2012 考研英语基础阶段测试题及答案
万学海文
考试时间: 考试时间:180 分钟 学员姓名: 学员姓名: 满分: 满分:100 分 卡号: 卡号: B、督促参加 、 主管咨询师: 主管咨询师: 是否学数学: 是否学数学: C、强制参加) (以上内容请写在答题纸上) 、强制参加 以上内容请写在答题纸上)
参加考试类型:(A、 参加考试类型 、自愿参加
Section I
Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (20 points) Example: I have been to the Great Wall three times 19
  79. [A] from [B] after [C] for [D] since The sentence should read, “I have been to the Great Wall three times since 19
  79.” Therefore, you should choose [D].
  1. I worked so late in the office last night that I hardly had time b the last bus. [A] to have caught [B] to catch [C] catching [D] having caught
  2. As it turned out to be a small house party, we d so formally. [A] needn’t dress up [B] did not need have dressed up [C] did not need dress up [D] needn’t have dressed up
  3. I apologize if I d you, but I assure you it was unintentional. [A] offend [B] had offended [C] should have offended [D] might have offended
  4. Although a teenager, Fred could resist a what to do and what not to do. [A] to be told [B] having been told [C] being told [D] to have been told
  5. Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if food shortage c avoided. [A] is to be [B] can be [C] will be [D] has been
  6. Doing your homework is a sure way to improve your test scores, and this is especially true d it comes to classroom tests. [A] before [B] as [C] since [D] when
  7. There are over 100 night schools in the city, making it possible for a professional to be re-educated no matter c he does. [A] how [B] where [C] what [D] when
  8. I’ve kept up a friendship with a girl whom I was at school d twenty years ago. [A] about [B] since [C] till [D] with

  9. He wasn’t asked to take on the chairmanship of the society, insufficiently popular with all members. [A] being considered [B] considering [C] to be considered [D] having considered
  10. for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is. [A] Had it not been [B] Were it not [C] Be it not [D] Should it not be
  11. Please yourself from smoking and spitting in public places, since the law forbids them. [A] restrain [B] hinder [C] restrict [D] prohibit
  12. Without telephone it would be impossible to carry on the functions of every business operation in the whole country. [A] practically [B] preferably [C] precisely [D] presumably
  13. Preliminary estimation puts the figure at around $110 billion, the $160 billion the President is struggling to get through the Congress. [A] in proportion to [B] in reply to [C] in relation to [D] in contrast to
  14. He is planning another tour abroad, yet his passport will at the end of this month. [A] expire [B] exceed [C] terminate [D] cease
  15. All the off-shore oil explorers were in high spirits as they read letters from their families. [A] sentimental [B] affectionate [C] intimate [D] sensitive
  16. Several international events in the early 1990s seem likely to , or at least weaken, the trends that emerged in the 1980s. [A] revolt [B] revolve [C] reverse [D] revive
  17. I was unaware of the critical points involved, so my choice was quite . [A] arbitrary [B] rational [C] mechanical [D] unpredictable
  18. The local people were joyfully surprised to find the price of vegetables no longer according to the weather. [A] altered [B] converted [C] fluctuated [D] modified
  19. The pursuit of leisure on the part of the employees will certainly not their prospect of promotion. [A] spur [B] further [C] induce [D] reinforce
  20. In what to a last minute stay of execution, a council announced that emergency funding would keep alive two aging satellites. [A] applies [B] accounts [C] attaches [D] amounts
Section II
Cloze Test
Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C], [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the
brackets with a pencil. (10 points) Until recently most historians spoke very critically of the Industrial Revolution. They __21__ that in the long run industrialization greatly raised the standard of living for the __22__ man. But they insisted that its __23__ results during the period from 1750 to 1850 were widespread poverty and misery for the __24__ of the English population. _25__ contrast, they saw in the preceding hundred years from 1650 to 1750, when England was still a __26__ agricultural country, a period of great abundance and prosperity. This view, __27__, is generally thought to be wrong. Specialists __28__ history and economics, have __29__ two things: that the period from 1650 to 1750 was __30__ by great poverty, and that industrialization certainly did not worsen and may have actually improved the conditions for the majority of the populace.
  21. [A]admitted
  22. [A] plain
  23. [A]momentary
  24. [A] bulk
  25. [A] On
  26. [A] broadly
  27. [A] however
  28. [A] at
  29. [A]manifested
  30. [A] noted [B]believed [B] average [B] prompt [B] host [B] With [B]thoroughly [B]meanwhile [B] in [B]approved [B] impressed [C] claimed [C] mean [C] instant [C] gross [C] For [C]generally [C] therefore [C] about [C] shown [C] labeled [D] predicted [D] normal [D]immediate [D] magnitude [D] By [D]completely [D] moreover [D] for [D] speculated [D] marked
Section III
Reading Comprehension
Directions: Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Then mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets. (40 points) Text 1 Few creations of big technology capture the imagination like giant dams. Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and drought that makes the idea of forcing the waters to do our bidding so fascinating. But to be fascinated is also, sometimes, to be blind. Several giant dam projects threaten to do more harm than good. The lesson from dams is that big is not always beautiful. It doesn’t help that building a big, powerful dam has become a symbol of achievement for nations and people striving to assert themselves. Egypt’s leadership in the Arab world was cemented by the Aswan High Dam. Turkey’s bid for First World status includes the giant Ataturk Dam. But big dams tend not to work as intended. The Aswan Dam, for example, stopped the Nile flooding but deprived Egypt of the fertile silt that floods left?all in return for a giant reservoir of disease which is now so full of silt that it barely generates electricity. And yet, the myth of controlling the waters persists. This week, in the heart of civilized Europe, Slovaks and Hungarians stopped just short of sending in the troops in their contention over a dam on the Danube. The huge complex will probably have all the usual problems of big dams. But Slovakia is bidding for independence from the Czechs, and now needs a dam to prove itself. Meanwhile, in India, the World Bank has given the go-ahead to the even more wrong-headed Narmada Dam. And the bank has done this even though its advisors say the dam will cause hardship for the powerless and environmental destruction. The benefits are for the powerful, but they are far from guaranteed.
Proper, scientific study of the impacts of dams and of the cost and benefits of controlling water can help to resolve these conflicts. Hydroelectric power and flood control and irrigation are possible without building monster dams. But when you are dealing with myths, it is hard to be either proper, or scientific. It is time that the world learned the lessons of Aswan. You don’t need a dam to be saved.
  31. The third sentence of paragraph 1 implies that . [A] people would be happy if they shut their eyes to reality [B] the blind could be happier than the sighted [C] over-excited people tend to neglect vital things [D] fascination makes people lose their eyesight
  32. In paragraph 5, “the powerless” probably refers to . [A] areas short of electricity [B] dams without power stations [C] poor countries around India [D] common people in the Narmada Dam area
  33. What is the myth concerning giant dams? [A] They bring in more fertile soil. [B] They help defend the country. [C] They strengthen international ties. [D] They have universal control of the waters.
  34. What the author tries to suggest may best be interpreted as . [A] “It’s no use crying over spilt milk” [B] “More haste, less speed” [C] “Look before you leap” [D] “He who laughs last laughs best” Text 2 Well, no gain without pain, they say. But what about pain without gain? Everywhere you go in America, you hear tales of corporate revival. What is harder to establish is whether the productivity revolution that businessmen assume they are presiding over is for real. The official statistics are mildly discouraging. They show that, if you lump manufacturing and services together, productivity has grown on average by
  1.2% since 19
  87. That is somewhat faster than the average during the previous decade. And since 1991, productivity has increased by about 2% a year, which is more than twice the 1978-1987 average. The trouble is that part of the recent acceleration is due to the usual rebound that occurs at this point in a business cycle, and so is not conclusive evidence of a revival in the underlying trend. There is, as Robert Rubin, the treasury secretary, says, a “disjunction” between the mass of business anecdote that points to a leap in productivity and the picture reflected by the statistics. Some of this can be easily explained. New ways of organizing the workplace?all that re-engineering and downsizing?are only one contribution to the overall productivity of an economy, which is driven by many other factors such as joint investment in equipment and machinery, new technology, and investment in education and training. Moreover, most of the changes that companies make are intended to keep them profitable, and this need not always mean increasing productivity: switching to new markets or improving quality can matter just as much. Two other explanations are more speculative. First, some of the business restructuring of recent years may have been ineptly done. Second, even if it was well done, it may have spread much less widely than people suppose. Leonard Schlesinger, a Harvard academic and former chief executive of Au Bong Pain, a rapidly growing chain of bakery cafes, says that much “re-engineering” has been crude. In many cases, he believes, the loss of revenue has been greater than the reductions in cost. His colleague, Michael Beer, says that far too many
companies have applied re-engineering in a mechanistic fashion, chopping out costs without giving sufficient thought to long term profitability. BBDO’s Al Rosenshine is blunter. He dismisses a lot of the work of re-engineering consultants as mere rubbish?“the worst sort of ambulance cashing.”
  35. According to the author, the American economic situation is . [A] not as good as it seems [B] at its turning point [C] much better than it seems [D] near to complete recovery
  36. The official statistics on productivity growth . [A] exclude the usual rebound in a business cycle [B] fall short of businessmen’s anticipation [C] meet the expectation of business people [D] fail to reflect the true state of economy
  37. The author raises the question “what about pain without gain?” because . [A] he questions the truth of “no gain without pain” [B] he does not think the productivity revolution works [C] he wonders if the official statistics are misleading [D] he has conclusive evidence for the revival of businesses
  38. Which of the following statements is NOT mentioned in the passage? [A] Radical reforms are essential for the increase of productivity. [B] New ways of organizing workplaces may help to increase productivity. [C] The reduction of costs is not a sure way to gain long term profitability. [D] The consultants are a bunch of good-for-nothings. Text 3 Science has long had an uneasy relationship with other aspects of culture. Think of Gallileo’s 17th-century trial for his rebelling belief before the Catholic Church or poet William Blake’s harsh remarks against the mechanistic worldview of Isaac Newton. The schism between science and the humanities has, if anything, deepened in this century. Until recently, the scientific community was so powerful that it could afford to ignore its critics?but no longer. As funding for science has declined, scientists have attacked “anti-science” in several books, notably Higher Superstition, by Paul R. Gross, a biologist at the University of Virginia, and Norman Levitt, a mathemati
 

相关内容

31年考研英语真题及答案(1980-2010年)全集(吐血推荐,永久免费下载)...

   童梦无忧网 试管婴儿论坛 www.tm51.com 本文由清江 MT 贡献 doc 文档可能在 WAP 端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择 TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 目录 1 使用说明(必读)…… 1 2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 …… 3 Section I Use of English…… 3 Section II Reading Comprehension…… 5 Part A…… 5 Part B…… 12 Part C…… 14 Section Ⅲ Writi ...

考研英语阅读理解模拟试题及答案(二)

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 考研英语阅读理解模拟试题及答案(二) Passage 6 We can make mistakes at any age. Some mistakes we make are about money. But most mistakes are about people. Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen? When I got that great job, di ...

2012新东方考研英语基础翻译内部资料

   新东方在线考研翻译基础班讲义 主讲: 主讲:唐静 课程简介 以讲解翻译基础知识为主,基本不涉及考研翻译的真题. 但是,真题很重要,有必要在强化训练中完全掌握真题. 课程大纲 第一章 考研翻译基础知识 一 翻译的定义 二 翻译的标准和翻译的方法 三 翻译的基本过程 四 考研翻译的核心解题策略 第二章 翻译技巧:词法翻译法 一 词义选择和词义引申 二 词性转换 三 增词法 四 省略法 第三章 翻译技巧:句法翻译法 一 名词性从句的翻译 二 定语从句的翻译 三 状语从句的翻译 四 被动结构的翻译 ...

2012考研英语基础阶段测试题及答案2

   [C] about [D] for [答案] B 答对率为 63% [解析]习惯搭配题,specialist in 为习惯搭配, 表示“某方面的专家”, 类似的用法还有 specialize in(擅长于,专攻)、expert in(某方面的专家)。 29. [A] manifested 表明,证明 [B] approved 同意,批准 [C] shown 显示,说明 [D] speculated 推测,思索 [答案] C 答对率为 38% [解析]词义辨析题,空格相关含义是:历史学家和经济 ...

2007年12月大学英语四级考试试题及答案

   ★★★★★ 2007 年 12 月四级考试真题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Part Ⅱ Rading comprehension (Skimming and scanning) (15minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passsage quickly and answer the questions on Ans ...

2006年12月大学英语四级考试试题及答案

   本试题由大学生电脑主页【www.dxsdiannao.com】友情提供,欢迎访问获取更多资料和信息! ★★★★★ 2006 年 12 月 23 日大学英语新四级(CET-4)真题试卷 Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selec ...

2010年12月英语四级真题及答案免费下载

   2010 年 12 月大学英语四级真题 Part I Writing (30 minutes) Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given ...

2012考研英语资料

   第四章 1、解释荷载横向分布、荷载横向分布影响线、荷载横向分布系数。 2、简述荷载横向分布系数常用的计算方法和适用范围。 3、用杠杆法求荷载内力支点处的 m0 ,用刚性横梁法求跨中的 mc ,对 1、2、3 号梁分别画 人群、车辆作用下 m 用沿桥纵向的变化图。 (结合例题) 4. 由第三题已求得数据求在公路?I 级荷载作用下跨中最大弯矩及支点处的最大剪力值。 (1 号梁,计算跨径 l 0 =19.5m) 5.计算荷载横向分布的等刚度原则。 6.以 266 页的图 2-4-6 为例求跨中横梁 ...

2010年6月英语四级B卷真题及答案

   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 2010 年 6 月英语四级真题 月英语四级真题?B 卷完整答案(题目在后) 卷完整答案(题目在后) 答案: 答案: 作文范文: Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling Correct spelling is a basic skill in English study. However, nowadays many students do not pay much attention ...

2012考研英语基础阶段测试题及答案

   2012 考研英语基础阶段测试题及答案 万学海文 考试时间: 考试时间:180 分钟 学员姓名: 学员姓名: 满分: 满分:100 分 卡号: 卡号: B、督促参加 、 主管咨询师: 主管咨询师: 是否学数学: 是否学数学: C、强制参加) (以上内容请写在答题纸上) 、强制参加 以上内容请写在答题纸上) 参加考试类型:(A、 参加考试类型 、自愿参加 Section I Vocabulary and Structure Directions: Beneath each of the fol ...

热门内容

英语美文

   Friendship is indispensable to people's life. A man without friends is an angel without wings, whose life will suffer in the long tolerance of loneli ness and depression. Friendship is the mother of our psyche, who'll warm her kid when hurt occurs. ...

浙江省小学英语教学建议

   浙江省小学英语教学建议 (征求意见稿) 小学英语是2001年新课程实施以来开设的一门学科。小学英语课程的主要 任务是培养学生学习英语的兴趣,习惯和自信心,培养学生良好的语音,语调基 础和已订的语感, 使他们初步形成有效的学习策略和用英语进行简单日常交流的 能力;帮助学生了解世界和中西方文化的差异,拓展视野,为他们进一步学习打 好基础。 为确保小学英语教学质量,规范教师教学行为,适应21世纪教育发展的需 要和我省教学实际,提出如下教学建议: 一、教学准备 第一条 学习课程标准,明确小学阶段英语 ...

收集高中英语语法之1

   更多英语学习资料,请访问 www.xlan.net.cn。在线学习英语,听说读写全掌握 免费参考 高中英语语法 学习提纲 看到 p50 谓语 时态 一、词类、句子成分和构词法: 1、词类:英语词类分十种: 、词类:英语词类分十种: 名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。 。 1、名词 名词(n.): 表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy, morning, bag, ball, class, 名词 orange. 2、代词 代词(pron.): 主要用来代 ...

一个牛人的考研英语复习方略三个月复习考研英语得84分

   我考研是从10月份开始准备,国庆后才开始买资料复习, 从头到尾一 共可能就三个月多点的时间, 不过从一开始我就坚信自己会有一套行 之有效的方法可以迅速攻克考研英语, 毕竟以前在雅思和托福的英语 考试上有了比较充分的感悟。 结果考出来84分, 还算理想, 证明自己的一些想法是符合实际的 为了回报朋友们, 决心把自己在考研英语复习上的体会总结成详细的 文字跟大家分享,希望能够给大家一点帮助。 文章会比较长,请有兴趣的朋友给点耐心看完, 然后结合自己的 想法来讨论一下,共同提高。如果有任何问题,请 ...

09年大学英语四级翻译备考例题(十)

   本文由谭红丹贡献 09年大学英语四级翻译备考例题(十) 时间:2009-07-15 点击数:2443 我们在汉译英时,往往也需要把汉语主动句译成被动句。这是因为:为了保证上下文连贯,使衔接更紧密,句子更自然;或强调动作承受者;或使语气婉转、措辞恰当。具体转换方法有如下两种。 1)把汉语主动句的宾语译成英语被动句的主语。 例1 (将领你们去参观我们的新车间)by the secretary. 译文:You will be shown our new workshop. ...