2012 年考研英语作文范文十篇 一、写作 A 节:预测:60%考书信、备忘录、报告;40%考摘要 (一)书信/备忘录/报告:
  1.最新大纲样题:道歉+建议信 Directions: You have just come back from Canada and found a music CD in your luggage that you forgot to return to Bob, your landlord there. Write him a letter to
  1)make an apology,
  2)suggest a solution。 Dear Bob, I’ writing to apologize for having forgotten to return the “the Beatles” m CD to you when I left Canada. I was in such a hurry that I packed everything in my luggage without checking carefully. Had I paid more attention then, I wouldn’t have made such a stupid mistake。 Now something must be done to solve the problem because I understand you cherish the CD enormously. I can either send it to you by express mail or alternatively compensate you at a reasonable price. If you do not mind, I may bring it back to you next time I go to Canada。 Please let me know which solution you prefer at your earliest convenience. I really hope you will accept my sincere apology。 Faithfully yours, Li Ming
  2.投诉信: Directions: You live in a room in college which you share with another student. You find it very difficult to work there because your roommate always has friends visiting and has parties in the room。 Write a letter to the Accommodation Officer at the college and ask for a new room next term. You would prefer a single room. Explain your reasons。 Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing to express dissatisfaction regarding accommodation. I would prefer to move into a single room next semester, as I find the present sharing arrangement inconvenient。 ? I must explain that the reason for my dissatisfaction is my roommate’ s inconsiderate behavior. For one thing, his friends are constantly visiting
him; for another, he regularly holds noisy parties。 To solve this problem, I hope to draw the attention of the authorities concerned. I am sure you will agree that the only solution for me is to move into a room of my own. Therefore, I would be grateful if you could find a single room for me, preferably not in the same building but as near to the college campus as possible。 ? Yours sincerely, Li Ming
  3.感谢信: Directions: After being involved in an accident, you were looked after by Mr. Shakespeare. Write a special letter to express your thanks。 Dear Mr. Shakespeare, I am writing to express my heartfelt gratitude. I am referring to that unfortunate accident the other day, when I was knocked off my bike by a taxi。 If it had not been for your timely assistance in giving me first aid, I fear that the consequences might have been much serious. Everyone agrees that it was your quick-witted response in that emergency that has led to this satisfactory outcome。 Although nowadays people in mounting numbers talk about the need to be unselfish, we see very few people practice what they preach. If there were more people like you, this world would be a much nicer place。 Yours sincerely, Li Ming
  4.备忘录/报告: Directions: You are the president of a company. Write a memo to Percy Shelley, the vice-president on the employee’s training on computer, telling him the need to train the employees, detailed information, and ask him to write a plan。 Date:January 9, 2010 To:Percy Shelley, Vice President From:Li Ming, President Subject:Computer Training of the Staff As we discussed earlier this week, I agree with you that our firm is faced up with problem of the high rate of computer illiteracy of the staff. We need to make up a plan for training our employees in the new field。 I would like you to design our own in-house computer-training program.
We had better classify the employees and put them through the program in turn。 Write up a brief proposal, describing what you think the program should cover. Assume the class runs four hours a week for ten weeks. Also, assume people have no prior computer knowledge or any formal course work in computer science. (二)摘要:最新大纲样题:经济类 Directions: Read the following Chinese text and write an abstract of it in 80-100 English words on ANSWER SHEET
  2. (10 points) 经济全球化的主要原因 20 世纪 50 年代初以来,经济全球化获得迅猛发展。简单归纳,其原因主要包括 以下几个方面: 全球化的技术基础。科技进步为全球化快速发展提供了物质基础和技术手段。 科技革命是经济全球化发展的最根本的物质基础和动力,历史上历次科技革命都促 进了社会生产力的飞跃发展,同时也促进了整个世界的融合。20 世纪 50 年代以电子 技术和信息技术等为主要标志的新的科技革命的兴起,使科技日益成为社会生产力 发展的先导,成为影响生产力发展的至关重要的因素。科技知识在社会生产的各个 领域中得到广泛传播和运用,劳动者的智能和技能得到进一步的开发,创造出越来 越多的物质和精神财富,极大地促进了世界生产力的发展,生产社会化程度日益提 高,国际分工日益深化,各国经济以此为基础紧密相联,世界经济进入一个全新的 繁荣时期。同时,新科技革命使得科技成果积累的速度大大加快,新材料、新产品 不断涌现,大量高技术产业不断产生,在世界范围内促进了产业结构的调整和转移, 新的产业布局开始形成,以信息技术和产业为主导,以高新技术为基础的新兴产业 部门也蓬勃兴起并迅速发展,快速取代了传统产业而逐渐成为经济的主导部门推进 的重要动力源。 全球化的经济基础。市场经济体制的强势地位不断增强,跨国公司的突飞发展, 国际经济组织的不断完善为经济全球化奠定了坚实的经济基础。 首先,市场经济体制成为世界各国发展经济的首选。20 世纪 80 年代末至 90 年 代初,世界形势发生了重大变化,东欧剧变,苏联解体,40 多年的冷战格局最终结 束。冷战结束后,国际形势总体上走向缓和。各国纷纷把发展经济列为首要目标, 普遍扩大了对外开放,和平与发展成为当今时代的两大主题。前苏联和东欧国家先 后走上了向市场经济过渡的轨道,改行自由市场经济,并积极致力于融入西方经济 体系。中国在长期的实践中,也逐渐认识到计划经济的不足和弊端,自 1978 年起开 始实行以市场为导向的、全面的经济改革,大力推行对外开放,努力实现同世界经 济的接轨,目前已成为世界经济的重要组成部分。这一切都说明,市场经济体制已 成为不同制度、不同发展层次国家的共同选择,市场经济已基本实现了全球化,经 济全球化是以市场为基础的,没有市场经济就没有生产要素在国际间的自由流动, 就谈不上经济全球化。 其次,力量不断壮大的跨国公司成为经济全球化的中坚力量。跨国公司是以本
国作为基地,通过对外直接投资,在世界各地设立分支机构和子公司,从事国际化 生产和经营的企业。跨国公司凭借其雄厚的经济实力和灵活的经营战略,以全球为 工厂,以它所在的各个国家为车间,在全球范围内充分利用各地的优势组织生产和 流通,通过自己广泛的经营活动,实现了商品和资本等生产要素在全球范围内的整 合,促进了生产在国家间的水平分工和垂直分工,使之密切联系在一起,从而为经 济全球化的发展打下了坚实的微观基础,并成为经济全球化的主要推动力量和主要 载体。 最后,国际经济组织是经济全球化发展的组织保障。二战结束以后,生产力的 不断提高,生产力的国际化使得越来越多的商品、资本、劳动进入国际交流。各国 的国际分工和相互依赖性不断增强。这种日益增强的经济联系要求突破原有的国家 间的障碍,实现全球范围内的更高层次的经济合作,这就要求有超脱于国家之外的 国际经济组织发挥重要作用。战后,国际经济日益明显,国际经济协作不断加强。 在当今国际经济关系中,世行、世贸组织、国际货币基金组织等世界性经济组织的 调节作用越来越大,而且还出现出进一步增强的趋势。世贸组织(WTO)所制定的关于 贸易、投资等方面的制度和规则,成为规范全球经济运行,创造自由、公平竞争环 境的统一制度和规则, 作为世界金融领域的重要国际组织, 即国际货币基金组织(IMF) 和世界银行(WB)也在国际金融全球化进程中扮演了重要的角色。这些国际经济组织 的成立使得国际贸易和国际金融运行有了统一的规则,对成员国的经贸活动和经济 行为起着协调和规范作用。 这些都为经济全球化的发展起着制度保障作用。 (1590 字) 参考范文: Fundamental Causes of Economic Globalization Economic globalization has been progressing rapidly since the beginning of the 1950s. Several factors have contributed to such development. Firstly, advancements in science and technology have offered a technical foundation by providing the material basis and the technical means. Meanwhile, a solid economic foundation for such a globalization has been laid by the market economy which is prevailing over the world. Others factors include the pillaring and propelling role of multinationals in micro-economic operations, the ever growing coordinating and controlling power and function exercised by such international economic organizations as WTO, IMF and WB in the international trade and finance。(100 words) 二、写作 B 节:预测:70%考图表作文,30%考情景作文、图画作文或提纲作文 (一)图表作文:
  1.最新大纲样题:交通问题 Directions: In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following table, in which you should
  1)?describe the table and
  2)?state your opinions drawn from it。 You should write at least 150 English words. (15 points ) Accidents in a Chinese City (20
  05) ?? Main accident causes
number of accidents in 2005 percentage rise(+) or fall (-) over 2004
  1. drivers turning left without due care 608 +10%
  2. drivers traveling too close to other vehicles 411 +9%
  3. pedestrians crossing roads carelessly 401 +12%
  4. drivers driving under the influence of alcohol 281 +15%
  5. drivers failing to give a signal 264 -5% The table above clearly reflects the statistics of traffic accidents happening in a Chinese city. According to the table, in 2005, the traffic accidents in the Chinese city still failed to arouse concerns of both drivers and pedestrians。 The number of accidents that resulted from drivers turning left without due care increased 10 percent to 608, which is highlighted on the first row of the table. Accidents related drivers driving under the influence of alcohol enjoyed the greatest rise, a 15 percent rise. In comparison, those pedestrians who cross roads carelessly also led to 401 accidents. By analyzing these factors displayed in the diagram, we may draw the conclusion that both drivers and pedestrians have little respect for traffic regulations。 As has been mentioned above, countermeasures should be taken immediately so as to reverse the grim situation. First of all, relevant laws and regulations should be established to severely punish those who violate traffic rules openly, be they drivers or pedestrians. Furthermore, a widespread education campaign should be launched to inform citizens that proper rules for them are of benefit to public safety. Only by doing so can we exist in a harmonious and disciplined society. (196 words)
  2.教育问题 Directions: In this section, you are asked to write an essay based on the following diagram. Describe the diagram and analyze the possible causes. You should write at least 150 words。 (图表略) 1998-2004 年全国工程硕士招生录取人数
工程硕士:Master of Engineering The diagram above clearly illustrates that dramatic elevation has occurred in the recruitment of Master of Engineering (ME) in the past seven years. According to the statistics given above, we may conclude that the recruitment of ME was on a steady rise from 1998 to 20
  04. In 1998, the number was at a low level, only about 2,5
  00. Surprisingly, it reached to more than 35,000 in 2004 within no more than seven years。 Some driving factors that contribute to the above-mentioned changes may be summarized as follows. First and foremost, China has become particularly active in manufacturing, which leads to the increasing demand of qualified engineers. In addition, the development of job market on the whole cannot keep pace with the expansion of college graduates, which obliges a large number of students to stay on campus for another three years to get better prepared for their career. Last but not least, working pressure is another reason. Taking all these factors into account, we may predict that with speedy development of our society, the number of recruitment of ME will keep growing in the forthcoming decade。 On the other side of the coin, however, this tendency may bring about a good many problems, such as the waste of talent. It is necessary for us to take effective measures to ensure this
 

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