议论文由三个主要部分组成:开头、扩展部分、结尾。 开篇
  1) Recently the problem….. has been brought into focus.
  2) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.
  3) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...
  4) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...
  5) Nowadays, with the rapid development of ..., more and more people are realizing the importance of… 分 析 原 因
  1.A number of factors might contribute to/ lead to/account for/the phenomenon/problem/situation..
  2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.
  3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...
  4. The change in ...largely results from the fact that... 结尾
  1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ...
  2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...
  3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...
  4) In conclusion, it is imperative that ...
  5) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...
  6) We should take effective/ drastic measures to stop/ prevent / protect…
  7) It’s urgent for us to do something about this.
  8) There are several ways to cope with the problem. 扩展
  1.列举法 将数种因素列出,如原因、症状、优点、缺点、变化、特点等。常用于列举法的过渡连词有: ① to begin with…, secondly…, besides…, lastly…. ② for one thing…, for another…, finally…. ③ first…, second…, third…, moreover….
  2.举例法 通过典型事例对主题进行说明。 to illustrate, an illustration/an example, for example/for instance, particularly/in particular, such as, like 等。
  1) A good case in point is ...
  3) Such examples might be given easily. ① 基本原因 1The answer to this problem involves many factors. For one thing…For another…Still another… 2 A number of factors, both physical and psychological affect…/both individual and social contribute to…3The reasons for this are as follows…
  5)We have good reason to believe that… ② 另一原因, 在分析了基本原因之后, 再补充一个次要的或者更重要的。 Another important factor 例 is… ;…is also responsible for the change/problem. Certainly, the…is not the sole reason for… 后果
  1) It may give rise to a host of problems.
  3) It will exercise a profound influence upon... 证明
  1) No one can deny the fact that ...
  2) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...
  3) Recent studies indicate that ...
  4) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ... 常用谚语(在议论文中) 常用谚语
  1. As a popular saying goes, “Every coin has two sides”.
  2. As a proverb says, “Everything has two sides”. On the one hand, physical exercise is good
  2) The immediate result it produces is ...
  4) Its consequence can be so great that...
  2) As an illustration, we may take ...
for you health. On the other hand, if you don’t deal with it properly, it will do harm to your health.So we should look at the matter from two sides.
  3. As a proverb says, “Where there is will there is a way.”
  4. As is known to all, “No pains, no gains”.
  3. Easier said than done. 说起来容易做起来难。
  5. More hasty, less speed. 欲速则不达。 结尾常用句型:
  1. In my opinion, I am in favor of (owning a car).
  2. Personally, I prefer to work in the country rather than in the city.
  3. In short, parents and children should learn to get through to each other. Only in this way can the most difficult problems be solved properly.
  4. In conclusion, we cannot achieve success without effort and hard work.
  5. As far as I am concerned, I agree with the opinion that (“No pains no gains.”)
  6. From the above analysis, we can see that…/ we come to the conclusion that…
  7. Only in this way can we… 语言亮点的制造 采取措施, 采取措施,提出建议
  1. My suggestion to deal with/solve/relieve the problem are as follows. In the first place,…. secondly, …. Finally, …
  3. Great efforts/More measures/Due attention must be taken/paid to do …
  4. It is important/necessary/urgent/desirable/advisablefor sb. to do sth. (It is …for …to do)
  6.we should enhance the awareness of people that…
  7. We should spare no effort / try every means to…
  8. Perhaps the best choice is the combination of the two…
  9. the government should make strict regulations/ laws to ban such practice/ to stop this phenomenon from spreading. 强调句
  1. Only in this way can you hope to improve the present situation.
  2. It is …that… eg. It is because he was too careless that he failed in the exam. 假设 Supposing……, it is likely that…. 假设…, 那么很可能… [假设, 虚拟语态] eg. Supposing you wanted to buy a washing machine, it is more than likely you would obtain details regarding performance, price, etc. from an advertisement. There be 结构
  1. There is urgent need to debate this issue openly
  2.There is/ can be no doubt that these measures will contribute to the solution of the problem 递进式结构
  1.Fresh vegetables are nutrious; furthermore, they are cheaper than frozen ones.
  2.We will not only bring joy into other people’s lives,but also added happiness into our own. 主语从句结构
  1. What makes it rather disturbing is the fact that the environment we are living in is going from bad to worse.
  8. Only when we….can we…
  9. With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly. 6 It’s never too old to learn. 活到老,学到老
  7. Well begun, half done. 好的开始等于成功的一半。
  8.It is hard to please all. 众口难调 其他谚语
  1. Practice makes perfect. 熟能生巧。
  2. God helps those who help themselves. 天助自助者。

  2. What I remember then is not her failure, but her courage, the courage to go ahead. 经典替换词 经典替换词
  1.harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that 替 think 2’beneficial, rewarding 替换 helpful
  3. exceedingly, extremely, intensely 替换 very
  4. sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换 sb take interest in / sb. be interested in
  5. .bear in mind that 替换 remember 历年真题 英语四级作文模板 提纲式作文 对立观点式 A.有人认为 X 是好事,赞成 X, 为什么? B. 有人认为 X 是坏事, 反对 X,为什么? C.我的看法。 Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持 X 的 第一个原因。They also argue that 支持 X 的另一个原因。 However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对 X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。 There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。 Argumentation 型 some, others, I 型 (主题) is a common occurrence in our lives. The attitudes toward this issue vary from person to person. Some people tend to when they are asked (观点 A) because (支持观点 A 的原因). The most typical example is that (支持观点 A 的例子). However, others argue that ( 观 点 B). They point out that (重申观点 B) for the reason that (支持观点 B 的原因). As far as I am concerned, I will choose to (你的观点) because this choice fits my personality and my life-long belief. My View 型 When asked about ( 主 题 ), some people hold the idea that (观点 A). As far as they are concerned, (展开观点 A). But I could not agree with them in several points. In my opinion, (观 点 B). The reasons for my choice are listed as follows. In the first place, (支持 观点 B 的 理 由
  1). In the second place, (支持观点 B 的理由
  2). In the third place, (支持观点 B 的理由
  3). For the reasons mentioned above, I firmly believe (重申观点 B). 利弊型 Nowadays many people prefer (主题) because it plays a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. On the one hand, (主题的优点
  1). On the other hand, (主题的优点
  2). But everything can be divided into two. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that (主题的缺点
  1). To make matters worse, (主题的缺点
  2). Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects far outweigh its
negative aspects. Whatever effects it has, one thing is certain, (主题) itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses to which it is put that determine its value to our society. 说明原因型 These days we often hear that (
  1).It is common that (
  2). Why does such circumstance occur in spite of social protects? For one thing, (
  3).For another, (
  4). What is more, since(
  5),it is natural that (
  6).To solve the problem is not easy at all, but is worth trying. We should do something such as (
  7) to improve he present situation, and I do believe everything will be better in the future.
  1、提出论题
  2、说明现状
  3、理由一
  4、理由二
  5、理由三
  6、理由三引起的后果
  7、解决方法
社会问题(现象 式 社会问题 现象)式 现象 A.一个社会问题或者现 B.产生的原因 C.对社会和我们生活的影响 E.前景的预测。 Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内 容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。 There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon.下面参照辩论式议论文 写法。 X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。 A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 同 上 Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will…… 辩论式议论文模版 There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点 。Some 争论的焦点)。 争论的焦点 people are of the view that 观点
  1. While others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点
  2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious. First of all,论据
  1. Furthermore, 论据 论据
  2. Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据
  3. A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that 总结观点。As a college student, 总结观点。 I am supposed to 表决心。或 From above, we can predict that 预测。 表决心。 预测。 D.如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)
 

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