21 世纪大学英语读写教程(第四册)课后答案 TEXT A 世纪大学英语读写教程(第四册)
21 世纪大学英语读写教程(第四册)课后答案 世纪大学英语读写教程(第四册) TEXT A II
  1.He defines greatness as the lasting contribution which a person makes or has made to human civilization.
  2.The example of Churchill shows the importance of persistence and dedication in achieving greatness.
  3.Firstborns and only children tend to make good leaders in times of crisis, but middle- born children are better peacetime leaders.
  4.A 20th century politician should be an effective public speaker and a social person.
  5.Intelligence seems to be less important than other factors, such as the ability to communicate effectively.
  6.The ability to overcome traditional ways of thinking is also crucial.
  7.They simply don’t devote the amount of time required.
  8.The study showed that enjoying one ’ s work is the best form of motivation. 2 IV
  1.chat
  2.acknowledge
  3.motivated
  4.charcteristic
  5.despite
  6.influential
  7.cited
  8.obstacle
  9.intrinsic
  10.criteria
  11.obsession
  12.innate
  13.contribution(s)
  14.contemporary
  15.submitted
  16.morale V
  1.left behind
  2.rise
  3.made history
  4.were endowed with
  5.put up with
  6.going nowhere
  7.ifocuses on
  8.be built on
  9.put in
  10.come up with
  11.take charge
  12.set...apart VI efficiency emergency fluency frequency proficiency tendency urgency sufficiency
  1.fluency
  2.proficiency
  3.emergency
  4.Efficiency
  5.tendency
  6.frequency VII
  1.For some students, it's not that they don't put in enough time ? it's that they don't have good study habits.
  2.Children perform differently at school. It's not that they have different IQs ? it's that they are brought up in different environments.
  3.The company is not very productive. It's not that its staff aren't
talented ? it's that their energy hasn't been channeled effectively.
  4.I'm really sorry. It's not that I don't want to go to the cinema with you ? it's that I have to finish my paper tonight.
  5.You have a stomachache. It's not that the food was bad ? it's probably that you have too much stress from your work. VIII
  1.President Wilson didn't try to bring the US back to economic and political isolation. Instead, he believed in international cooperation through an association of nations.
  2.Computers don't teach students in groups. Instead, they can help them learn effectively according to their different needs.
  3.We shouldn't focus on minor points. Instead, we should try to solve the problem of the greatest urgency at present.
  4.He dosen't get anybody else to help him. Instead, he likes to attend to everything himself.
  5.Teaching success shouldn't be measured by the scores the students receive on tests. Instead, it should be measured by whether the students have internalized the ability and desire to learn. IX BCBAD DCABA DABCA X 西蒙顿说,如果事业上取得巨大成就者具有什么共性的话,那就是一种 持续不断地追求成功的动力。“人们往往认为他们天生具有一些超常非 凡的东西,”他解释道。“但研究结果表明,有的伟人并没有惊人的智力。 有的只是程度上的差异而已。伟大是建立在大量的学习、实践和献身精 神的基础之上的。”他举出二战时期的英国首相温斯顿?丘吉尔作为一个 永不放弃的冒险者的典范。 丘吉尔在全国上下士气最为低落的时候被推 上台,并出色地领导了英国人民。在 1940 年盟军敦刻尔克大撤退之后 的一次演讲中,他的话激励了全国人民,“我们绝不会衰退、失败。我 们将坚持到底……我们永远不会屈服。” XI
  1.Americans tend to define people by the jobs they have/do. Such characteristics as their family and educational backgrounds are considered less important.
  2.His uncompromising personality explains why he could no longer
put up with his employer and eventually submitted his resignation.
  3.If you really want to learn English well, you must put in a lot of time and energy, or you'll go nowhere. The same can be said of other subjects.
  4.Some actors fame is built on their innate beauty, but despite his short stature, Dustin Hoffman rose above and it is his excellent acting that set him apart.
  5.After he took charge, we discovered that there were striking differences between him and his predecessor. He had the drive and passion, came up with many new ideas, and focused his work on how to raise our morale.
  6.Deng Xiaoping made history when he declared China's reform and opening-up policy. Despite tremendous obstacles, he made lasting contributions to our country's modernization with his unrelenting efforts.
  7.Why could someone with a genius IQ be left behind by a hardworking person with an average IQ? It has to be acknowledged that besides one's IQ, many other factors have much to do with one's achievements.
  8.This teacher is really remarkable in first motivating her students so she can really teach them something. It's not that she is talented, it's that she focuses completely or drawing their full attention in class. 第二单元 TEXT A II
  1.He got no thanks for returning a wallet, though he deserved to.
  2.He wants to show how much people need gratitude to keep up a spirit of kindness and cooperation.
  3.She saved up for two years, went to Normandy in person, and gave her son's gold wristwatch to the woman.
  4.He send a short recording expressing his appreciation of the author's thoughtfulness and sent it to the author.
  5.A patient whose life was saved by a blood transfusion came back again and again to donate his blood anonymously so that more patients could be saved.
  6.He does it by citing W.H. Hudson's gratitude for his wife's day-to-day heroism.
  7.Those people who do little things for us all year round.
  8.It can make people take infinite pains with their work.
  9.Gratitude is needed all the time and none of us can give too much of it. III
  1.intention
  2.sincere
  3.glaring
  4.sore

  5.trace
  6.render
  4.denial
  8.proof
  9.tribute
  10.conventional
  11.generous
  12.gratitude
  13.slammed
  14.agreeable IV
  1.caught/took my fancy
  2.a mistake on John's part
  3.take for granted
  4.think twice
  5.saved up
  6.referred to
  7.boast about
  8.took pains with
  9.refrain from
  10.something of
  11.in one way or another
  12.fed up V
  1.altitude
  2.aptitude
  3.attitude
  4.longitude
  5.fortitude
  6.mulitiude
  7.latitude
  8.solitude VI
  1.coordination
  2.coexist
  3.co-workers
  4.co-owners
  5.co-authored
  6.Cooperation
  7.Coeducation
  8.copilot VII
  1.no sacrifice for the education of the young was too great
  2.No price is too high to pay in order to save their lives
  3.cannot be too careful in performing an experiment
  4.They cannot praise him too much
  5.can not be overemphasized
  6.cannot be overestimated VIII BACDD BABCD BADCA IX 一些人不愿表达感激之情,因为他们觉得这不会受欢迎。我的一个病人 在出院几个星期后回到医院感谢他的护士。“我没有更早地回来,”他解 释说,“是因为我猜想你们对于人们的感激一定厌烦得要命。”“ 正好相 反,”她回答说,“我很高兴你来。很少有人意识到我们多么需要鼓励, 我们从那些鼓励我们的人身上获得了多大的帮助。”我们所给予的感激 永远不会过多。 因为我们身边的人在构筑他们的人生哲学时所依据的正 是这些微笑、我们所表示的感谢和我们表示欣赏的各种小小的示意动 作。 X
  1.He glared at John and was annoyed by his refusal to cooperate.

  2.John's sincere speech shows his gratitude to the people who rendered him generous help when he was in difficulty.
  3.He is something of a stamp collector. The fact that once he saved up for two years to buy a rare stamp is proof of it.
  4.The beauty of these roses could not be overstated. They took/caught all the visitors fancy in one way or another.
  5.At first he took it for granted that they should build more highways in this area. Then a careful calculation of the expenditure compelled him to think twice before he made the final decision.
  6.Each time he receives a gift from me, no matter how small, my friend Bill never fails to acknowledge it.
  7.The journalist has decided to trace the young man referred to in the old couple's letter, which is a tribute to the young man's effort at improving their living conditions.
  8.Though he was fed up with the salesmen who knocked at his door and boasted about their products every day, he refrained from slamming the door in their face. 第三单元 TEXT A II
  1.He changed his perspective and observed people who did not have smallpox.
  2.He wants to give a good example of lateral thinking.
  3.He compares the human brain to a computer and the change of one's point of view to the reprogramming of the computer.
  4.It is to fight it.
  5.He calls it vertical thinking.
  6.He used the technique of lateral thinking.
  7.The key is to make a shift in emphasis instead of fighting the problem head-on.
  8.They should change their point of view and regard themselves as their body's keeper.
  9.Very often lateral thinking yields much better results than vertical thinking.
  10.It is approaching the target from a sideways point of view instead of approaching it directly. III
  1.tactic
  2.utmost
  3.structure
  4.slack
  5.significance
  6.head-on
  7.dead end
  8.erased
  9.framework
  10.vertical;vertical
  11.ceased
  12.flaw
  13.implies
  14.affirmed IV
  1.wound up being
  3.take in
  5.take over

  2.pulling on
  4.in effect
  6.ended up teaching V
  1.approach
  2.fought
  3.cure
  4.pressured
  5.focus
  6.approach
  7.program
  8.experienced
  9.switch
  10.escape
  11.fail
  12.escaped 13 VI assistant accountant servant dependant attendant contestant defendant consultant inhabitant occupant
  1.attendant
  2.servant
  3.consultans
  4.contestant
  5.accountant
  6.occupants
  7.assistant
  8.inhabitants
  9.dependants
  10.defendant VII
  1.of use
  2.of great importance
  3.of great/critical/extreme significance
  4.of little value
  5.of marked benefit
  6.of invaluable help 14 VIII
  1. should have told me at once
  2.
  2.should have told me beforehand
  3.
  3.should have left the company long ago
  4. never should have happened
  5. should have left thirty minutes ago
  6. should have phoned IX CDBDA BBDBB CABDC X 一般西方人解决问题的方法是与之搏斗。“进展越困难,硬汉子越向前” 这句话便代表了这种解决问题的积极进取的态度。不管是什么问题,不 管可以用来解决问题的方法是什么, 我们西方人的思维方式所产生的框 架总是搏斗。德?博诺医生称之为纵向思维;即那种传统的、按顺序的、 亚里士多德式的逻辑思维,坚定地从一步移到下一步,就像玩具积木一 块搭在另一块之上。当然,它的缺陷是,如果在任何时刻其中一步没有 达到,或者一块积木没有放对,那么整个结构就会坍塌。事情就会陷入 僵局,沮丧、紧张和搏斗的情绪就会笼罩心头。横向思维,德?博诺医
生说,是对事物进行思考的一种新方法??一种完全避免这种拼搏,用 一种完全出人意料的方式解决问题的方法。 XI
  1.Tom was hung up on the problem but could do nothing about it until he learnt to solve it with different tactics.
  2.Lateral thinking has helped him to advance his new theory which had seemed to reach a dead end.
  3.The framework of our latest construction plan has been affirmed by the local government. Whether it will be carried out on time is of the utmost significance to the development of this coastal city.
  4.While trying to find a solution to the problem, Edward reached an impasse in his thinking, but later he changed his point of view and solved the problem in an entirely unexpected fashion.
  5.Many people believe that computer labs will eventually take over from the libraries and students who want to take in new knowledge will end up learning everything in the computer lab.
  6.Yesterday his car crashed into a truck almost head-on. If he does not stop driving so carelessly, I am sure he will wind up in the emergency room of a hospital.
  7.There is a flaw in the structural design of the painting. Why don't you erase the vertical lines and simplify it a little bit?
  8.John should have given up smoking a long time ago. After all, health is of the utmost importance to everybody. 第四单元 TEXT A II
  1.The IQs among the students were within the normal range.
  2.The study showed that a teacher's positive view and high expectations of students convinces them that they are gifted and enables them to do better than average work.
  3.She did not see this as evidence that the student was not bright or capable, but rather viewed it as one day ? poor performance, an exception to a normally good pattern of work.
  4.It is hard to describe exactly, but her tone was assured and she did not express any negative qualities such as irony, putdowns and/or irritation.
  5.This shows that positive expectation can be effective even on mice, who do not, of course, understand human language.
  6.Labeling means thinking of people in terms of the general prejudices
which we have about their nationality, their race, or their gender, rather than thinking of them as individuals.
  7.Labels define a broad, heterogenerous group too specifically. They are usually prejudicial, non-inclusive, and often racist or sexist.
  8.This example shows how labeling can create a sense of guilt in a person who does not do what is expected, even when
 

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