Unit One: A Brush with the Law The brief of the story
The story happened about ten years ago. The two policemen arrested me because I wore long hair, wandered in the street, and was unemployed. They suspected that I stole the milk bottles. And I was taken to court. But, because of my “right accent,” my respectable middle-class parents, etc., I was released. From the story, we know that the law itself is sometimes unjust.
The Sixties’ “youth counterculture”
The word “counterculture” was coined in the 1960’s for the attitude and life style of many young people who rejected conventional social values and demanded more personal freedom. The counterculture first arose in the U.S. during the 1960’s and soon spread to Britain, France and other western countries. These young people were opposed to the Vietnam War and dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs in their society. Yet, unable to find a more constructive way of struggling against these, they indulged themselves in sex, drugs, alcohol and rock music and took great pride in wearing long hairs and unusual clothes and in taking up anything that
1
was
unconventional.
The
counterculture declined in the late 1970’s. (颓废的一代 颓废的一代) 颓废的一代 Compare: lost generation (二战后的迷茫的一代 二战后的迷茫的一代 二战后的迷茫的一代)
Preface
stroll (vi &n.): walk without any purpose stroll (vi.) along the street; take a stroll (n.) along the street lead to (something) = result in; bring about; cause eventually = at last; finally be in court for trial = have / experience a lawsuit in the court
A Brush with the Law
(与法律的一场小冲突 与法律的一场小冲突) 与法律的一场小冲突
brush (n.): a short fight or quarrel; an argument or disagreement; conflict (冲突 争吵 不和 冲突; 冲突 争吵; 不和) to have a brush with sb. = to have a conflict with sb. brush aside (扫除 brush away (刷掉 brush up (擦亮 复 扫除); 刷掉); 擦亮;复 扫除 刷掉 擦亮 打发掉;不愿见 习); brush off (打发掉 不愿见 打发掉 不愿见)
Paragraphs 1-3
be in trouble with (sth. / sb.); have trouble with sb. or in sth. Compare: process (做事的过程 ; procedure (规定的程序 做事的过程); 规定的程序) 做事的过程 规定的程序 e.g.: According to the stipulated in the manual, you must finish the operation in such a . take sb. to court: take a legal action against sb.; launch a lawsuit against sb.
2
e.g.: If you go on ill-treating your wife like this, you will be taken to court. hold a court (开庭 go to court (起诉 开庭); 起诉); 开庭 起诉 民事法庭); 刑事法庭) a civil court (民事法庭 a criminal court (刑事法庭 民事法庭 刑事法庭 e.g. The two parties have agreed to settle the case out of court. (庭外 不经法庭 庭外; 庭外 不经法庭) Compare: rather / quite rather cold but quite warm; rather unpleasant but quite happy experience (C)经历; (U)经验 经历; 经验 经历 … it makes a good story now = … it provides material for a good story now arbitrary (adj.): based on one’s own wishes or will rather than reason (专横的 武断的 专横的; 专横的 武断的) e.g.: If a leader makes decisions without conducting investigations, he is being arbitrary.
subsequent (adj.)=following; happening later; ensuing;(随后的 随后的) 随后的

  1) We made a plan for a visit, but subsequent difficulties with the car prevented it.
  2) Subsequent / Ensuing events proved that my judgment of the situation was right. fate (n.) = fortune (命运 命运) 命运
3
What makes it rather disturbing was the arbitrary circumstances both of my arrest and my subsequent fate in court. (这次经历令人可恼之处在于围绕着我的被捕以及随后庭
上审讯而出现的种种武断专横的情况)
a couple of: a small number of; a few, usually two …was not due to go to university until the following October In Britain the university terms are: Oct. ? Dec.; Jan. ? March; April ? June due (adj.): expected or scheduled to arrive or be ready; supposed (to) (预期的 到期的 预期的;到期的 预期的 到期的)
  1) The train from Beijing is due at 1:30 p.m.
  3) The L/C will be due (=mature; expiry) tomorrow. suburb = outskirts Compare: temporary job (临时工 临时工)/part-time job ? permanent living 临时工 certificate Compare: (以下三种表达方式的语气 以下三种表达方式的语气) 以下三种表达方式的语气 must + have p.p. /should + have p.p. /could + have p.p.
  1) You must have made some mistakes.
  2) You should have seen that film.
  3) You could have done it better if you had taken my advice.
4
Compare: urban area ? rural area
downfall = ruin (垮台 衰落 垮台;衰落 垮台 衰落) e.g. China entered into a new period with the downfall of the Gang of Four.
Paragraphs 4-6
take one’s time (不着急 慢慢来 不着急; 慢慢来) 不着急 e.g.: Please take your time and go over your report once again. having unsuccessfully sought employment there 现在分词短 语作伴随时间状语 sought: 原形动词是 seek out of employment = out of job = jobless employment agency 职业介绍所 walk across (=cross) the road with the obvious (=very clear) intention (=purpose) instead (adv.) = on the contrary police / army officer (军官 but government official (官员 军官) 官员) 军官 官员 joke: play a joke with sb. (与某人开玩笑 与某人开玩笑) 与某人开玩笑 in (=wear) uniform; in red; in plain clothes (穿着便服 穿着便服) 穿着便服 I was left in no doubt. (使我确信无疑 / 我完全明白了 使我确信无疑 我完全明白了) Pattern: leave + sb. / sth. + 介词短语 形容词/过去分词 介词短语/形容词 过去分词 形容词 (使某人或某事处于某种状态 使某人或某事处于某种状态) 使某人或某事处于某种状态 leave the book on the desk
5
leave him angry leave the mistake uncorrected Patterns regarding “doubt” There is no doubt (n.) that he will come soon. (correct) It is no doubt that … (wrong) doubt (v.) 除 了 在 否 定 句 与 疑 问 句 里 以 外 , 后 面 通 常 接 whether 而不接 that I do not doubt that he will come soon. Do you doubt that he will come soon. I doubt whether he will come soon. (不用 that) 不用 wander (vi.): walk around a place in a casual way, often without a fixed course, aim or purpose (闲逛 漫游 闲逛, 闲逛 漫游) e.g.: David wandered through the bookstore, hoping to find a good book for his child’s birthday. wander about (漂泊 闲逛 wander from the topic (偏离主题 漂泊;闲逛 偏离主题) 漂泊 闲逛); 偏离主题 commit offence / a crime/murder/suicide/a mistake/an error e.g.: During their occupation of china, the Japanese invaders committed many horrible crimes against the Chinese people. arrest +able / ask + able / work + able / read + able offence (BrE) = offense (AmE): the hurting of feeling (冒犯 冒犯) 冒犯
with intent to do sth = on purpose to do sth 有企图 目的做某事 有企图/目的做某事
steal (=pilfer) ? thief (=pilferer) ? theft (=pilferage)
6
perfectly straight face: a face showing no emotion or humor; a very serious looking face (完全板着面孔 完全板着面孔) 完全板着面孔 perfectly (adv.) = (here) completely; very e.g.: His boss is perfectly satisfied with your arrangement. It turned out (that) there had been a lot of petty thefts in the area. (it 是形式主语, 是形式主语, there 句是主语从句省略了引导词 that) turn out: prove to be; be found or discovered (to be)
  1) The GM of the big company turned out to be a young woman of about 30 years old.
  2) The weather turned out pretty nice that day. petty = small; unimportant
e.g.: petty cash 零用钱 零星收支 零用钱;零星收支
untidy: not clean and neat (不整洁 不整洁) 不整洁
Pattern
regard … as … or regard … to be …: consider
  1) He always regard himself as a great talent
  2) They regard you to be their good friend. as a result 因此 结果 (是词组 as a result of (…的结果 因此; 是词组); 的结果) 是词组 的结果
  1) She didn’t work hard, as a result, she didn’t pass the exam.
  2) Ten people died as a result of the accident. be concerned with be unconcerned with = be not 不担心/漠不关心 concerned with (对…不担心 漠不关心 对 不担心 漠不关心)
7
incident = event (事件 accident = unexpected misfortune 事件); 事件 happening (事故 事故) 事故 in the … tone (以…语气 语气) 以 语气 casual: relaxed and unconcerned about what is happening or what one is doing; careless; informal (随便的 随意的 随便的; 随便的 随意的)
  1) Because of his casual attitude toward work, he was fired.
  2) He tried to appear casual as he asked the pretty girl to dance. Pattern A is familiar with B = B is familiar to A confirm: make sure / certain; strengthen; make firmer
  1) If you need the reserved the room, please confirm it as soon as possible.
  2) The result of my experiments has confirmed my belief that your theory is correct. …it confirmed them in their belief (= reinforced their belief) that I was a thoroughly (=very/completely/absolutely) disreputable character (=person) (是 belief 同位语 同位语) 是
dis + repute +able character = person Paragraphs 7-10
disputable 声名狼藉的
get in (上车 Note: get on the bus but get in/into the car 上车): 上车
8
Compare:
not … any more (强调频率 强调频率) 强调频率 not … any longer (强调时间 强调时间) 强调时间
e.g.: If you do not send me a reply soon, I will not write to you , since I cannot wait . They got on either side (=on both sides) of me. Patterns question (vt.) sth. of sb. = ask sth of sb. question sb. sth = ask sb. sth. Patterns continue to do sth. (more common) = continue doing sth. worldly (adj.) = sophisticated: experienced in the ways of society (老于世故的 老于世故的) 老于世故的 au fait (French): be au fait with = be familiar with unemployed = jobless eventually = finally; at last
Patterns
charge sb. with sth = accuse sb. of sth. = tax sb. with sth = launch a lawsuit/legal action against sb. (从法律上指控某人 从法律上指控某人) 从法律上指控某人 magistrate court = local court (地方法庭 地方法庭) 地方法庭 conduct: manage; direct; carry on (主持 处理 运作 主持; 主持 处理; 运作) The police are conducting investigations into these murders. conduct one’s defence (BrE = defense AmE) in court (在法庭 在法庭
9
上作自我辩护) 上作自我辩护 Compare:
lawyer: the general term for anyone whose work it is to advise his clients about the law and represent them in court (律师统称 律师统称) 律师统称 solicitor: (BrE = lawyer 初级律师 a lawyer who gives advice, 初级律师) appears in lower courts, and prepares cases for a barrister to argue in a higher court. barrister: (出庭律师 a lawyer who has the right of speaking and 出庭律师) 出庭律师 arguing in the higher courts of law
find out: get/reach the result of finding after overcoming lots of difficulties be armed with = be equipped with (配备 以 … 武装 配备; 武装) 配备
Compare:
evidence (证据 witness (目击证据 evidence on the spot 证据); 目击证据): 证据 目击证据 character witness 人证 witness (vt.): see on the spot (目睹 人证; 目睹) 目睹 call on/upon sb. to do: = demand/require sb. to do 要求某人 做某事 My “trial” didn’t get that far.: My “trial” ended before it reached the stage when witnesses would be called on to give evidence.
get (=go/reach) that far; far: to a certain point, degree, or stage
e.g.: He went so far as to cheat openly on exams.
10
dismiss (=refuse to consider) the case 驳回此案 dismiss (=fire) sb. 解雇 开除某人 解雇/开除某人 stand (=have/get) a chance 获得个机会 costs (pl.): (此处指 诉讼费 此处指)诉讼费 此处指 award (vt.): (此处指 判给 此处指)判给 此处指 判给; award sb. sth.: 授予某人某物
e.g.: The company awarded him the highest yearly bonus. Pattern: succeed in doing sth 成功做某事
Paragraphs 11-13
criminal record: record of committing crimes Compare: shocking / surprising / astonishing / stunning / amazing release (vt. & n.) 释放 release (=issue/make open) the news release (=deliver/ship) the goods He has been released from the jail for no evidence to be found against him. accent (口音 口音) 口音 American accent / British accent
I had the “right” accent.: This proved that he was well-educated.
respectable (adj.): deserving respected (值得尊敬 尊重的 值得尊敬/尊重的 值得尊敬 尊重的)
Compare: respect / respective / respectable / respectful
e.g.: Respective children respect their respective respectable parents.
11
rely (vi.) on/upon = depend (vi.) on/upon reliable (adj.) = dependable afford (vt.):be capable of offering or giving (有能力提供 做某 有能力提供/做某 有能力提供
事)
e.g.: I can afford you a good dinner if I get the pay. given: taking into account; if allowed or provided with; previously set (考虑到 假定 既定的 考虑到; 考虑到 假定; 既定的)
  1) Given that he is a child, the article is not bad.
  2) Given the opportunity, I’d come to see you.
  3)
 

相关内容

College English (3-1)[1].(交大大学英语课件(一))

   Unit One: A Brush with the Law The brief of the story The story happened about ten years ago. The two policemen arrested me because I wore long hair, wandered in the street, and was unemployed. They suspected that I stole the milk bottles. And I wa ...

College English (3-3)[1交大大学英语课件(3)

   Unit 3 Introductory remarks Why I Teach Teaching has been considered an undesirable profession in many parts of the world. Education may be respected and highly valued, but teachers are not. Their pay and prestige are low in most countries. They wo ...

英语课件English Lecture

   课 程 名 称:英语II(1) 主 讲:章 春 E-mail:qz_zc@126.com 1 英 语 课 件 English Lecture 主 讲:章 春 适用专业: 适用专业:04秋开放本科各专业 主要内容: 主要内容:期末复习指导 2011-4-13 衢州广播电视大学 2 课 程 考 核 ?己诵问剑?:形成性考核占20% B:课程终结考试占80% 考核依据:命题依据中央广播电视大学的英语课程教学大纲 (公共英语课:英语II)以及《开放英语3》中的内容。 考核目标:语言知识:语法与功能和 ...

【英语】海南2011高考一轮复习课件:Module 4 Which English(外研版选修8)

   Module 4 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Ⅰ.高频单词思忆 Which English? 基础落实 很重要, 1.In sports what really counts (很重要,很有 价值) 价值)is not the winning but the playing. 抱怨) 2.The tourist complained (抱怨)that the room was too dirty. 3.The poor girl was dismissed instantly (立即,马上)by he ...

I love English--英语演讲稿

   中学生英语演讲稿 悬赏分:25 - 提问时间2009-9-12 16:39 关于目标的重要性、为什么要养成目标?这类的内容。中学生(初三)水平,三分钟左右。 提问者: gaoyichen123 I love English--英语演讲稿 As everyone knows,English is very important today.It has been used everywhere in the world.It has become the most common language ...

自考英语(一)English_jy02031

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( 语法 基本句型 句子的主要成分是主语和谓语. 英语的基本句型有五种: 主语用 S 表示,谓语用 V 表示,宾语用 O 表示;表语用 C 表示,宾语补足语也是 C. 1.SV (主谓结构) 2.SVC (主系表) 3.S V O(主谓宾) 4.S V O O(主谓+双宾) 5.S V O C(主谓宾+宾补) 这五种基本句型的特点:都有主语和谓语;而谓语动词类别的不同决定了谓语结构的不同,不同谓语结构决定 了它后面所跟的句子成分不同,从而形成不 ...

自考英语(一)English_jy17031

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( 语 法 状语从句 在复合句中起状语作用的从句叫状语从句(adverbial clause) .状语从句按其意义可分为时间,地点,原因,目 的,结果,条件,比较,方式,让步等类别. 一,时间状语从句 时间状语从句通常由下列连词引导:when(当…时候) ,whenever(任何时候) ,as(当…时候,随着,一边… 一边) ,while(在…期间) ,before(在…以前) ,after(在…之后) ,since( ...

自考英语(一)English_jy05031

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( 语法 句子的结构分类 英语句子按照其结构可分为简单句,并列句和复合句,现分述如下: 一,简单句(simple sentence) 只有一个主语(或并列主语)和一个谓语动词(或并列谓语动词)的句子称为简单句.例如: 1.Successful learners are learners with a purpose.(成功的学习者都有明确的学习目的. ) 2.Voices and music have been added to color a ...

自考英语(一)English_jy07031

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( 语法 被动语态 主动语态(active voice)表示主语是动作的执行者. 被动语态(passive voice) 表示主语是动作的承受者. 一,被动语态的形式 被动语态由助动词 be 加及物动词的过去分词构成,助动词 be 有时态,人称和数的变化. 二,被动语态的用法 (一)被动语态常用于以下情况: 1.当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者时.例如: For example:His car was stolen a week ago.(一个星期 ...

自考英语(一)English_jy20031

   高等教育自学考试网上辅导 》 《英语(一) 英语( 语法 强调句 如果要强调句中的某一成分,可以把这一成分放到单独的分句中,这样处理的句子称为强调句(emphatic sentence)或分裂句(cleft sentence) . 一,强调句的构成有两种形式.一种是 it 作引导词,将需要强调的部分提到前面分句的句首.其构成形式为: 1. It is (was)+被强调部分+that(who, which)+句子的其它部分 被强调部分通常为主语,宾语和状语.译成汉语时,被强调部分常用&quo ...

热门内容

大学英语口语教学存在的问题与改进措施

    2010 年第 5 期                   宁 行 政 学 院 学 报 辽 ( 第 12 卷第 5 期 )               Journal of L iaoning Adm inistration College No. 5, 2010 (Vol 12. No. 5) . 教育研究 ① 大学英语口语教学存在的问题与改进措施 王春晖 (沈阳工业大学 ,辽宁 沈阳 110870) [摘   ]    要 在对大学英语口语教学的意义和我国大学英语口语教学存在的问题进行 ...

英语教学反思8篇免费下载

   英语教学反思 8 篇免费下载 时间过得真快,转眼间,我已在学校担任英语教学 10 年多了,回顾已经过去 的一些日子,真是感慨万分。我激动,也深知自己所担负的重任。 英语是人与人之间用来交流的, 在课上我经常鼓励学生勇于开口, 大胆说英语, 用英语交流,调动学生的积极性,要求学生不怕犯错误,敢于开口,用英语与老 师和同学交流。其实有好多学生在内心也都有用英语与老师同学交流的欲望,但 他们迫于“压力”,怕说错或说不好会被老师批评、同学嘲笑,于是选择了保持沉 默。所以在课上我积极引导学生排除这种心 ...

药物分析英语词汇

   由医心医译生物医药翻译公司整理于网络 药物分析英语词汇 Abbe refractometer 阿贝折射仪 absorbance 吸收度 absorbance ratio 吸收度比值 absorption 吸收 absorption curve 吸收曲线 absorption spectrum 吸收光谱 absorptivity 吸收系数 accuracy 准确度 acid-dye colorimetry 酸性染料比色法 acidimetry 酸量法 acid-insoluble ash 酸不 ...

2011年广东省高考英语新题型-仿真训练试题[5]

   绝密★启用前 2011 年广东省高考新题型之仿真模拟考试试题(五) 年广东省高考新题型之仿真模拟考试试题( 英 语 本试卷共三大题,满分 135 分;考试用时 120 分钟。 语言知识及应用(共两节, Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 完形填空(共 小题; 第一节 完形填空 共 15 小题;每小题 2 分.满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意.然后从 1?15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was a kid, ...

六年级下英语期中试卷及听力材料

   办学理念:把您的孩子当成我们的孩子! 龙文教育-中小学生个性化教育集团 小学六年级第二学期期中测试 小学六年级第二学期期中测试 学生分数 学生分数 分数 (听力部分 听力部分) Listening Part (听力部分) circle.(听录音,圈出正确答案) I. Listen and circle.(听录音,圈出正确答案) choose.(听音,选择) II. Listen and choose.(听音,选择)10% ( )1. A. Mike is taller than Lee. L ...