26 个口语常用句子详解
May I have a word with you?
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当你有重要事要打断别人的谈话或工作,最好先礼貌地问句:May I have a word with you? (我可以和你谈一会吗?)。虽然是 a word,但不是只说一个字而已,而是一段很简短的 对话,或可以说:May I have a quick word with you? / May I have a word in your ear? 通 常有这样的要求,谈话内容可能比较私人或秘密,或者也可以用 A word if you don't mind. (只是一句话,如你不介意)。 对话 A: Julie, may I have a word with you, please?
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B: Sorry, I'm a bit tied up at the moment. Can we talk later?
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A: You said that earlier and I've been waiting all afternoon. I only need 5 minutes to go over this.
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B: , please take a seat.
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甲:茱莉,我可否和你谈一会吗?
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乙:对不起,我现在很忙,可否迟些再谈? 甲:你较早前已这样说过,而我已等了整个下午,我只需要 5 分钟就足够了。 乙:好吧,请坐。
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May I have a word with you?即‘我可否和你谈谈吗?’A word 两字可不可以改作 words? 改 作 words,意思就完全不同了。To have a word with somebody. 是‘和某人谈谈’,To have words with somebody. 则是‘和某人吵架’,例如:He had words with his wife last night. (他 昨晚和妻子吵架)。
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又请看以下两句有什么分别:He had white hair、He had white hairs。 按 hair 泛指毛发, 是不可数名词,例如:I find her shoulder-length hair very beautiful.(我觉得她及肩的头发 很美丽)。但是,一根毛发却是可数名词(countable noun),例如成语 to hang by a hair 即‘系于一发’,His life is hanging by a hair. 等于‘他生死悬于一发’。He had white hair.是说 ‘他满头白发’,He had white hairs.则是说‘他头上有些白发’。
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Who is your favorite singer?
相信每个人心里都有一些最喜欢的东西。 最喜欢的英文就是 favorite。 最喜欢的食物(favorite food)、最喜欢的颜色(favorite color)、最喜欢的歌手(favorite singer)。那么你最喜欢的歌
手是谁?Who is your favorite singer?如果你没有特别偏爱的歌手,可回答:I don't have a particular favorite.(我没有特别的偏爱)。相反你有一个非常喜欢的歌手,可以用 firm favorite,例如:Michael Jackson is my firm favorite.(米高积逊是我非常喜爱的歌手。) Hot
favorite 是指非常流行 / 受欢迎的东西,例如:This song is a hot favorite in Hong Kong. (这首歌在香港非常流行)。 对话 A:What were your hobbies at university?
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B:Well, I liked to do so many things so I didn't really have a regular hobby. But I was a rock singer and I still perform occasionally. A:Who is your favorite singer? B:I'm a fan of the Beatles and Rod Stewart. 甲:你在大学时期有什么嗜好?
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乙:哦,当时我喜爱做太多事情了,并没有特定的嗜好。但我以前是一个摇滚乐手,现在偶 然也会表演一下呢。
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甲:谁是你最喜爱的歌手? 乙:我是披头四和洛史都华的歌迷。 要说所喜欢的人、物等,英文多会用 favorite 一字,作形容词(adjective)解作‘特别喜爱的’, 作名词(noun)则是指‘特别喜爱的人、物’,例如:(
  1) War and Peace is my favorite novel. (《战争与和平》是我很喜欢的一本小说)。(
  2) Coca-Cola is a firm favorite with my son. (可口可乐是我儿子百喝不厌的饮料)。
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最喜欢或最不喜欢,就是 most / least favorite,例如:Madonna is my most / least favorite singer.(玛丹娜是我最喜欢 / 最不喜欢的歌星)。
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父母、 教师等偏爱的孩子, 也可用 favorite 一字来说, 例如: (
  1)Peggy has always been her mother's favorite.(佩琪向来都是她母亲偏爱的孩子)。(
  2) It is not advisable for a teacher to have favorites in the class.(教师不宜偏爱班中几个学生)。偏爱或徇私的行为,即 favoritism,例如:(
  1)The chemistry teacher was accused of showing favoritism to certain students.(化学老师被投诉,说他偏爱某些学生)。
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竞赛之中获看好的选手、动物等,一般都称为 favorite,例如:(
  1) He bet $2,000 on the favorite to win the horse race. (他把二千元赌注,押在马赛中最多人看好的那匹马上)。 (
  2) He was a hot favorite to win the election.(这次选举之中,他很有机会获选)。
Do you know Candy?
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今天和大家讨论用 Do you know?的问句,Do you know?就是问别人:‘你知不知道?你懂 不懂?’如果问你懂不懂煮饭,可以说:Do you know how to cook? 你知不知道那条路?Do you know the way? 或者要问你认不认识一个叫肯蒂的女生, 可以说: you know Candy? Do 如果你不认识她, 可回答: don't know her., I 如果你跟她很熟, 可以说: know her very well., I 如果只是泛泛之交,可以说:I'm acquainted with her.。
对话 A: Do you know Candy? B: Candy? Does she have curly blond hair and a really beautiful face? A: Yes, that's her. B: Yes, I know her very well. She was my girl friend during my first year in university. A: Really? Candy told me that she's only 19 and she's your boss' daughter. B: Oh, Candy Cooper! My mistake. I thought you meant Candy Rose. 甲:你认不认识肯蒂? 乙:肯蒂?是否那个金色卷发的漂亮女子? 甲:对,就是她。
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乙:是,我跟她很熟络,她是我大学一年级时的女友。 甲:真的吗?肯蒂告诉我她只有 19 岁,是你老板的女儿。 乙:噢,肯蒂吉谱!我搞错了,我以为你指的是肯蒂罗丝。 某乙听某甲谈到一位金发美女肯蒂,以为是自己的旧女友说:I know her very well.(我和 她很熟络)。假如某甲带笑问道:In the biblical sense? 读者知道是什么意思吗? Biblical 即‘《圣经》(Bible)的’,例如 biblical language 是 ‘《圣经》的语言’。In the biblical sense? 等于说‘是否《圣经》里那个意思?’。 在《圣经》和其它古籍里,know 字有‘和...有性关系’的意思。读《御用圣经.路加福音》 第一章,你就会看到天使对圣母玛利亚说:You will conceive in your womb and bring forth a son, and shall call his name Jesus(你会怀孕,诞下麟儿,取命为耶稣)。玛利亚回答说: How can this be, since I do not know a man?(这怎么可能呢?我没有跟男人亲热过)。今 天,英语国家的人说跟某某有性关系,有时就会用开玩笑口吻说:I know him / her in the biblical sense。
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留意 I know her 和 I know of her 很不同。know her 是 ‘我认识她’,know of her. 则是 ‘我 I I 知道她这个人’或‘我听说过好这个人’。
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说和某人交朋友,英文是 to make friends with somebody,那复数形式的 friends 不可改为 friend。为什么和一个人交朋友,都要用复数形式?原因很简单:friends 除了指对方,还 包括你自己。交朋友是至少两个人之间的事。I should like to make friends with you. 即 ‘我 想和你交朋友’。
Could you tell me the way to the shopping mall?
朋友们伙人去逛街,通常都会去百货公司(Department Store),或者购物商场(Shopping Mall) , 两 者 有 什 么 分 别 呢 ? Department Store 是 独 立 的 商 店 , 里 面 有 不 同 的 部 门 (departments),如电器部、化妆品部、服装部等等,而 Shopping Mall 是一个大的地方,
里面有不同的商店、 餐厅、 游乐设施及开放空间, 所以要问怎样去购物商场, 可以说: Where is the shopping mall?(购物商场在哪里?)、Could you tell me the way to the shopping mall? 、 Could you tell me how to get to the shopping mall?(可以告诉我怎样去购物商场 吗?)或 Could you give me directions to the shopping mall?(可以告诉我去购物商场的方 向吗?)。 对话 A: Excuse me. Could you tell me the way to the shopping mall?
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B: Certainly. Go straight down this street until you reach the corner, and then turn right. Keep walking until you see the McDonald's and then you go inside and then go out the backdoor, turn left and cross the road and it's right there. A: How long will it take? B: I think about 30 minutes.
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甲:不好意思,可以告诉我怎样去购物商场吗?
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乙:当然可以。沿路向前走直到转角处,然后右转。一直走到麦当劳, 进去然后从后门走出, 再左转,过马路就到了。 甲:要走多久?
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乙:我想大约 30 分钟。 人家向你问路,假如距离太远,你可以告诉他:It's far from here. / It's a good distance.(离 这里很远)、You've got a long way to go.(你还要走很远的路)、It's not within walking distance.(离这里太远了,不宜步行)。既然路远,最好搭车去:Take bus No. 1, and ask the bus conductor where to get off. 搭一号公车去吧, ( 可以问司机哪儿下车) You'd better 、 take a taxi(最好搭出租车去)。
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假如顺路, 你不妨说: going there myself. 或 It's on my route. / I'm walking that way.) I'm ( 。 I'll lead you the way.(或 I'll walk you there.)(我正要去那里,就给你带路吧)。 要给人明确的道路指引, 则要看实际环境, 不能有一套固定说法。 但有些基本句法可以参考: (
  1) Follow your nose (或 Go straight on) until you get to a post office. (向前一直走到邮局) 。 (
  2) Turn left / right at the corner and then just follow your nose.(在转角处向左 / 右转,然 后直行)。(
  3) Take the first / second turning to the right / left.(在第一 / 二个转弯处向右 / 左转)。(
  4) The first turning is Second Street.(前面第一条横的街道就是第二街)。 有时, 全程很难一次说清楚。 你可以教对方先走一段路, 然后再问人, 例如: Turn around and go back till you get to Second Street, and then ask again.(你要回头走,走到第二街再问 别人)。
Don't let me down.
以前教过大家 I'm counting on you. 和 I'm depending on you.(我全靠你),都是在有求于 人时非常用得着的恭维话,今天多教一句:Don't let me down.(不要让我失望),别人听 到你这么说可能会更加为你尽力去办。Let down 是‘令人失望’,例如朋友问你 How was the movie?(那出电影如何呢?),如果说:It was a big let down. 就是说‘它太令人失望’的意 思。 对话 A: How's tomorrow's business presentation going?
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B: Our preparation work is almost done. We'll have a rehearsal tonight after dinner. A: Well, I'll look forward to hearing some good results. Don't let me down. B: I'll try my best to clinch the deal. 甲:明天的业务发表会怎样?
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乙:筹备工作已差不多完成,我们在今晚晚饭后会进行彩排。 甲:好的,我期待听到好消息,不要令我失望。 乙:我会尽力去取得合同。
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为了宣传公司的产品、服务,公司职员往往要去其它机构或公开场所示范、讲解等, 这英 文叫做 presentation,例如:The fund house made a presentation of the new investment funds they were launching.(基金公司举行讲座,介绍新创办的投资基金)。
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现在,某乙要为公司争取合同,示范、讲解当然要准备周详。他老板说:Don't let me down. (别使我失望)。Let down 除了解作‘辜负(某人)期望’,还可解作‘使丢脸’或‘破坏(声
誉)’,例如:Your misconduct has let down the name of the bank.(你违反职业操守,破 坏了银行的声誉)。 Let someone down 的反义词是 live up to someone's expectations.(不负某人所望)。 某 乙的老板其实可以说: sure you'll live up to my expectations. 我相信你会不负我所望) I'm ( 。 这有鼓励的意思, 比忧心忡忡的一句 Don't let me down. 似乎好一点。 Don't let me down. 会 加重某乙精神上的压力,对他示范、讲解的表现未必有好处。
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所以, 你是某乙的同事, 发觉他赴会前精神紧张, 就应该设法消除他的焦虑, 例如你可以说: You don't need to worry. I'm sure everything will go well as you're well prepared. You'll make a big hit. 你不必担心。 ( 你准备得那么好
 

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