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绝密 2012 考研英语全国高校巡回讲座讲稿
??宫东风
一、 考研从?开始
在人生的道路上,我们难免会遇到一些挫折、困难和烦恼,但这并不意味 着你注定要被打败。如果你有真诚的信念,勇敢地面对人生,也许好运就会降 临在你的身上。 ??奥运跳水冠军郭晶晶
二、从数字了解考研

  1. 2012/1/14 or 21/3-5/3
  2. 52/3
  3. 1/20/
  0.5/10/20
  4. 2-1/4/5/2/20/40/10-17
  5. 2-2/5/2/10/20
  6. 2-3/5/2/10/20-25
  7.3-1/10/100/20-25
  8. 3-2/20/160-200/30-35
三、学习考研英语所应具备的基本素质

  1. 阅读的基本素质 It used to be so straightforward. A team of researchers working together in the laboratory would submit the results of their research to a journal. A journal editor would then remove the authors’ names and affiliations from the paper and send it to their peers for review. Depending on the comments received, the editor would accept the paper for publication or decline it. Copyright rested with the journal publisher, and researchers seeking knowledge of the results would have to subscribe to the journal. No longer. The Internet ? and pressure from funding agencies, who are questioning why commercial publishers are making money from government-funded research by restricting access to it ? is making access to scientific results a reality. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has just issued a report describing the far-reaching consequences of this. The report, by John
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Houghton of Victoria University in Australia and Graham Vickery of the OECD, makes heavy reading for publishers who have, so far, made handsome profits. But it goes further than that. It signals a change in what has, until now, been a key element of scientific endeavor. The value of knowledge and the return on the public investment in research depends, in part, upon wide distribution and ready access. It is big business. In America, the core scientific publishing market is estimated at between $7 billion and $11 billion. The International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers says that there are more than 2,000 publishers worldwide specializing in these subjects. They publish more than
  1.2 million articles each year in some 16,000 journals. This is now changing. According to the OECD report, some 75% of scholarly journals are now online. Entirely new business models are emerging; three main ones were identified by the report’s authors. There is the so-called big deal, where institutional subscribers pay for access to a collection of online journal titles through site-licensing agreements. There is open-access publishing, typically supported by asking the author (or his employer) to pay for the paper to be published. Finally, there are open-access archives, where organizations such as universities or international laboratories support institutional repositories. Other models exist that are hybrids of these three, such as delayed open-access, where journals allow only subscribers to read a paper for the first six months, before making it freely available to everyone who wishes to see it. All this could change the traditional form of the peer-review process, at least for the publication of papers.
  1. In the first paragraph, the author discusses [A] the background information of journal editing. [B] the publication routine of laboratory reports. [C] the relations of authors with journal publishers. [D] the traditional process of journal publication.

  2. Which of the following is true of the OECD report? [A] It criticizes government-funded research. [B] It introduces an effective means of publication. [C] It upsets profit-making journal publishers. [D] It benefits scientific research considerably.
  2. 写作的基本素质
  1) Directions:
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Write an essay of 160?200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
  1) describe the drawing briefly,
  2) explain its intended meaning, and then
  3) give your comments. You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (20 points)
你一条腿,我一条腿; 你我一起,走南闯北。
【高分范文】 As (it) is vividly revealed in the drawing above, two disabled people, who have lost one leg, support each other, desert their walking sticks, and experience the ups and downs of the world together. What is indicated in the drawing reflects a fact and is most thought-provoking. The implied meaning of the drawing can be interpreted in terms of mutual help, cooperation and teamwork. To begin with, mutual help is badly needed in our social life. As social beings, people depend on each other in our life, work and study. As an average individual, each person has both his shortcoming and merits. Only by way of mutual assistance can we overcome our own shortcomings and realize our self-value and dream. What’s more, cooperation and teamwork are essential in our social work and the building-up of our harmonious society. With the rapid development of science and economy, people are increasingly feeling the power of mutual help and cooperation. The construction of a bridge, a building, a dam, a spacecraft and other projects can not be achieved without the joint efforts and individual sacrifice. In short,
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we need to realize that neither our society nor our personal life can be separated from mutual assistance, cooperation and teamwork. In my view, some necessary measures should be taken to make people realize “United, we stand, divided, we fall.” First of all, an education campaign should be launched to educate people on the importance of mutual help and cooperation. In addition, more relavant activities should be created for young people to cultivate the sense of mutual help, cooperation and teamwork. Only in these ways can we build up a harmonious society. (276 words) 2008 年宫东风考研英语大作文写作预测第 15 篇
参考范文
As is vividly betrayed in the photo above, four people are making joint efforts in a boat race. All of them cooperate and spare no effort to win success. What is indicated in the picture above reflects a common sense and is most thoughtprovoking. The implied meaning of the picture above can be interpreted in terms of cooperation and teamwork. To begin with, the sense of cooperation must be cultivated among us. As social beings, people depend on each other in our daily life, work and study. The realization of self-value is closely related to unity and cooperation. It is well-known that “United we stand, divided we fall”. What’s more, the spirit of cooperation and teamwork is badly needed in the building-up of a harmonious society. As we know, the social development is based on the contribution and cooperation of every citizen. The spirit of cooperation and teamwork benefits both our social harmony and each individual. And sincere cooperation will surely bring us the prosperity of a nation. In short, it is essential for us to be aware of the importance of cooperation and teamwork.
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Take Shenzhou and Chang’e space-crafts for example. Both of the projects are demanding tasks. The research and experiment work is permeated with the spirit of cooperation and sacrifice. Without such cooperation and sacrifice, the success of the two space-crafts would not be achieved. In sum, the sense of cooperation and teamwork should take roots in our minds.
(241 words)
四、考研是一场计划战

  1. 春季(2011 年 3 月?6 月) 阅读书目: 《考研英语读真题记单词》 《考研英语阅读理解模板 100 篇 》、 、 《2012 年考研英语写作突破 100 题》 (高等教育出版社)《考研英语词汇复 、 习指南》《考研英语疑难句分析》《考研英语阅读基础过关》 、 、 (西安交通大 学出版社)
  2. 暑期(2011 年 7 月?8 月) 阅 读 书 目 : 2012 年考研英语真题考点与常见错误透析》 《 (高等教育出版社)、 《考研英语综合辅导》 (西安交通大学出版社)
  3. 秋季(2011 年 9 月?10 月) 阅读书目:内部资料,不对外发行。
  4. 冬季(2011 年 11 月?12 月) 阅 读书 目 : 《2012 年考研英语全真冲刺试卷》 (高等教育出版社)《2012 年 、 考研英语最后四套卷》 (西安交通大学出版社)
  5. 冲刺阶段(2012 年 1 月?考前) 阅读书目:内部资料,不对外发行。
五、考研不是无间道而是开往春天的地铁

  1. 宫老师向您推荐的学习榜样(展示顽强精神,勇于挑战自我) 无臂少年用双脚写出辉煌人生
四年前,他用脚答卷考出 613 分的高考分数并被北京师范大学录取;四年后的今天, 他即将圆满完成在北京师范大学的本科学习,并且以每门功课平均 85 分到 90 分 的 成 绩 , 被本校教育学院特殊教育系免试录取为硕士研究生。 T 恤衫、运动鞋、浑身散发的青春活力,他给人的第一感觉似乎和同龄人并没有什么 区别; 然而, 细细端详,你会发现那空空的双袖似乎又在述说着这个与众不同的无臂青年 , 早早经历的痛苦、坎坷和困境,述说他和同龄人不一样的遭遇。 贺世民,河北邯郸人,出生时他四肢健全,在他四岁的时候,一次玩耍中摸到了变压 器,烧掉了双臂。贺世民的父母,不得不面对儿子做高位截肢手术的残酷现实。胳膊没有
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  10.5d6d.com 内部版本:仅供学习,禁止传播! 旺旺:韩圆圆 1 6 了,将来无法做体力活,只能通过学习文化找到出路,身为农民的父母认准了这个道理, 用俩人仅有的初中文化知识开始教孩子用脚来写字。通过刻苦的锻炼,别的孩子用手做的 大部分事情,贺世民用脚也基本上都能够做到。7 岁时,他和其他孩子一起走进了小学, 在接下来的日子里,小学、初中、高中……贺世民用自己的执着精神换来了优异的成绩, 也赢得了老师和同龄人的尊重。 2002 年 7 月,邯郸市教委特别批准贺世民带着特殊的桌椅走进了高考考场。最终,贺 世民以文科 613 分的高分考入北京师范大学。大学期间,为了不影响别人,他总是坐在课 堂偏僻的角落里,把笔记本放在旁边的座椅上,侧着身扭着腰,一边听讲一边艰难地用脚 记笔记。学校领导看到他的难处,允许他免修体育,但他坚持要上,还选修了足球课。在 球场上,他总是比别人更卖力地拼抢,一次次摔倒又一次次自己爬起来。在贺世民的体育 课成绩册上赫然写着“优秀”二字。 现在的贺世民可以用脚玩电脑游戏,用电脑写论文;用脚灵活地操作手机,给曾经给 他关爱的老师发去感谢的短信;日常生活,他可以毫不费力地用脚帮同宿舍的同学递送书 本;考试的时候,他会用脚去一笔一画地答题,甚至细心地把字间距拉大,以方便老师批 阅…… 获得保研资格后,贺世民选择了特殊教育专业,他说,我本身就是残疾人,更了解残 疾人的困难和处境,我希望将来能用自己学到的知识为残疾人做点事儿。

  2. 宫老师向您推荐一句名人名言
It’s not enough that we do our best; sometimes we have to do what’s required.

  3. 如果给一次重上大学的机会……
” “大学学习不能急功近利” 2005 年的毕业生小张,在听到采访问题时,表示“遗憾比较多。”自己的学习面应该广 泛一点,社会实践应该多参加一些,还有应该多培养自己的爱好,最主要的就是应该规划 一下自己的未来。小张说,虽然自己的工作还可以,但是仍然感觉迷茫。“学习不能太急 功近利,欲速则不达。” ” “要好好学英语,应聘机会更多” 同样本科毕业后工作两年的晓然,表示自己最大的遗憾是专业选择,填报志愿时应该 多作了解。大学收获最大的是外地上学对自理能力、心理调节能力的锻炼。如果重上一次 大学,会好好学习英语,“应聘的时候有用,而且机会多。” ” “没能在图书馆多借些书看是种遗憾” 小陈回顾自己的大学生活,感叹大学生活并不是注重文化学习,更注重的是能力方面 的锻炼。“没能在图书馆多借些书看是一种遗憾,等到最后一年了才知道有那么多东西值 得去看。”
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  10.5d6d.com 内部版本:仅供学习,禁止传播! 旺旺:韩圆圆 1 7 ” “大学生活不在学习成绩,而在丰富经历” 工科背景的吕鹏目前从事的工作更加偏文。 对于大学生活, 吕鹏感觉收获与遗憾并存 。 “如果大学要涉猎一些文科专业的内容,多少会对现在的工作有更大帮助。上
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