补全对话是近几年中考必考题之一.它以书面形式考查学生英语口头运用交际用语的能力以及逻辑思维能 力.现就初中阶段要求掌握的 30 个日常交际项目归纳,供考生复习备考使用:
  1.问候
  1.问候 Greetings 一Good morning.早上好. Good afternoon.下午好. Good evening.晚上好. Hello!你好! Hi!你好! How are you?你好吗?
  2. 介绍 Introductions (
  1)This is Wei Hua.这是魏华. This is my teacher,Miss Gao.这是我们的老师高小姐. This is my friend,Jim .这是我的朋友吉姆. (
  2)How do you do?你好! Nice to meet you.见到您很高兴. Nice to meet you,too!见到您我也很高兴. Glad to see you again.又见到您很高兴. (
  3)My name is Gao Hui.我叫高惠. I'm a student(worker).我是一个学生(工人).
  3. 告别 Farewells I'm afraid we have to go now.恐怕我们得离开了. Goodbye!再见! Bye-bye!再见! Bye!再见! See you soon .再见. See you tomorrow night.明晚再见. See you.再见. See you here at two.两点钟这儿见. Good night.
  4. 打电话 Making telephone calls (
  1)Hello!May I speak to Ann,please?喂,我想让安听电话. Hello,could I speak to Jim,http://www.
  05.org.cn please?喂,我可以跟吉姆通话吗? Is that Li Lei(speaking)?你是李磊吗? (
  2)Hold on for a moment,please.请等一会儿. He/She isn't here right now .他(她)不在. Can I take a message(for you)?我可以(替你)捎个口信吗? This is Mike(speaking).我是迈克. (
  3)Goodbye.再见.

  5. 感谢和应答 Thanks and responses (
  1)Thank you.谢谢. Thank you very much.谢谢您. Thanks!谢谢. Thanks a lot.多谢了. Many thanks.多谢. Thanks for asking me.谢谢您邀请我. (
  2)Not at all.不用谢. That's all right.没关系. You're welcome.别客气. It's a pleasure.不用客气. 祝愿, wishes, and
  6. 祝愿,祝贺和应答 Good wishes,congratulations and responses (
  1)Good luck!祝您好运. Best wishes(to you).致以良好的祝愿. Have a nice/good time.祝你(们)玩得快乐. Congratulations!祝贺您! (
  2)Thank you.谢谢. (
  3)Happy New Year!新年快乐! Merry Christmas!圣诞快乐! Happy birthday to you.祝您生日愉快. (
  4)The same to you.祝您同样快乐.
  7. 意愿 Intentions I'm going to pick apples.我要去摘苹果. I will go.我要去. I'd like you to meet my parents,too.我也想让你见见我的父母. I want to take some books to the classroom.我想把书带到教室去. I hope to see you soon.我希望早些见到您.
  8. 道歉和应答 http://www.
  05.org.cn Apologies and responses (
  1)I'm sorry.对不起. Sorry.对不起. Excuse me.请原谅. (
  2)That's all right.没关系. It doesn't matter.不要紧. That's nothing.没什么.
  9. 遗憾和同情 Regrets and sympathy What a pity!真遗憾(可惜)! I'm sorry to hear that.听到这事,我很难过.
  10. 邀请和应答 Invitations and responses
(
  1)Can you come to my birthday party ?你能参加我的生日聚会吗? Would you like to come?你愿意来吗? That's very kind of you.你真好. (
  2)I'd love to,but...我愿意,但是…… 提供(帮助等)
  11. 提供(帮助等)和应答 Offers and responses (
  1)Can I help you?我能帮你吗? What can I do for you?你有什么事吗? Here,take this seat.坐这个位子. Here,take my dictionary.拿我的词典. Here you are.给你. Here,take this one.把这个拿去. Please let me help you.请让我帮助您. Would you like some bottles of orange juice?你要几瓶桔子汁吗? (
  2)Thanks.That would be nice/fine.谢谢,那太好了. Thank you for your help.感谢你的帮助. Yes,please.好的. (
  3)No,thanks.不,多谢了. That's very kind of you,but...太谢谢你了,不过……
  12. 请求允许和应答 Asking for permission and responses (
  1)May I come in,please?我可以进来吗? Can I see your licence,please?我能看看你的执照吗? Could you help me,please?你能帮助我吗? (
  2)Yes,Miss Gao.是的,高小姐. Certainly.当然可以. Yes,do please.可以,请吧. Of course(you may).当然可以. That's OK.好吧. That's all right.好吧,行. (
  3)I'm sorry,but...很抱歉,可是…… You'd better not...你最好不要……
  13. 表示同意和不同意 Expressing agreement and disagreement (
  1)Certainly.当然. Sure!Jim's coming,too.当然,吉姆也要来. Of course.当然啦. Yes,please.好的,请吧. Yes,I think so.是的,我认为是这样. That's true.是真的. All right.好,行. OK.好,对. Good idea!好主意!
I agree with you.我赞成你的意见. (
  2)No,I don't think so.我想不是这样的. I'm afraid not.恐怕不行. I don't agree.我不同意. I really can't agree with you.我实在不敢恭维.
  14. 表示肯定和不肯定 Expressing certainty and uncertainty (
  1)I'm sure of that.我肯定. We're sure to beat them !我们一定能打败他们! (
  2)But still we weren't sure we could beat them .然而,我们还是没有把握打败他们. I'm not sure.我不敢肯定. I'm not sure whether/if...我不敢肯定是否…… (
  3)Maybe,you put it here.也许你把它放在了这儿. Perhaps.I'll just buy a jacket.也许我正好要买一件外衣.
  15. 喜好和厌恶 Likes and dislikes (
  1)I like them very much.我非常喜欢它们. She liked to stay safely in the same place.她喜欢平平安安地呆在一个地方. He likes working in China very much.他非常喜欢在中国工作. Children often love to play this game.孩子们通常喜欢玩这种游戏. (
  2)I don't like it at all.我一点也不喜欢它. I don't like to be late.我不喜欢迟到. She hated travelling by air.她讨厌乘飞机旅行.
  16. 谈论天气 Talking about the weahter (
  1)What's the weather like(today)?(今天)天气怎样? How's the weather in Beijing ?北京的天气怎样? (
  2)It's fine(cloudy,windy,rainy).天晴(多云,有风,有雨等). It's very cold(warm,hot,etc)today ,isn't it?今天的天气很冷(暖和,热等),不是吗?
  17. 购物 Shopping (
  1)What can I do for you?你要买什么? Can(May)I help you?我可以为您效劳吗? (
  2)I want some eggs.我要一些鸡蛋. I'd like half a kilo of meat.我要半公斤肉. How much is the fish?这鱼多少钱? How much are these things?这些东西多少钱? That's cheap(dear).这挺便宜(贵). That's too much(expensive),I'm afraid.恐怕太贵了. That's much too expensive!真是太贵了! That's fine.I'll take it.很好,我买下它.
Let me have...kilo(box,etc).我要……千克(盒等). (
  3)How many(oranges)do you want?你要买多少(桔子)? How much(meat)do you want?你要买多少(肉)? What size(colour/kind)do you want?你要什么型号(颜色/种类)的? (
  4)Do you have any other kind(size/colour)?还有其它种类(尺寸/颜色)的吗? Have you got any other kind?你们有其它种类的吗? 补全对话是近几年中考必考题之一.它以书面形式考查学生英语口头运用交际用语的能力以及逻辑思维能 力.现就初中阶段要求掌握的 30 个日常交际项目归纳如下,供考生复习备考使用:
  18. 问路和应答 Asking the way and responses (
  1)Excuse me,is there a post office near here?请问,附近有邮局吗? Excuse me,can you tell me the way to the museum,please?劳驾,请问去博物馆的路怎么走? How can I get to...?I don't know the way.我怎样才能到达……?我不认识路. (
  2)Go down this street.顺着这条街走. Walk along this road and turn right.沿着这条路走并向右转. Take the fourth turning on the left.拐过左边的第四个转弯处. Turn right(left)at the second crossing.在第二个十字路口向右(左)转. You can't miss it.你不会错过. You will find the museum on the left.你会在左边找到博物馆. It's about 100 metres from here.离这儿大约 100 米.
  19.问时间或日期和应答
  19.问时间或日期和应答 Asking the time or date and responses (
  1)What day is it today(tomorrow)?今天(明天)是星期几? What's the date today ?今天是几号? What time is it?几点了? What's the time,please?请问,几点了? (
  2)It's Monday today.是星期一. It's January 12th,19
  91.今天是 1991 年 1 月 12 日. It's about four thirty.大约四点半了. It's half past five.五点半了. Oh,I must go home.噢,我得回家了. It's time to go to bed.是睡觉的时间了. It's time for class.是上课的时间了.
  20.
  20.请求 Requests (
  1)Can you spell it,please?你能拼写出这个词吗? Could you help me,please?你能帮助我吗? Would you please not do this?你是否可以不那么做呢? May I come in,please?我可以进来吗? He may go to Shanghai next week.他下周可能要去上海. (
  2)Please come in.请进来.
Please write soon !快些写信来. Please don't call me Lily.请别管我叫莉莉. (
  3)Don't run.不要跑. Don't crowd around him .不要围着他. No noise,please.不要吵闹. No smoking,please.请勿吸烟.
  21.
  21.劝告和建议 Advice and suggestions (
  1)You'd better catch a bus.你最好乘公共汽车. You should say sorry to her.你应当向她道歉. You need to climb up the trees with ladders.你需要用梯子来爬树. (
  2)Shall we play basketball tomorrow ?咱们明天打篮球好吗? Let's look at it.让我们看看它吧. What about this blue one?这个蓝色的怎样? How about going out for a walk?出去散散步怎么样?
  22.
  22.禁止和警告 Prohibition and warnings (
  1)You can't swim in the sea.你不能下海游泳. You mustn't sit down.你不可以坐下. If you eat old food,you may be ill.如果吃了陈腐的食物,你会得病的. (
  2)Take care!注意! Be careful!当心! Don't go too high!别爬得太高!
  23.
  23.表示感情 Expressing certain emotions (
  1)喜悦 Pleasure and joy Glad to see you again !又见到您,我很高兴. The two friends were very pleased to see each other again .两个朋友非常高兴再次相见. We're both very happy that we are twins.我们为是双胞胎而感到高兴. It's very nice.很好. Wonderful!好极了! Great!太好了! (
  2)焦虑 Anxiety What's wrong ?怎么啦? What's the matter(with you)?(你)怎么啦? She felt worried.她感到着急. Oh,dear,what shall I do?噢,我该怎么办呢? (
  3)惊奇 Surprise Really?真的吗? Oh,dear!哎呀! Is that so?是真的吗?

  24.
  24.就餐 Taking meals (
  1)What would you like to have http://www.
  05.org.cn 你想吃什么? What about something to eat?你要些吃的东西吗? Would you like something to drink?你想喝点什么吗? Lucy,are you hungry?露茜,你饿吗? Would you like another one?想再吃一个吗? (
  2)I'd like a bottle of orange juice.我要一瓶桔子汁. (
  3)Would you like some more...?你想再要些……吗? Have one,please!请吃一个! Could you pass me the salt,please.请把盐递给我. Help yourself!随意取用(食物,饮料)等. (
  4)Thank you.I've had enough.谢谢,我吃够了. I am full.我吃饱了. It's my favourite.这是我最喜欢的(人或物). Just a little,please.再来一点吧. I enjoyed it very much.我非常喜欢.
  25. appointments
  25.约会 Making appointments (
  1)Are you free tomorrow night?明天晚上你有空吗? What about four o'clock?四点钟怎么样? What time shall we meet?我们什么时候见面? How about tomorrow morning(afternoon/evening)?明天上午(下午,晚上)如何? Shall we meet at 4:30 at...?四点半我们在……碰头好吗? Where are we going to meet?我们在哪儿碰头? (
  2)Yes,that's all right.好的. Yes,I'll be free then.好吧,那时我有空. (
  3)All right.See you then .好吧,再见. Sure!行!
  26.
  26.传递信息 Passing on a message Can I take a message?你有话要转告吗? I'll give her the message.我将给她捎个口信. Thanks for your message.谢谢你捎信来.
  27.
  27.看病 Seeing the doctor (
  1)There's something wrong with Kate?凯特有点不舒服. I've got a cough.我咳嗽. I feel even worse.我觉得更难受了. I'm feeling even worse.我觉得更加难受了. I don't feel well.我不舒服. I've got a pain here.我这儿疼.
This place hurts.我这儿痛. He will be OK if I do one small operation.我做个小手术他就会好的. (
  2)Take this medicine twice a day.这药一天服两次. Are you sure it's nothing serious?你能肯定不要紧吗? You'll be all right soon .你的病不久就会好的. She'll get well soon .她很快就会好的.
  28.
  28.求救 Callin g for help Help!救命啊! What's the matter,Granny ?出什么事啦,老奶奶?
  29. difficulties
  29.语言困难 Language difficulties Pardon ?请再说一遍. Please say that again(more slowly).请再说一遍(说慢点). What do you mean by baozi?你说"baozi"是什么意思? I'm sorry I know only a little English?对不起,我只懂一点儿英语.
  30.
  30.常见标志和说明 Some common signs and instructions BUSINESS HOURS 营业时间 OFFICE HOURS 办公时间 NO SMOKING 请勿吸烟 OPEN 营业 CLOSED 下班 NO PHOTOS 请勿拍照 PULL 拉 DANGER !危险! PUSH 推 OFF 关 ENTRANCE 入口 EXIT 出口 INSTRUCTIONS 说明书 PLAY 放音(像) STOP 停 THIS SIDE UP 这面向上 ON 开
 

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