Unit 2
Text A * random a. 胡乱的;任意的 n. 任意行为 invade
New Words feminist n. 女权主义者 * feminine a. 女性的;女子气的
vt. 侵入,侵略;进攻 * massacre
charm n. 魅力
n. 屠杀 combat
* costume n. (一个地区、一个时期流行的)服装;戏装
n. 战斗 aircraft
extravagance n. 挥霍,奢侈
n. 航空器,飞机 multi-national
* extravagant a.
  1. 奢侈的;浪费的
  2. 过度的;越轨的 audience n. 听众;观众 maritime a. 海的;海上的;航海的;海事的 boo v. (对…)发出“呸”的声音(表示嫌恶或强烈的不 满) rage n. (一阵)狂怒;盛怒 vi. 大发脾气 raging a. 极端的;痛苦的 self-respecting a. 有自尊心的 usage n. 用法;使用; (词的)惯用法
n. 多国的;跨国(公司)的 corporation n. 法人团体(如贸易公司) ;公司 wince vi. 脸部肌肉抽搐,皱眉蹙眼 routinely ad. 通常地;惯常地;常规地 entitle vt.
  1. (to) 给…权利;给…资格
  2. 给(书等)题名 consideration n.
  1. 考虑
  2. (for) 体贴;关心 helplessness n. 无助 innocence n. 无辜;清白;天真纯洁 faculty
n.
  1. 才能;能力;天赋
  2. (高等院校的)全体教师及职工 defenseless a. 无防御的;不能自卫的 incapable a. (of doing sth.) 不能(做某事)的 fend v. (for) 照料 blameless a. 无可指责的;无过错的 protection n. 保护,防护 protective a.
  1. 保护的,防护的
  2. (towards) (对人)关切保护的 emergency n. 紧急事件;紧急情况 helpless a. 无助的;无依无靠的;不能自立的 wartime n. 战时 immunity n.
  1. 受保护;豁免(权)
  2. 免疫力 threaten vt.
  1. 威胁,恐吓
  2. 预示 legal dependence n. 依赖;依靠 era n. 纪元;年代;时代 a. 法律的;依照法律的;法律许可的;法律要求的; 合法的 * constraint n. 约束,限制 variation n. 变化;变更;变异的东西;变化了的形式 * complement vt. 补充,补足 urgent a. 紧迫的,紧要的 deference n. 尊敬,敬重 equality n. 平等 * gender n.
  1. (生理上的)性
  2. (名词、代词等的)性 womanhood n. (总称)妇女;女子的身份或状态 given prep.考虑到 a.
  1. 规定的;特定的
  2. 假设的;已知的 * attach vt. (to)
  1. 认为有;使与…相关联
  2. 系;贴;连接 privilege n. 特权;优惠 male a. & n. 男子(的) ;雄性(的)
condition * constrain vt.
  1. 强迫
  2. 限制,束缚 extensive a. 广阔的;广大的;广泛的 restructure vt. 重建;改组;调整 reduction athletics n. 体育运动;竞技 version status n. 地位;身份;职位 evolutionary a. 进化论的;演变的 instinct n. 本能 perpetuate a. 使永久;保持 * perpetual a. 永久性的;长期的 indispensable a. 必不可少的 child-bearer n. 生儿育女者 repopulate vt. 重新构成…的人口;重新居住于 precious a. 贵重的;珍贵的 biologically ad. 从生物学的角度 parenting n. (父母)对孩子的养育 maternal a. 母亲(般)的 parental a. 父母(似)的 strategic a. 战略(上)的;战略上重要的 strategy n. 策略,计谋 survival n. 生存;幸存 n.
  1. 描述,说法
  2. 版本;改写本 geneticist n. 遗传学家 egg-layer n. 生育机器 * courtesy n.
  1. 谦恭有礼;有礼的举止
  2. 好意;恩惠 n. 减少(量) ;削减(数) depress vt.
  1. 使抑郁,使沮丧
  2. 使不景气,使萧条 logic n. 推理(法) vt. 使习惯;训练
without conscious choice 胡乱地,随便地,任意 breast n. 乳房;胸部;胸膛 gun down * cradle n. 摇篮 v. 轻轻地抱,拥抱 be entitled to cruise n. 海上航游 vt. 航游;巡航;缓慢巡行 fend for oneself scenario n. 电影剧本;剧本提纲 attach sth. to sth. * sheer a.
  1. 完全的,十足的
  2. (织物)极簿的;透明的
  3. 陡峭的;垂直的 hand out stalemate n. 僵局;僵持阶段 go down Phrases and Expressions priority seating (the practice of) certain people being given a place to sit before other people 优先安排座位 at/from a distance from a place that is not very close; a long time after sth. happened 隔开一段距离(或时间) ;从 远处 object to oppose; be against 反对,不赞成 at random sink (船等)下沉 distribute 分发,散发 connect sth. to/with sth. else; associate sth. with sth. else; fasten sth. to sth. else 使相关联; 使连接 在一起 look after oneself 照料自己 be given the right to have or do (sth.) 有权,有 资格 shoot, causing to fall to the ground dead or wounded 枪杀;开枪打伤 地
Children are entitled to special consideration for two reasons: helplessness and innocence. They have not yet acquired either the faculty of reason or the wisdom of experience. Consequently, they are defenseless (incapable of fending for themselves) and blameless (incapable of real sin). That's why we grant them special protection. In an emergency, it is our duty to save them first because they, helpless, have put their lives in our hands. And in wartime, they are supposed to be protected by special immunity because they can have threatened or offended no one. 孩子们之所以有权享受特殊照顾有两个理由:无助和无辜。他们还没有具备推理的能力或来自 经验的智慧。因此,他们不能自卫(不能照顾自己) ,无可指责(不可能真正犯罪) 。这就是我们给 予他们特殊保护的原因。在紧急情况下,我们有责任先救他们,因为孤独无助的他们已将生命交付 于我们手中。在战时,他们应该受到特殊豁免权的保护,因为他们不可能会威胁或冒犯的到任何人。
  1、 独立生活的能力对于任何一个成年人来说都是必不可少的, 但真正的成熟远远不只是一整套的生 存策略。
  1.The ability to fend for oneself is indispensable to any adult,but real maturity is more than just a set of survival strategies.
  2、孩子们在儿童节有资格免费进入每一个城市公园。这是对他们全年长期呆在学校里的一种补偿。
  2.On Children's Day,kids are entitled to free entry to all the city parks.It's a way of compensating them for the long hours they spend in school all year.
  3、你更注重个人的生活而不是学习,难怪你的成绩下降了。
  3.You're giving more priority to your personal life than to your studies.It's no wonder your grades are suffering.
  4、鉴于当今社会大多数的妇女在外谋职,很自然她们反对丈夫把她们作为管家来对待。
  4.Given that most women nowadays have jobs outside the home,it's natural that they object to their husbands treating them like housekeepers.
  5、美国的不少百万富翁都至少拥有两座房子和一架私人飞机。
  5.Quite a number of American millionaires own at least two houses and a private plane.
  6、当约翰从癌症中意外地康复时,他的医生把此归功于他坚强的毅力和对未来的信念。
  6.When John recovered unexpectedly from cancer,his doctors attributed it to his strong will and faith in the future.
  7、没有任何实际理由要保留为女性开门的那种习俗,更不用说保留“妇女和儿童优先”的传统了。
  7.There is no practical reason to perpetuate the custom of opening doors for women,let alone the tradition of "women and children first".
  8、许多女权主义者反对男人养育孩子不如女人的想法。
  8.Many feminists object to the notion that men can't nurture children as well as women can.
 

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