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(精学家教整理) (精学家教整理)
D. both
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2011 中考英语点睛考点 中考英语点睛 点睛考点
可数 不可数 可数/不 可数 不 可数 复合不 定 代词 anyone, anybody, anything; someone, everyone, one, each, many, both, another, either, neither, (a) few much, (a) little one, any, other, all, some
◆The thieves ran away separately, carrying a bag. A. all D. either ◆I understood most of what they said but not word. A. any D. one ◆? Excuse me, but can you tell me which road I should take to the post office ? ? of the four roads will do. A. Any D. Every none=not any; not one = How many/how much? ◆ He wants me to lend him some money, but I have at hand. nothing=not anything = What? ◆Nothing is not anything on the table.桌子上什么也没有。 = is on the table. Who? no one=nobody = 讲礼貌的人。 = 水?? ◆ ?What’s ? on likes a person with bad manners. ◆?How much water is there in the bottle?瓶子里有多少 .一点也没有。 the table? 桌 上 有 什 么 ? B. Neither C. Both B. each C. every B. each C. every
somebody,
something;
everybody, everything; nobody, nothing
all:指三者或三者以上的所有, 可以作形容词修饰名 词复数,作代词,可作主语、宾语或同位语;后可接 of 介词短语。 both:指“两者都”,可以作形容词修饰名词复数,作 代词,可作主语、宾语或同位语;后可接 of 介词短语。 each:“每一个”,一般指两者中的每一个,也可指许 多中的每一个;可以作形容词修饰名词单数,作代词,可 作主语、宾语或同位语;后可接 of 介词短语。 There are trees on each side / both sides of the river. Each of us has a chance to go to university. We each have a dictionary. every:三者或三者以上中的每一个,是形容词,只 能作定语,后面不能接 of 介词短语。 either:指“两者中一个”或“两者中无论哪一个”,可 以作形容词修饰名词单数,作代词作主语、宾语;后可接 of 介词短语。 If you keep still, you can sit on either end of the boat. I don’t like either of them. Do you have any other blouse? 都 两者 上) ◆ Do you want tea or coffee? . I really don’t mind. A. Both D. Neither ◆I don’t care for of the hats. Would you show me a third one? A. all B. none C. either B. None C. Either both 两 者 ( 以 all 任何 either any 都不 neither none
◆Nobody likes a person with bad manners. 没有人喜欢不
.什么也没有。
◆ ?Who will go to the party? 谁 将 去 参 加 晚 会 ? ? .没人去。 ◆ How much vinegar did you put in the salad? I’m sorry to say, . I forgot. A. no B. nothing C. no one D. none ◆? I’ve looked everywhere, but I haven’t found any black ink. ? then, I’m afraid there is left. A. nothing neither 不定代 意义 用法说明 B. no one C. none D.
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词 任何一 another 个,另 一个
(精学家教整理) (精学家教整理)
=I me What 过这个故事。 = 高。 = one of them don’t like . this
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one. Please show
◆I don’t like this one. Please show me another. 指三者或三者以上中的任何一个, 用 作代词或形容词。如: I don’t like this coat. Show me another, please. 只作定语, 常与复数名词或不可数名 词连用;但如果前面有 the, this, that some, any, each, every, no, one 及 my, your, his 等时,则可与单数名词 连用。如: other plant, every other any day。 两者中 常与 one 连用,构成:one … the other… 一个……另一个……;作定 语修饰复数名词时,表示“全部其余 的” 是 other 的复数形式,泛指别的人或 物(但不是全部),不能作定语,构 成 some…others… 是 the other 的复数形式,特指其余 的人或物。
can I say? 我还能说什么呢?
◆Both of them haven’t read this story.并非他们二人都看
read this story.
other
另外的
◆All bamboo doesn’t grow tall. 并非所有的竹子都长得
bamboo grows tall. some doesn’t.
= Some bamboo grows tall,
the other
的 另一个 泛指别
◆we don’t fear any difficulty. 我们不怕困难。 = We fear .
one, ones, the one, the ones, that, those ◆The book on the desk is better than that under the desk. =The book on the desk is better than
others
的 人或物 特指其
under the desk. ◆The books on the desk are better than those under the desk. =The will go to the zoo, and books on the desk are better than
the others
余 的人或 物
the others=the other +复数名词 复数名词 ◆ Two boys
under the desk. ◆He has lived in London and New York, but he doesn’t like city. A. neither B. either C. both D. all ◆? Do you have a passport, sir ? question(s)? 你还有其 ? Yes, I have . Here you are. A. it go in for 指代题 指代题作为词义题的一种,也是常见题型之一。解这 类题,要注意代词批代总的原则??就近指代:代词指代 在性(阴性或阳性)、数(单数或复数)、格(主格或宾格)、 性 数 格 逻辑、意义 名词。就位置而言, 逻辑 意义、位置等方面与之接近的名词 意义 名词 is a nurse, 如上所述,代词所指代的名词通常在本句或其上句之中; 就数而言, 单数代词指代单数名词 复数代词 单数名词, 单数代词 单数名词 复数代词指代复数名 复数名 词: ◆性、数:Max pulled bill’s trousers,as if (E) he was B. that C. one D. this
will stay at home. others 是 other 的复数形式,泛指 另外几个 ,“其余 的复数形式,泛指“另外几个 另外几个”, 其余 的”。在句中可作主语、宾语。 。在句中可作主语、宾语。 ◆Do you have 他问题吗? ◆Some of us like singing and dancing, sports. ◆Give me ◆There are others, please. 请给我别的东西吧! others. 没有别的了。
the other 指两个人或物中一个时,只能用 the other, 指两个人或物中一个时, , 作代词。 不能用 another,这里 other 作代词。 , ◆ He has two daughters. One
is a worker. the other 后可加单数名词,也可加复数名词,此时的 后可加单数名词,也可加复数名词, other 作形容词。 作形容词。 ◆On tree. side of the street,there is a tall
trying to pull him along. 划线部分 E 在文中指代的是
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数名词),也可指代一个句子;
(精学家教整理) (精学家教整理)
= someone else. = someone else. =
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◆数(单数):it 指代单数名词(单数可数名词或不可
you can't answer the question, I'll ask
It also says that the idea that we need less sleep as we get older is completely untrue(D)‘‘People have no idea how important sleep is to their lives,”Dr Thomas Roth,director of the Foundation says.“Good health needs good sleep’’ “But not too much of (E) it,”says Professor Jim Home of Loughborough University. 划线部分 E 在文中指代的是 The next day a picture of a black horse was on the door of the bar instead of (E) that of the white horse. 划线部分 E 在文中指代的是 ◆they 指代复数名词主格; We hope that green buildings will become common in the future, because (E) they are good for the environment. 划线部分 E 在文中指代的是 指代复数名词宾格; ◆them 指代复数名词宾格 They also gave us signs with numbers on( C) them for competitions during the show. 划线部分 C 在文中指代的是 ◆one 指代单可数名词等。 Mr. Zhang gave me a very valuable present, one ( =a present ) that I have never seen. Mr. Zhang gave me many valuable presents, ones (=many presents ) that I have never seen. 除了位置、性、数和格等方面的要求外,逻辑和意义 也是衡量的标准,也就是说,正确的答案应该从意义(主 要指语法搭配)上和逻辑(主要指思想内容)上而言都通 顺。 since, for, because, as 表原因的用法区别 表原因的用法区别: because: 表示直接的原因或理由。 用于回答 Why 的问题。 because 与 so 不能同时并列使用。 since: 表示对方已知的, 无须加以说明的既成事实的理由。 译为“既然”。 as:表示十分明显的原因,一般说明因果关系。 for:常出现在并列句中,不说明主句行为的直接原因, 只提供补充说明,且不可位于句首。 ◆ someone else. you can't answer the question, I'll ask
you can't answer the question, I'll ask
you can't answer the question, I'll ask someone else.
◆ you are leaving tomorrow, we can eat dinner together tonight. A. For D. while ◆It must be morning, ◆We couldn't go out question, I'll ask someone else. when,while 与 as 的用法: , 的用法: 均可表示“当……的时候”,但有区别: when:既可接表示动作性或短暂性的动词,也可接 表示状态的动词, 不强调主从句谓语动作同时 发生。有时还有“这时”的意思。 while:常接持续性的动词,强调主从句谓语动作同 时发生,常用进行时。有时还有对比意义,意 为“然而”。 as:强调同时发生或伴随进行。常用一般现在时或过 去时, 意为“一边……一边……”。 有时还有“随 着”含义。 ◆I do every single bit of housework my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then. A. since D. as before after since B. while C. when the birds are singing. you can't answer the B. Since C. When
It was 3 years he came back. It was 3 years ago he came back. It is 3 years he came back.
◆The show was an hour long but we had to arrive at the studio two hours (A) the show started。 在文中 A 的空白处各填入一个适当的单词: ◆The next moment, (F) she had time to realize what was happening, she was hit over the head.
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在文中 F 的空白处各填入一个适当的单词:
(精学家教整理) (精学家教整理)
A. more D. much B. as
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C. most
Yes, I didn’t expect it wonderful.
◆ Operation Smile also trains doctors in developing countries So that they can continue to help children even(E) the Operation Smile team has left the country. 在文中 E 的空白处各填入一个适当的单词: as(/like)/when because/for if although/though/but/however unless
◆The temperature today is 10℃ below zero. Oh, it’s cold. A. the most B. the more C. most D. much more a number of / the number of “数量 不同 数量”不同 数量 不同: ◆A number of foreign scientists China since 19
  98. A. has B. are C. have D. will in our class
  45. D. have ◆The number of the students A. is B. are C. has come to visit
◆ The trouble is that our atmosphere is changing (C) we are polluting it with chemicals?in the form of gases?and it is keeping in too much heat! 在(C)处填入适当的词语 ◆He found it very difficult to read, (C) his eyesight was beginning to fail. 在(C)处填入适当的词语 ◆ Peter was so excited(A)
much too+adj/adv(原级) too much+n.(u.) too many+n.(pl.) ◆ It’s getting A. too much long much high time . B. much too long C. long too D. too long much you had your hair cut ; it’s
he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chong qing. 在文中 A 的空白处各填入一个适当的单词: ◆The earth goes around the sun just (E) the moon goes around the earth. 在文中 E 的空白处各填入一个适当的单词: ◆As a result, European automakers used to make a wider variety of compact cars while American automakers used to build bigger, heavier cars. (B) , these days,
protect…(from) doing sth prevent/stop…(from) doing sth keep…from doing keep…doing ◆Wearing dark glasses can your eyes from the sun. A. care protect ◆He made up his mind to devote his life pollution happily. A. to prevent, to live B. to prevent, from living D. to preventing, from living C. to preventing, to live B. prevent C. defend D.
automakers in both America and Europe produce cars of different sizes. This is because most automakers export their cars all over the world. 在(B)处填入适当的单词: most most of the the majority of (the) mostly: 主要地(状) ◆ Americans love to try something newbecause they believe that the newer may be the better. A. mostly D. almost ◆Did you enjoy the movie last night? B. hardly C. nearly +n.(pl)/pron.
live: 活着,有生命的(作定语,主要用来指鸟或其 他动物),实况直播的 lively: 活泼的,有生气的,生动的 alive: 活着的,还有气儿的,是表语形容词,在句 中作表语或后置定语 living: 活着,健在的,现行的 ◆The hunter said he was lucky to get out of the fores
 

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