www.TopSage.com
考研基础班网络课堂写作讲义
第一节考研写作总论
一、课程安排:
  1、考研写作总论:评卷实例、复习计划、学习方法、大纲解读
  2、应用文:书信类、告示类
  3、段落写作:真题透视、框架结构、启承转合
  4、两图写作(
  00、
  03、
  06、
  07)
  5、一图写作(
  98、
  01、
  02、
  04、
  05)
  6、图表作文 二、评卷实例:2001 年真题 Directions: Among all the worthy feelings of mankind, love is probably the noblest, but everyone had his/her own understanding of it. There has been a discussion recently on the issue in a newspaper. Write an essay to the newspaper to
  1) show your understanding of the symbolic meaning of the picture below,
  2) give a specific example, and
  3) give your suggestion as to the best way to show love.

  1、20 分范文: Among all the worthy feelings of mankind, love is probably the noblest. It is of the utmost importance to the human beings. Everybody not only needs love, but also should give love. As is described in the picture, “love is a lamp which is brighter in darker places.” This is indeed true. People in darker places need more light than ordinary people. Maybe even a dim light can give them much hope for a better life and progress. Maybe even a dim light can give them much hope for a better life and progress. Maybe just a thread of light will call forth their strength and courage to step out of their difficulties. For instance when someone is starving to death, just a little food and water from you may save his life. Or when a little girl in a poor rural area drops out of school because of poverty, just a small sum of money from you may support her to finish her schooling and change her life, you have given love which is like a lamp in a dark place where light is most needed. So to sum up, we should offer our help to all who are in need. We expect to get love from others and we also give love to others so when you see someone in difficulty or in distress and in
www.TopSage.com
www.TopSage.com
need of help, don't hesitate to give your love to him. I believe then the relationship between people will be harmonious and our society will be a better place for us to live in.
  2、18 分范文 It is generally believed that love is a hot topic which is most talked about. This is true not only in China but also in other countries. We live in different countries, speak different languages, but love is something common to us all. But how to show love may be different with different people in different countries. This is something we should give more thought to. As is shown in the picture, love is like a lamp which shines brightest in dark places. This tells us a simple truth: Love is like a lamp. It is most valuable when it is most needed. For example, once I saw a foreign lady get lost in the street. She could not speak Chinese and nobody seemed to be able to help her. Though my English is not very good and I am a shy person, I thought she needed help very much. I asked her what she wanted. She told me she lost her way, so I showed her the way to her hotel. It was a small thing but she thanked me very much because my help was needed very much. My help was like a lamp in dark places. I think we all should be like a lamp in a dark place, showing our love, giving our help to others, even to strangers. In this way, we can make this world a harmonious and peaceful world. 三、复习计划:
  1、考前复习:
  1)攻克词汇:
  2)精研真题:词汇、句子结构、选项设置、英译汉、背诵
  3)适当模考:
  2、写作练习:
  3、时间分配:
  1)
  14:00 -
  14:15 写作 A 节
  2)
  14:15 -
  14:50 写作 B 节
  3)
  14:50 -
  16:00 阅读 A 节
  4)
  16:00 -
  16:20 完型填空
  5)
  16:20 -
  16:40 阅读 B 节
  6)
  16:40 -
  17:00 阅读 C 节
第二节应用文
一、学习方法: (一)提高实力:
  1、十遍精读:
  1)精彩词汇
  2)精彩词组
  3)精彩句型
  4)句子结构:简单句(主干+修饰成分)、从句、时态、冠词、主谓一致
  5)段落结构:总分总,主题句+论证(+小结)
  6)关联词:小作文 3 - 5 个,大作文 5 - 7 个
  7)同义替换:词汇+句型
  8)代词替换:it, that, they
  9)精彩观点:
  10)原因建议:
www.TopSage.com
www.TopSage.com

  2、背诵:滚瓜烂熟、脱口而出、多多益善
  3、默写:发现写作弱点
  4、中译英:提高写作实力
  5、写作:模仿 (二)掌握技巧:万能框架 二、大纲解读: (一)评价目标: 考生应能写不同类型的应用文,包括私人和公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告等,还应能 写一般描述性、叙述性和说明或议论性的文章。短文写作时,考生应能:
  1)做到语法、拼写、标点正确,用词恰当;
  2)遵循文章的特定文体格式;
  3)合理组织文章结构,使其内容统一、连贯;
  4)根据写作目的和特定读者,恰当使用语域。 (二)考试内容: 该部分由 A、B 两节组成,考查考生的书面表达能力。总分 30 分。 A 节:考生根据所给情景写出一篇约 100 词(标点符号不计算在内)的应用性短文,包括 私人和公务信函、备忘录、摘要、报告等。考生在答题卡 2 上作答。满分 10 分。 B 节:要求考生根据提示信息写出一篇 160 - 200 词的短文(标点符号不计算在内)。提示 信息的形式有主题句、写作提纲、规定情景、图、表等。考生在答题卡 2 上作答。满分 20 分。 (三)评分原则和方法:
  1、虽然 A、B 两节的考查要点有所不同,但对考生写作能力的基本要求是相同的,所 以一般评分标准对两节都适用。但根据两节的不同考查要点,评分是会有不同的侧重点。 A节 应用文的评分侧重点在于信息点的覆盖和内容的组织、语言的准确性、格式和语域(指 在书面和口语表达中根据不同的交际对象,所采用的话语方式,即正式、一般、非正式的话 语)的恰当。对语法结构和词汇多样性的要求将根据具体试题作调整。允许在作文中使用提 示语中出现过的关键词,但使用提示语中出现过的词组或句子将被扣分。 B节 B 节作文的评分重点在于内容的完整性、文章的连贯组织性、语法结构和词汇的多样性 及语言的准确性。
  2、评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来给分。 评分人员在档内有 1 - 3 分的调节分。
  3、A 节作文的字数要求是 100 词左右。B 节作文的字数要求是 160 - 200 词。文章长度 不符合要求的,酌情扣分。
  4、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时,视其对交际的影响程度予以考 虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。
  5、如书写较差,以致影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。 三、书信格式: (一)称呼
  1、写给机构
  1)不认识负责人:Dear Sir or Madam, Dear Sir/Madam, To whom it may concern,
  2)认识负责人:Dear Mr./Ms. President/Professor/Manager/Editor, Dear President (Michael) Wang,
www.TopSage.com
www.TopSage.com

  2、写给个人
  1)关系不亲密:Dear Mr./Ms. President/Professor/Manager/Editor, Dear President (Michael) Wang,
  2)关系亲密:Dear Michael, (二)正文:3 段、7 句、100-120 词、3-5 关联词、3-5 从句
  1、第一段:2 句
  1)自我介绍 (
  1) I am a staff member from your company/corporation. (
  2) I am a freshman/sophomore/junior/senior/undergraduate/graduate from the Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Beijing University.
  2)写作目的:I am writing the letter in purpose of ordering some books/resigning from my current post/position.
  2、第二段:3 句
  1)改写提纲一:1 句
  2)改写提纲二:1 句
  3)改写提纲三:1 句
  3、第三段
  1)表示感谢(私人建议信除外) (
  1) My appreciation to you for your generous help is beyond words. (
  2) Words fail me when I want to express my sincere gratitude to you. (
  3) I take this opportunity to show my heartfelt appreciation for the kind assistance you rendered me.
  2)期待回信 (
  1) I am looking forward to your reply/hearing from you soon. (
  2) I look forward to a favorable reply at your earliest convenience. (
  3) Your prompt attention to my inquiry would be highly appreciated. (三)落款 Yours sincerely, Li Ming 四、书信类应用文:
  1、大纲样题:订购信 Directions: You are preparing for an English test and are in need of some reference books. Write a letter to the sales department of a bookstore to ask for:
  1) detailed information about the books you want,
  2) methods of payment,
  3) time and way of delivery. Dear Sir or Madam, As I am planning to take the National Entrance Test of English for MA/MS Candidates (NETEM), I have decided to place an order of some NETEM books with due consideration of the good reputation of your bookstore and the high quality of your books. Firstly, please give me particular accounts as regards names, authors, publishing houses and prices of these books. Secondly, I also need to know the terms of payment and after-sell service. Thirdly, I wonder if it is convenient for you to deliver these books by EMS to the headquarters of
www.TopSage.com
www.TopSage.com
Beijing New Oriental School by September 1, 20
  07. I have arranged to pay for the service. I would like to express my gratitude for your kind consideration of my requests. I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely, Li Ming
第三节段落写作
一、书信类应用文
  2、2005 真题:辞职信+道歉信 Directions: Two months ago, you got a job as an editor for the magazine Fashion & Design. But now you find that the work is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss Mr. Wang, telling him your decision, stating your reason (s), and making an apology. Dear Mr. Wang, I am writing to inform you about my decision to resign from my current position. The primary reasons are as follows. First, after two months, I do feel that it is not easy for me to get used to the extra work and night shift. Second, the salary has proven to be much lower than you originally promised, and I have a large family to support. Last, what I have learned in the university cannot meet the requirement of being an editor. I feel terribly sorry for the inconvenience I have caused. I sincerely hope that you approve of my resignation. Yours sincerely, Li Ming
  3、2006 真题:请求信 Directions: You want to contribute to Project Hope by offering financial aid to a child in a remote area, write a letter to the department concerned, asking them to help find a candidate. You should specify what kind of child you want to help and how you will carry out your plan. Write your letter in no less than 100 words. Write it neatly on ANSWER SHEET
  2. Don't sign your own name at the end of the letter, use "Li Ming" instead. Don't write the address. (10 points) To whom it may concern, As a student who can support myself, I am writing to request if you can help me find a potential beneficiary of Project Hope. I wonder whether it is convenient for you if two things regarding the child are taken into account. First, the child should come from Sichuan Province because I intend to help a child from my hometown. Second, it will be better if he or she is a primary school student who was forced to drop school because of abject poverty. I would like to help the recipient of my assistance annually until he graduates from college. Firstly, the money will cover his tuition fee and other expenses at school. Besides, I will correspond with him frequently so that he can seek advice whenever he needs. Your prompt attention to my inquiry would be highly appreciated. Yours sincerely, Li Ming
  4、备忘录/报告:
www.TopSage.com
www.TopSage.com
Directions: You are the president of a company. Write a memo to Percy Shelley, the vice-president on the employee's training on computer, telling him the need to train the employees, detailed information, and ask him to write a plan. Date:January 20, 2007 To:Percy Shelley, Vice President From:Li Ming, President Subject:Computer Training of the Staff As we discussed earlier this week, I agree with you that our firm is faced up with problem of the high rate of computer illiteracy of the staff. We need to make up a plan for training our employees in the new field. I would like you to design our own in-house computer-training program. We had better classify the employees and put them through the program in turn. Write up a brief proposal, describing what you think the program should cover. Assume the class runs four hours a week for ten weeks. Also, assume people have no prior computer knowledge or any formal course work in computer science.
  5、摘要:
  1)不超过原文三分之一,可少不可多;
  2)不要评论、不要照抄;
  3)改写每段首尾句。 二、告示类应用文: (一)写作格式:
  1、标题
  2、日期:标题右下方
  3、正文:1 - 3 段,3 - 6 句,0 - 1 从句,现在/将来时
  4、署名:个人或单位 (二)分类:通告/通知、启事、其他 经典范文:征稿启事 Directions: Your journal is planning to publish an issue. Write a contributions wanted which covers the following information:
  1) the purpose of the issue,
  2) time and methods of delivery,
  3) other details. You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name a
 

相关内容

2012考研英语词汇

   新东方在线 [www.koolearn.com ] 2012 年考研全科全程辅导 考研英语作文专用词汇手册 新东方考研词汇刘一男词根简单记忆 《研途研语》2012 年考研电子期刊免费下载 优美英语短文背诵 80 篇+中文翻译 考研作文宝典打印版 考研英语作文高手锦囊 最新 13 年考研英语真题必背美文及精细总结 研写作 160 篇写作模板及必背美文 新东方考研真题词汇大盘点 刘一男:考研英语动词讲义最新版 考研英语最完整高频词汇 新东方孔雁老师?考研英语词汇记忆群 16 天记住 7000 考 ...

2012年英语考研培训

   2012 年英语考研培训 2012 年考研的 QQ 群搜集非常全 考研同学根据需要加入,方便大家交流经验,探 讨共同的梦想,踏踏实实的备考。为壮大我们的队伍,欢迎大家转载、宣传。 (广告者勿入,相信群主会必踢!! !) 北京大学 134887205 134887672 134887868 134888046 中国人民大学 134888675 134888943 134889103 134889242 南开大学 134897701 134897907 134898070 134898219 天 ...

2012考研英语徐绽_词汇总汇

   绽词汇笔记( 2010 考研英语徐绽词汇笔记(一) 最基本的构词是根词 就是不好去拆分的词 构词是根 英语最基本的构词是根词,就是不好去拆分的词,比如 land : Mainland lowland highland 即其本身既 单词,又可以构成其他词 所谓根词,即其本身既是单词,又可以构成其他词的语素。 下面重点讲的是拆分前缀 后 较简单的 下面重点讲的是拆分前缀, 缀和词根。 从一个比较简单的单词来 先 大家刨析前缀 给大家刨析前缀,后缀,词根: 知道, 了解,认识词根 go, 其一个变 ...

2011考研英语_全程四阶计划[1222]

   2011考研英语 全程四阶计划 2011 一、阶基础复习规划(3-6月份) 主要目标:掌握大纲要求的词汇及短语,全面复习语法,争取语法无盲点。 阶基础复习规划(3- 月份) (3 二、阶强化复习规划(7-10月份) 主要目标:阅读及翻译达标,提高阅读速度,巩固词汇的运用能力。 阶强化复习规划(7-10月份) (7 月份 三、阶模考冲刺复习规划(11-12月中旬) 主要目标:利用套题对前面的复习做一个总体的检验,练习答题规范,保持卷面整洁,增加信心, 阶模考冲刺复习规划(11-12月中旬) ( ...

2012考研英语写作必背36篇美文素材

   精选新概念必背优秀文章 36 篇 1 - 经典教材精选的美文 这个优秀文章 36 篇是我从新概念三、 四的教材里精心挑选出来的, 其中新概念 三 20 篇和新概念四的 16 篇,从贴近考研英语的角度来筛选,剔除了大部分的记叙 文和说明文题材,主要就是论说文了。 这些精选出来的文章作为必须背诵的素材。原来的文档很多都有或多或少的小 错误。这里我都精心对照过,并且尽力避免出现错误。 以前那个版本只有 20 篇文章 (新三 12 篇,新四 8 篇) ,有网友反映排版使用不 是很方便,这里重新排版。 ...

2009.12英语四级真题

   :1. 建设绿色校园很重要来源:考试大 2. 绿色校园不仅指绿色的环境……3. 为了建设绿色 校园,我们应该…… Creating a Green Campus Colleges taking another look at value of merit-based aid Good grades and high tests scores still matter?a lot?to many colleges as they award financial aid. But with lo ...

2011英语考研大纲解析

   英语 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考 试大纲 在同学们的千呼万唤中, 《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试 大纲》终于与同学们见面了,万学?海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考 研英语大纲的对比, 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 对 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有 任何变化。总体来说,研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语 ...

2011年考研英语(二)参考答案

   年考研英语( 2011 年考研英语(二)试题客观题部分参考答案 1-5 ACBDD 6-10 BACCA 11-15 DBACA 16-20 CDACD 21-25BBDAA 26-30DBCBB 31-35BDCDB 36-40DCBAC 41-45EDCFG 46 题翻译: 题翻译: 有谁会想到,在全球范围内,IT 行业产生的温室气体跟全球航空公司产生的一样多?占二 氧化碳总排量的 2%. 很多日常工作对环境造成了让人震惊的破坏作用。 根据你查询正确答 案的尝试次数,谷歌搜索引擎会插手 ...

2012新东方考研英语(翻译基础)

   2012 考研翻译基础班 新东方在线考研翻译基础班讲义 主讲: 主讲:唐静 课程简介 以讲解翻译基础知识为主,基本不涉及考研翻译的真题。 但是,真题很重要,有必要在强化训练中完全掌握真题。 课程大纲 第一章 考研翻译基础知识 一 翻译的定义 二 翻译的标准和翻译的方法 三 翻译的基本过程 四 考研翻译的核心解题策略 第二章 翻译技巧:词法翻译法 一 词义选择和词义引申 二 词性转换 三 增词法 四 省略法 第三章 翻译技巧:句法翻译法 一 名词性从句的翻译 二 定语从句的翻译 三 状语从句的 ...

考研英语作文复习总结1(2010)

   Daodao 亲情奉献! 坚持就是胜利! 大作文 九阴真经 遗篇 好词与词组 与词组: 一、 好词与词组: 希望工程 Poverty Alleviation Project 闪烁 twinkle,shine,sparkle 珍贵的、宝贵的 precious,valuable 大学生 college students 志愿者 volunteer 奉献 dedication,dedicator,devote (He devoted his life to literature,devote on ...

热门内容

小型地道英语300句

   地道小型句型 300 句 1. According to…依照/根据… According to the newspaper,it's a great movie. 根据报纸说,这是一部很棒的电影。 2. Am I allowed to…?我可以…吗? Am I allowed to introduce our new manager Mr. Anderson to all of you? 请允许我介绍我们的新经理安德森先生给大家,好吗? 3. As matter of fact, …实际上 ...

英语歧义现象及其语用翻译策略微探

   技术与市场 教育研究 第17卷第9期2010年 英语歧义现象及其语用翻译策略微探 彭腾瑶 (四川理工学院 外语学院,四川 自贡 摘 关键词:歧义;无意歧义;有意歧义;语境;语用翻译 643000 ) 要:着重从语音、词汇、句法等层面分析英语的歧义现象,并从语用的角度探讨语境在歧义翻译中的运用策略。 doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006- 8554.2010.09.126 歧义 (ambiguity 是自然语言中一个普遍存在的现象。 它 ) 是指结构上遵循语法原则,语义上符合常理的一 ...

三年级第二学期英语期中试卷

   班 级 : 2009 2010 学年第二学期三年级英语期 第二学期 英语期中 2009?2010 学年第二学期三年级英语期中试卷 姓 名 四、根据所听内容,给下列句子重新排序(10 分) 根据所听内容,给下列句子重新排序( ( )He’s my uncle. ) Who’s that man? )Hi,li Ping! ) She’s my aunt. ) Who’s that woman? ( : 听 力 部 分 听录音,选出你 单词,将其序号填入括号里。 (10 一、听录音,选出你听到的 ...

七年级英语下册一至四单元只是点归纳

   七年级下册英语语法点总结(1) 分类:英语学习 Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from? 一.短语: 1 .be from = come from 来自于2. live in 居住在--3. on weekends 在周末 4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人 5 .in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国 6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14 岁 favorite ...

英汉语言的差异对高中英语写作的负迁移

   英汉语言的差异对高中英语写作的负迁移[外语教学与研究] 刘志强 约6947 字 摘要: 对比分析理论认为,母语对外语学习有迁移作用,尤其是负迁移作用。在进行高 中英语教学,特别是写作教学时,我们要认真对比分析英汉两种语言的差异,从而减少汉语 的负迁移作用,避免 “汉语式英语”的产生。 关键词: 语言差异 负迁移 英语学习 根据教育心理学原理,迁移是一种学习中习得的经验对其他学习的影响,即一种学习对 另一种学习的影响。迁移现象广泛存在于学习过程之中,有正负迁移之 ...