PREPOSITION
由两个介词构成的双重介词: 由两个介词构成的双重介词:
till after, from behind, except in … We stayed there till after the sunset. He picked up the gun from behind the counter. The weather has been fine except in the north.
beneath / underneath
表示“在……下面(两物接触)”, 表示“ 下面(两物接触) underneath有时用于表示抽象含义。 有时用于表示抽象含义。
The earth is beneath our feet. Underneath that stern exterior was a heart of gold.
beside, beyond
beside表示“在……旁边”, beyond表 表示“ 旁边” 示“在……的那一边” 的那一边” I sat beside the driver. They live in a small village beyond the Great Wall.
besides, except, except for, except (that), but
都表示“除了……”,但用法有区别 都表示“
Besides John, all of us passed the exam.(John也及格了) 也及格了) ( 也及格了 All of us passed the exam except John. (John不及格) 不及格) 不及格 You can all go except Tom. We had a very good time except for the weather. 在句首须用except for. eg. Except for Tom, you can all go. 在句首须用 Except (that) 表示“只是 表示“只是……”,后面连接从句。 ,后面连接从句。 I would willingly go except that it is too far. (to be continued)
besides, except, except for, except (that), but
But用作介词时,常用于all, no, nobody, who, 用作介词时, where等词后面;but不用于句首。 等词后面; 不用于句首。 There is no one here but me. Who but Tom would have done such a thing? All but / except the captain were rescued.
due to / owing to
due to用作表语,owing to用作状语,但 用作表语, 用作状语, 现在也常见due to用作状语 His absence was due to the storm. He arrived late owing to / due to the storm.
With引导的独立结构 With引导的独立结构
with + 名词 / 代词 + 不定式 He knew that with him to help her, she could and would succeed. with + 名词 / 代词 + 动词-ing 形式 With his satchel trailing behind him, the small boy ran past. with + 名词 / 代词 + 动词-ed 形式 With the question settled, they were happy and relaxed. (to be continued)
With引导的独立结构 With引导的独立结构
with + 名词 / 代词 + 介词短语 With chalk in one hand and a textbook in the other, the professor rested against the blackboard. with + 名词 / 代词 + 形容词 Although they sat with doors and windows open, they were overpowered by heat. with + 名词 / 代词 + 副词 He went out with no hat on.
 

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