2012 考研英语基础阶段测试题及答案
考试时间: 考试时间:180 分钟 学员姓名: 学员姓名: 满分: 满分:100 分 卡号: 卡号: B、督促参加 、 主管咨询师: 主管咨询师: 是否学数学: 是否学数学: C、强制参加) (以上内容请写在答题纸上) 、强制参加 以上内容请写在答题纸上)
参加考试类型:(A、 参加考试类型 、自愿参加
Section I
Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (20 points) Example: I have been to the Great Wall three times 19
  79. [A] from [B] after [C] for [D] since The sentence should read, “I have been to the Great Wall three times since 19
  79.” Therefore, you should choose [D].
  1. I worked so late in the office last night that I hardly had time b the last bus. [A] to have caught [B] to catch [C] catching [D] having caught
  2. As it turned out to be a small house party, we d so formally. [A] needn’t dress up [B] did not need have dressed up [C] did not need dress up [D] needn’t have dressed up
  3. I apologize if I d you, but I assure you it was unintentional. [A] offend [B] had offended [C] should have offended [D] might have offended
  4. Although a teenager, Fred could resist a what to do and what not to do. [A] to be told [B] having been told [C] being told [D] to have been told
  5. Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if food shortage c avoided. [A] is to be [B] can be [C] will be [D] has been
  6. Doing your homework is a sure way to improve your test scores, and this is especially true d it comes to classroom tests. [A] before [B] as [C] since [D] when
  7. There are over 100 night schools in the city, making it possible for a professional to be re-educated no matter c he does. [A] how [B] where [C] what [D] when
  8. I’ve kept up a friendship with a girl whom I was at school d twenty years ago. [A] about [B] since [C] till [D] with

  9. He wasn’t asked to take on the chairmanship of the society, insufficiently popular with all members. [A] being considered [B] considering [C] to be considered [D] having considered
  10. for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is. [A] Had it not been [B] Were it not [C] Be it not [D] Should it not be
  11. Please yourself from smoking and spitting in public places, since the law forbids them. [A] restrain [B] hinder [C] restrict [D] prohibit
  12. Without telephone it would be impossible to carry on the functions of every business operation in the whole country. [A] practically [B] preferably [C] precisely [D] presumably
  13. Preliminary estimation puts the figure at around $110 billion, the $160 billion the President is struggling to get through the Congress. [A] in proportion to [B] in reply to [C] in relation to [D] in contrast to
  14. He is planning another tour abroad, yet his passport will at the end of this month. [A] expire [B] exceed [C] terminate [D] cease
  15. All the off-shore oil explorers were in high spirits as they read letters from their families. [A] sentimental [B] affectionate [C] intimate [D] sensitive
  16. Several international events in the early 1990s seem likely to , or at least weaken, the trends that emerged in the 1980s. [A] revolt [B] revolve [C] reverse [D] revive
  17. I was unaware of the critical points involved, so my choice was quite . [A] arbitrary [B] rational [C] mechanical [D] unpredictable
  18. The local people were joyfully surprised to find the price of vegetables no longer according to the weather. [A] altered [B] converted [C] fluctuated [D] modified
  19. The pursuit of leisure on the part of the employees will certainly not their prospect of promotion. [A] spur [B] further [C] induce [D] reinforce
  20. In what to a last minute stay of execution, a council announced that emergency funding would keep alive two aging satellites. [A] applies [B] accounts [C] attaches [D] amounts
Section II
Cloze Test
Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C], [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the
brackets with a pencil. (10 points) Until recently most historians spoke very critically of the Industrial Revolution. They __21__ that in the long run industrialization greatly raised the standard of living for the __22__ man. But they insisted that its __23__ results during the period from 1750 to 1850 were widespread poverty and misery for the __24__ of the English population. _25__ contrast, they saw in the preceding hundred years from 1650 to 1750, when England was still a __26__ agricultural country, a period of great abundance and prosperity. This view, __27__, is generally thought to be wrong. Specialists __28__ history and economics, have __29__ two things: that the period from 1650 to 1750 was __30__ by great poverty, and that industrialization certainly did not worsen and may have actually improved the conditions for the majority of the populace.
  21. [A]admitted
  22. [A] plain
  23. [A]momentary
  24. [A] bulk
  25. [A] On
  26. [A] broadly
  27. [A] however
  28. [A] at
  29. [A]manifested
  30. [A] noted [B]believed [B] average [B] prompt [B] host [B] With [B]thoroughly [B]meanwhile [B] in [B]approved [B] impressed [C] claimed [C] mean [C] instant [C] gross [C] For [C]generally [C] therefore [C] about [C] shown [C] labeled [D] predicted [D] normal [D]immediate [D] magnitude [D] By [D]completely [D] moreover [D] for [D] speculated [D] marked
Section III
Reading Comprehension
Directions: Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Then mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets. (40 points) Text 1 Few creations of big technology capture the imagination like giant dams. Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and drought that makes the idea of forcing the waters to do our bidding so fascinating. But to be fascinated is also, sometimes, to be blind. Several giant dam projects threaten to do more harm than good. The lesson from dams is that big is not always beautiful. It doesn’t help that building a big, powerful dam has become a symbol of achievement for nations and people striving to assert themselves. Egypt’s leadership in the Arab world was cemented by the Aswan High Dam. Turkey’s bid for First World status includes the giant Ataturk Dam. But big dams tend not to work as intended. The Aswan Dam, for example, stopped the Nile flooding but deprived Egypt of the fertile silt that floods left?all in return for a giant reservoir of disease which is now so full of silt that it barely generates electricity. And yet, the myth of controlling the waters persists. This week, in the heart of civilized Europe, Slovaks and Hungarians stopped just short of sending in the troops in their contention over a dam on the Danube. The huge complex will probably have all the usual problems of big dams. But Slovakia is bidding for independence from the Czechs, and now needs a dam to prove itself. Meanwhile, in India, the World Bank has given the go-ahead to the even more wrong-headed Narmada Dam. And the bank has done this even though its advisors say the dam will cause hardship for the powerless and environmental destruction. The benefits are for the powerful, but they are far from guaranteed.
Proper, scientific study of the impacts of dams and of the cost and benefits of controlling water can help to resolve these conflicts. Hydroelectric power and flood control and irrigation are possible without building monster dams. But when you are dealing with myths, it is hard to be either proper, or scientific. It is time that the world learned the lessons of Aswan. You don’t need a dam to be saved.
  31. The third sentence of paragraph 1 implies that . [A] people would be happy if they shut their eyes to reality [B] the blind could be happier than the sighted [C] over-excited people tend to neglect vital things [D] fascination makes people lose their eyesight
  32. In paragraph 5, “the powerless” probably refers to . [A] areas short of electricity [B] dams without power stations [C] poor countries around India [D] common people in the Narmada Dam area
  33. What is the myth concerning giant dams? [A] They bring in more fertile soil. [B] They help defend the country. [C] They strengthen international ties. [D] They have universal control of the waters.
  34. What the author tries to suggest may best be interpreted as . [A] “It’s no use crying over spilt milk” [B] “More haste, less speed” [C] “Look before you leap” [D] “He who laughs last laughs best” Text 2 Well, no gain without pain, they say. But what about pain without gain? Everywhere you go in America, you hear tales of corporate revival. What is harder to establish is whether the productivity revolution that businessmen assume they are presiding over is for real. The official statistics are mildly discouraging. They show that, if you lump manufacturing and services together, productivity has grown on average by
  1.2% since 19
  87. That is somewhat faster than the average during the previous decade. And since 1991, productivity has increased by about 2% a year, which is more than twice the 1978-1987 average. The trouble is that part of the recent acceleration is due to the usual rebound that occurs at this point in a business cycle, and so is not conclusive evidence of a revival in the underlying trend. There is, as Robert Rubin, the treasury secretary, says, a “disjunction” between the mass of business anecdote that points to a leap in productivity and the picture reflected by the statistics. Some of this can be easily explained. New ways of organizing the workplace?all that re-engineering and downsizing?are only one contribution to the overall productivity of an economy, which is driven by many other factors such as joint investment in equipment and machinery, new technology, and investment in education and training. Moreover, most of the changes that companies make are intended to keep them profitable, and this need not always mean increasing productivity: switching to new markets or improving quality can matter just as much. Two other explanations are more speculative. First, some of the business restructuring of recent years may have been ineptly done. Second, even if it was well done, it may have spread much less widely than people suppose. Leonard Schlesinger, a Harvard academic and former chief executive of Au Bong Pain, a rapidly growing chain of bakery cafes, says that much “re-engineering” has been crude. In many cases, he believes, the loss of revenue has been greater than the reductions in cost. His colleague, Michael Beer, says that far too many
companies have applied re-engineering in a mechanistic fashion, chopping out costs without giving sufficient thought to long term profitability. BBDO’s Al Rosenshine is blunter. He dismisses a lot of the work of re-engineering consultants as mere rubbish?“the worst sort of ambulance cashing.”
  35. According to the author, the American economic situation is . [A] not as good as it seems [B] at its turning point [C] much better than it seems [D] near to complete recovery
  36. The official statistics on productivity growth . [A] exclude the usual rebound in a business cycle [B] fall short of businessmen’s anticipation [C] meet the expectation of business people [D] fail to reflect the true state of economy
  37. The author raises the question “what about pain without gain?” because . [A] he questions the truth of “no gain without pain” [B] he does not think the productivity revolution works [C] he wonders if the official statistics are misleading [D] he has conclusive evidence for the revival of businesses
  38. Which of the following statements is NOT mentioned in the passage? [A] Radical reforms are essential for the increase of productivity. [B] New ways of organizing workplaces may help to increase productivity. [C] The reduction of costs is not a sure way to gain long term profitability. [D] The consultants are a bunch of good-for-nothings. Text 3 Science has long had an uneasy relationship with other aspects of culture. Think of Gallileo’s 17th-century trial for his rebelling belief before the Catholic Church or poet William Blake’s harsh remarks against the mechanistic worldview of Isaac Newton. The schism between science and the humanities has, if anything, deepened in this century. Until recently, the scientific community was so powerful that it could afford to ignore its critics?but no longer. As funding for science has declined, scientists have attacked “anti-science” in several books, notably Higher Superstition, by Paul R. Gross, a biologist at the University of Virginia, and Norman Levitt, a mathemati



   童梦无忧网 试管婴儿论坛 www.tm51.com 本文由清江 MT 贡献 doc 文档可能在 WAP 端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择 TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 目录 1 使用说明(必读)…… 1 2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 …… 3 Section I Use of English…… 3 Section II Reading Comprehension…… 5 Part A…… 5 Part B…… 12 Part C…… 14 Section Ⅲ Writi ...


   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2012 年考研全科全程辅导 考研英语作文专用词汇手册 新东方考研词汇刘一男词根简单记忆 《研途研语》 2012 年考研电子期刊免费下载 优美英语短文背诵 80 篇+中文翻译 考研作文宝典打印版 考研英语作文高手锦囊 最新 13 年考研英语真题必背美文及精细总 结 研写作 160 篇写作模板及必背美文 新东方考研真题词汇大盘点 刘一男:考研英语动词讲义最新版 考研英语最完整高频词汇 新东方孔雁老师?考研英语词汇记忆群 16 天记住 7000 ...


   2012考研英语复习计划 2012考研英语复习计划 2011年01月20日 互联网 海天考研认为:适合自己的学习计划才是真正有效的学习计划。 1、3月份至7月份 单词:5500基础单词和信息库的词根、词缀 句子:练习翻译阅读文章能中的长难句,积累理解语句基础 逻辑关系:练习确定段落主题句,区分细节句 2、7月份至10月份 做真题3遍,以错误为导向。即每一道做错的题目要分析错误原因,总结出题规律,避 免错误发生。 3、11月份至12月份 熟练真题解题步骤,达到熟能生巧。 4、1月份至考前 做真 ...


   2011 考研英语写作特色词汇大全 一、中华民族的喜庆节日 中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festivial) 中华民族的喜庆节日 国庆节 National Day 中秋节 Mia-Autumn Festival 春节 Spring Festival 元宵节 Lantern Festival 儿童节 Children‘s Day 端午节 Dragon Boat Festival 妇女节 Women's Day 泼水节 Water-Splashing Day 教师节 Teachers' ...


   外语下载中心 http://down.tingroom.com 考研英语阅读理解模拟试题及答案(二) Passage 6 We can make mistakes at any age. Some mistakes we make are about money. But most mistakes are about people. Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen? When I got that great job, di ...


   [C] about [D] for [答案] B 答对率为 63% [解析]习惯搭配题,specialist in 为习惯搭配, 表示“某方面的专家”, 类似的用法还有 specialize in(擅长于,专攻)、expert in(某方面的专家)。 29. [A] manifested 表明,证明 [B] approved 同意,批准 [C] shown 显示,说明 [D] speculated 推测,思索 [答案] C 答对率为 38% [解析]词义辨析题,空格相关含义是:历史学家和经济 ...


   ★★★★★ 2007 年 12 月四级考试真题 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Part Ⅱ Rading comprehension (Skimming and scanning) (15minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passsage quickly and answer the questions on Ans ...


   本试题由大学生电脑主页【www.dxsdiannao.com】友情提供,欢迎访问获取更多资料和信息! ★★★★★ 2006 年 12 月 23 日大学英语新四级(CET-4)真题试卷 Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selec ...


   第四章 1、解释荷载横向分布、荷载横向分布影响线、荷载横向分布系数。 2、简述荷载横向分布系数常用的计算方法和适用范围。 3、用杠杆法求荷载内力支点处的 m0 ,用刚性横梁法求跨中的 mc ,对 1、2、3 号梁分别画 人群、车辆作用下 m 用沿桥纵向的变化图。 (结合例题) 4. 由第三题已求得数据求在公路?I 级荷载作用下跨中最大弯矩及支点处的最大剪力值。 (1 号梁,计算跨径 l 0 =19.5m) 5.计算荷载横向分布的等刚度原则。 6.以 266 页的图 2-4-6 为例求跨中横梁 ...


   2012 考研英语基础阶段测试题及答案 万学海文 考试时间: 考试时间:180 分钟 学员姓名: 学员姓名: 满分: 满分:100 分 卡号: 卡号: B、督促参加 、 主管咨询师: 主管咨询师: 是否学数学: 是否学数学: C、强制参加) (以上内容请写在答题纸上) 、强制参加 以上内容请写在答题纸上) 参加考试类型:(A、 参加考试类型 、自愿参加 Section I Vocabulary and Structure Directions: Beneath each of the fol ...



   人民教育出版社 2003?2006 高中英语单词表 高一上英语单词 Unit 1 honest adj 诚实的;正直的 brave adj 勇敢的 Loyal adj 忠诚的;忠心的 wise adj 英明的;明智的;聪明的 handsome adj 英俊的;大方的;美观的 smart adj 聪明的;漂亮的;敏捷的 argue vt 争论;辩论 △solution n 解答;解决办法;解决方案 classical adj 古典的;古典文学的 △Steve 史蒂夫(男子名) fond adj ...


   美丽的微笑与爱心(Beautiful Smile and Love) 作者介绍: 特蕾莎修女(Mother Teresa,1910-1997),印度著名的慈善家,印度天主教仁爱传教会创始人,在世界范围内建立了一个庞大的慈善机构网,赢得了国际社会的广泛尊敬。1979年被授予诺贝尔和平奖。本文所选即好在领取该奖项时的演讲辞,语言简洁质朴而感人至深。诺贝尔奖领奖台上响起的声音往往都是文采飞扬、热烈、激昂。而特雷莎修女的演说朴实无华,其所举事例听来似平凡之至,然而其中所蕴含的伟大而神圣的爱感人至深。 ...


   一. 教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus 教学内容 content of courses 本科 undergraduate course 学制 educational system 正规学制时间 the time of formal school system 双学士制 a double BA degree system 双主修 double major 双重学籍 double registration 双学位 double degree 免试入学制 open a ...


   大家学习网 成语和谚语 188 句 Kill the goose that lays the golden eggs. 杀鸡取蛋。 Look for a needle in a haystack. 大海捞针 Like a rat in a hole. 瓮中之鳖 A good conscience is a soft pillow. 日间不做亏心事,夜半敲门心不惊。 Love me, love my dog 爱屋及乌 he year of snow, the year of fertility ...

朗文HIP HIP HOORAY少儿英语第二版教材简介(英文版)

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...