21 世纪大学英语基础教程期末考试试卷
??90 分钟) (A 卷?? 分钟)

  1. A) They are his best friends. B) He dislikes them. C) They’re a necessary evil. D) He prefers large dogs.
  2. A) To class. B) To the movie. C) To the library. D) To the doctor’s office.
  3. A) To buy a dress. B) To buy a book. C) To buy some clothes. D) To go home and think about it.
  4. A) $
  20. B) $
  15. C) $
  10. D) $
  18.
  5. A) Close friends. B) Strangers. C) Friends who haven’t seen each other for a long while. D) Father and daughter.
  6. A) A college teacher. B) A student. C) A historian. D) A night school teacher.
  7. A) 7:
  55. B) 7:
  45. C) 7:
  50. D) 8:
  00.
  8. A) She baked the cake herself. B) She wants the man to bake the cake. C) The bakery made the cake for her. D) The cake requires no baking.
  9. A) At lunch. B) In the afternoon. C) After dinner. D) In the early morning.
  10. A) A teacher. B) A doctor. C) A patient. D) A scientist.
Section B
Compound Dictation
Who
  11. math? We all do! We use it every day. Not only that, but the problem
  12. we learned during the days of “if one train leaves Springfield at 6:00 pm traveling east at 75mph”, can now help us with a
  13. of “adult” crisis. Do I have enough gas to get to work and back without filling the tank? Which bills do I pay and when in order to have enough money in the bank? How much grass seed do I need to
  14. that 10’×10’ bare
  15. in the front yard? For those still teaching, it is using these examples, and
  16. activities for students that bring the reality o math into their worlds. For parents, the same
  17. true. When your child
  18.. Take your child to the grocery store. Give your child $
  10. Tell your child to
  19., for that $
  10.
  20.. It will do your child some good who knows, you might learn something too!
Part II Reading Comprehension (30%) Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
(25 minutes)
Speech, the act of uttering sounds to convey meaning, is a kind of human action. Like any other constantly repeated action, speaking has to be learned, but once it is learned, it becomes a generally unconscious and apparently automatic process. As far as we can determine, human beings do not need to be forced to speak; most babies seem to possess a sort of instinctive drive to produce speech like noises. How to speak and what to say are another matter altogether. These actions are learned from the particular society into which the baby is born; so that, like all conduct that is learned from a society, from the people around us, speech is a patterned activity.
1
The meandering babble and chatter of a young child are eventually channeled by imitation into a few orderly grooves that represent the pattern accepted as meaningful by the people around him. Similarly, a child’s indiscriminate practice of putting things into his mouth becomes limited to putting food into his mouth in a certain way. The sounds that a child can make are more varied and numerous than the sounds that any particular language utilizes. However, a child born into a society with a pattern of language is encouraged to make a small selection of sounds and to make these few sounds over and over until it is natural for him to make these sounds and no others.
  21. What is the subject of the passage? A) How to make sounds. B) The origin of language. C) A child’s learning process of speaking. D) A baby’s sounds.
  22. A child’s chatter becomes speech when it . A) begins to follow meaningful patterns B) contains enough sounds C) becomes natural to him D) begins to be repeated
  23. The most important factor in a child’s learning to speak is probably. A) instinct B) selection C) variety D) imitation
  24. Which of the following is NOT true about children? A) Most babies have an instinctive drive to make speech like noises. B) A child can make more numerous sounds than those in any language. C) The society around a child determines what sounds will be considered meaningful. D) For a child, the process of speaking usually involves unconscious actions.
  25. We may say that a child has learned to speak if he. A) makes varied sounds B) carefully considers each sounds he makes C) makes only certain sounds naturally D) imitates people around him
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
The world is not only hungry; it is also thirsty for water. This may seem strange to you, since nearly 75 percent of the earth’s surface is covered with water. But about 97 percent of this huge amount is sea water, or salt water. Man can only drink and use the other 3 percentthe fresh water that comes from rivers, lakes, underground and other sources. But unfortunately, some of it has been polluted and is unfit for drinking. However, as things stand today, this small amount of fresh water is still enough for us. But our need for water is increasing rapidly?almost day by day. Only if we take steps to deal with this problem now can we avoid a severe worldwide water shortage later on. So we all have to learn how to stop wasting our precious water. One of the first steps we should take is to develop ways of re-using water. Today in most large cities water is used only once and then discharged. But it is possible to pipe water that has been used to a purifying plant, and then it can be used again. But even if every large city purified and re-used its water, we still would not have enough. Where could we turn next? Did you hear someone say“to the oceans”? I think that’s a possible solution. All we’d have to do is to remove the salt. This process is already in use in many parts of the world.
  26. What is the main subject of the passage? A) The reason why the world is both hungry and thirsty. B) How to avoid a severe worldwide water shortage. C) The first steps we should take.
2
D) Where to find fresh water.
  27. All the fresh water. A) is good enough to be used B) is polluted and can’t be used C) cannot be used by man, as some of it has been polluted D) comes from oceans, rivers and lakes
  28. Which of the following statements is false? A) 3 percent of the earth’s surface is fresh water. B) There is far more sea water than fresh water on the earth. C) We can get fresh water from underground. D) 97 percent of the water on the earth’s surface cannot be drunk.
  29. Which of the following statements cannot explain why we are not able to use all of the earth’s water? A) Only a small percentage of it is fit for drinking. B) Some of it has been polluted. C) About 97 percent of it is sea water. D) There is still enough fresh water for us to use.
  30. To avoid worldwide water shortage in the future, the writer suggested in this passage that. A) we invent ways of increasing rainfall B) we develop ways of reusing water and utilizing sea water C) we cut off our consumption of water D) we reduce the number of factories requiring the use of large amount of water
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Today cigarette smoking is a widespread habit.. About forty-three percent of the adult men and thirty-one percent of the adult women in the United States smoke cigarettes regularly. It is encouraging to note, however, that millions of people have given up the smoking habit. Seventy-five percent of the male population and forty-six percent of the female population have smoked cigarettes at some time during their lives, but twenty-six percent of these men and eleven percent of these women have stopped smoking. The number of .persons who have given up smoking is increasing. Men as a group smoke more than women. Among both men and women the age group with the highest proportion of smokers is the age group 24 to
  44. Income, education, and occupation all play a part in determining a person’s smoking habit. City people smoke more than people living on farms. Well-educated men with high incomes are less likely to smoke cigarettes than men with fewer years of schooling and lower incomes. On the other hand, if a well-educated man with a higher income smokes at all, he is likely to smoke more packs of cigarettes per day. The situation is somewhat different for women. There are slightly more smokers among women with higher family incomes and higher education than among the lower income and lower educational groups. These more highly educated women tend to smoke more heavily. Among teenagers the picture is similar. There are fewer teenager smokers from upper income, well-educated families, and fewer from families living in farm areas. High school students who are preparing for college are less likely to smoke than those who do not plan to continue their education after high school. Children are most likely to start smoking if one or both of their parents smoke.
  31. The best title of the passage should be. A) Smoking Is Harmful B) Do You Smoke C) Who Smokes D) Cigarette Industry
  32. According to the passage. A) seventy-five percent of the male population in the United States smoke cigarettes regularly B) eleven percent of the women who have smoked in the United States have stopped smoking C) forty-six percent of the female population in the United States have stopped smoking
3
D) thirty-one percent of the adult women in the United States have given up smoking
  33. is less likely to smoke cigarettes. A) A well?educated man with a high income B) A man with fewer years of schooling and a lower income C) A well educated man living in the city D) A man living on the farm
  34. For women, smoke more cigarettes. A) lower educational groups B) lower income groups C) adult groups D) higher educational groups
  40. For teenagers, the situation is similar to. A) that of the men living in cities B) that of people living on farms C) that of the adult men D) that of the adult women
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (15%) (20 minutes) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.
Choose the ONE that best complete the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
  36. She through the old papers to see what can be thrown away. A. sorted B. selected C. chose D. collected
  37. There has been little response our call for help. A. on B. to C. of D. for
  38. I found her secret when I visited her last time. A. on a chance B. on the chance C. by chance D. by a chance
  39. If you try to learn too many things at a time, you may get . A. puzzled B. perplex C. confused D. bewildered
  40. He is very much critical of the government’s policies. A. economics B. economy C. economic D. economical
  41. , he does get annoyed with her sometimes. A. Although much he likes her B. Much although he likes her C. As he likes her much D. Much as he likes her
  42. Although it was his first experience as chairman, he over the meeting with great skill. A. presided B. administered C. mastered D. executed
  43. Some old people don’t like pop songs because they can’t so much noise. A. resist B. sustain C. tolerate D. undergo
  44. There is little chance that mankind would a nuclear war. A. retain B. maintain C. endure D. survive
  45. it or not, his discovery has created a stir in scientific circles. A. Believe B. To believe C. Believing D. Believed
  46. Children are very curious . A. at heart B. in person C. on purpose D. by nature
  47. American women were the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard struggle. A. ignored B. refused C. neglected D. denied
  48. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are . A. out of work B. out of reach C. out of stock D. out of practice
  49. His shabby house was in a terrible and smelled badly. A. disorder B. mess C. neatness D. mass
  50. The newspaper did not mention the of the damage caused by the fire. A. range B. level C. extent D. quantity
  51. When I caught him me, I stopped buying things there and started dealing with another shop.
4

  52.
  53.
  54.
  55.

  56.
  57.
  58.
  59.
  60.
  61.
  62.
  63.
  64.

  65.
A. cheating B. cheat C. to cheat D. to be cheating He made such a contribution to the university that they are naming one of the new buildings after him. A. genuine B. minimum C. modest D. generous Her interest in redecorating the big house kept her for a whole week. A. constrained B. dominated C. restricted D. occupied We got to work and succeeded, after a good deal of , in making our butter. A. trial and error B. happiness and sadness C. hardship and enjoyment D. days and nights Alan told them to Jane. A. all had been happened B. all which had happened C. all that had happened D. all what had been happened It is difficult to a conversation with all this noise around us. A. carry on B. account for C. bring up D. get through Don’t this news to the public until we give you the go- ahead. A. release B. relieve C. relate D. retain There were some flowers on the table. A. artificial B. unnatural C. false D. unreal Here are some toys. You can one or two for your little son as a birthday gift from me. A. single out B. pick out C. carry out D. work out When there is a doubt, the chairman’s decision is . A. right B. definite C. naturally D. certainly To our
 

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