gaps .Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Long before Man lived on the Earth, there were fishes, reptiles, birds, insects, and some mammals. Although some of these animals were ancestors of kinds living today, others are now extinct, that is, they have no descendants alive now. 41
Very occasionally the rocks show impression of skin, so that, apart from color, we can build up a reasonably accurate picture of an animal that died millions of years ago. That kind of rock in which the remains are found tells us much about the nature of the original land, often of the plants that grew on it, and even of its climate. 42 Nearly all of the fossils that we know were preserved in rocks formed by water action, and most of these are of animals that lived in or near water. Thus it follows that there must be many kinds of mammals, birds, and insects of which we know noting. 43 There were also crablike creatures, whose bodies were covered
with a horny substance. The body segments each had two pairs of legs, one pair for walking on the sandy bottom, the other for swimming. The head was a kind of shield with a pair of compound eyes, often with thousands of lenses. They were usually an inch or two long but some were 2 feet. 44 Of these, the ammonites are very interesting and important. They have a shell composed of many chambers, each representing a temporary home of the animal. As the young grew larger it grew a new chamber and sealed off the previous one. Thousands of these can be seen in the rocks on the Dorset Coast.
3
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列
新题型
45 About 75 million years ago the Age of Reptiles was over and most of the groups died out. The mammals quickly developed, and we can trace the evolution of many familiar animals such as the elephant and horse. Many of the later mammals though now extinct, were known to primitive man and were featured by him in cave paintings and on bone carvings. [A]The shellfish have a long history in the rock and many different kinds are known. [B]Nevertheless, we know a great deal about many of them because their bones and shells have been preserved in the rocks as fossils. From them we can tell their size and shape, how they walked, the kind of food they ate. [C]The first animals with true backbones were the fishes, first known in the rocks of 375 million years ago. About 300 million years ago the amphibians, the animals able to live both on land and in water, appeared. They were giant, sometimes 8 feet long, and many of them lived in the swampy pools in which our coal seam, or layer, or formed. The amphibians gave rise to the reptiles and for nearly 150 million years these were the principal forms of life on land, in the sea, and in the air. [D]The best index fossils tend to be marine creature. There animals evolved rapidly and spread over large over large areas of the world. [E]The earliest animals whose remains have been found were all very simple kinds and lived in the sea. Later forma are more complex, and among these are the sea-lilies, relations of the star-fishes, which had long arms and were attached by a long stalk to the sea bed, or to rocks.
4
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列
新题型
[F]When an animal dies, the body, its bones, or shell, may often be carried away by streams into lakes or the sea and there get covered up by mud. If the animal lived in the sea its body would probably sink and be covered with mud. More and more mud would fall upon it until the bones or shell become embedded and preserved. [G]Many factors can influence how fossils are preserved in rocks. Remains of an organism may be replaced by minerals, dissolved by an acidic solution to leave only their impression, or simply reduced to a more stable form. 41 题分析 ? 逻辑关系定位法 / 复现结构定位法 42 题分析 ? 复现结构定位法
43 题分析 ? 复现结构定位法
44 题分析 ? 举例定位法 出题方式一: 被例子所指的信息 设定在原文信息中 例子信息 设定在待选信息中
出题方式二: 被例子所指的信息 设定在待选信息中
例子信息 设定在原文信息中
例题: The main problem in discussing American popular culture is also one of its main characteristics: it won’t stay American. no matter what it is, whether it is films, food and fashion, music, casual sports or slang, it’s soon at home elsewhere in the world. There are several theories why American popular culture has had this appeal.
5
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列
新题型
One theory is that is has been “advertised” and marketed through American films, popular music, and more recently, television. 41 They are, after all, in competition with those produced by other countries. Another theory, probably a more common one, is that American popular culture is internationally associated with something called “the spirit of America.” 42 The final theory is less complex: American popular culture is popular because a lot of people in the world like it. Regardless of why its spreads, American popular culture is usually quite rapidly adopted and then adapted in many other countries. 43 Black leather jackets worn by many heroes in American movies could be found, a generation later, on all those young men who wanted to make this manly-look their own. Two areas where this continuing process is most clearly seen are clothing and music. Some people can still remember a time. When T-shirts, jogging clothes, tennis shoes, denim jackets, and blue jeans were not common daily wear everywhere. Only twenty years ago, it was possible to spot an American in Paris by his or her clothes. No longer so: those bright colors, checkered jackets and trousers, hats and socks which were once made fun in cartoons are back again in Paris as the latest fashion.
  44. The situation with American popular music is more complex because in the beginning, when it was still clearly American, it was often strongly resisted. Jazz was once thought to be a great danger to youth and their morals, and was actually outlawed in several countries. Today, while still showing its rather American roots, it has become so well established. Rock “n” roll and all its variations, country & western music, all have more or less similar histories. They were first resisted, often in America as well, as being “low-class,” and then as “a danger to our nation’s youth.” 45 And then the music became accepted and was extended and was extended and developed, and exported back to the U.S. [A] As a result, its American origins and roots are often quickly forgotten. “happy birthday to you,” for instance ,is such an everyday song that its source, its American copyright, so to speak , is not remembered. [B] But this theory fails to explain why American films, music, and television, programs are so popular in themselves. [C] American in origin, informal clothing has become the world’s first truly universal style. [D] The BBC, for example, banned rock and roll until 19
  62.
6
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列
新题型
[E] American food has become popular around the world too. [F] This spirit is variously described as being young and free, optimistic and confident, informal and disrespectful. [G] It is hardly surprising that the public concern contributes a lot to the spread of the culture.
45 题分析 - 时间、地点、数字、人名等客观线索衔接关系定位法
例题:2006 年考研英语 PART B 部分 41 题 On the north bank of the Ohio river sits Evansville, Ind., home of David Williams, 52, and of a riverboat casino (a place where gambling games are played). During several years of gambling in that casino, Williams, a state auditor earning $35,000 a year, lost approximately $175,0
  00. He had never gambled before the casino sent him a coupon for $20 worth of gambling. He visited the casino, lost the $20 and left. On his second visit he lost $8
  00. The casino issued to him, as a good customer, a "Fun Card", which when used in the casino earns points for meals and drinks, and enables the casino to track the user’s gambling activities. For Williams, those activities become what he calls "electronic heroin". (
  41) . In 1997 he lost $21,000 to one slot machine in two days. In March 1997 he lost $72,1
  86. He sometimes played two slot machines at a time, all night, until the boat docked at 5 a.m., then went back aboard when the casino opened at 9 a.m. Now he is suing the casino, charging that it should have refused his patronage because it knew he was addicted. It did know he had a problem. In March 1998 a friend of Williams’s got him involuntarily confined to a treatment center for addictions, and wrote to inform the casino of Williams’s gambling problem. The casino included a photo of Williams among those of banned gamblers, and wrote to him a “cease admissions” letter. Noting the medical/psychological nature of problem gambling behavior, the letter said that before being readmitted to the casino he would have to present medical/psychological information demonstrating that patronizing the casino would pose no threat to his safety or well-being. (
  42) . The Wall Street Journal reports that the casino has 24 signs warning: “Enjoy the fun... and always bet with your head, not over it.” Every entrance ticket lists a toll-free
7
新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列
新题型
number for counseling from the Indiana Department of Mental Health. Nevertheless, Williams’s suit charges that the casino, knowing he was “helplessly addicted to gambling,” intentionally worked to “lure” him to “engage in conduct against his will.” Well. (
  43) . The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders says “pathological gambling” involves persistent, recurring and uncontrollable pursuit less of money than of thrill of taking risks in quest of a windfall. (
  44) . Pushed by science, or what claims to be science, society is reclassifying what once were considered character flaws or moral failings as personality disorders akin to physical disabilities. (
  45) . Forty-four states have lotteries, 29 have casinos, and most of these states are to varying degrees dependent on -- you might say addicted to -- revenues from wagering. And since the first Internet gambling site was created in 1995, competition for gamblers’ dollars has become intense. The Oct. 28 issue of Newsweek reported that 2 million gamblers patronize 1,800 virtual casinos every week. With $
  3.5 billion being lost on Internet wagers this year, gambling has passed pornography as the Web’s most profitable business. [A]Although no such evidence was presented, the casino’s marketing department continued to pepper him with mailings. And he entered the casino and used his Fun Card without being detected. [B]It is unclear what luring was required, given his compulsive behavior. And in what sense was his will operative? [C]By the time he
 

相关内容

2010【新东方】考研英语强化班写作讲义

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2010 考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列 写作 考研英语强化写作 2010 考研英语强化写作 主讲: 主讲:王江涛 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 考研考研英语强化写作讲义 2010 考研考研英语强化写作讲义 ??由网友 sail2011 上传分享 第一节 考研写作总论 一、课程安排: 1、考研写作总论:复习计划、时间分配、写作学习、大纲解读 2、段落写作:框架结构、启承转合、段落写作经典范文 3、图画作文: 4、词汇写作、句子写作 5、应用文: ...

2010新东方考研英语强化班新题型讲义

   新新新新新 [www.koolearn.com /] 网网网网网网网网网网 考研英语新题型 2010考研英语强化班新题型讲义 2010考研英语强化班新题型讲义 考研英语强化班新题型 主讲:李李李 欢 欢欢 欢新新 新新 新网 网网网 网网教教: 本网网网网word文文文文文文网网文全一样,学学学学学学学学教文学学 文页页页页文文页学页页页(答案部分). 请提请请页,认真学页,及及及页,祝祝大考研学网考研祝祝! 新题型全 新题型全真试题(2005?2009年) 62 新新新新新 [www.ko ...

2011考研英语强化班新题型讲义

   爱考机构北京地区考研专业课辅导班 考研政治 英语 数学保过班 考研政治英语数学一对一 VIP 辅导 报 名电话 010-51283340 考研英语强化班新题型 班新题型讲义 2011 考研英语强化班新题型讲义 主讲: 主讲:张销民 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 新题型) 填空式阅读 (新题型 部分 新题型 三种备选题型 7选5 排序 匹配 从命题形式看命题原理 - 一篇填空式阅读的文章也是由两大信息板块组成的: 已知信息 -(原文在空缺之外的没有被挖掉的信息) 未知(待选信息) -(就是后面的 ...

2011新东方考研英语辅导笔记

   2011新东方考研英语辅导笔记 2011新东方考研英语辅导笔记 写作 一、写作的宏观总结: (一)考研大纲的四个巨变: 1、增加了考研听力。 2、去掉了词汇和语法部分,加大了完型填空的难度。 3、把阅读和翻译合二为一。 4、加大了写作的难度。 (二)四次写作课的重点 1、写作十大困境及对策 2、考研写作出现的各类题型(四大类主力题型,十一种功能段落) 3、范文分析 4、语言分析(高分作文的语言特征) 二、第一部分:考研写作中的各种问题 (一)写作中的十大困境 1、滔滔不绝意识流提纲式最高原则 ...

新东方考研英语翻译强化班加冲刺班笔记

   新东方考研英语翻译强化班加冲刺班笔记 主讲:张建宇英语学习的三个层次: interpretation 解释,理解 inter- eg. international 国际的 transcription 改写;听抄 tran- 改变 translation 翻译注意:1、考研翻译 主要是考理解 2、把题目忠实、通顺的写成中文翻译的实质:对语言进行编码和重新再编码;涉及到两种 语言之间意群的编码和重新再编码。 考研翻译和考研阅读的区别: 1、 阅读是被动技能; 翻译是主动技能 2、 翻译的词汇深度 ...

2011年考研英语强化班新题型讲义(全)

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2011 年考研英语网络课堂电子教材系列 新题型 考研英语强化班新题型 班新题型讲义 2011 考研英语强化班新题型讲义 主讲: 主讲:张销民 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 新题型) 填空式阅读 (新题型 部分 新题型 三种备选题型 7选5 排序 匹配 从命题形式看命题原理 - 一篇填空式阅读的文章也是由两大信息板块组成的: 已知信息 -(原文在空缺之外的没有被挖掉的信息) 未知(待选信息) -(就是后面的待选选项中的信息,而这些信息实际上也 ...

新东方在线考研英语强化班词汇电子版教材(完整版)

   新东方在线考研英语强化班词汇电子版教材 第一课时 概述 学习词汇常见错误: 1. 单词的英文解释 1)阅读 汉语只能大概的描述英文,不能百分之百的精准的解释英文 2)翻译 翻译中某些单词在正确答案中对应的汉语释义是任何字典中没有的释义 3)完形填空 考察单词的深度而不是广度,考察单词细微的差异 The oppressed freedom. A. demand B. require C. request oppress→op+press 压迫 press 挤,压→pressure 压力 op= ...

新东方考研英语翻译基础班讲义

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com] 网络课堂电子教材系列 考研翻译基础班 新东方在线考研翻译基础班讲义 主讲:唐静课程简介 主讲:唐静课程简介 以讲解翻译基础知识为主,基本不涉及考研翻译的真题.但是,真题很重要,有必要在强化 训练中完全掌握真题. 第一讲 翻译的定义 翻译是一门语言的艺术, 是语言之间的转换, 是在准确理解的基础上用一种语言来忠实 的表达另外一种语言. 考研翻译简介 (一)考研翻译考查内容和形式 根据全国硕士研究生统一考试英语考试大纲规定, 考研翻译 " ...

新东方考研英语--翻译(冲刺班)讲义

   考研英语冲刺班翻译讲义 主讲: 主讲: 唐静 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材 翻译满分是十分。讲解分两部分: 第一部分,讲解想要得到翻译的基本分该怎么办。 三个优先: 1.短句优先 2.介词优先 3.顺序优先 短句优先就是汉语短句优先 短句优先 就是把你有限的英语单词转变成为汉语之后来造句。造汉语短句。越精短越好。 参见 04 年真题 64) Being interested in the relationship of language and thought, Whorf developed ...

考研英语强化班新题型电子教材

   填空式阅读 大纲样题 Long before Man lived on the Earth, there were fishes, reptiles, birds, insects, and some mammals. Although some of these animals were ancestors of kinds living today, others are now extinct, that is, they have no descendants alive now. ...

热门内容

怎么在家辅导幼儿学英语

   怎么在家辅导幼儿学英语 三“不” 1、不要教:玩是幼儿的天职和权利。如果我们硬是要 教幼儿一套系统的知识,结果肯定是负面的,因为这 样做违背幼儿的天性。 A、什么是教? 一切非游戏的教学方法都是教。例如,家长指着苹果 说:“这是苹果 apple,跟我说苹果苹果 apple。”这 就是教。这也正是目前大多数家长使用的“家教方 法” B、 教有危害吗? 教育自己的孩子是父母的责任和义务。但是大多数家 长是初次为人父母,没有教育经验。他们往往以成人 化的方式教幼儿,不知道带领幼儿在玩中学,结果越 ...

00_资料_大全_RUC-感受童话的魔力浅谈童话故事在小学英语教学中的灵活

   今人不见古时月,今月曾经照古人。 天不老,情难绝。心似双丝网,中有千千结。-张先《千秋岁》 天不老,情难绝。心似双丝网,中有千千结。-张先《千秋岁》 。-张先 似此星辰非昨夜, 为谁风露立中宵。 黄景仁 绮怀诗二首其一》 -黄景仁 绮怀诗二首其一》 《 似此星辰非昨夜, 为谁风露立中宵。 - 直道相思了无益,未妨惆怅是清狂。-李商隐《无题六首其三》 直道相思了无益,未妨惆怅是清狂。-李商隐《无题六首其三》 。-李商隐 深知身在情长在,怅望江头江水声。-李商隐《暮秋独游曲江》 深知身在情长在, ...

足球常用英语集锦

   足球常用英语集锦 football, soccer, Association football 足球 field, pitch 足球场 midfied 中场 kick-off circle 中圈 half-way line 中线 football, eleven 足球队 football player 足球运动员 goalkeeper, goaltender, goalie 守门员 back 后卫 left 左后卫 right back 右后卫 centre half back 中卫 hal ...

网工英语词汇

   AMI ALU A/N Alternate mark inversion 逻辑运算单元 字符/数字方式 信号交替反转编码 ACF/VTAM APA APPN ASN.1 ASCE ASE ASK ACK ARQ ARP ARIS ADCCP ATM ABM ARM AFI ABR AAL AC ACL AS ABR AP ANS ARP ANSI AMPS ARQ ADCCP ACTS ACR ASN.1 ADSL ADSI ADC API ARPA ACE ASP ARC AH Advan ...

英语聊天缩写语

   hiho=hola=yo=hi=hey=hellow=你好,大家好 wuz up=sup=what's up=(原意:怎么样你?/有什么事儿嘛?)也可作为问好用(熟人之间候) 回答时有事说事,没事用"nothing/nothin much/not much/nm 等。 再见 cya=cu=see ya=see you=再见 laterz=later=cya later=see ya later=see you later=再见 gn=gn8=gnight=good night=晚安 ...