Language: Using the

  1. We use a or an before nouns when we
mention them for the first time. We use the when we mention them again. e.g. A man and a woman got on a bus. The man was short and the woman was tall.
Make similar sentences :
  1.boy, girl, tram, thin, fat
  2. European, Indian, plane, smiling, laughing
  1. A boy and a girl got on a tram. The boy was thin and the girl was fat.
  2. A European and an Indian got on a plane. The European was smiling and the Indian was laughing.
A: Holiday shopping
  1. Danny bought a pair of sunglasses and a sunhat. The sunglasses cost ?50 and the sunhat cost ?
  28.
  2. Daisy bought a pair of goggles and a towel. The goggles cost ?72 and the towel cost ?
  54.
  3. Tommy bought a roll of film and an umbrella. The film cost ?30 and the umbrella cost ?
  50.
  4. Rita bought a camera and a tennis racket. The camera cost ?219 and the tennis racket cost ?2
  95.

  2. We use the before nouns when it is
clear what we are talking about. For example, at the airport, Judy and Miss Lu have this conversation.
Judy: Excuse me. Where is the bank? Miss Lu: It’s over there by the post office.
B1: At the airport:
  1. S1: Where is the gift shop? S2: It’s over there by the toilets/ money changer.
  2. S1: Where is the check-in counter? S2: It’s over there by the immigration counter.
  3. S1: Where is the snack bar? S2: It’s over there by the sweet shop.

  4. S1: Where is the police reporting center? S2: It’s over there by the manager’s office.
  5. S1: Where is the lift? S2: It’s over there by the toilets.
  6. S1: Where is the post office? S2: It’s over there by the bank.
  7. S1: Where is the information counter? S2: This is it. / Here.

  3. We often use the before things and
people when there is only one of them. Examples: Paris is the capital of France. It has many landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower. Give more examples: the wind the rain the ground the Pacific the South the Equator the shy the moon the sun Ocean the Atlantic Ocean Pole the North Pole

  4. After the verb play, we usually put the
before the names of musical instruments. We do not put the before the names of games. Examples: Amy plays the piano. She also plays basketball.

  1. Peter plays the guitar. He also plays football
  2. Mary plays the flute. She also plays squash
  3. Mimi plays the drums. She also plays tennis
  4. Joe plays the violin. He also plays badminton

  5. Linda plays the piano. She also plays basketba

  5. We often use the before the ordinal
numbers and the superlative degrees of adjectives. Examples:
  1.Look at the third picture from the left. It is wonderful.
  2. Shanghai is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Give more examples:

  6. We often use the in other ways:

  1)the Whites; the Lis;
  2)the rich = rich people; the young= young people
  3) in the morning; at the moment;
  4)the Great Wall; the Forbidden City
定冠词基本用法归纳:
?
  1。指特定的人或物:“这个,那个; 这些, 那些”。 ? Eg. Do you like the books? ?
  2。前面提到的人或物,或与其相关的事物。 ? Eg. It’s my room. The room is bright and clean. ?
  3。双方都知道的人或物。 ? Eg. Would you mind I open the window?
? ? ? ? ? ?

  4。世上独一无二的事物及自然想象。 Eg. We have landed on the moon.
  5。用于单数可数名词前表示“类别”。 Eg. The horse is a useful animal.
  6。用于序数词前。 Eg. September is the ninth month of the year.
?
  7。形容词或副词最高级前(副词前常常省 略)。 ? Eg. This is the best book I have ever read. ?
  8。形容词比较级前,(常常在两者比较中 表示“较。。。的一个”时使用)。 ? Eg. The larger of the two islands is Britain. ?
  9。形容词前表示一类人。 ? Eg. In that country the blind have special jobs.
?
  10。用于被限定的词,短语,从句修饰的 名词前。 ? Eg. The milk on the table is hers. ? This is the place where I once lived. ?
  11。用于集体名词或复数可数名词前表示 整体。 ? Eg. The police are trying to get help from her neighbours and friend. ?
  12。用于play 加乐器的名词前。 ? Eg. I’d like to learn to play the guitar.
?
  13。方位名词前。 ? Eg. On the left, in the south ?
  14。用于河, 洋,湖,海,运河,山脉, 沙漠名词前。 ? Eg. the Yangtze River ? the Panama Canal ? the Pacific Ocean
?
  15。用于姓氏复数名词前,指全家人或夫 妇二人。 ? Eg. The Smiths are at table. ? The Greens have opened a small shop. ?
  16。用于由普通名词构成的专有名词前。 ? Eg. Excuse me! Are you from the USA? ?
  17. 用于人体部位名词前。 ? Eg. He hit me on the chin.
名词前习惯用定冠词的常用短语举例:
? all over the country ? all the same all over the world at the bottom of
? at the beginning of … at the moment ? at the end of… at the same time
? In the afternoon ? In the distance ? In the east of…
by the end of… in the day time in the direction of…
? In the end ? In the rain ? On the left ? On the phone ? Tell the truth
In the form of In the past In the middle of On the radio With the help of
Do some practice:
?
  1. Paper money was in use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in thirteenth century. ? A. the ,/ B. /, / C. /, the D. the , the ?
  2. Yellow River is longest river in China. A. the , the second B. a , a second C. the , the two D. a , a two
?
  3. Beyond stars, the astronaut saw nothing but space. A. the , / B. /, the C. /,/ D. the , the
  4. Keep away from the cage. lion is fierce anmimal. A. The, the B. A, the C. A, / D. The ,a
  5. Which is larger country, Canada or Australia? A. the B. a C. / D. an .

  6. ?Where is nearest bookstore? -- There is one at end of the street. A. the , an B. a, the C. the , the D. a, an
  7. Summers in south of France are for most part dry and sunny. A. /, a B. the, / C. /, / D. the , the
  8. Chinese are hardworking people. A. A B. / C. An D. The
?
  9. It is not rare in 1990s that people in their fifties are going to university for further education. A. a B. / C. an D. the
  10. Water vapor is water in form of a gas A. a B. / C. the D. an
零冠词的基本用法:
?
  1. 用于表示类别或泛指不定量的人或物的 复数名词前。 ? Eg. Cows are useful animals. ?
  2. 名词前有this, that, these, those, some, no或形容词性的物主代词时。 ? Eg. I want this book, not that one. ? He is my classmate. ?
  3. 用于非特指的或具体的星期,月份,季 节,节日名词前。 ? Eg. On Sunday / on Sept.3/ in spring
?
  4.用于非特指的一日三餐(其前有修饰词除 外),球类运动,棋类游戏名词前。 ? Eg. I had three pieces of bread for breakfast this morning. ?
  5. 某些抽象名词 ? Eg. Failure is the mother of success. ?
  6. “专有名词+普通名词”构成专有名词前 ? Eg. Hyde Park isn’t far from my home. ? He studies in Fudan university.
?
  7. 人名,呼语及头衔名词前 ? Eg. Where is Tom? ? Professor Smith is the author of the book. ?
  8. 基数词表示编号时 ? Eg. He lives in Room No. 405 ?
  9. turn+可数名词结构中,表示“成为…”时 ? Eg. He used to be a linguist, then he turned writer. ?
  10. 与by 连用的交通工具名词前 ? Eg. We can travel by air.
?
  11.以 and 连接两个相对名词并用时。 ? Eg. day and night ?
  12. 表示学科,疾病,颜色,感官,语言名 词前(但与language 连用时用冠词)。 ? Eg. Yellow is a beautiful colour. ? English is not easy to master. ? Smell is one of the five senses. ? His grandpa died of cancer ten years ago
Do some practice
?
  1. birds can fly very high in sky. ?
  2. The visitor will come to our school next week. ?
  3. Doctor Zhang often goes shopping before supper. ?
  4. They will arrive here on New Year’s Day. ?
  5. Einsteins managed to send Einstein to school.
?
  6. London Bridge is an important construction in Britain. ?
  7. Professor John Wills is our teacher of English. ?
  8. He began to learn English language at age of fifty. ?
  9. Our teacher is giving us a lesson in composition.
  10. The boss made them work day and night.
 

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