字母篇) 2011 中考英语考前错题本 (W/Y 字母篇)
wait ? [误] Tomorrow I will wait you at the bus stop.? [正] Tomorrow I will wait for you at the bus stop.? [析] wait 是不及物动词,"等人"要用 wait for somebody;而 wait up 为"不睡觉等 候某事",如: I'll wait up tonight.?[来源:学科网 ZXXK] walk ? [误] I think she went a walk yesterday.? [正] I think she went out for a walk yesterday.? [析] 散步在英文中要讲 have a walk, take a walk.如果用 go 要用 go for a walk. ? want ? [误] The flowers want to water.? [正] The flowers want watering.? [析] want 在这里作为"需要"讲,其后加动名词。这句话的意思是"这花需要浇水。" ?[来源:学&科&网 Z&X&X&K] [误] Do you want someone go along with you?? [正] Do you want someone to go along with you?? [析] want somebody to do something 为一固定用法。? wash ? [误] Are you going to mak washing this weekend?? [正] Are you going to do washing this weekend?? [析] do washing 为"洗衣服",是固定搭配。?[来源:学科网 ZXXK] watch ? [误] Your watch is what time??[来源:学&科&网 Z&X&X&K] [正] What time is it by your watch?? [析] 一定要记住英文的习惯用法。? [误] The mother want to watch the children to play on the grass.? [正] The mother want to watch the children play (playing) on the grass.? [析] watch 的用法同 see, hear 等词。? way ? [误] Please move the chair, it is on the way.? [正] Please move the chair, it is in the way.? [析] in the way 为"挡道",而 on the way 为"在路上",如: on my way home (在 回家路上),on his way to the station(在他去火车站的路上)。而 by the way 是"顺便说 ",如: By the way, have you heard from Joan recently?? [误] The students were on their way to home.? [正] The students were on their way home.? [析] home 在这里为副词。? wear ? [误] The little girl is old enough to wear herself.?[来源:学科网] [正] The little girl is old enough to dress herself.?
[析] wear 后接衣物而不接反身代词。? what ? [误] I want to know what to do it?? [正] I want to know what to do?? [误] I want to kno w how to do?? [正] I want to know how to do it?? [析] what 是疑问代词,而 how 是疑问副词。要注意它们用法的不同。? when ? [误] I'd cook you nice meal when you'd come home in the evening.? [正] I'd cook you nice meal when you came home in the evening.? [析] 在 when 引导的状语从句中,要用一般时表示将来,即主句中是将来时,从句中 应用一般现在时,如主句中是过去将来时,从句中应用一般过去时。如: I'll be back when you come back from school.? [误] When in the second grade, his mother bought him a bike.? [正] When Tom was in the second grade, his mother bought him a bike.? [析]复合句中只有当主句的主语与从句的主语一致的情况下, 才有可能省略, 如:When young he had to work all day.? [误] We'll go to the park when it doesn't rain tomorrow. ? [正] We'll go to the park if it doesn't rain tomorrow.? [析] if 用来表示不能肯定的事如果发生会如何;而 when 用来表示肯定会发生或很 可能会发生的事情,如: I'll see you in September when I come back.? [误] I don't know when he comes home tomorrow.? [正] I don't know when he will come home tomorrow.? [析] when 所引出的宾语从句如果是表示将来的动作要用将来时,而不是像时间状语 从句中用一般时表示将来。 where ? [误] I don't know where to go to.? [正] I don't know where to go.?[来源:Zxxk.Com] [析] where 是疑问副词。? whether ? [误] It is unknown if he will come.? [正] It is unknown whether he will come.? [析] if 不能引导主语从句。上句中 it 是形式主语,其后的从句才是真正的主语从 句。要注意以下各种情况不宜用 if 而要用 whether: ? ① I didn't know whether you'll go or not. (因句中有 or not 选项。)? ② He didn't know whether to visit the old man. (因用于不定式前。)? ③ I'm interested in whether he'll go. (因作介词的宾语从句。)? ④ I want to know the news whether our team will win. (同位语从句。)? ⑤ Let me know whether you can come. (此句如用 if 则含意有所不同,其意就变为 "如果你能来请通知我"。而用 whether 则意为"让我知道你是否能来"。)? who ? [误] Whom do you think would like to come for a game of football?? [正] Who do you think would like to come for a game of football?? [析] 在这个句式中"do you think"应看作插入语,所以原句应为 Who would like to come for a game of football??
[误] From who was the gift?? [正] From whom was the gift?? [正] Who was that gift from?? [析]在句首时现代英语常用 who 取代 whom, 而在紧跟介词时则不能用 who 来取代 whom. ? why ?[来源:学.科.网] [误] Why not to go to the park?? [正] Why not go to the park?? [析] why not 后面接不带 to 的不定式,也可以用 why don't you go with her?? win ? [误] We have won your class.? [正] We have beaten your class.? [析] win 是及物动词,其后的宾语应是比赛、战争、奖品、奖金,如: Which team won the football match?而 beat 是指"打败"对手、 敌人, 如: My brother beat me at poker. (请注意,beat 是不规则动词,其过去式与原形相同,而过去分词为 beaten. )? wish ? [误] I hope you to be a good student.? [正] I wis h you to be a good student.? [析] hope 不能加宾语再加宾语补足语,而 wish 则可以,如: I wish you luck. (我 祝你走运。)? without ? [误] I can't do this work well without you help me.? [正] I can't do this work well without your help.? [析] without 其后接动名词或名词而不接从句。? work ? [误] This girl is looking for a work at the bank.? [正] This girl is looking for a job at the bank.? [析] "找工作"一般应为 to find a job,而 works 作为"工作"讲为不可数名词,不 能加不定冠词,也不可用复数。当 work 作为"作品"、"著作"讲时,为可数名词,如: T his painting is on e of his great works. 而 works 作为"工厂"讲时单复数形式相同,如: an iron works 或 two iron works. 作主语时其谓语动词可用单数,如: The steel works is closed for the holidays.? write ? [误] You may write with ink.? [正] You may wr ite in ink.? [正] You may write with a pen.?[来源:学科网 ZXXK] [析] "用……写"这一表达法要看用的是什么: 如果用钢笔则应用 with, 如: Please fill in this form with a pen. 但讲用墨水时则要用 in.? Y? yesterday ? [误] I came across my old friend yesterday night.?[来源:学科网] [正] I came across my old friend last night.?[来源:学科网 ZXXK] [析] "昨晚"应译为 last night.
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