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英语辅导老师杨冬
ygyd1985@1
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上海太奇系统六班(英语)笔记( 上海太奇系统六班(英语)笔记(11 月 1 号) 系统六班
Assignment Two decades ago, divorce was a taboo and seldom heard of in China. But this is no longer the case. An increasing number of Chinese families, particularly in big cities like Shanghai or Beijing, have ended up in divorce. In other words, divorce is unlikely to catch us by surprise in our era. What, then, has made our family structure so shaky? (
  62)
My colleague Mr. Zhang married two years ago and last week he officially parted with his wife amicably. Zhang, of course, is by no means a rarity of rarities in China today. As a matter of fact, an increasing number of couples have ended up in divorce. Divorce, once a taboo for us Chinese, can no longer catch us by surprise. What, then, lies behind this disturbing social phenomenon?(
  69) Economize energy and reduce emission
  1. Private cars
  2. online shopping
  3. tutoring on weekend
  4. living off campus (cause analysis)
  5. invest in protection of art works or environment
  6. studying abroad
  7. cell phone in the hands of school children
  8. rising divorce rate
  9. good major or famous university
  10. employment of college graduates
  11. education for migrating farmers’ children
  12. values of failure /elements of success /qualities of a good boss
  13. tourism abroad Paragraph 2 Expansion of higher education ?supplies exceed demand Expectations of students are too high Restructuring of the industry ?majors ?unwanted Cause Analysis Cause /reason S 1 (topic sentence): Many factors have converged to produce the phenomenon as described above. Firstly, it has a great deal to do with the increasingly tolerant attitude of the whole society towards divorce, which is no longer an object of gossip. Secondly, it is attributable to the improved financial status of women, who do not have to rely on men for a living. In addition, we are now exposed to the media which seems to romanticize extra-marital affairs and thus plays a negative role in our marriage life. The following factors have contributed to the phenomenon as described above. Firstly, it results from the increased wealth of Chinese people, many of whom can afford the high tuition and living expense in foreign universities. Secondly, it is due to the higher education quality of foreign colleges, which can be a springboard to a better future for the youngsters. Last but not least, as a result of our economic reform, the door of China is becoming opener and people thus enjoy an easier access to foreign universities for their education. Different opinions 2 opinions S1 (first opinion ) S2 + S3 (reasons) S 4 (second opinion) S5 +S6 (reasons) In a word, people don’t see eye to eye with each other on the issue. /people are quite divided over the issue. /people often see different parts of the reality from different perspective. In response to this issue, many people are in favor of owning private cars. In their minds, with a private car, they can enjoy greater convenience and comfort in traffic. Besides, this will also help promote our national economy by stimulating the domestic demands. Others, however, think differently. In their eyes,
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快乐学习 健康备考
英语辅导老师杨冬
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  63.COM
China is an energy-thirsty country and thus shouldn’t encourage the ownership of private cars. More private cars would only mean more serious environment pollution and more traffic jams. Budget their time ?pursue their own interest of study Extra cost ?unnecessary / lack good self-control /off-campus a source of insecurity invest in protection of art works or environment A: guard the national pride /greater return /rare, not recreated B: worsening environment ?threatening our survival / benefit more people Some people strong believe that it is more worthwhile to invest in art works. In their opinion, this can guard the national pride, promise greater economic return and preserve art works from destruction. Others, however, think otherwise. They advocate environment protection investment. For these people, the environment today is worsening and actually on the point of threatening the human survival. The investment in environment protection can benefit greater people than the investment in arts. Merits and demerits ?advantages and disadvantages ? a blessing or curse X has merits(advantages) ?X is a blessing S1 Topic sentence (merits) ?S2 +S3 (2 merits) S 4(transitional sentence) Honey is sweet but bee stings. / Rose is sweet but has thorns. S 5 +S 6 (2 demerits) Cell phone is a good thing for the school age children in that it makes easier and more convenient communication between them and their parents, who can thus know where they are and what they are doing. But it is a curse in many other aspects. Firstly it is an unnecessary extra cost to the family. Secondly, the use of the electronic device can seriously distract the school children from their studies. Last but not least, the new invention emits radiation and poses a threat to the children’s health. A: convenience /cheaper /greater choices B: quality not guaranteed / trap ?deception / personal information leak Online shopping is a blessing at least in two ways. Firstly, it is convenient and less expensive. In addition, customers can easily find greater choices of the goods they want to buy online. However, we shouldn’t fail to notice it may be a curse as well. For one thing, the quality of goods cannot be guaranteed. For another, online shopping can be a trap or a deception. Last but not the least, this way of shopping can make our personal information accessible to bad guys and may cause us unnecessary trouble, according to some reports. Values of failure/elements of success /qualities of a good boss The values of failure can be listed as follows. In the first place, from failure we can draw helpful lessons, by which we can know we have made efforts in a wrong direction. In the second place, failures can cultivate a strong character in us, rendering us more mature and better prepared for greater challenges in the future. Last but not least, failures can make the subsequent success sweeter and more enjoyable, whether you have realized it or not. Aside from others, the following factors definitely deserve our special attention in striving for success. Stand head and shoulders above others The favorite child of the Goddess of Luck Extensive scope of knowledge Perseverance in the face of difficulties /setbacks Good methods /right strategies Strong desire /clearly defined goal Relationship Chance/luck Cooperation Strong sense of justice /responsibility Have a clear understanding of the subordinates ?who can do what Broader vision /clearly defined goal Para
  3. (45-
  60) S1 (summary of para. 1 and para
  2) S2 conclusion S 3 your own opinion and suggestion (quotation /proverb) Considering the phenomenon and different responses, the problem is badly in need of the attention from both the public and the government and may affect the future of our country. The government should therefore allocate enough money for the issue and make it a rule that farmers’ children enjoy the same right to education as city children. In the words of Obama, the success of an economy doesn’t depend on the size of its GDP, but on the reach of the social prosperity. As the famous saying goes, …
  1) The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.
  2) The purpose of education is to replace an empty mind with an open one.
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快乐学习 健康备考
英语辅导老师杨冬
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  3) A man only learns by 2 things: one is reading and the other is association with smarter people.
  4) An eye for an eye makes the world blind.
  5) If you dream of beating me, you’d better wake up and apologize.
  6) Men and nature must work hand in hand. The throwing out of balance of the resources of nature throws out of balance also the lives of men.
  7) The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much, it is whether we provide enough for those who have so little.
  8) The problem now is not the protection of nature by man, but the protection of nature from man.
  9)A successful man is one who can lay a firm foundation with the bricks others have thrown at him. )
  10) Action may not bring happiness, but there is no happiness without action.
  11) When it is a question of money, everybody is of the same religion.
  12) Health is better than wealth. Taking both the merits and demerits of text message mentioned into consideration, I can safely conclude that text message itself is not to blame. Like many new inventions, texting message on cell phone can be easily abused. So, when we enjoy this new technology, we should be the master, not the slave of the electronic device. With the phenomenon and its causes in mind, I am fully convinced that the solution of this problem can only come from the wisdom of the whole society. What’s more, if left unnoticed, it would threaten our social stability. If that were true, the social harmony would be nothing but a wishful thinking. Data Analysis 1950 1970 1990 2009 45 60 65 72 Para. 1 Describe the data S
  1. (general trend) The life span of the Chinese people has been on a steady rise in the past 60 years In the 1950s, the average life span was only 45, but 20 years later it rose to 60 and continued to increase in the following years. By the end of 2009, people are expected to live up to 72 years old. How can we account for this encouraging rise? S2: Para
  2. analyze the causes Medical service better/advanced Nutrition + physical exercise /balanced diet Ability to conquer disasters improved Para
  3. Prediction + suggestion Aged society We should keep it in mind how we treat them will influence how we will be treated in the future. Drunk driving Driving under the influence of alcohol A: more private cars B: cost of drunk driving is too low /punishment is too lenient C: inspection stricter D: indifference to others’ life Strictly applied /implemented Life expectancy As can be seem from the graph, we can see clearly that the AIDS carriers in our country was rising at an alarming speed from the 1980s to 20
  00. In 1980, AIDS was unheard of in our country. But since 1985, the threat of this deadly disease has been looming larger. In 1990, for example, the number of AIDS carriers rose to 150
  00. This number was doubled in less than five years and in 2000 it grew by 200% to 600
  00. It is apparent that AIDS has become something that we cannot afford to ignore. Many factors have converged to create the horror we find ourselves faced with now. First and foremost, China is still a poor country, particularly the inland areas, where people are reduced by poverty to selling blood as a way of making money. Not only are they brutally exploited by blood dealers, they are also infected with AIDS virus on account of the contaminated needles. To make matters worse, these people unintentionally pass the virus to their relatives, adding to the number of AIDS sufferers. In the second place, it is attributable to the questionable anti-traditional
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英语辅导老师杨冬
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  63.COM
attitude among young people to sex. Some loose women would be glad to do anything as long as they can lead an easy life. This way of life makes them become unknowingly victims of the incurable disease. Last but not least, we can trace the cause for the sharp increase of AIDS carriers to drug abuse, an increasingly serious problem in our country. Many people are reportedly drug addicts before becoming AIDS carriers. These three factors contribute to drastic increase in the number of AIDS carriers in our country. Cartoon Para
  1. describe the cartoon As can be seen from the cartoon, a man is bending down with an axe in his hand. He is busy cutting a tree and he is nearly finishing the work. What disturbs us is he seems to be unaware of what is going to happen to the child sleeping in the cradle that is hanging from a branch of the tree. Para
  2. exemplification to illustrate the implication/implied meaning The implication of the cartoon can be best illustrated by what happened in the 1960s in our country. The northeast of China used to be vast grasslands and forests but the government, in the pursuit of more crops for the increasing population, insensibly called on people to turn them into crop fields. We did get good harvests but the following generation are now paying a dear price for such acts. Year in and year out, people there suffer from severe drought. Though much efforts have been made, little has been achieved to improve the ecological situation. Lead poisoning Ecosystem ?pay a dear p
  •  
 

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