新东方名师唐静: 句话,用最简单的形式列在下面, 新东方名师唐静:考研 15 年来 75 句话,用最简单的形式列在下面,以便大家冲刺复 习。 各位考研同学:考研复习,到了最辛苦最忙乱最难熬的时期了。希望你们挺住, 各位考研同学:考研复习,到了最辛苦最忙乱最难熬的时期了。希望你们挺住,坚持 下去。 下去。 我这里, 句话,用这种最简单的形式列在下面,以便大家复习。 我这里,把考研 15 年来 75 句话,用这种最简单的形式列在下面,以便大家复习。注 意,这个材料是用来复习的,就是已经完成了某些句子,才能用这个材料来复习。怎么复 这个材料是用来复习的,就是已经完成了某些句子,才能用这个材料来复习。 习,很简单。 很简单。 首先,问自己是否认识句子中的每一个单词,尤其是这个单词的本义和上下文意思。 首先,问自己是否认识句子中的每一个单词,尤其是这个单词的本义和上下文意思。 比如说吧,modify( ),可能你记的 修饰、修改” 但是这里由于上文是“ 可能你记的“ 比如说吧,modify(03 年 61 题),可能你记的“修饰、修改”,但是这里由于上文是“人 类”,下文是“环境”,所以要翻译为“改造、改变”。 下文是“环境” 所以要翻译为“改造、改变” 其次,问自己是否知道这句话中每一个单词的成分和上下修饰关系。比如说, 其次,问自己是否知道这句话中每一个单词的成分和上下修饰关系。比如说,还是 这个词吧。 modify…是一个不定式短语 modify 后面还带了宾语“环境”。 是一个不定式短语, 后面还带了宾语“环境” modify 这个词吧。 要知道 to modify…是一个不定式短语, 这个不定式短语修饰“能力” 可以翻译到中心词前: 有改造环境的能力” 这个不定式短语修饰“能力”,可以翻译到中心词前:“有改造环境的能力”,但是由于 的宾语“环境”后面带了定于从句, 所以, 最好把这个不定式短语直接翻译在后面, modify 的宾语“环境”后面带了定于从句,所以,最好把这个不定式短语直接翻译在后面, 即:人类有能力去改造…。 人类有能力去改造… 就依靠这两点来复习每一个句子,大家懂了吗?祝福你们,靠努力来换成功。 就依靠这两点来复习每一个句子,大家懂了吗?祝福你们,靠努力来换成功。 1996 年英译汉试题 of (
  71)Some of these causes are completely reasonable results of social needs. Others are reasonable consequences of particular advances in science being to some selfextent self-accelerating. (
  72)This trend began during the Second World War, when several governments to came to the conclusion that the specific demands that a government wants to make of its scientific establishment cannot generally be foreseen in detail. (
  73)This seems mostly effectively done by supporting a certain amount of goals research not related to immediate goals but of possible consequence in the future. (
  74)However, the world is so made that elegant systems are in principle unable to deal with some of the world's more fascinating and delightful aspects. (
  75)New forms of thought as well as new subjects for thought must arise in thought the future as they have in the past, giving rise to new standards of elegance.
1997 年英译汉试题 (
  71)Actually, it isn't, because it assumes that there is an agreed account of human rights, which is something the world does not have. (
  72)Some philosophers argue that rights exist only within a social contract, as part of an exchange of duties and entitlements. (
  73)It leads the discussion to extremes at the outset: it invites you to think that animals should be treated either with the consideration humans extend to other humans, or with no consideration at all. (
  74)Arguing from the view that humans are different from animals in every relevant respect, extremists of this kind think that animals lie outside the area of moral choice. (
  75)When that happens, it is not a mistake: it is mankind's instinct for moral should reasoning in action, an instinct that should be encouraged rather than laughed at. 1998 年英译汉试题 (
  71)But even more important, it was the farthest that scientists had been able to look into the past, for what they were seeing were the patterns and structures that existed 15 billion years ago. (
  72)The existence of the giant clouds was virtually required for the Big Bang, first put forward in the 1920s, to maintain its reign as the dominant explanation of the cosmos. ground(
  73)Astrophysicists working with ground-based detectors at the South Pole and balloonballoon-borne instruments are closing in on such structures, and may report their findings soon. (
  74)If the small hot spots look as expected, that will be a triumph for yet another scientific idea, a refinement of the Big Bang called the inflationary theory. universe theory. (
  75)Odd though it sounds, cosmic inflation is a scientifically plausible elementaryconsequence of some respected ideas in elementary-particle physics, and many astrophysicists have been convinced for the better part of a decade that it is true.
1999 年英译汉试题 While (
  71) While there are almost as many definitions of history as there are historians, modern practice most closely conforms to one that sees history as the attempt to recreate and explain the significant events of the past. arisen (
  72) Interest in historical methods has arisen less through external challenge to the validity of history as an intellectual discipline and more from internal quarrels among historians themselves. (
  73)During this transfer, traditional historical methods were augmented by additional methodologies designed to interpret the new forms of evidence in the historical study. (
  74) There is no agreement whether methodology refers to the concepts peculiar to historical work in general or to the research techniques appropriate to the historical various branches of historical inquiry. (
  75) It applies equally to traditional historians who view history as only the external and internal criticism of sources, and to social science historians who equate their activity with specific techniques. 2000 年英译汉试题 (
  71) Under modern conditions, this requires varying measures of centralized control and hence the help of specialized scientists such as economists and operational research experts. (
  72)Furthermore, it is obvious that the strength of economy a country's economy is directly bound up with the efficiency of its agriculture and industry, and that this in turn rests upon the efforts of scientists and technologists of all kinds. (
  73)Owing to the remarkable development in mass communications, people everywhere are feeling new wants and are being exposed to new customs and ideas, while governments are often forced to introduce still further innovations for the reasons given above. (
  74) in the early industrialized countries of Europe the process of industrialization? industrialization?with all the far reaching changes in social patterns that followed? followed?was spread over nearly a century, whereas nowadays a developing nation may undergo the same process in a decade or so.
(
  75)Additional social stresses may also occur because of the population movements? explosion or problems arising from mass migration movements?themselves made relatively easy nowadays by modern means of transport. 2001 年英译汉试题 (
  71) There will be television chat shows hosted by robots, and cars with pollution monitors that will disable them when they offend. (
  72) Children will play with dolls equipped with personality chips, computers inregarded with in-built personalities will be regarded as workmates rather than tools, smellrelaxation will be in front of smell-television, and digital age will have arrived. (
  73)Pearson has pieced together the work of hundreds of researchers around calendar the world to produce a unique millennium technology calendar that gives the latest dates when we can expect hundreds of key breakthroughs and discoveries to take place. man(
  74) But that, Pearson points out, is only the start of man-machine integration:“It will be the beginning of the long process of integration that will ultimately lead to a fully electronic human before the end of the next century.” (
  75)And home appliances will also become so smart that controlling and disorder? operating them will result in the breakout of a new psychological disorder?kitchen rage. 年英译汉试题 2002 年英译汉试题 (
  61) One difficulty is that almost all of what is called behavioral science continues to trace behavior to states of mind, feelings, traits of character, human nature, and so on. (
  62)The behavioral sciences have been slow to change partly because the explanatory explanatory items often seem to be directly observed and partly because other kinds of explanations have been hard to find. (
  63)The role of natural selection in evolution was formulated only a little more than a hundred years ago, and the the selective role of the environment in shaping and maintaining the behavior of the individual is only beginning to be recognized and studied.
(self(
  64)They are the possessions of the autonomous (self-governing) man of traditional theory, and they are essential to practices in which a person is held responsible for his conduct and given credit for his achievements. (
  65) Until these issues are resolved, a technology of behavior will continue to be rejected, and with it possibly the only way to solve our problems. 2003 年英译汉试题 (
  61)Furthermore, (
  61)Furthermore, humans have the ability to modify the environment in which they live, thus subjecting all other life forms to their own peculiar ideas and fancies. (
  62)Social science is that branch of intellectual enquiry which seeks to study endeavors humans and their endeavors in the same reasoned, orderly, systematic, and dispassioned manner that natural scientists use for the study of natural phenomena. firstcross(
  63)The emphasis on data gathered first-hand, combined with a cross-cultural cultures perspective brought to the analysis of cultures past and present, makes this study a unique and distinctly important social science. (
  64)Tylor defined culture as “...that complex whole which includes belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.” (
  65)Thus, the anthropological concept of “culture," like the concept of “set” in mathematics, is an abstract concept which makes possible immense amounts of concrete research and understanding. 2004 年英译汉试题 (
  61) The Greeks assumed that the structure of language had some connection with the process of thought, which took root in Europe long before people realized how diverse languages could be. (
  62) We are obliged to them because some of these languages have since vanished, as the peoples who spoke them died out or became assimilated and lost their native languages.
(
  63) The newly described languages were often so strikingly different from the well studied languages of Europe and Southeast Asia that some scholars even accused Boas and Sapir of fabricating their data. (
  64) Being interested in the relationship of language and thought, Whorf developed the idea that the structure of language determines the structure of habitual thought ma society. (
  65) Whorf came to believe in a sort of linguistic determinism which, in its strongest form, states that language imprisons the mind, and that the grammatical farpatterns in a language can produce far-reaching consequences for the culture of a society. 2005 年英译汉试题 Television
  46) Television is one of the means by which these feelings are created and conveyed -- and perhaps never before has it served so much to connect different peoples and nations as in the recent events in Europe. multihave
  47) In Europe, as elsewhere, multi-media groups have been increasingly successful: groups which bring together television, radio newspapers, magazines and publishing houses that work in relation to one another.
  48) This alone demonstrates that the television business is not an easy world fact to survive in, a fact underlined by statistics that show that out of eighty European television networks no less than 50% took a loss in 19
  89.
  49) Creating a “European identity” that respects the different cultures and traditions which go to make up the connecting fabric of the Old Continent is no easy task and demands a strategic choice
  50) In dealing with a challenge on such a scale, it is no exaggeration to say “United we stand, divided we fall” 2006 年英译汉试题
  46) I shall define him as an individual who has elected as his primary duty (苏格拉底 苏格拉底) and pleasure in life the activity of thinking in Socratic (苏格拉底) way about moral problems.

  47) His function is analogous to that of a judge, who must accept the obligation of revealing in as obvious a manner as possible the course of reasoning which led him to his decision.
  48) I have excluded him because, while his accomplishments may contribute to approaching the solution of moral problems, he has not been charged with the
 

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