2012 考研英语风
20112011-1-26 一、励志美文
食品安全问题催生“自办农场” 食品安全问题催生“自办农场”
近来,假冒和有毒的白酒、蘑菇、米粉、牛奶和食用油等伪劣产品的出现让中国消费者感到担忧。食品 安全是中国的一大问题,连政府机构都开始自己种菜吃。 中国政府承诺会采取更严厉的处罚、更大力度的监管以及更高的透明度,但是,公众需要令人信服的事 实。据《小康》杂志社和清华大学媒介调查实验室最近公布的调查显示,有近 70%的中国消费者对食品安全 感到担忧。 现在,有些个人和公司开始采取行动确保饭桌上的食物是适于食用的。 越来越多的人开始建立或者加盟 遵照美国“社区支持农业(CSA)”模式运作的有机农场。 2010 年 12 月,原先从事旅游行业的何屏儒(音)在广东佛山开办了一个有机农场,他说,有近 3000 人与他 签约,他定期向他们供应应季蔬菜。 他说:“食品安全在中国是一个严重的问题,并不是商店里所有的所谓有机 食品都是真正有机的。” 28 岁的石嫣 2008 年在美国明尼苏达州的农场工作了 6 个月,她说,CSA 模式令她深受启发。尽管毕业 于中国著名的学府,但她还是选择了当农民,这令她的父母非常震惊。 2009 年,她在北京郊区开办了小毛驴农场。石嫣说,别人也会有开办农场的类似计划。但是我们的目的 不是赚钱,而是让农民不要离开自己的土地,并让城里人意识到保护我们的地球和土地的重要性”。 她说,中国约有 40 个“真正的”CSA 农场。上个月在北京举行的 CSA 会议吸引了 250 多人。 石嫣说,越来越多的中国公司开始效仿政府部门建立自己的农场。在佛山,何屏儒的会员中就有国有的 电信和电力公司、房地产开发商。他说,他们都需要安全、高品质的食品。 在上海附近的崇明岛,一亩田有机农场的经理说,他们农场的 2700 名会员中有 27 家是公司,而且大多是 国有公司,比两年前刚开办时增加了 60%。 他说:“我发现,公司购买我们的食物是因为中国令人不安的食品安全问题。 另外,他们也想通过提供绿色 有机食品来留住自己的员工。” 世界卫生组织驻北京食品安全问题专家彼得?本?安巴雷克说,非农业的中国公司建立自己的农场“表明
1
情况不对。这不能解决中国的食品安全问题,也缺乏效率”。 安巴雷克说,中国现在非常重视食品安全问题,并颁布了首部食品安全法。 但是,要做的还很多,比如,教育 消费者,减少不合格食品生产商的数量,以及精简机构。 在中国的 15 万名食品检查员中,“很多都是不合格的”, 因为他们缺乏足够的专业技能。
二、写作练习
时间就是金钱
三、词汇与阅读练习
China's organic farms rooted in food-safety concerns
It's quite a shopping list ? wine, mushrooms, bean curd, rice noodles, dairy drinks and cooking oil ? but buyer beware. In recent months, fake or toxic batches of all these items have worried Chinese consumers nationwide and are a reminder that food safety is a major issue in a country where even government agencies have food grown for their staffs to avoid problems. China's government promises tougher penalties, better supervision and greater transparency, yet the public will take some convincing. Almost 70% of China's consumers feel insecure about food safety, according to a survey released recently by Insight China Magazine and the Tsinghua University Media Survey Lab. Now some individuals and companies are taking action to ensure the produce on their dining tables, or in
2
work canteens, is fit to eat. A small but growing number of people are starting or joining organic farms that abide by the community-supported agriculture (CSA) model being used in the USA. Tourism-researcher-turned-organic-farmer He Pinru opened his Foshan Leyang farm in December, in southern China's Guangdong province. He says almost 3,000 people have signed up for regular deliveries of seasonal vegetables. "Food safety is a serious problem in China, and not all the so-called organic foods in shops are really organic," He says. Shi Yan, 28, a rural development expert, says she was inspired by the CSA model when working for six months in 2008 at the Earthrise farm in Madison, Minn. Shi says she shocked her parents by choosing the life of a peasant despite her degrees from a top Chinese university. At the Little Donkey Farm, which she opened in 2009 in Beijing's semi-rural suburbs, Shi hears from other people planning similar projects. "Their first question is usually 'Can I make money from this?' " Shi says. "The purpose is not making money, but sustaining farmers on the land, and teaching city people the importance of protecting our planet and the soil." China has about 40 "real" CSA farms, she says. A CSA conference in Beijing last month attracted more than 250 people. At Shi's farm, about 100 members pay to work their own plot of land and 500 members pay a $600 annual fee for a weekly supply of vegetables grown without the chemical fertilizers and pesticides used on most Chinese farms. Interest in safer foods in China has soared since milk powder doctored with the industrial chemical melamine killed six babies and sickened 300,000 in 2008, Shi says. A growing number of Chinese companies have started their own farms, following the example of government departments that have operated dedicated supply chains for years, Shi says. In Foshan, He Pinru's members include state-owned telecommunications and power companies, and real estate developers, who want to offer safe, good-quality food at employee canteens, he says. On Chongming Island near Shanghai, Fang Ming, manager of the organic Yimutian Farm, counts 27 companies, mostly state-owned, among its 2,700 members, up from 60 at its launch two years ago. "I found companies buy our food due to poor food safety in China, as there are too many fertilizers used on vegetables and too many food additives," he says. "They also want to offer green, organic food as a way to unite employees." Non-agricultural Chinese companies starting their own farms are "a sign that things are not right. It's not efficient, and it's not solving the problems of food safety in China," says Peter Ben Embarek, a Beijing-based food-safety expert at the World Health Organization. Beijing has made food safety a high priority and put in place the nation's first food-safety law in 2009, Embarek says. More must be done to educate consumers, reduce the number of unqualified food producers, and streamline the various agencies involved in food safety, he says. Among China's 150,000 food inspectors "many are not up to the job," as they lack sufficient technical and scientific skills, he says. In November, melamine resurfaced in contaminated dairy drinks in Hunan province despite several government crackdowns since the milk powder scandal in 20
  08. Exported Chinese pet-food ingredients containing melamine ? an organic chemical widely used in plastics, adhesives and countertops ? killed or harmed hundreds of U.S. pets in 20
  07. Chinese companies have been caught using melamine in food to fabricate higher protein content. Such food-safety problems prompted the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to establish three offices in China in 20
  08. Christopher Hickey, FDA China country director, welcomes the 2009 law because it is designed to improve exported food as well, but he warns, "It remains to be seen how strictly this law will be enforced." The arrests of Chinese who alert officials to food problems show that the Chinese government is not entirely behind the safety effort, critics say. Zhao Lianhai, the father of a boy sickened by tainted milk powder, was jailed
3
and later paroled in December for his activism on behalf of other parents. United Nations official Olivier De Schutter recently criticized the prosecution of food-safety activists. "I'm nervous sometimes and very careful about what I do," says Beijing lawyer Sang Liwei, who took part in drafting the food-safety law. He says he avoids cases with multiple plaintiffs because the government is sensitive about large disputes. At Little Donkey Farm, computer salesman Liu Chunsheng picked up a box of vegetables and praised the produce, which can cost 50% above market prices. "The food in many markets can't be trusted. Nothing is more important than my family's health."
4
 

相关内容

2011考研英语_全程四阶计划[1222]

   2011考研英语 全程四阶计划 2011 一、阶基础复习规划(3-6月份) 主要目标:掌握大纲要求的词汇及短语,全面复习语法,争取语法无盲点。 阶基础复习规划(3- 月份) (3 二、阶强化复习规划(7-10月份) 主要目标:阅读及翻译达标,提高阅读速度,巩固词汇的运用能力。 阶强化复习规划(7-10月份) (7 月份 三、阶模考冲刺复习规划(11-12月中旬) 主要目标:利用套题对前面的复习做一个总体的检验,练习答题规范,保持卷面整洁,增加信心, 阶模考冲刺复习规划(11-12月中旬) ( ...

2012考研英语词组

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2012 年考研全科全程辅导 考研英语作文专用词汇手册 新东方考研词汇刘一男词根简单记忆 《研途研语》 2012 年考研电子期刊免费下载 优美英语短文背诵 80 篇+中文翻译 考研作文宝典打印版 考研英语作文高手锦囊 最新 13 年考研英语真题必背美文及精细总 结 研写作 160 篇写作模板及必背美文 新东方考研真题词汇大盘点 刘一男:考研英语动词讲义最新版 考研英语最完整高频词汇 新东方孔雁老师?考研英语词汇记忆群 16 天记住 7000 ...

2012考研英语复习计划

   2012考研英语复习计划 2012考研英语复习计划 2011年01月20日 互联网 海天考研认为:适合自己的学习计划才是真正有效的学习计划。 1、3月份至7月份 单词:5500基础单词和信息库的词根、词缀 句子:练习翻译阅读文章能中的长难句,积累理解语句基础 逻辑关系:练习确定段落主题句,区分细节句 2、7月份至10月份 做真题3遍,以错误为导向。即每一道做错的题目要分析错误原因,总结出题规律,避 免错误发生。 3、11月份至12月份 熟练真题解题步骤,达到熟能生巧。 4、1月份至考前 做真 ...

2011年考研英语(二)参考答案

   年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(二)试题客观题部分参考答案 1-5 ACBDD 6-10 BACCA 11-15 DBACA 16-20 CDACD 21-25BBDAA 26-30DBCBB 31-35BDCDB 36-40DCBAC 41-45EDCFG 46 题翻译: 题翻译: 有谁会想到,在全球范围内,IT 行业产生的温室气体跟全球航空公司产生的一样多?占二 氧化碳总排量的 2%. 很多日常工作对环境造成了让人震惊的破坏作用。 根据你查询正确答 案的尝试次数,谷歌搜索引擎会插手 ...

2011年考研英语(2)完整答案(考试吧版)

   中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 中国教育培训第一门户??考试吧 ?? 考试吧: 考研英语(二 答案 完整版) 答案(完整版 考试吧:2011 考研英语 二)答案 完整版 1??5 ACBDD ??5 6??10 BACCB ??10 11??15 DBACA 11??15 ?? 16??20 ADACD 16??20 ?? 21??25 ADCBD 21??25 ?? 26??30 26??30 DBCAA ?? 31??35 31??35 BDCDB ?? 36??40 36??40 AD ...

2011考研英语命题分析及2012复习建议

   2011 年研究生入学考试已经结束,今年的考研英语试题,从命题形式来看,比 较常规,没有出现让考生措手不及的情况;但仍然是稳中有变,体现了灵活的命 题趋势。从各个模块来看: 一、英语知识运用部分 完形填空主要考查两种能力,一是对考研核心词汇的理解和辨析能力,二是对英 文文章的上下文逻辑关系的把握能力。 英语知识运用的词义辨析题主要考查各种实词,如名词、动词、形容词以及副词 的形近、义近词辨析。11 年试题中对这部分的考查有 13 道之多,其中考查近义 动词辨析的有 8 道,形容词辨析 4 道 ...

2012考研英语资料

   第四章 1、解释荷载横向分布、荷载横向分布影响线、荷载横向分布系数。 2、简述荷载横向分布系数常用的计算方法和适用范围。 3、用杠杆法求荷载内力支点处的 m0 ,用刚性横梁法求跨中的 mc ,对 1、2、3 号梁分别画 人群、车辆作用下 m 用沿桥纵向的变化图。 (结合例题) 4. 由第三题已求得数据求在公路?I 级荷载作用下跨中最大弯矩及支点处的最大剪力值。 (1 号梁,计算跨径 l 0 =19.5m) 5.计算荷载横向分布的等刚度原则。 6.以 266 页的图 2-4-6 为例求跨中横梁 ...

2012考研英语全攻略

   一、英语语言知识的考核仍包括语法和词汇两个部分: 1.词汇部分:词汇的记忆方式灵活多样,归纳起来主要有两种: 第一种记单词的方法,可以依据词根词缀方法,逻辑串联,联想记忆!可以参照基础班词汇课所授记忆法则,以便短期内有一个量的扩张!《2011考研英语词汇速记宝典》要经常巩固复习,务必要确保每个单词有意识复习五遍以上,为下一步提高阅读速度和写好文章打下基础。 第二种记单词的方法,可以通过翻译句子、阅读文章把握词汇在上下文中的精确含义。借助做历年真题在具体语境中查漏补缺,增强记忆,进一步 ...

2012考研英语写作必背36篇美文素材

   精选新概念必背优秀文章 36 篇 1 - 经典教材精选的美文 这个优秀文章 36 篇是我从新概念三、 四的教材里精心挑选出来的, 其中新概念 三 20 篇和新概念四的 16 篇,从贴近考研英语的角度来筛选,剔除了大部分的记叙 文和说明文题材,主要就是论说文了。 这些精选出来的文章作为必须背诵的素材。原来的文档很多都有或多或少的小 错误。这里我都精心对照过,并且尽力避免出现错误。 以前那个版本只有 20 篇文章 (新三 12 篇,新四 8 篇) ,有网友反映排版使用不 是很方便,这里重新排版。 ...

疯狂英语原声版2011.1

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

热门内容

英语发音

   记忆单词 一、音形联系记忆 英语是一种拼音文字,根据字母与音素之间的联系去记忆单词,是拼记单词最基本的方法。 使用这种方法,必须先熟悉一些读音规则,如元音字母在重读开音节里发它本身的字母名称音, 在重读闭音节里读短元音,元音字母组合 ea 在单词中读[i:]和[e],辅音字母组合 th 在单词里 读[θ]和[?等。通过拼读字母和音标,记住音与形之间的联系,就可水到渠成记住该词。 附发音规则: I. 元音字母在重读音节中的一般读音规则表 a e i o u /ei/ / / /i:/ /e/ ...

PEP版小学四年级英语上册复习试题??史建馥

   小学英语四年级上册期末复习题 Ⅰ.Read and choose.找出与其他单词不同类的选项。(5 颗 ( )1.A.soup ( )2. A. bathroom ( )3. A. father ( )4. A. vegetable ( )5. A. shelf B.juice B.fridge B. brother B. beef B. painting C.egg C.kitchen C. sister C.bread C.music ) D.milk D.bedroom D. farm ...

2009年北京市中考英语模拟练习(1)含参考答案

   请访问 http://www.beijing518.com 北京中考网 09 中考模拟练习一 第I卷 一,单项选择: (共 20 分,每小题 1 分) 从下列各题所给的四个选项中选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项. ( )1. This is book. But where is mine? A. him B. his C. he D. himself ( ) 2. do you study for tests? I work with my friends. A. How B. Who C. W ...

《电子信息工程专业英语导论》课件PART 2 unit5

   PART 2 Modern Electronics Devices 1 UNIT 5 The basic components of computer system 2 New words and Technical Terms memory processor performance location signal instruction bus semiconductor flip-flop chip transistor binary central processing unit ...

九年级英语Unit2练习题

   南安市胜利中学九年级英语练习卷 南安市胜利中学九年级英语练习卷 UNIT 2 CLASS: NO. NAME: I,选择填空:22% ( ) 1. Uncle Li stopped _ the bicycle when he heard someone knocking at the door. A. to mend B. mending C. mend D. mended ( ) 2. This kind of cake smells , tastes. A. well, badly B. ...