1. * natural adj. 自然的;不做作的 自然的; e.g. It is natural for a bird to fly. 鸟天生就会飞。 鸟天生就会飞。 It is difficult to be natural when one is nervous. 人在紧张的时候很难泰然自若。 人在紧张的时候很难泰然自若。 * naturally adv. 自然地;不做作地 自然地; e.g. She was too nervous to act naturally. ?nature n. 自然 e.g. keep the balance of nature 保持生态平衡

  2. windy adj. 有风的 (windier, windiest) wind n. 风
  3. display v. 展出 display sth. n. 展示;展览 = show / exhibition 展示; e.g. a fashion display 一个时装展 a display board 一块展示板 be on display / show 正在展览中

  4. gentle adj. (gentler, gentlest) 温和的 -- fierce / rough adj. 猛烈的;暴躁的 猛烈的; (fiercer, fiercest) e.g. gentleman (gentle (gentlemen) / ) gentlewoman (gentlewo (gentlewomen) ) a gentle wind / a gentle breeze 一阵微风 gently adv. 温和地 ? fiercely / heavily / roughly 猛烈地;暴躁地 猛烈地; e.g. speak gently to sb. 温柔地对某人 说话

  5. tightly adv. 紧紧地 ? loosely e.g. keep her eyes tightly closed tight adj. (tighter, tightest) 紧紧的 ? loose adj. 松的 tighten v. 使…变紧 变紧 tightness n.
  6. slightly adv. 轻微地 . e.g. be slightly wounded 受了轻伤 slight adj. 轻微的 slightness n.

  7. quickly adv. 迅速地 quick adj. 迅速的 (quicker, quickest) quickness n.
  8. happy adj. (happier, happiest) ? unhappy (unhappier, unhappiest) happily adv. ? unhappily happiness n. ? unhappiness

  9. suddenly adv. 突然地 sudden adj. 突 然的 e.g. all of a sudden 突然;忽然 突然;
  10. immediately adv. 立即 = at once = right now = right away immediate adj. 立即的
  11. carefully adv. 仔细地 ? carelessly (粗心地 粗心地) 粗心地 careful adj. 仔细的 (more ~, most ~) ? careless (粗心的 粗心的) 粗心的 care v. / n. 关心,照看 关心, care for sb. = look after sb. = take care of sb. 照料某人

  12. heavy adj. (heavier, heaviest) ? light / thin heavily adv.
  13. safety n. 安全 -- danger safe adj. (safer, safest) ? dangerous (more ~, most ~)

  1. windy weather 有风的天气 wind n. windy adj. (n.+y = adj.) adj.)
n. cloud rain snow fog sun adj. cloudy rainy snowy foggy sunny adj. cloudy rainy snowy foggy sunny
It’s a rainy day. rainy (是下雨天,现在不一定在下) 是下雨天,现在不一定在下) It’s raining hard. (在下雨) raining (在下雨 在下雨) It’s windy. windy. = It’s a windy day.
weather u.n. 天气 u.n. ?What’s the weather like today? What’s = How’s the weather today? How’s ?What was the weather like yesterday? = How was the weather yesterday? ?What will the weather be like tomorrow? = How will the weather be tomorrow? (on) a windy day / (in) windy weather 在有风的日子/ 在有风的日子/天气 ?What a windy day it is! ?What windy weather it is!

  2. ask sb. about sth. 问某人关于某事 sth. e.g. He asked us about Jane’s health. They asked us about our holiday plan.
  3. see sb. doing sth. sth. 强调动作的片断) 看见某人正在干某事 (强调动作的片断) e.g. I saw the teacher talking with your mother when I went into the teachers’ office. see sb. do sth. sth. 强调动作的全过程) 看见某人干了某事 (强调动作的全过程) e.g. I saw the teacher talk with your mother yesterday afternoon.

  4. hold v. (held, held) (held, held) 抓住, 抓住,举行 e.g. He fell down the mountain and held a tree tightly. She held me by the sleeve. The hall can hold 2000 容纳) people.(容纳 people.(容纳) hold a meeting / a party 开会 / 举办一个派对

  5. raincoat (rain + coat) 复合词 (rain coat) blackboard policeman blackboard policeman birthday birthday spacecraft spacecraft passport passport playground playground
  6. blow sth. away 把某物吹走 sth. e.g. blow their kite away blow his hat away The wind blew my shirt away from my clothesline.

  7. take flower pots into our flats a pot of flower / hot pot 火锅 e.g. It’s going to rain. Please take your clothes inside (into) your house. * inside ? outside
  8. move v. e.g. When there is a traffic jam, the cars and buses are moving very slowly. We will move into a new flat next month. Please don’t move the things on the table.

  1.adj.+ ly= adv. A. 在形容词后直接加 ly slow?slowly slow?slowly quick?quickly quick?quickly careful?carefully careful?carefully quiet?quietly quiet?quietly tight (紧紧的)?tightly (紧紧地) (紧紧的 tightly 紧紧地) 紧紧的) slight (轻微的) ?slightly (轻微地) (轻微的 slightly 轻微地) 轻微的) sudden (突然的) ? suddenly (突然地) (突然的 突然的) suddenly 突然地) polite?politely polite?politely immediate?immediately immediate?immediately fierce (猛烈的;暴躁的) (猛烈的 暴躁的) 猛烈的; ?fiercely (猛烈地;暴躁地) fiercely 猛烈地;暴躁地) complete (完整的)? completely (完整地) (完整的 completely 完整地) 完整的)
B. 以辅音字母加le结尾形容词去e直接加y 以辅音字母加le结尾形容词去 直接加y 结尾形容词去e gentle (温和的) ? gently (温和的 温和的) gently terrible?terribly terrible?terribly probable (大概的)?probably (大概;或许) (大概的 probably 大概;或许) 大概的) possible?possibly possible?possibly comfortable ? comfortably comfortably C. 以辅音字母加y结尾的形容词去y变i加ly 以辅音字母加y结尾的形容词去y heavy?heavily heavy?heavily happy?happily happy?happily unhappy ? unhappily unhappily lucky?luckily lucky?luckily
?形容词作用:
  1)修饰名词 形容词作用:
  1)修饰名词
  2) 接在连系动词后作表语 ?副词作用:
  1) 修饰动词, 副词作用: 修饰动词,
  2) 修饰形容词
  3) 修饰句子 e.g. There is a gentle wind.(修饰名词) wind.(修饰名词 修饰名词) gently. The wind is blowing gently. (修饰动词) 修饰动词) He is careful. (做表语) careful. (做表语 做表语) He works carefully. (修饰动词) carefully. (修饰动词 修饰动词) I’m terribly sorry. (修饰形容词) (修饰形容词 修饰形容词) Luckily, Luckily, he found his watch. (修饰句子) 修饰句子)
Exercise:
  1). He is careless. He always makes mistakes. (slight)
  2). He is playing . He always feels when he plays. (happy)
  3). He is a boy. Look! He is sleeping . (quiet)
  4). “We must be , ” he answered . (polite) Key:
  1. slightly, slight
  2. happily, happy
  3. quiet, quietly
  4. polite, politely

  2. sink v. = go down n. 水槽 e.g. Titanic hit an iceberg and sank. When I heard the bad news , my heart sank.
  3. a street cleaner clean the street -- a street cleaner cleaner drive a bus -- a bus driver driver sell vegetables -- a vegetable seller seller
  4. at first e.g. At first, all the teachers waited at the school gate. At first, he didn’t know how to open the box.

  1. description n. describe v. He has just the accident he described saw in the street. What do you think of his ? description
  2. think about think 考虑 e.g. The scientist is thinking about his experiments all the time.
  3. happen v. 发生 happen e.g. The story happened on a cold night. What happened to you this morning.
  4. (an) object n. 物体 -- What’s that strange object in the sky? -- I’m afraid it’s a U.F.O / an Unidentified Flying Object (不明飞行物). (不明飞行物 不明飞行物).

  5. outside -- inside prep. / adv. e.g. There are many flowers outside the house. (prep.) (prep.) Don’t leave the bike outside.(adv.) outside.(adv.)
  6. wave n. e.g. A big wave turned our boat over. microwave n. 微波 v. 挥动,摇动 挥动, e.g. I waved goodbye to my friend.

  7. fall (fell, fallen) v. (fell, fallen) n. = autumn e.g. Leaves fall from the trees in fall. The boy fell down on the ground. ground. bicycle. The boy fell off the bicycle. The boy fell from the bicycle to the ground. ground. He fell ill. (连系动词) (连系动词 连系动词) 他病了。 他病了。

  8. become 连系动词 (后接形容词或名词) 后接形容词或名词) become small / stronger / older become a typhoon / a teacher ? strong ? weak e.g. He is strong enough to lift the box. ? strength n. 力量 e.g. For a small woman she has surprising strength. 她个子虽小但力大惊人。 她个子虽小但力大惊人。
  9. pass quickly (pass v. past prep.) prep.) e.g. A car passed quickly on the flyovers. = A car drove past quickly on the flyovers.
 

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