顺序:文章名,英文,翻译,答案,解释。
阅读理解 B级 C级 B级 B级 B级 完型填空 B级 C级 B级 B级 B级 阅读理解 B级 Excessive Demands on Young People 对年轻人的过高期望 综合类 Being able to multitask is hailed by most people as a welcome skill,but not according to a recent study which claims that young people between the ages of eight and eighteen of the so-called Generation M1are spending a considerable amount of their time in fruitless efforts as they multitask. It argues that,in fact,these young people are frittering away as much as half of their time again as they would if they performed the very same tasks one after the other. Some young people are juggling an ever larger number of electronic devices as they study. At the same time that they are working,young adults are also surfing on the Internet,or sending out emails to their friends,and/or answering the telephone and listening to music on their iPods2 or on another computer. As some new device comes along it too is added to the list rather than replacing one of the existing devices. Other research has indicated that this multitasking is even affecting the way families themselves function as young people are too wrapped up3 in their own isolated worlds to interact with the other people around them. They can no longer greet family members when they enter the house nor can they eat at the family table. All this electronic wizardry is supposedly also seriously affecting young people’s performance at university and in the workplace. When asked about their perception of the impact of modern gadgets on their performance of tasks,the overwhelming majority of young people gave a favour able response. The response from the academic and business worlds was not quite as positive. The former feel that multitasking with electronic gadgets by children affects later development of study skills,resulting in a decline in the quality of writing, for example,because of the lack of concentration on task completion. They feel that many undergraduates now urgently need remedial help with study skills. Similarly,employers feel that young people entering the workforce need to be taught all over again,as they have become deskilled. While all this may be true,it must be borne in mind4 that more and more is expected of young people nowadays; in fact, too much. Praise rather than criticism is due in respect of5 the way today’s youth are able to cope despite what the older generation throw at them. Excessive Demands on Young People 竞技还是表演? Sport or Spectacle 竞技还是表演? 综合类 为什么人们用假名? Why People Use Pseudonyms 为什么人们用假名? 综合类 Increase Smoking Can Increase Depressive Symptoms in Teens 吸烟会加重青少年的抑郁情绪 理工类 Exercise Exercise 体育运动 卫生类 卫生类 **** Excessive Demands on Young People 对年轻人的过高期望 综合类 The State of Marriage Today 当代婚姻 综合类 Longer Lives for Wild Elephants 野生大象寿命更长 Exercise Can Replace Insulin for Elderly Diabetic 老年糖尿病患者进行体育锻炼可以取代胰岛素治疗 老年糖尿病患者进行体育锻炼可以取代胰岛素治疗 卫生类 Preventing Child Maltreatment 遏制虐待儿童现象 卫生类 理工类 **
Food Safety and Footborne illness 食品安全与食源性疾病
词汇: excessive adj.过多的,额外 interact vi.交流,沟通,互动 multitask vi.同时进行多个任务 wizardry n.魔力,法术 supposedly adv.据认为,据推测 hail vt.赞扬 performance n.表现,行为 claim vt.声称,主张 perception n.认识,看法,见解 considerable adj.相当大的,相当多的 impact n.影响,作用 gadget n.小巧的机械装置 fritter vt.消耗,浪费 overwhelming adj.压倒性的 juggle vt.耍弄,玩耍 majority n.大多数 electronic device n.电子装置,电子仪器 academic adj 学术的,学校的 decline n.下降,衰退 surf vi.(网上)冲浪,漫游,浏览 concentration n.专心,专注 indicate vt.表明,指出 remedial adj.补习的,补救的 affect vt.影响 deskilled adj.逐渐失去技能的 isolated adj.孤立的,与世隔绝的 due adj.应有的,适当的 注释:
  1.Generation M:M 代表 multimedia。Generation M 即“多媒体时代” ,是指伴随着计算机和因特网的普及而成长起来的一代年轻人。 他们多出生于 1980 年之后,热衷于计算机、因特网、视频游戏、智能手机。这些新媒体和传统媒体如电视、印刷品、音响制品结合起来, 使得他们的世界异常丰富多彩。 “多媒体时代”的另一特征就是可以 multitask,即多项任务同时进行,如他们可以一边上网冲浪、一边听 着音乐、一边看着电视里的 MTV、一边和朋友短信聊天、同时还做着自己的家庭作业。
  2.iPod:美国苹果公司的一款音乐播放器,除了可以播放 MP3 音乐外,iPod 还可以作为高速移动硬盘使用,可以显示联系人、日历和 任务,以及阅读电子书和聆听有声电子书以及播客(Podcasts)。
  3.be wrapped up in…注意力完全集中于……
  4.bear in mind 记住
  5.in respect of 关于,就……而言 练习:
  1. According to a recent study, what is probably true about the multitasking Generation M? A)They are highly commended for being so effective and efficient. save, B)They waste more time than they should save,contrary to common assumptions.
C)They should prioritize and focus on the most important tasks on hand. D)They need to improve their organizational skills so as to complete all their tasks.
  2.With the advent of new gadgets,what will happen to Generation M’s present e-devices? A)They make way for the latest and greatest and are retired by the young people. B)They are put away temporarily but stay in rotation for their owners to choose from. C)They become part of the ever increasing collection of novelties. D)They are either sold or traded so that their owners can update their toys and hobbies.
  3.How will multitasking affect Generation M adversely? A)It makes them feel lonely and pitiful. B)It makes them aloof and elusive to family and friends. C)It makes them selfish and possessive. D)It makes them impolite and ungrateful.
  4.What is the biggest problem for multitasking undergraduates in universities? A)They should adjust their academic attitudes seriously. B)They should seek psychological professionals for assistance. C)They should take some crash courses to catch up with their classmates. task D)They should try harder to focus on one task before moving on to the next.
  5.In dealing with today’s youth. what approach should parents take? A) Be supportive and understanding. B) Be realistic and lower their expectations C) Be encouraging and let their children stick to their old habits. D) Be patient and hope everything will work out just fine eventually. 答案与题解:
  1.B 从第一段第一句话中的“a considerable amount of their time” “fruitless efforts”以及该段最后一句话中的“frittering away as much as…”可以进行同义替换,waste 就是 fruitless 和 fritter 的同义词。
  2.C 从第二段的最后一句话中的“added to the list rather than replacing”可以判断出,这些年轻人的电子设备是越来越多,而 不是 A 被取而代之、B 被轮流使用、D 被出售或交换以便买更新的产品。
  3.B 答案 A 是文字游戏,原文中“isolated worlds”应该理解为孤立的世界,即独自"alone",而不是孤独“lonely” 。答案 C 说他 们变得自私和占有欲强, 想买更多电子产品, 显然不对。 答案 D 说他们变得不懂礼貌和不知感恩, 均是对第三段最后一句话中的 “no longer greet”和“nor can they eat at the family table”的字面理解。答案 B 是两个近义词,重点在性格变化上,变得“若即若离,难以 捉摸"。
  4.D 答案 A 认为是态度问题,把客观问题主观化。答案 B 是误导选项,试图用“remedial help”误导大家联想到 remedy 一词,故引 出 psychological professional 的曲解。答案 C 把第五段第一句中的“later development”和“decline in the quality of...”表象 化,认为应该抓紧赶上同学(catch up)。答案 D 才是正确答案,问题症结在于 multitasking 难以让人集中注意力,造成浪费时间、影响 表现等后果,这些前文均已提过。
  5.A 答案 A 把 praise 替换成了相对隐性的近义词。答案 B 只针对最后一段的第一句话,断章取义。答案 C 前半部分 encouraging 还算 接近正确答案,后半部分则成了鼓励“将错就错"。答案 D 认为应采取“听之任之,顺其自然”的态度转 C级 The State of Marriage Today 当代婚姻 综合类 Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years,the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded:almost 50%of marriages end in divorce now,and the evidence suggests it is going to get worse. If this trend continues,it will lead to the breakup of the family,according to a spokesperson for the National Family Association. Some futurists predict that in 100 years,the average American will marry at least four times,and extramarital affairs will be even more common than they are now. But what are the reasons for this,and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer to the first question is really quite simple:marriage is no longer the necessity it once was. The institution of marriage has been based for years partly on economic
The State of Marriage Today
need. Women used to be economically dependent on their husbands as they usually didn’t have jobs outside the home. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs,this is no longer the case, so they don’t feel that they need to stay in a failing marriage. In answer to the second question,the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. While the rate of divorce has risen, the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much,so marriage is still quite popular. In addition to this, many couples now cohabit and don’t bother to marry. These couples are effectively married,but they do not appear in either the marriage or divorce statistics. In fact,more than 50%of first marriages survive. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. So is marriage really an outdated institution? The fact that most people still get married indicates that it isn't. And it is also true that married couples have a healthier life than single people:they suffer less from stress and its consequences, such as heart problems,and married men generally consider themselves more contented than their single counterparts. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! 当代婚姻 如今的婚姻出什么严重问题了吗?在过去 50 年中,美国的离婚率暴涨:现在几乎 50%的婚姻以离婚告终,证据显示,情况还将持续恶化。 据美国国家联合会的发言人称,如果这种趋势持续下去,将导致家庭的破裂。一些未来学家预测,100 年后的美国人将平均至少结四次婚, 而婚外恋甚至将比现在更为普遍。 那问题的原因是什么?现状真的如此糟糕吗?第一个问题的答案十分简单:婚姻早已不像它过去那样非有不可了。从好些年前开始,经济 需求已经只是婚姻的部分基础。过去,由于女性除了家庭以外没有任何工作,她们常常在经济上依赖丈夫。现在,随着高薪女性的增多, 情况也已经改变。因此,她们觉得没有必要被一段失败的婚姻捆住手脚。 回答第二个问题,前景似乎不像它看起来那么令人悲观。尽管离婚率升高,但世纪结婚率并没有下降,所以说结婚还是挺流行的。除此之 外,现在许多恋人同居但并不急着领证。这些人事实上已经结婚,但他们却是统计结婚与离婚率的盲区。超过 50%的第一次婚姻实际上是 成功的。之前数据的欺骗性在于二度与三度婚姻的离婚率要高于首次婚姻。 婚姻真的过时了吗?大多数人仍会结婚,这一事实证明不是这样的。而且事实上婚后夫妻比单身过着更健康的生活:他们压力较小,因压 力产生的诸如心脏问题也相应减少。而且,婚后男性总体上较之配偶更为满意。也许,关键在于找出成功婚姻背后的秘诀并把它运用到我 们所有人与人的关系中去。 词汇: divorce n.离婚 cohabit v.同居 evidence n.证据,迹象 effectively ad.实际上 futurist n.未来主义者 statistics n.统计,统计资料 explode v.激增,迅速扩大 deceptive adj.迷惑的,骗人的 predict v.预言,预料,预报 outdated adj.旧式的,过时的 extramarital adj.婚外的 indicate v.表明,暗示 gloomy adj.阴暗的;令人沮丧的 consequence n.结果,后果 institution n.制度,习俗 contented adj.满足的,满意的 outlook n.展望,前景 counterpart n.对应的人(或物) pessimistic adj.悲观的 注释: National Family Association:美国国家家庭联合会 练习:
  1.Which is true about t
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