选修八
题型专攻 2
Ⅱ.书面表达
  1.(2009江西卷) 学校即将举行以“Turning a bad mood(心情)into a good one ”为题目的英语作文比赛, 请按下列要求写一篇 100 词左右的记叙文或议论文。 记叙文:
议论文:
解析: 这是开放式的作文, 只提出了一个话题“Turning a bad mood into a good one”,并 给出了体裁上的选择和内容上的简要提示。 话题非常切合学生实际生活, 考生只要按照要点 去写,注意过渡即可。 参考范文: Turning a Bad Mood into a Good One It is very important for us to have a good mood in our daily life. If you have a good mood, you will be happy with everything in the world. Most importantly, you will have a optimistic effect on the people around you. We all will live a harmonious and happy life. It is also good for your health. However, sometimes when you meet some difficulties, when you quarrel with others or when you fail in doing something. You may have a bad mood. If so, you should get rid of it as soon as possible. As we all know, everything has its two sides. So you should think more about its bright side. We are sure that everything will be better with time passing by. Remember: Only you can make yourself happy. I hope that everyone has a good mood every day!
  2.(2009福建卷) 某英语报社拟成立“微笑俱乐部”,现向外界征募会员。要求申请者提交一篇题为“I Want to Smile”的英语短文。请你以申请者的身份,根据以下思路图的提示用英语写一篇短 文。
注意:
  1.根据思路图适当展开,以使行文连贯;
  2.词数:120 左右 I Want to Smile 解析:本文为图画式作文,做题的关键是审题,考生要把握如下几点: 文体:说明文。 主体时态:一般现在时。 主体人称:第一人称。 内容要点:①微笑的优点;②想对其微笑的人物(父母);③对父母微笑的理由;④对自 己微笑的理由;⑤总结。 参考范文: There are many advantages of smiling. It can not only make us happy, but also please others. If we smile at life, life will smile on us in return. So I want to smile at all whenever and wherever possible. First, I would like to smile at my parents because they have given me life and take all the trouble to bring me up. They arrange almost everything for me. With their help, I have made great progress. I would like to say “Thank you” to them with a smile. Then my smile should go to myself, for only in this way can I gain more confidence in smiling my troubles away and live a better life. In a word, let's greet every day with a smile. Tomorrow is another day.
  3.(2009浙江卷) 5 月 1 日, 高二(
  3)班的学生志愿者 Li Yue 和 Zhang Hua 去阳光敬老院(Sunshine Nursing Home)开展志愿者活动(送水果、打扫、聊天等)。假如你是校英语报的记者,请按下列要点 用英语写一则 1
  00~120 个词的新闻报道。
  1.时间、地点、任务、活动;
  2.老人们的反应;
  3.简短评论。 注意:报道的标题和记者姓名已给出(不记入词数)。 Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly
解析:本文属于提纲式半开放性体裁的作文,选材贴近学生实际,有利于考生的正常发 挥,考生只要按照所给要点的思路来写即可。 参考范文: Student Volunteers Brought Sunshine to the Elderly On May Day, Li Yue and Zhang Hua, students from Class Three, Grade Two, went to Sunshine Nursing Home and did some voluntary work. Upon their arrival, Li Yue and Zhang Hua were warmly welcomed, and respectfully, they presented the elderly with flowers and fruits. Then, they started working at once, cleaning the windows and sweeping the floor. Everything done, they sat in the yard chatting with the elderly people. When it was time for the volunteers to leave, the elderly people thanked them for their kindness. They said it was such a beautiful day that they would remember it forever. Li Yue and Zhang Hua were very happy. What they did has brought joy to others and enriched their own lives. By Chen Jie, School Newspaper
  4.(2009上海卷) Directions: Write an English composition in 1
  20~150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.某海外学校举办英语夏令营,开设了如下课程:园艺(gardening),烹 饪(cooking),防身术(self-defence),护理(nursing)。假如你是王跃华(不可以用自己的真实姓 名),写一封申请信,报名参加其中一门课程的学习。信的内容必须包括: 你感兴趣的课程 你期望从这门课程中学到什么 为什么想学这些内容 解析: 本文是书信格式,报名参加其中一门课程的学习,属于半开放式作文。学生在写作时应 注意如下几点:
  1.先谈自己感兴趣的学科,从四科中选取自己最有把握和有话可说学科,这是写作的 关键,过渡要自然;
  2.再写自己希望学到什么,要把握实用性;
  3.然后谈出想学这些内容的原因,结合现实,理由合情合理;
  4.在写作过程中可以尝试句型的复杂化,适度增加情节。 参考范文: Dear leader, I am very glad that your school will hold the English Summer Camp that contains many courses,such as gardening, cooking, self-defence, nursing and so on. I want to register to attend a course about gardening,because I have liked flowers, grasses etc. since I was a little child. I
especially like playing in the garden where I can enjoy the beauty of nature. For one thing,I hope to gain a bit more knowledge of gardening so that it can help me to major in the gardening after attending college. Besides, I wish to get much more information about gardening so as to study it more easily when I enter the university. What's more,I can realize the bitterness of the gardeners to treasure the plants much more. For another,after graduation from college I will devote my life to cultivate the flowers and grasses to turn our country into a more beautiful state and make many more foreigners come to visit our country. Yours, Wang Yue hua
  5.(2009 全国卷Ⅰ、海南、宁夏卷) 假定你是李华, 正在英国接受英语培训, 住在一户英国人家里。 今天你的房东 Mrs Wilson 不在家,你准备外出,请给 Mrs Wilson 写一留言条,内容包括:
  1.外出购物
  2.替房东还书
  3.Tracy 来电话留言:(
  1)咖啡屋(Bolton Coffee)见面取消 (
  2)此事已告知 Susan (
  3)尽快回电 注意:
  1.词数 100 左右;
  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Mrs Wilson, Li Hua 解析:本文属于提纲式要点作文,要求学生就所给内容写一张留言条,是学生比较熟悉 的题材,体现了英语学习应该注意实用性,生活型的原则。应注意下面几点:
  1)注意人称, 应该用第一人称的形式给房东(第二人称)写便条;
  2)注意时态的正确使用:从试题的内容上 可以看出在表达要点 1 和 2 时应用将来时;而要点 3 中的几个方面则需要注意时态的替换, 会用到一般过去时,现在时和将来时;
  3)注意恰当使用逻辑词语,是各个要点间逻辑连贯, 行文通顺。 提纲类书面表达不是简单的逐条翻译, 而是将所给的几个要点合理的组成比较通 顺的语句,因此要仔细组织语言,合理安排结构。在语言方面,要特别注意简洁明了,开头 要开门见山。 参考范文: Mrs Wilson, I'm going out shopping, and won't be back until about 500 pm. I have taken with me the two books you asked me to return to the City Library. At about 1 o'clock this afternoon, Tracy called, saying that she couldn't meet you at Bolton Coffee tomorrow morning as she has something important to attend to. She felt very sorry about that, but said that you could set some other time for the meeting. She wanted you to call her back as soon as you are home. She has already told Susan about this change. Li Hua
  6.(2009天津卷) 假设你是晨光中学的学生会主席李华。 学生会将举办每年一度的英语演讲比赛, 本年度 的主题为“The English Novel I Like Best”。作为组织者,你将在演讲比赛开幕时发言,请 你根据以下提示用英语写一篇发言稿。
  1.说明比赛的意义,如提高英语听说能力,养成读书的习惯等;
  2.说明比赛的注意事项,如每人演讲不超过 5 分钟,语言流利,发音准确等;
  3.预祝比赛圆满成功。
注意:
  1.词数:不少于 100 词;
  2.可适当加入细节,以使行文连贯;
  3.发言稿的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入词数。 Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to this year's English speech competition. Thank you! 解析:本题属于提纲式作文,体裁为应用文中的演讲稿,题材内容贴近学生生活,给出 要点表述较全,题的难度较小,考生注意以下几点即可:
  1.学生在写作时对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要逐条翻译,语言不要太书面化;
  2.正确运用关联词,使上下文联系更加密切,逻辑性强;
  3.注意要使所写内容和原文所给出的开头、结尾处衔接自然,浑然一体。 参考范文: Good afternoon, Ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to this year'
 

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