Language: Using the

  1. We use a or an before nouns when we
mention them for the first time. We use the when we mention them again. e.g. A man and a woman got on a bus. The man was short and the woman was tall.
Make similar sentences :
  1.boy, girl, tram, thin, fat
  2. European, Indian, plane, smiling, laughing
  1. A boy and a girl got on a tram. The boy was thin and the girl was fat.
  2. A European and an Indian got on a plane. The European was smiling and the Indian was laughing.
A: Holiday shopping
  1. Danny bought a pair of sunglasses and a sunhat. The sunglasses cost ?50 and the sunhat cost ?
  2. Daisy bought a pair of goggles and a towel. The goggles cost ?72 and the towel cost ?
  3. Tommy bought a roll of film and an umbrella. The film cost ?30 and the umbrella cost ?
  4. Rita bought a camera and a tennis racket. The camera cost ?219 and the tennis racket cost ?2

  2. We use the before nouns when it is
clear what we are talking about. For example, at the airport, Judy and Miss Lu have this conversation.
Judy: Excuse me. Where is the bank? Miss Lu: It’s over there by the post office.
B1: At the airport:
  1. S1: Where is the gift shop? S2: It’s over there by the toilets/ money changer.
  2. S1: Where is the check-in counter? S2: It’s over there by the immigration counter.
  3. S1: Where is the snack bar? S2: It’s over there by the sweet shop.

  4. S1: Where is the police reporting center? S2: It’s over there by the manager’s office.
  5. S1: Where is the lift? S2: It’s over there by the toilets.
  6. S1: Where is the post office? S2: It’s over there by the bank.
  7. S1: Where is the information counter? S2: This is it. / Here.

  3. We often use the before things and
people when there is only one of them. Examples: Paris is the capital of France. It has many landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower. Give more examples: the wind the rain the ground the Pacific the South the Equator the shy the moon the sun Ocean the Atlantic Ocean Pole the North Pole

  4. After the verb play, we usually put the
before the names of musical instruments. We do not put the before the names of games. Examples: Amy plays the piano. She also plays basketball.

  1. Peter plays the guitar. He also plays football
  2. Mary plays the flute. She also plays squash
  3. Mimi plays the drums. She also plays tennis
  4. Joe plays the violin. He also plays badminton

  5. Linda plays the piano. She also plays basketba

  5. We often use the before the ordinal
numbers and the superlative degrees of adjectives. Examples:
  1.Look at the third picture from the left. It is wonderful.
  2. Shanghai is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Give more examples:

  6. We often use the in other ways:

  1)the Whites; the Lis;
  2)the rich = rich people; the young= young people
  3) in the morning; at the moment;
  4)the Great Wall; the Forbidden City
  1。指特定的人或物:“这个,那个; 这些, 那些”。 ? Eg. Do you like the books? ?
  2。前面提到的人或物,或与其相关的事物。 ? Eg. It’s my room. The room is bright and clean. ?
  3。双方都知道的人或物。 ? Eg. Would you mind I open the window?
? ? ? ? ? ?

  4。世上独一无二的事物及自然想象。 Eg. We have landed on the moon.
  5。用于单数可数名词前表示“类别”。 Eg. The horse is a useful animal.
  6。用于序数词前。 Eg. September is the ninth month of the year.
  7。形容词或副词最高级前(副词前常常省 略)。 ? Eg. This is the best book I have ever read. ?
  8。形容词比较级前,(常常在两者比较中 表示“较。。。的一个”时使用)。 ? Eg. The larger of the two islands is Britain. ?
  9。形容词前表示一类人。 ? Eg. In that country the blind have special jobs.
  10。用于被限定的词,短语,从句修饰的 名词前。 ? Eg. The milk on the table is hers. ? This is the place where I once lived. ?
  11。用于集体名词或复数可数名词前表示 整体。 ? Eg. The police are trying to get help from her neighbours and friend. ?
  12。用于play 加乐器的名词前。 ? Eg. I’d like to learn to play the guitar.
  13。方位名词前。 ? Eg. On the left, in the south ?
  14。用于河, 洋,湖,海,运河,山脉, 沙漠名词前。 ? Eg. the Yangtze River ? the Panama Canal ? the Pacific Ocean
  15。用于姓氏复数名词前,指全家人或夫 妇二人。 ? Eg. The Smiths are at table. ? The Greens have opened a small shop. ?
  16。用于由普通名词构成的专有名词前。 ? Eg. Excuse me! Are you from the USA? ?
  17. 用于人体部位名词前。 ? Eg. He hit me on the chin.
? all over the country ? all the same all over the world at the bottom of
? at the beginning of … at the moment ? at the end of… at the same time
? In the afternoon ? In the distance ? In the east of…
by the end of… in the day time in the direction of…
? In the end ? In the rain ? On the left ? On the phone ? Tell the truth
In the form of In the past In the middle of On the radio With the help of
Do some practice:
  1. Paper money was in use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in thirteenth century. ? A. the ,/ B. /, / C. /, the D. the , the ?
  2. Yellow River is longest river in China. A. the , the second B. a , a second C. the , the two D. a , a two
  3. Beyond stars, the astronaut saw nothing but space. A. the , / B. /, the C. /,/ D. the , the
  4. Keep away from the cage. lion is fierce anmimal. A. The, the B. A, the C. A, / D. The ,a
  5. Which is larger country, Canada or Australia? A. the B. a C. / D. an .

  6. ?Where is nearest bookstore? -- There is one at end of the street. A. the , an B. a, the C. the , the D. a, an
  7. Summers in south of France are for most part dry and sunny. A. /, a B. the, / C. /, / D. the , the
  8. Chinese are hardworking people. A. A B. / C. An D. The
  9. It is not rare in 1990s that people in their fifties are going to university for further education. A. a B. / C. an D. the
  10. Water vapor is water in form of a gas A. a B. / C. the D. an
  1. 用于表示类别或泛指不定量的人或物的 复数名词前。 ? Eg. Cows are useful animals. ?
  2. 名词前有this, that, these, those, some, no或形容词性的物主代词时。 ? Eg. I want this book, not that one. ? He is my classmate. ?
  3. 用于非特指的或具体的星期,月份,季 节,节日名词前。 ? Eg. On Sunday / on Sept.3/ in spring
  4.用于非特指的一日三餐(其前有修饰词除 外),球类运动,棋类游戏名词前。 ? Eg. I had three pieces of bread for breakfast this morning. ?
  5. 某些抽象名词 ? Eg. Failure is the mother of success. ?
  6. “专有名词+普通名词”构成专有名词前 ? Eg. Hyde Park isn’t far from my home. ? He studies in Fudan university.
  7. 人名,呼语及头衔名词前 ? Eg. Where is Tom? ? Professor Smith is the author of the book. ?
  8. 基数词表示编号时 ? Eg. He lives in Room No. 405 ?
  9. turn+可数名词结构中,表示“成为…”时 ? Eg. He used to be a linguist, then he turned writer. ?
  10. 与by 连用的交通工具名词前 ? Eg. We can travel by air.
  11.以 and 连接两个相对名词并用时。 ? Eg. day and night ?
  12. 表示学科,疾病,颜色,感官,语言名 词前(但与language 连用时用冠词)。 ? Eg. Yellow is a beautiful colour. ? English is not easy to master. ? Smell is one of the five senses. ? His grandpa died of cancer ten years ago
Do some practice
  1. birds can fly very high in sky. ?
  2. The visitor will come to our school next week. ?
  3. Doctor Zhang often goes shopping before supper. ?
  4. They will arrive here on New Year’s Day. ?
  5. Einsteins managed to send Einstein to school.
  6. London Bridge is an important construction in Britain. ?
  7. Professor John Wills is our teacher of English. ?
  8. He began to learn English language at age of fifty. ?
  9. Our teacher is giving us a lesson in composition.
  10. The boss made them work day and night.



   2010 年中考英语专题复习 05??句子翻译 句子翻译 考点一、根据中文补全句子 (2010 江苏省宿迁市五、根据所给汉语完成下列句子,每空词数不限 ,满分 10 分) 61. 迈克敲了敲门,但没有回应。 Mike ▲ the door, but there was no answer. 62. 昨天这位医生为病人做手术了吗? Did the doctor ▲ the patients yesterday? 63. 我认为用毯子扑灭火是个好方法。 I think it’s a good w ...


   句型概述:所谓简单句就是由一个主语 包括并列 句型概述:所谓简单句就是由一个主语(包括并列 主语)和一个谓语 包括并列谓语)组成的句子 和一个谓语(包括并列谓语 组成的句子, 主语 和一个谓语 包括并列谓语 组成的句子,即 一个主谓关系的句子.五个基本句型如下: 一个主谓关系的句子.五个基本句型如下: 基本句型例句与译文(多选自高考参考范文 望熟读 基本句型例句与译文 多选自高考参考范文,望熟读 多选自高考参考范文 体会,力求背诵 力求背诵) 体会 力求背诵 主+谓The sport fir ...


   高三英语专题复习 英语阅读理解技巧 教学内容 体裁分析能力训练 分析题干能力训练 猜词能力训练 猜答案能力训练 猜答案能力训练 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 1.“指读” . 指读” 2.“声读” . 声读” 3.“译读” . 译读” 4.“回读” . 回读” 5.“析读” . 析读” 6.“参照读” . 参照读” 7.“视幅过窄” . 视幅过窄” 8.“毛病”(bad habits): 教学过程中,发现学生在 . 毛病” ) 教学过程中, 阅读时常做些不利于阅读的坏动作。有的 ...


   《倒装句》 倒装句》 倒装语序分为“全部倒装” 倒装语序分为“全部倒装”和“部分倒 装”。 在全部倒装的句子中, 在全部倒装的句子中,整个谓语都放在主 语的前面; 语的前面; 在部分倒装的句子中, 在部分倒装的句子中,只是谓语中的一部 如助动词、情态动词或系动词be be等 分(如助动词、情态动词或系动词be等) 放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。 放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。 等引起, 一 、 由 there, here 或 now 等引起 , 谓语为come( go)的句子 ...

2011届高考英语二轮专题复习课件:第13讲 名词性从句

   第13讲 13讲 just for a change? 名词性从句 例① ? How about camping this weekend, C ? OK, you want. A. whichever C. whatever B. however D. whoever 解析] 本题考查引导词。 句意: [ 解析 ] 本题考查引导词 。 句意 : “ 这个周末 野营怎么样,来点新鲜的?”“好啊 好啊, 野营怎么样,来点新鲜的?”“好啊,按你的意思 吧!”句子缺少宾语,故用whatever。 ...


   2011 届中考英语专题复习十五:阅读理解的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十五: 【考点扫描】 阅读理解能力的培养是中学英语学习的一项重要任务,也是中考的一项重要内容。中考阅读理解题主要考查学生的语 篇阅读能力、分析和判断能力。要求学生能较快地通过阅读理解短文大意,获取其中的主要信息,能做出正确判断, 然后根据试题的要求从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中选出最佳答案或做出正误判断。文章的难易程度和初三课文基本相同, 要求阅读速度为每分钟 40-50 个词。 中考阅读理解的阅读材料的选取 ...


   2011 届中考英语专题复习十八:书面表达的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十八 十八: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 书面表达是每年中考必考题型, 是考查学生交际能力的一个重要组成部分。 书面表达通 常有三种形式: 1、书信、日记、通知、留言、假条; 2、看图作文; 3、根据汉语提示作文。 无论是那一种书面表达形式,考生所写的短文都要紧扣主题、文理通顺,要素完整,语 言准确、得当、格式正确、无大、小写和拼写错误,标点符号正确,能达到交际目的。 【名师解难】 名师解难】 一. 训练方法 1. ...


   2011 届中考英语专题复习十八:书面表达的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十八 十八: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 书面表达是每年中考必考题型, 是考查学生交际能力的一个重要组成部分。 书面表达通 常有三种形式: 1、书信、日记、通知、留言、假条; 2、看图作文; 3、根据汉语提示作文。 无论是那一种书面表达形式,考生所写的短文都要紧扣主题、文理通顺,要素完整,语 言准确、得当、格式正确、无大、小写和拼写错误,标点符号正确,能达到交际目的。 【名师解难】 名师解难】 一. 训练方法 1. ...


   欢迎下载资料:QQ 1253608268 群号:3634092 2011 届中考英语专题复习十八:书面表达的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十八 十八: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 书面表达是每年中考必考题型, 是考查学生交际能力的一个重要组成部分。 书面表达通 常有三种形式: 1、书信、日记、通知、留言、假条; 2、看图作文; 3、根据汉语提示作文。 无论是那一种书面表达形式,考生所写的短文都要紧扣主题、文理通顺,要素完整,语 言准确、得当、格式正确、无大、小写和拼写错误,标点符号正确,能 ...


   ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( 初三英语中考专题复习 第九节 句子 ) 1. natural things they are! A. How B. What C. Which D. Where ) 2. It’s hot here. Why not your coat? A. put on B. dress up C. try on D. take off ) 3. He has never visited the Great Hall of the People, ...



   1402 分段换板处 UT UT inspection for changing plate of block 1402 FR49 纵舱壁上工艺孔 butt welding seams of technical opening in the long.bulkhead for Fr49 工艺孔(1#油渣舱)补板 工艺孔( 油渣舱) 油渣舱 CLosing plate for technical opening in SL Tk 1 2728 主甲板与角隅板角焊缝 Fillet welding ...


   《搞好英语》 A:大家晚上好吗?(很痛苦,很无助地打招呼,待观众响应后) 可我过得不咋的啊! B:哎!人活着真累,站着就想睡,去食堂还排队,吃饭没香味,学习啊,特疲惫! 为啥啊?四六级呗!不和你们聊了,我要去综合楼前的小树林里背英语单词了。 BYE BYE! (回头面朝观众)我还不想当电灯泡呢!得了,就在这儿背吧! A: (坐在地板上叽里呱啦背单词) B:日子过得好难,看到英语就烦,说是不想再考了那是扯淡,离我(扳手指数到 7 )第七次补考还剩三十二天了。 A:干(HA 念第二声)呀?没看到 ...


   教坛英华 教学 诊断、 修正、 激励、 甄别、 促进。 教学之后的评价是要先诊 断出优势和不足, 然后对不足加以修正, 使取得成绩的 学生得到激励, 通过考试, 甄别出适合于走向社会的学 生和适合进入高一级学校继续深造的学生,因材施教, 从而促进学生和教育的发展。 八、 虚拟交际与真实交际的关系 学语言的目的在于交际。 学习英语的过程必须经过 从虚拟交际到真实交际的过程。有人曾批评说: Is “ this a book?” “Yes,it is.” 等在现实生活中是根本 不存在的, 是虚拟交 ...

高三英语 《M10 U3 Grammar +听力8 +词汇考查10》

   The development of a paragraph & a text A paragraph Topic sentence A paragraph Supporting sentences Concluding sentence / Hook A text Title Beginning paragraph Body paragraphs Concluding paragraph A text Title Beginning paragraph Body paragraph ...


   从近五年江苏英语高考作文浅析英语书面表达 常熟外国语学校 张英 摘要:近年来江苏省英语高考中,考生在书面表达部分得分率普遍较低, 摘要:近年来江苏省英语高考中,考生在书面表达部分得分率普遍较低, 笔者分析比较了近五年高考作文, 笔者分析比较了近五年高考作文,试从教师和学生两方面找出解决问题的 方法。 方法。 关键词: 关键词:近五年江苏英语高考书面表达、失分的原因、书面表达能力提高的技 巧 一、问题的提出 书面表达能力是学生对英语语言知识进行综合实践运用的一种能力。 高 考英语书面表达, 目 ...