2011 中考英语考前错题本 (U 字母篇) 字母篇)
under ? [误] The lake is two meters under sea level.? [正] The lake is two meters below sea level.? [析] under 的意思是在某物的下面,而 below=lower than, 即"低于"。? [误] Under the help of our teacher, all of us passed the exam.? [正] With the help of our teacher, all of us passed the exam.? understand ? [误] I think it is diffcult to make myself to understand.? [正] I think it is diffcult to make myself understood.? [析] 这句话的意思是"我想让别人理解我太难了"。? [误] I am understanding the lesson now.? [正] I understand the lesso n now.? [析] understand 一词没有进行时态。类似的词还有 belong, find, hear, love, like 等。? until ? [误] We walked until the edge of the forest.? [正] We walked as far as the edge of the forest.? [误] Our school bus ca n hold until twenty children.? [正] Our school bus can hold up to twenty children.? [析] until 与 till 两词的意思一样,但两个词都只能用于时间,如: I'll wait until I hear from you.? [误] I waited for my mother to seven o'clock, but she didn't come.? [正] I waited for my mother until seven o'clock, but she didn't come. [误] Can you return this book until Monday??
[正] Can you return this book by Monday?? [析] 当我们谈目前正在进行而将来某一时刻才停止的事件时用 until,而用 by 来表 达将来某一时刻会发生的动作。? [误] We arrived home until it became dark.? [正] We didn't arrived home until it became dark.? [析] until 用于肯定句时表示"某动 作直到……为止",如: They worked until 5∶00 P. M. 用于否定句中时意为"直到……才"。所以用于肯定句中要使用延续性动词,但截止性动 词却可以用在否定句中。? upstairs ? [误] He went to upstairs.? [正] He went upstairs.? [析] upstairs 一词可用作副词,如: We all hurried upstairs to see what happened. 也 可用作名词,如; The upstairs of the house needs painting. 同时也可以用作形容词,如: A house with three upstairs rooms is quite good.? use ? [误] It is no us e to ask her.? [正] It is no use asking her. [析] It is no use…与 There is no use…后通常用动名词,而不用不定式。? [误] I'll get used to treat the students this way.? [正] I'll get used to treating the students this way.? [析] be used to 与 get used to 后要接动名词表示"习惯于"做某事。? [误] I used to getting up early in th e morning.? [正] I used to get up early in the morning.? [析] used to 表示过去习惯的动作,其后要加动词原形。? [误] Oil was used to cooking.? [正] Oil was used to cook.?
[析] 这里的句型虽然也是 be u sed to 但这里不 是主动态,而是被动态,所以不能接 动名词而应接不定式。? [误] We used to go to the Great Wall three times.? [正] We went to the Great Wall three times.? [析] used to 只能用来表示一种习惯,而不能用来表达某事发生的次数。
 

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