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2011 英语四级完型填空练习题 Shopping habits in the United States have changed greatly in the last quarter of the tewentieth century. -1- in the 1900s most American towns and cities had a Main Street. Main Street was always in the heart of a town. This street was -2- on both sides with many -3businesses. Here shopper walked into stores to look at all sorts of merchandise: colthing, furniture, hardware, groceries. -4-, some shops offered -5-. These shops included drugstores, shoe-repair stores, and barber or hairdressing shops. -6- in the 1950s, a change began to -7-. Too many automobiles had crowded into Main Street -8- too few parking places were -9shoppers. Because the streets were crowded, merchants began to look with interest at the open spaces -10- the city limits. Open space is what their car-driving customers needed. And open space is that they got -11- the first shopping center was built. Shopping center, -12malls, started as a collection of small new stores -13- congested city centers. -14- by hundreds of free parking spaces customers were drawn away from -15- areas to our lying malls. And the growing -16- of shopping centers led -17- to the building of bigger and better-stocked stores -18- the late 1970s, many shopping malls had almost developed into small cities themselves. In addition to providing the -19- of one shop shopping, malls were transformed into landscaped parks, -20- benches, fountains, and outdoor entertainment.
  1. [A] As early as [B] Early
  2. [A] built [B] designed
  3. [A] variable [B] various
  4. [A] As well [C] Early as[D] Earlier [C] sorted [D] mixed-up [C] intended[D] lined
[B] Beside [C] In addition [D] Apart from

  5. [A] medical care [B] food [C] services[D] cosmetics
  6. [A] Suddenly [B] Abruptly [C] Contrarily [D] But
  7. [A] be taking place [B] take place [C] be taken place [D] have taken place
  8. [A] while [B] yet [C] though [D] and then
  9. [A] used by [B] ready for [C] available for [D] available to
  10. [A] over [B] from [C] out of [D] outside
  11. [A] when [B] while [C] since[D] then
  12. [A] that as [B] or rather [C] or [D] and
  13. [A] out of [B] naxt to [C] away from[D] near
  14. [A] Attracted [B] Surprised [C] delighted[D] Obsessed
  15. [A] inner [B] central [C] shopping[D] downtown
  16. [A] fame [B] distinction [C] popularity [D] liking
  17. [A] on [B] in turn [C] by turns [D] further
  18. [A] By [B] During [C] In [D] To
  19. [A] cheapness [B] convenience [C] readiness [D] handiness
  20. [A] because [B] and [C] with [D] provided
Traveling can be fun and easy. A vacation trip to another part of the country is especially -1- when the traveling conditions are good. Good traveling conditions -2- (
  1) a comfortable and familiar mode of transportation,(
  2) knowledge of the -3- language and system of money, (
  3) -4- in the customs and habits of the people in the country, and (
  4) nice
travel -5-. All of us have had nice trips like this. We have good -6- of an enjoyable, relaxing trip. Most of us have also had trips that we would -7- to forget. Many conditions can produce a bad -8- experience.For example, if the four conditions -9- above do not -10-, we will probably have a bad experience,or at a difficult -11-. students who travel to -12- country to study often have a difficult trip. They usually travel -13-, they don't know the language of the new country -14-, they are not familiar with the money system and so on. They often arrive in the new country at a huge -15- airport. From the airport,they need to -16- their way to the city where their school is. Maybe they need to -17- airplanes, to take a bus, a train, or a taxi. They need to do all this in a country -18- everything is unfamiliar: the language, the money, the people, the cities, and the weather. Later, after the experiences are -19-, they can laugh. But at the -20-, they feel terrible.
  1. [A] enjoyable[B] amusing [C] happy[D] favorable
  2. [A] include [B] exclude [C] conclude [D] contain [D] city's [D] company
  3. [A] place's [B] country's [C] area's

  4. [A] awareness[B] understand [C] familiar [D] familiarity
  5. [A] friends [B] companions [C] colleagues
  7. [A] like [B] have [C] want [D] need
  8. [A] trip [B] tour [C] travel
  10. [A] take place
  11. [A] one [D] visit
  9. [A] outlined [B] talked [C] discussed[D] listed [B] happen [C] exist[D] appear [B] that [C] condition[D] situation [D] themselves [D] already [D] find
  6. [A] memories [B] impressions [C] opinions [D] pictures

  12. [A] different[B] another [C] foreign [D] other
  13. [A] along[B] alone [C] lonely
  14. [A] yet [B] too [C] either

  15. [A] national [B] international [C] domestic [D] local
  16. [A] watch[B] notice [C] see
  17. [A] get off [B] board [C] take [D] change
  18. [A] where[B] when [C] that [D] which
  19. [A] end [B] complete [C] over [D] gone [B] country [C] time [D] day
  20. [A] airport
Nature has a prefect system for recycling water. Water is used again and again .It falls as rain. -1- it goes one of three places. It might seep slowly through the soil -2- it soaks through into the natural reservoirs -3-. It might disappear into the air by -4- quickly. It might -5- into streams to rivers and to the oceans. There is a problem -6- this recycling system. It is a balance that can be easily -7- by people. Nature's recycling system can work well -8- people work with the system-not -9- it. Some ways that people -10- with nature are easy -11-. Dirty sewagewater from homes and factories must not -12- with drinking water. People would get sick from drinking dirty water. -13- other ways that people hinder nature. Some of these ways are not so easy to understand. -14-, a marshy bog may not be good for everything, but it -15- an important
purpose. The soft, wet soil of a bog -16- water to reachthe underground reservoirs. What happens to the balance of nature if the bog is filled in? Many housing development projects have been built -17- marshes once were. The -18- of the houses are likely to have problems. They are likely to -19- water, to flood in -20- seasons. Huge storm sewers are built to carry away with the water from wet areas. These huge pipes prevent wet basements in the houses of teh community.
  1. [A] Therefore[B] Then [C] Consequently [D] Nevertheless
  2. [A] because [B] if [C] after[D] as [B] below underground [C] underground [D] undergroundly
  3. [A] in underground evaporated
  5. [A] run down [B] run away [C] run off [D] run through
  6. [A] of [B] with [C] through [D] from [D] invented [B] unless [C] although [D] only if
  7. [A] upset[B] created [C] discovered
  8. [A] only before
  9. [A] by
  10. [A] accord [B] for [C] over [D] against [B] concern [C] interfere[D] intervence

  4. [A] evaporating [B] being evaporated [C] having been evaporated [D] being

  11. [A] to be understood [B] understanding [C] to understand[D] being understood
  12. [A] separate [B] clean [C] mix [D] filter
  13. [A] There are[B] They is [C] These are[D] Those are
  14. [A] To start with[B] To name just a few [C] For example
  15. [A] produces [B] serves [C] maintains[D] keeps
  16. [A] forbids [B] discourages [C] prevents [D] allows
  17. [A] there[B] where [C] which [D] what
  18. [A] basis[B] base [C] basic [D] basements
  19. [A] come up with [B] fill up with [C] disagree with [D] finish with
  20. [A] dry [B] snowy [C] rainy[D] misty Henry's job was to examine cars which crossed the frontier to make sure that they were not smuggling anything into the country. Every morning, except at weekends, he -1see a factory worker coming up the hill towards the frontier, -2- a bicycle with a big load of old straw on it. When the bicycle -3- the frontier, Henry used to stop the man and -4- take the straw off and -5- it. Then he would examine the straw very carefully to see -6- he could find anything, after which he would look in all the man's pockets -7- he let him tie the straw up again. The man would then put it on his bicycle and go off down the hill with it. Although Henry was always -8- to find gold or jewelry or other valuable things -9- in the straw, he never found -10-, even though he examined it very carefully. He was sure that the man was -11- something, but he was not -12- to imagine what it could be. Then one evening, after he had looked -13- the straw and emptied the factory worker's pockets -14- usual, he -15- to him, "Listen. I know that you are smuggling things -16- this frontier. Won't you tell me what it is that you're bringing into the country so successfully? I'm an old man, and today's my last day on the -17-. Tomorrow I'm going to -18-. I promise that I shall not tell -19- if you tell me what you've been smuggling." The factory worker did not say anything for -20-. Then he smiled, turned to Henry and said quietly: "Bicycles." [D] In contrast

  1. [A] should
  2. [A] pushing
  3. [A] arrived
[B] might [C] would [D] must [B] filling [C] pulling [D] carrying [B] came [C] appeared [D] reached

  4. [A] force[B] make [C] order [D] call
  5. [A] show [B] until [C] load [D] loose
  6. [A] that [B] how [C] where [D] whether
  7. [A] before [B] first [C] thus [D] so [D] hidden
  8. [A] lucky[B] suspecting [C] expecting [D] insisting
  9. [A] had been hidden [B] have been hidden [C] hiding
  10. [A] nothing
  12. [A] capable [B] everything [C] something [D] anything [B] able [C] possible [D] clever [D] on
  11. [A] cheating [B] stealing [C] smuggling [D] pushing
  13. [A] through [B] upon [C] thoroughly
  14. [A] then [B] as [C] more [D] like
  15. [A] cried[B] ordered [C] said [D] told
  16. [A] cross[B] across [C] behind
  17. [A] job
  18. [A] return [D] into [D] rest [D] some time [B] case [C] work [D] duty [B] retire [C] retreat

  19. [A] everyone [B] no one [C] someone [D] anyone
  20. [A] long time[B] moment [C] period
Most young people enjoy some form of physical activity. It may be walking, bicycling, or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some -1- football, hockey, golf or tennis. It may be mountaineering. Those who have a passion for -2- high and difficult mountains are often -3- with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to -4- cold and hardship, and to take risks on high mountains? This astonishment is caused, -5-, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to -6- men give their leisure. Mountaineering is a sport and -7- a game. There are no man-made rules, -8- there are for such games as golf and football. There, -9-, rules of a different kind which it would be dangerous to -10-, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering -11- to many people. Those who climb mountains are -12- to use their own methods. If we compare mountaineering and other more -13- sports, we might think that one big difference is that -14- is not a "team game". We should be mistaken -15- this. There are, it is true, no "matches" between "team" of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face -16- by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is -17- teamwork. The mountain climber knows that he may -18- fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of -19-. His sport requires high mental and physical -20-.
  1. [A] part [B] sorts [C] sport [D] kind
  2. [A] climbing [B] rising [C] going [D] enjoying
  3. [A] dealt[B] looked upon [C] coped [D] disgusted
  4. [A] catch[B] diverse [C] suffer [D] overcome

  5. [A] probably [B] precisely [C] logically [D] strongly
  6. [A] that [B] how [C] which [D] why
  7. [A] but
  8. [A] as [B] not [C] also [D] is [B] such as [C] i.e. [D] possibly [B] perhaps [C] then [D] of course [D] list [D] noticeable [D] popular [B] imply [C] ignore

  9. [A] for example
  10. [A] behave

  11. [A] luxurious [B] painful [C] attractive
  12. [A] occasional
[B] free [C] accustomed

  13. [A] familiar [B] similar [C] regular [D] thirty
  14. [A] sport [B] astonishment [C] rule [D] mountaineering
  15. [A] by [B] in [C] from [D] against
  16. [A] admitted [B] tracked [C] vanished [D] linked
  17. [A] obviously [B] basically [C] already [D] conversely
  18. [A] would [B] have to [C] due to
  19. [A] mountain [B] wind [C] nature
  20. [A] limitation [D] be to [D] snow
[B] division [C] goodness [D] qualities
Niagara is an Indian word which means "roaring water". Indeed, the roar of falling water of Niagara can be heard -1- a distance of 25 kms. Imagine -2- of water flowing over a cliff 90 feet high and you will get an idea of that terrible noise. And -3- tremendous power the Niagara River has ! It moves big rocks about and throws them into the boiling water below. -4- ago an old ship without a single person on board was put in mid-stream. It sailed down the river -5- a toy boat with great speed. Having reached the fall, the ship dropped into the boiling water, never -6- again. There were some people who wanted to become famous -7- swimming across the most dangerous part of the Niagara River. One of them was Captain Webb. -8- that he would try to swim cross the Niagara drew crowds of people. On the evening of July 21th, 1893, Captain Webb came up to the river and -9- a plunge. His having jumping into the water -10- many people with horror. Soon, he appeared in the middle of the river. A loud shout went up from the crowd, but a moment later there was -11- silence. The man had disappeared under the water. Thousands of eyes -12- on the river, but the man was downed. In 1902, a certain Miss Taylor decided to go over the falls in a barrel. There were different kinds of pillows inside the barrel to prevent her -13-. Having examined the barrel carefully, Miss Taylor got in.
 

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