黑衣使者英语学习系列 1
看英文影片最容易误解的十个单词

  1. dude (老兄,老哥 老兄, 老兄 老哥) dude n. 花花公子;纨绔子弟 ??很多人认为该词单指"花花公子,纨绔子 弟"的意思,实际上此词是叫男性年轻人的常用词, 与 guy 的意思相同,只是 guy 用的范围更广. 例 如: Hey dude, look at that girl.(喂,老兄,看那个女孩.)
  2. chick(女孩 女孩) 女孩 ??解释 chick n. (名词) a young chicken.小鸡 the young of any bird 小鸟(任何鸟的幼雏) a child 孩子 Slang: a girl or young woman. 【俚语】少女或少妇 ??容易被误解为"鸡,妓女",实际上此词是 叫女孩的常用词,语气中确实有轻佻,不尊重的倾 向,但不是骂人.例如: Look at that chick at the door. (看门口的那个女孩.)
  3. freak out(大发脾气 大发脾气) 大发脾气 ??解释 freak n. 怪诞的思想,行动或事件, 畸形人, 畸形的 动物或植物, 反复无常的事 adj. 奇异的, 反常的 ??总是在片子中看到这个词,freak 本义是 "奇异的,反常的"的意思,但 freak out 是"大发脾 气"的意思,out 也可以省略,这个词在美语中很常 见,老式说法是 be very upset.例如: He's gonna freak.(他快要发脾气了.)
  4. get out of here(别开玩笑了,别骗人了 别开玩笑了, 别开玩笑了 别骗人了) ??大家很容易联想到"滚开"的意思,其实, 现在很多时候都是"别开玩笑了, 别骗人了"的意思, 在美国片子中常可以听到.例如: ??(Man: You look very beautiful.(你很漂亮. ) ) ??(Girl:) Get out of here.(别骗了)
  5. gross(真恶心 真恶心) 真恶心 ??解释 gross adj. 总的, 毛重的 n. 总额 ??此词不是"混乱"的意思,字典中 gross 是 "总的,毛重的"的意思,实际上此词是表示"恶心" 的意思与 gag 相近,是美国年轻人一天到晚挂在嘴
边的词.例如: Yuck, what is this stuff? It looks gross.(哎呀,这是 什么东西?真恶心.)
  6. hello(有没有搞错 有没有搞错) 有没有搞错 ??并不总是打招呼的意思,有时是"有没有 搞错"的意思,要根据上下文来判断. 例如: Hello, we'll be late! (有没有搞错, 我们要迟到了)
  7. pissed off(生气,不高兴) (生气,不高兴) ??千万别认为是"尿尿"的意思,piss off 在 字典中则是"滚开, 滚蛋"的意思,实际上此词是表 示"生气,不高兴"的意思,与 angry 同义. 例如: Man, is that guy pissed off.(哎呀,哪家伙真的生气 了.)
  8. Hey, Give me five!(嗨,好啊! . 好啊! ( ) 此短语非常流行,经常在大片中出现,击掌庆 贺时用. 例如: Hey, dude! Give me five! ( 嗨 , 老 兄 , 好 啊 ! )
  9. green (新手,没有经验) . 新手,没有经验) ??不是"绿色"的意思,也不是"生气"的意思, 有时表示"新手,没有经验". 例子: She's really Green; she looks nervous. (她是新手,看 起来很紧张)
  10. have a crush on someone(爱上某人) . (爱上某人) ??解释 crush n. 压碎;碾碎 由于 crush 是"压碎, 碾碎"的意思, 因此整个短 语容易被误解为"对某人施加压力"的意思,实际上 此词表示"爱上某人",与 fall in love with someone 同义.例如: She thinks she has a crush on John. (她认为她爱 上约翰了)
英语作文写作常用短语及句子
1, 常用与开头的短语,句式 , 常用与开头的短语, (
  1) with the (rapidly)growing popularity of (computers/private cars) in China,the quality of our lives has been considerably changed. ( 2 ) With the ( rapid ) growth of ( our economy/population) many problems such as (water , shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic management)are beginning to surface (
  3) With the development of (science and technology/market economy ) more and more/an ,
黑衣使者英语学习系列 1 ( cause)方法, 手段, 措施, 步骤. .. 原因 reason, , ) 方法, , 手段, 措施, 步骤... . ( method, means , measures , step. . , 因素 , . ) . disadvantage) (factor) 利弊, ) 利弊, , 优缺点 advantage, ( , ) 时常用的词语,句式: 时常用的词语,句式: (
  1)引述段落提出问题时常用的句式,词语: .. ..的原因有许多.There are many reasons why.. . .. ..的原因如下;The reasons why ..are as . follows 我的看法是.. ..My opinion is that (
  2)展开段落论证时常用的句式,词语: ①,第一层次(首先)First,Firstly,In the first place,First of all ,To begin with,For one thing. 我的第一理由是..My first reason is that.. . . 主要因素是.. ..The main factor is that .. . ②第二层次(其次)Second ,Secondly,In the Second place,Next,Then,For another, 另一种方法是..Another means of ..is to . . do. . 第二种解决方法是. .the second solution is . that.. . ③第三层次 (第三点) Third, thirdly, a besides, in addition,furthermore,what is more important (
  3)总结性段落常用句式,词语: 最后一点 last, lastly, finally, the last place , in last of all,in short,in brief 简言之 in a word ,in summary,to sum up 总之, in conclusion, the whole, on altogether, in all 因此, so, thus, hence, therefore. Consequently, for thee reasons 结果, in consequence,as a result 由此可见.. it will be seen from it that . 如上所述,我们可以得出结论..as has been . said above,we can conclude/make a conclusion/draw a conclusion/reach a conclusion come to a conclusion that.. . (
  4)将事物的正反,好坏两方面,或者将两种不 同事物进行比较,对比时常用的句式,短语: 然而 while ,whereas,but,however,nevertheless 尽管如此 in spite of that,despite all this 但在另一方面 but on the other hand 与. .相比 in/by in comparison with. ./as . . compare with.. .
increasing number of people come to realize that … (
  4) Currently there is a widespread/serious concern over (illegal publication/drug abuse/negative influence of western cultures). (
  5) Nowadays ,a heated debated/discussion about…is under way in China .some people believe that …,whereas others argue that… ( 6 ) There are some reasons for owning (private cars/ personal computers).To begin
with,…Next,…Last,…There are, on the other hand, many reasons against it, First,…Second,…Finally,… ( 7 ) (
  8) There are many advantages and
disadvantages in(owning a car). There are various /at least three
ways/possible techniques/problems/methods to do something (
  9) Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for toe reasons. The first reason is that …The second reason is that …/On the one hand ,… On the other hand,… (
  10) The possible solutions of (the energy crisis/water shortages/these social problems)depend on three factors… (
  11)The tow major reasons responsible for(the rapid economic growth /the widespread of fake products )are…
  2.常用于结尾的短语,句式 .常用于结尾的短语, (
  1) It is hoped that we should place much emphasis on/pay more attention to .. . (
  2) To conclude,we can see that (the best way/the possible solution)is.. . (
  3) In short, (shortages of water,decrease of fertile fields and environmental pollution)are the major problems to be solved to ( increase rain production) . (
  4) In order to make our world a better place in which to live we should make great efforts to.. . (
  5) In a word , there are three suggestions we must follow , only in this way can we achieve a great ( success) . (
  6) It is time for us to take an active part in.. . (
  7) Let us work hand in hand in hand to (solve these social problems)
  3. . 陈述或论证观点, ( 陈述或论证观点,看法(view, 看法 ,point, ,opinion) ) ,
黑衣使者英语学习系列 1 对比之下 by/in contrast 与..相反 as opposed to../instead of.. . . . 相反 on the contrary,instead 他们的区别如下 The differences are as follows;the differences can be described as follows A 与 B 之间的不同在于..the differences between A and B is /lies in/exists in/consists in..A is different from .. .; B in.. .
形容词的比较级
如果我们要翻译"他比较老″,我们不能说 * He is more old. 而一定要说 He is older. 为什么呢?这是因为英文里面的形容词有所谓的比较级规则. 在下一节, 我们讲一些最基本 的规则. 1 最基本的规则 首先,我们要说明英文形容词有三个等级:原级,比较级和最高级,最基本的规则是根 据音节的多少来分的.一般来说,单音节的形容词在字后面加 er,就变成了比较级,加 est 就变成了最高级,而双音节,或双音节以上的形容词,比较级是在字前面加 more,最高级 则是在字前面加 most,举例来说,old, smart, strong, weak, high, low 等等都是单音节的形容 词,他们的变化如下: 原级 old smart strong weak high low 比较级 older smarter stronger weaker higher lower 最高级 oldest smartest strongest weakest highest lowest
以上的形容词,都是单音节的,以下的例子都有关双音节的形容词: 原级 difficult delicious beautiful correct stupid significant 比较级 more difficult more delicious more beautiful more correct more stupid more significant 最高级 most difficult most delicious most beautiful most correct most stupid most significant
有一个规则必须注意,我们不能将 more 和 er 混在一齐用,以下的例子都是错的: * He is more older than I. * He is more taller than his brother. 正确的句子是: He is older than I. He is taller than his brother. 2 特殊的比较级规则
黑衣使者英语学习系列 1
在上一节,我们说明了最基本的规则,那就是单音节形容词加 er 或 est,双音节的形容 词前面加 more 或 most.但以下就是这些基本规则的例外. (
  1) 单音节形容词的字是 e,就直接加 r 或 st: 原级 large late nice wise 比较级 larger later nicer wiser 最高级 largest latest nicest wisest
(
  2) 形容词的字尾是 y,而前一个子母是一个子音,则除掉 y,加上 ier,或 iest: 原级 比较级 最高级 lucky luckier luckiest happy happier happiest pretty prettier prettiest dry drier driest easy easier easiest (
  3) 单音节形容词的字尾是子音, 前一音是一个元音, 则字尾必须重复一次, 再加 er 或 est: 原级 fat hot wet big (
  4) 完全不规则的变化: 比较级 fatter hotter wetter bigger 最高级 fattest hottest wettest biggest
英文中,有几个特殊的字,他们的比较级完全没有规则,以下是一些例子,读者必须记住: 原级 比较级 最高级 good better best well bad worse worst many more most much
 

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