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2012 考研英语疑难句讲义
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访美学者,高翻,英语教学与测试专家,北京市优秀青年教师,高等教育出 版社、外语教学与研究出版社、北京航空航天大学出版社等学术出版机构全国考 研系列教材主编、主审,中央财经大学等高校客座教授,北京外国语大学硕士。 在语言教学领域学术建树颇丰,先后在国内外核心学术期刊上发表论文十余篇, 并 有多部考研专著, 《60 天攻克考研英语词汇》 如 、 《考研英语疑难句模块解析》 、 《考 研英语题源阅读理解 100 篇》《考研英语:外文报刊精选》 、 、 《考研英语字典(8000 词) 》等。在京、沪、汉、镐、济、穗等全国三十多所城市担任首席考研主讲,授 课遍及大江南北,深受莘莘学子的爱戴。曾连续压中 08 年、09 年、10 年、11 年 全国研究生入学考试大小作文,广受考生们好评。 白老师网址:http://blog.1
  63.com/teacher_bai_strive 白老师邮箱:teacher_bai_strive@1
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第一篇??课程总论(教学结合)
老师以该讲义为纲,串讲考研英语疑难句的全部高频考点 和应对技巧,语速快,内容多,强度大; 学生务必跟上老师授课步伐,掌握课堂所学全部内容并能
第二篇??两大基点(词法句法)
第三篇??基本构架(核心图解)

  1、What the researchers found was at once both amazing and expected: the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Cosmic Background Explorer satellite -- Cobe -- had discovered landmark evidence that the universe did in fact begin with the primeval explosion that has become known as the Big Bang, the theory that the universe originated in an explosion from a single mass of energy.(1998-翻译)
  2、But it’s interesting to wonder if the images we see every week of stress-free, happiness-enhancing parenthood aren’t in some small, subconscious way contributing to our own dissatisfactions with the actual experience, in the same way that a small part of us hoped getting “ the Rachel” might make us look just a little bit like Jennifer Aniston.(2011-
  4)
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一、主语(命题核心-4 式)
◆名词短语
  1、The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden
2?
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第四篇??专项特训(八大模块)
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海天教育集团 www.bjhaitian.com
announcement of his appointment in 20
  09. (2011-
  1)
  2、The coming of age of the postwar baby boom and an entry of women in the male-dominated job market have limited the opportunities of teen-agers who are already questioning the heavy personal sacrifices involved in climbing Japan’s rigid social ladder to good schools and jobs.(2000-
  4)
  3、Now a pink slip, a bad diagnosis, or a disappearing spouse can reduce a family from solidly middle class to newly poor in a few months.(2007-
  3)
  4、Energy conservation, a shift to other fuels and a decline in the importance of heavy, energy-intensive industries have reduced oil consumption.(2002-
  3) ◆动名词短语
  1、Getting a table at Manhattan’s hot new Alain Ducasse restaurant used to be impossible.(2004-
  3)
  2、 Strengthening economic growth, at the same time as winter grips the northern hemisphere, could push the price higher still in the short term.(2002-
  3)
  3、And, of course, speaking a language does not necessarily mean that someone understands social and cultural patterns.(1997-
  2)
  4、With thousands of career-related sites on the Internet, finding promising openings can be time-consuming and inefficient.(2004-
  1)? ◆不定式短语
  1、It takes more than a brief encounter on a bus to distinguish between courteous convention and individual interest.(1997-
  2)
  2、It is not possible to determine whether both continents are moving in opposite directions or whether one continent is stationary and the other is drifting away from it.(1998-
  5)?
  3、To be sure, he performs an impressive variety of interesting compositions, but it is not necessary for me to visit Avery Fisher Hall, or anywhere else, to hear interesting orchestral music.(2011-
  1)
  4、But it is a little upsetting to read in the explanatory notes that a certain line describes a fight between a Turkish and a Bulgarian officer on a bridge off which they both fall into the river -- and then to find that the line consists of the noise of their falling and the weights of the officers: “Pluff! Pluff! A hundred and eighty-five kilograms.”(2000-
  3) ◆从句?
  1、That the seas are being overfished has been known for years.(2006-
  3)?
  2、But it is hardly inevitable that companies on the Web will need to resort to push strategies to make money.(1999-
  2)
  3、It is generally recognized, however, that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, followed by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, although its impact on the media was not
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海天教育集团 www.bjhaitian.com

  2、This development -- and its strong implications for US politics and economy in years ahead -- has enthroned the South as America’s most densely populated region for the first time in the history of the nation’s head counting.(1998-
  4)
  3、For example, in the early industrialized countries of Europe the process of industrialization -- with all the far-reaching changes in social patterns that followed -was spread over nearly a century, whereas nowadays a developing nation may undergo the same process in a decade or so.(2000-翻译) ◆虚拟语气?
  1、Wild Bill Donovan would have loved the Internet.(2003-
  1)
4?
旺旺:韩圆圆1
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◆动词短语?
  1、That compulsion has resulted in robotics -- the science of conferring various human capabilities on machines.(2002-
  2) 2 、 For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes, theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century.(2011-
  1)? ◆主谓分离
  1、The grand mediocrity of today -- everyone being the same in survival and number of offspring -- means that natural selection has lost 80% of its power in upper-middle-class India compared to the tribes.(2000-
  2)
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二、谓语(命题核心-7 式)
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immediately apparent.(2002-完型)
  4、Surely it should be obvious to the dimmest executive that trust, that most valuable of economic assets, is easily destroyed and hugely expensive to restore ? and that few things are more likely to destroy trust than a company letting sensitive personal data get into the wrong hands.(2007-
  4)
  5、It’s not obvious how the capacity to visualize objects and to figure out numerical patterns suits one to answer questions that have eluded some of the best poets and philosophers.(2007-
  2) 6 、However, whether such a sense of fairness evolved independently in capuchins and humans, or whether it stems from the common ancestor that the species had 35 million years ago, is, as yet, an unanswered question.(2005-
  1)
  7、What researchers such as Ransom Myers and Boris Worm have shown is just how fast things are changing.(2006-
  3)?
  8、But what we forget -- what our economy depends on us forgetting -- is that happiness is more than pleasure without pain.(2006-
  4)
  9、What is odd is that they have perhaps most benefited from ambition -- if not always their own then that of their parents and grandparents.
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  5、Emerging from the 1980 census is the picture of a nation developing more and more regional competition, as population growth in the Northeast and Midwest reaches a near standstill.(1998-
  4)
  6、 Television is one of the means by which these feelings are created and conveyed -- and perhaps never before has it served so much to connect different peoples and nations as in the recent events in Europe.(2005-翻译)
  7、Only recently did linguists begin the serious study of languages that were very different from their own.(2004-翻译)
  8、Were the Times Co. to purchase another major media company, there is no doubt that it could dramatically transform a family-run enterprise that still gets 90% of its revenues from newspapers.(19
  99)
  9、 involved with their computers do the children become that leaders at summer So computer camps often have to force them to break for sports and games.(20
  01) 10 、 Odd though it sounds, cosmic inflation is a scientifically plausible consequence of some respected ideas in elementary particle physics, and many astrophysicists have been convinced for the better part of a decade that it is true. 19
  98( 翻译)
  11、 Church as we use the word refers to all religious institutions, be they Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Jewish, and so on.(20
  01)
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  2、It was inevitable that this primacy should have narrowed as other countries grew richer.(2000-
  1) ◆强调?
  1、But he does expect social problems as a result of technological advances.?
  2、 Open-source spying does have its risks, of course, since it can be difficult to tell good information from bad.(2003-
  1)
  3、Nevertheless, the word “amateur” does carry a connotation that the person concerned is not fully integrated into the scientific community and, in particular, may not fully share its values.(2001-
  1) ◆倒装
  1、Here is an example, which I heard at a nurses’ convention, of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors.(2002-
  1)
  2、Generally, there was a belief that the new nations should be sovereign and independent states, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a common set of laws.(2007-完型)
  3、With economic growth has come centralization; fully 76 percent of Japan’s 119 million citizens live in cities where community and the extended family have been abandoned in favor of isolated, two-generation households.(2000-
  4)
  4、 Scattered around the globe are more than 100 small regions of isolated volcanic activity known to geologists as hot spots.(1998-
  5)
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◆名词短语?
  1、Of all the changes that have taken place in English-language newspapers during the past quarter-century, perhaps the most far-reaching has been the inexorable decline in the scope and seriousness of their arts coverage.(2010-
  1)
  2、Their methods do not attempt to estimate the actual biomass (the amount of living biological matter) of fish species in particular parts of the ocean, but rather changes in that biomass over time.(2006-
  3) ◆动名词短语?
  1、Rather, it involves setting specific goals, obtaining immediate feedback and concentrating as much on technique as on outcome.(2007-
  1)
  2、That doesn’t mean lying down and becoming fooled, or letting foreign corporations run uncontrolled.(2001-
  2)?
  3、A rather similar process of differentiation has led to professional geologists coming together nationally within one or two specific societies, whereas the amateurs have tended either to remain in local societies or to come together nationally in a different way.(2001-
  1)? ◆不定式短语
  1、At the start of the first year in infant school, teachers seat pupils alphabetically from the front, to make it easier to remember their names.(2004-
  2)? ◆从句
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三、宾语(命题核心-6 式)
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◆替代
  1、Railroads typically charge such “captive” shippers 20 to 30 percent more than they do when another railroad is competing for the business.(2003-
  3)
  2、Nonstop waves of immigrants played a role, too -- and so did bigger crops of babies as yesterday’s “baby boom” generation reached its child-bearing years. 1998-
  4) ( ◆省略
  1、Its scientists were the world’s best, its workers the most skilled.(2000-
  1)
  2、 is said that in England death is pressing, in Canada inevitable and in California It optional.(2003-
  4)
  3、Among large cities, San Diego moved from 14th to 8th and San Antonio from 15th to 10th -- with Cleveland and Washington. D. C., dropping out of the top
  10. (1998-
  4)
  4、Until these issues are resolved, a technology of behavior will continue to be rejected, and with it possibly the only way to solve our problems.(2002-翻译)
  5、Hence the analogy that likens the conduct of monetary policy to driving a car with a blackened windscreen, a crac
  •  
 

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