2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 必背词汇 第一部分 考研英语核心词汇 abide 遵循(…by) ;容忍 The one thing she cannot abide is lying. abnormal 反常的 abnormal behavior abolish 彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等)abolish old custom abrupt 突然的,意外的 an abrupt departure absolute 纯粹的,完全的 have absolute trust in sb. absorb 吸收,吸进 A sponge absorbs water. abstract 抽象的 A flower is beautiful, but beauty itself is abstract. absurd 荒谬的,荒唐的 The idea that number 14 brings bad luck is absurd. abuse 滥用 abuse one's authority(office) aaccelerate 加速,增速 accelerate one’s steps access 接近(或进入)的机会 have regular and immediate access to the President accommodate 使适应,使符合一致 accommodate oneself to changed circumstances accompany 陪伴,伴随 She was accompanied to a dinner by her friend. accomplish 达到(目的) ,完成(任务) ,实现(计划,诺言等) accomplish one's purpose accord 使符合,相一致(with) His violent action do not accord with his peaceful words. account 记述,叙述 give a brief account of what has happened accumulate 积累,积攒,积聚 accumulate wisdom accurate 准确的,精确的 an accurate estimate accuse 指控,指责 They accused her publicly of stealing their books. accustom 使习惯于 accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early acquaint 使认识,使了解 activate 使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动 They have planted secret agents in many countries who could be activated whenever needed. acute 尖锐的,敏锐的 an acute thinker adapt (使)适应 adapt oneself to new conditions address 演说 a television address adhere 黏附,附着 Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another. adjacent 临近的,毗邻的(to) a city and its adjacent suburbs adjoin 贴近,与...毗邻 His house adjoins the lake. administrate 掌管,料理...的事务 In many Japanese homes, the funds are administrated by the wife. adolescent (尤指 16 岁以下的)青少年 a film aimed at adolescents advance 使向前移动 advance a chessman advantage 有利条件,优点 Sitting Presidents hold built-in advantages when seeking another term. adverse 不友好的,敌对的 She felt adverse to her husband's friends. advocate 拥护,提倡,主张 advocate self-defence aesthetic 美学的,艺术的,审美 an aesthetic theory affliliate 使隶属(或附属)于,使成为会员 a government affiliated company affirm 断言,申明 affirm the truth of a statement aggravate 加重,加剧,恶化 aggravate the declining economy aggressive 侵犯的,侵略的 an aggressive weapon agitate 搅动(液体等) The machine agitated the mixture. alarm 惊恐,忧虑 The bandits scattered in alarm. alert 警惕的,留神的 In our reading we should always be alert for new usages. alien 外国的 adjust to an alien culture allege 断言,宣称 The newspaper alleges the mayor's guilt.
2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 必背词汇 allocate 分配,分派,把...拨给 allocate funds for new projects allied 结盟的,有关联的 allied nations allow 允给,准许,允许 He missed her more than he would allow himself to admit. allowance 津贴,补贴,零用钱 a housing allowance alter 改变,更改 alter an attitude alternate 交替,轮流 Night and day alternate. amateur (艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者 an amateur golfer amaze 使惊愕,使惊异 I am amazed that he should get the post. ambiguous 含糊不清的,模棱两可的 an ambiguous answer ambition (对名利等的)强烈欲望,野心 His political ambitions still burn. amend 修改,修订 amend the spelling in sb.'s paper amuse 逗乐,逗笑,给...提供娱乐(或消遣) The clown at the circus amused the children. anchor 锚 The anchor catches (drags). announce 宣布,声称 It is officially announced that he will not run for reelection. annoy 使恼怒,使生气 She was annoyed at (with) his lightheard attitude. annual 每年的,年度的 the annual output of steel anonymous 匿名的,无名的 an anonymous letter (phone call ) answer 回答,响应 Henry took ages to answer the door. anticipate 预期,预料 The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand would fall). anxious 焦虑的,发愁的(about, at) They become anxious at her delay. apart 成零碎 Such cheap clothes come apart after a few washings. apparent 显然的,明明白白的 It was apparent that they all understood. appeal 呼吁,恳求 I appealed to the children to make less noise. applaud 鼓掌,喝彩,叫好 The audience applauds the performers for three minutes. apply 涂,敷 He applied two coats of paint to the table. appoint 任命,委派 They appointed his father (to be 或 as) postmaster. appraise 估量,估计 appraise the infant's weight appreciate 感激 I appreciated your help much. apprehend 对...担心 Do you apprehend that there will be any difficulty? approach 靠近,接近 John is approaching manhood. appropriate 恰当的,相称的 Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear. approve 赞成,同意 I couldn't approve his conduct. approximate 大概的,大约的,近似的 The approximate time is 10 o'clock. apt (习性)易于......的,有......倾向的 A careless person is apt to make mistakes. arbitrary 随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的 an arbitrary choice arise 起立,起身 arise from one's seat arouse 使......奋发 A man like Tom will be aroused. Don’t worry. array 排列,队形 The troops were formed in battle array. articulate 发音清晰的,善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics. artificial 人工的,人造的,人为的 artificial price controls ascend 登高, (渐渐)上升,升高 The airplane ascended into the cloud. ascertain 查明,弄清,确定 I ascertained that he was dead. ashamed 惭愧的,羞耻的 I am ashamed for being so stupid. ashore 向岸,向陆地 He swam ashore. aside 在旁边 We stood aside to let her pass. assault 攻击,袭击 We made an assault on the enemy fort.
2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 必背词汇 assemble 集合,召集 assemble the members of Parliament for a special meeting. assert 肯定地说(出) ,坚定地断言 He asserted his innocence. assess 估价,评价,评论 assess the present state of the economy assign 分配,布置(作业) The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson. assimilate 吸收,消化 He is quick to assimilate new ideas. associate (使)联系, (使)结合 We naturally associated the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution. assume 假定,假设 Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming (that) the weather si favarable. assure 深信不疑地对......说,向......保证 assurance 保证,把握,信心 He gave me his assurance that he would help. astonish 使惊讶 I was astonished at his sudden appearance. attach 系,贴,连接 attach a label to a suitcase attain 达到,获得 attain one’s goal attend 出席,参加(会议等) attend a wedding attendance 出席,参加,出席人数,出席率 Our class has perfect attendance today. attentive 注意的,专心的 an attentive audience attribute 把归因于,把......(过错的责任等)归于(to) He attributed his success to hard work. auxiliary 辅助的 an auxiliary rocket avail 有利于,有助于 Will force alone avail us? average 平均数,平均 The paper receives an average of nearly 100 articles a day. avert 挡开,防止,避免 Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy. awake 醒,觉醒 awake from sleep award 授予(奖品等) The university awarded him an honorary degree. ban (以官方明令)禁止,取缔 He was banned from entering the city. bang (突发的) sudden loud bang bar 条,块,杆,棒 a bar of gold bare 赤裸的,光秃的,空无内容的 walk in bare feet beforehand 预先,事先 If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand. behave 举止端正,听话 Do behave. bewilder 使迷惑,使糊涂 I’m bewildered as to which one to buy. bias 偏见,偏心 have a bias against sb.(或 sth.) blame 责备,责怪 Public opinion blames Mrs Smith for leading the girl astray. blast 一阵(风) ,一股(气流) a blast of wind blaze 火焰 The fire sprang into a blaze. blunt 钝的 The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppressive. blush (因害羞、激动、窘困)脸红 blush with(或 for) joy boast 自吹自擂,自夸的话 He is full of boasts. bolt 螺栓, (门,窗的)插销 a small bag of nuts and bolts boom 低沉有回响的声音 The great bell tolled with a deep boom. border 边界,边境,边沿 a district on the Kampuchean side of the border with Thailand bore 钻孔,挖(通道) bore through a wall bounce 弹起,反弹 The ball doesn’t bounce well. bound 跳跃,弹回 She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly. boycott (联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加 boycott uncooperative manufactures brace 托架,支架 He braced his muscles and lifted the weight. breed (使)繁殖 Rabbits breed families rapidly. bribe 贿赂 accept(或 take)a bribe from sb.
2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 必背词汇 brief 短暂的,简短的,简洁的 a brief holiday brisk 轻快的,生气勃勃的 a brisk pace brittle 易碎的,一碰就破的 brittle glass brush 刷子,毛刷 a laundry brush bump 碰,撞(against, into) The truck bumped against the wall in the dark. burst 爆炸,爆裂 The boiler burst. calculate 计算,推算 calculate the distance between New York and Chicago call 喊,叫 Please call the names of all the people who are present. cancel 取消,废除,删去 cancel a trip capture 俘虏,捕获 capture butterflies case 事例,事实,事情 This is a case of poor judgment. cast 投,扔,抛,撒,掷 cast doubt(s) on the feasibility of a scheme casual 偶然的,无计划的,随便的,非正式的 a casual meeting cease 停止,终止,结束 The music ceased suddenly. certify 证明,证实 The accounts were certified (as) correct. challenge 向...挑战 Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match. character (事物的)性质,特质 The furniture in Tom’s apartment was pretentious and without character. charge 要(价) ,收(费) The airlines charge half price for students. charm 魅力,魔力 This thriving resort town has retained its village charm. chase 追逐,追求 The police chased the escaping thief and caught him at last. check 使突然停止,制止 check one’s steps cherish 珍爱,珍视 cherish one’s native land chew 嚼,咀嚼 He chewed a mouthful of meat. choke 窒息,噎住 be choked by smoke chorus 合唱队 chronic (疾病)慢性的, (人)久病的 chronic indigestion clarity 澄清,阐明 clarify an issue cling 粘着 The frightened child clung to her mother. clumsy 笨拙的 a clumsy boy cluster (果实,花等的)串,束,簇; (人或物)的群,组 a cluster of tourists clutch 紧抓,紧握 clutch at an opportunity coherent 一致的,协调的 lack coherent political goals coin 硬币,钱币,金属货币 a silver coin coincide 相符,相一致 100 Centigrade coincides with 212 Fahrenheit. collaborate (尤指在文艺、科学等方面)合作,协作 He and I collaborated in writing plays. collapse 倒坍,崩溃,瓦解 The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow. collide 碰撞,互撞 The car collided with the truck. come 来,来到 Will you come to the dance tonight? commemorate 纪念,庆祝 commemorate a holiday commend 表扬,称赞 commend a soldier for bravery compact 紧密的,坚实的 a compact piece of luggage compare 比较,对照(with, to) compare the body to a finely tuned machine compatible 能和睦相处的,合的来的 You should choose a roommate more compatible to your tastes. compile 汇编,编制 compile an anthology of poems comply 遵从,顺从,服从 comply with rules(safety regulations) compose 组成,构成 England, Scotland, and Wales compose the island of Great Britain.
2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 2012 考研英语必背词汇(打印版) 必背词汇 compress 压缩 He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a few sentences comprise 包含,包括 The shipyard comprises three docks. compromise 妥协,折衷 compromise over the hard-fought next. compulsory 必须做的,义务的 a compulsory subject conceal 隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽 He concealed his disappointment from his friends. conceive 构想出,设想 conceive an idea concentrate 集中,专心 concentrate one’s attention condemn 谴责 We all condemn cruelty to children. condense (使)压缩, (使)凝结,使简洁 condense a speech to half confer 商谈,商议 confer with sb. Over (on, about, concerning) sth. confess 坦白,供认,承认,忏悔 confess one’s crime confidence 信任 break sb.’s confidence confine 限制,使局限 They suc
 

相关内容

2012考研英语写作特色词汇大全

   2011 考研英语写作特色词汇大全 一、中华民族的喜庆节日 中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festivial) 中华民族的喜庆节日 国庆节 National Day 中秋节 Mia-Autumn Festival 春节 Spring Festival 元宵节 Lantern Festival 儿童节 Children‘s Day 端午节 Dragon Boat Festival 妇女节 Women's Day 泼水节 Water-Splashing Day 教师节 Teachers' ...

2012考研英语指导:词汇学习的几大误区

   考研英语指导 指导: 钻石卡 2012 考研英语指导:词汇学习的几大误区 万学海文 在多年的教学中, 万学海文英语钻石卡考研辅导专家们发现学生在词汇复习 时会有一些误区和问题,这里我们进行了总结,和大家分享,并有针对性地提出 解决办法,希望对 2012 年考研的同学们有所帮助。 误区一:我刚考过六级,已经有了单词基础,所以 2012 年考研的同学们复 习考研英语不用专门复习词汇。 现实中有些同学就是因为有这样的误区,所以英语不过线。在考研乃至人生 的道路上,走了弯路。事实上,考研英语在词汇上 ...

2012考研英语全攻略

   一、英语语言知识的考核仍包括语法和词汇两个部分: 1.词汇部分:词汇的记忆方式灵活多样,归纳起来主要有两种: 第一种记单词的方法,可以依据词根词缀方法,逻辑串联,联想记忆!可以参照基础班词汇课所授记忆法则,以便短期内有一个量的扩张!《2011考研英语词汇速记宝典》要经常巩固复习,务必要确保每个单词有意识复习五遍以上,为下一步提高阅读速度和写好文章打下基础。 第二种记单词的方法,可以通过翻译句子、阅读文章把握词汇在上下文中的精确含义。借助做历年真题在具体语境中查漏补缺,增强记忆,进一步 ...

英语学习_2012考研英语词汇_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 annoy;vt.使苦恼, 骚扰 annual;n.一年生植物, 年刊, 年鉴 adj.一年一次的, 每年的, 一年生的 anonymous;adj.匿名的 antenna;n.天线 a;art.一 n.字母 A abdomen;n.腹, 腹部 abide;vi.坚持, 遵守 vt.忍受, 容忍 abound;vi.多, 大量存在, 富于, 充满 abrupt;adj.突然的, 陡峭的, 生硬的 accessory; ...

2012考研英语必看:历年考研翻译必背单词

   考研翻译冲刺必背单词 08 年 46) believe 相信, assert 断言, claim 声称, argue 争论, assume 假设, maintain 主张, contend 斗争 坚持说, point out 指出, be convinced that 确信, accept 接受, prove 证明, demonstrate 展示游行证 明, validate 证明, state 状态,州,说明,陈述, scribe 描述, tell 说明, show 说明展示, consi ...

2012考研英语复习方法

   2012考研英语复习方法 一、调整心态 考研英语是为考试而准备,和以前的英语成绩关系不大,只是相对而言的难与简单,四六级考试的成绩和它关 系不大。心态问题,毫不夸张地讲,会左右你最后的成败,本人也是经历过的人,深知心态调整的重要性,在这里 我不谈空话和大量理论,和大家说点真实感受和有用的东西。一般来说,考研的整个备考过程会出现 2 个低潮期, 第 1 个低潮期在前期备考阶段,这个阶段由于应届考生还有一些本科的课程和学习任务,加之复习工作刚起步,战 线拉的很长,复习效率很低,甚至经常出现前背后 ...

2012考研英语复习计划

   2011年考研英语试题在一片毁誉参半的声音中被考生和众多专家们评议着,准备参加2012年考试的学生们也早已经埋头苦读了。为了能够使大家获得最满意的复习效果,这里准备了一些英语复习方法,给大家作以参考。 1. 词汇 首先,一定重视背单词。这已经不是什么新办法了,但却是最有用的办法。市场上也有各种各样的词汇书、各种各样的词汇记忆方法,请各位考生不要盲目相信任何一种,也不必对枯燥的背单词失去信心,因为,背单词不是一蹴而就的,它就是一件用智慧和汗水合力完成、而又一定有回报的事。拥有了更多的词汇,就等于 ...

2012新东方考研英语基础翻译内部资料

   新东方在线考研翻译基础班讲义 主讲: 主讲:唐静 课程简介 以讲解翻译基础知识为主,基本不涉及考研翻译的真题. 但是,真题很重要,有必要在强化训练中完全掌握真题. 课程大纲 第一章 考研翻译基础知识 一 翻译的定义 二 翻译的标准和翻译的方法 三 翻译的基本过程 四 考研翻译的核心解题策略 第二章 翻译技巧:词法翻译法 一 词义选择和词义引申 二 词性转换 三 增词法 四 省略法 第三章 翻译技巧:句法翻译法 一 名词性从句的翻译 二 定语从句的翻译 三 状语从句的翻译 四 被动结构的翻译 ...

2012考研英语复习详细计划--cj幸福小店

   Cj 幸福小店:http://shop61195714.taobao.com 【2012 考研】-2012 年考研英语复习计划详解 2011 年考研英语试题在一片毁誉参半的声音中被考生和众多 专家们评议着, 准备参加 2012 年考试的学生们也早已经埋头苦读了。 为了能够使大家获得最满意的复习效果, 这里准备了一些英语复习方 法,给大家作以参考。 1. 词汇 首先,一定重视背单词。这已经不是什么新办法了,但却是最 有用的办法。 市场上也有各种各样的词汇书、 各种各样的词汇记忆方 法, 请各位 ...

新东方2012考研英语背诵经典50篇(带翻译)

   新东方背诵经典50篇 新东方背诵经典50篇 50 相信自己、决不放弃、坚持到底! 相信自己、决不放弃、坚持到底! 新东方背诵经典50篇(带翻译) >01 The Language of Music A painter hangs his or her finished picture on a wall, and everyone can see it. A composer writes a work, but no one can hear it until it is perfo ...

热门内容

八年级湘教版上Unit4 Our World Topic 2 英语教案

   Topic 2 I am sure there are no UFOs. Section A The main activities are 1a and 3. 本课重点活动是 1a 和 3。 Ⅰ. Teaching aims and demands 教学目标 1. Learn some useful words and expressions: robot, scientist, appear, take the place of, situation, repair, truck, me ...

英语时态复习练习(打印)

   时态复习( 时态复习(一) 一. 动词填空: 1.I(be not) a middle school student. 2.She (be) in Class Six ,Grade One .We(be) all Young pioneers. 4.Sam and I(be) in different classes . 5.There (be) a map on the wall. There (be) some boats in the river. 7.There(be) a penc ...

初中英语语法练习动词时态专项训练

   初中英语语法练习动词时态专项训练 一、用所给词的适当形式填空: 1.Heswimming in the river every day in summer. (go) 2.Ityou are right. ( seem ) 3.Look, the children basketball on the playground. ( play ) 4.Heto the radio when I came in, ( listen ) 5.It is very cold .I think it . ...

新版三年级英语教案

   新版三年级英语教案 第一册 1 英语教学计划 本册英语教材是小学英语《英语》第一册新版,由中国、新加坡 合编,人民教育出版社出版。本套教材以激发学生学习兴趣,培养语 言运用能力,提供多种资源为特点,在以下几个方面进行了新的尝试: 1.注重行动学习 2.强调合作学习 3.鼓励项目制作 4.重视表现评价。 重 视小学阶段的学习评价,力图打破以往片面强调测试评价和终结评价 的传统优势。5.实施整体设计。本学期教学计划如下: 教学重点: 一、 教学重点: 1. 培养和训练学生的听、说、读、写的能力及 ...

英语六级短语必背

   1. 经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy2.人民生高/稳步增长 the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people's living standard3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly b ...