大学英语三级考试语法
一, 非谓语动词 近几年的语法测试中非谓语动词约占
  31.1%,平均每年近 5 道题,可谓是语法项目考查的重 点, 那么非谓语动词的考查都有哪些特点, 解答时又应注意些什么呢?下面我和大家就一起 来分析一下: 1,非谓语动词考查特点
  1) 谓语动词与非谓语动词的判断 对谓语动词与非谓语动词区别的考查主要集中在独立主格结构,如: All things because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train. A. had been canceled B. have been canceled C. were canceled D. having been canceled 四个选项中有三个是谓语动词,只有 D 是非谓语动词,只要同学们能判断出这里是非谓语 动词做状语,则不用考虑时态的问题,答案自明.
  2) 谓语动词后不定式与动名词的选择 谓语动词后接不定式还是接动名词也是三级语法测试中的一个题眼.如: ① I don't mind the decision as long as it is not too late. A. you to delay making B. your delaying making C. your delaying to make D. you delay to make ② Had I remembered the windows, the thief would not have got in. A. to close B. closing C. to have closed D. having closed ③ Your hair wants . You'd better have it done tomorrow. A. cut B. to cut C. cutting D. being cut 这类题涉及三个方面: 谓语动词后应该接不定式还是动名词? 即可接不定式又可接动名词时,结构和意思上有何差别? 不定式与动名词用主动形式还是用被动形式?
  3) 做定语的非谓语动词的选择 从近几年的考查情况来看,对做定语的非谓语动词的考查有两种情况: (
  1)对一般概念的考查,而不是固定结构中的非谓语动词做定语.如: ① The project by the end of 2000, will expand the city's telephone network to cover 1,000,000 users.
A. accomplished B. being accomplished C. to be accomplished D. having been accomplished ② If I correct someone, I will do it with so much good humor and self-restraint as if I were the one . A. to correct B. correcting C. having been corrected D. being corrected 同学们只要掌握非谓语动词做定语的一般的规律,就可以判断①题答案为 C,②题答案为 D. (
  2)对固定结构的考查,如: ① The professor could hardly find sufficient grounds his arguments in favor of the new theory. A. to be based on B. to base on C. which to base on D. on which to base ② The pressure causes Americans to be energetic, but it also puts them under a constant emotional strain. A. to compete B. competing C. to be competed D. having competed ①题为不定式做定语的固定形式,答案为 D,②题为某些特定名词的定语结构,答案为 A. 在英语中有些名词, 如动词变来的名词, 形容词变来的名词, 以及 means, way, time, moment, reason 等要求其后用不定式做定语,不定式没有体的变化.
  4) 做状语的非谓语动词的选择 做状语的非谓语动词主要考查其各种形式的选择,如: ① the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge of the earth. A. Having believed B. Believing C. Believed D. Being Believed ② a teacher in a university, it is necessary to have at least a master's degree. A. To become B. Become C. One becomes D. On becoming ③ Realizing that he hadn't enough money and to borrow from his father, he decided to sell his watch. A. not wanted B. no to want C. not wanting D. wanting not ④ it or not, his discovery has created a stir in scientific circles. A. Believe B. To believe C. Believing D. Believed 从以上各题来看,考查的侧重点有: (
  1)状语类别的判断 不同的状语对非谓语动词的要求不同,目的状语要求用不定式,如②. (
  2)非谓语动词与句子属于之间的逻辑关系 根据主谓关系或动宾关系的不同来确定用现在分词还是用过去分词. (
  3)非谓语动词的否定形式 not 否定非谓语动词时置于非谓语动词之前,如③. (
  4) 独立成分
有些非谓语动词的使用不受与句子主语关系的限制, 称为独立成分, 这类成 分只记忆即可. 如: generally speaking, judging from..., to tell the truth..., 等.
  5) 做补足语的非谓语动词的选择 做宾语补足语的非谓语动词受谓语动词的限制, 不同动词后的宾语补足语形式要求不同. 近 几年对各类宾补都有考查.如: ① They are going to have the service man an electric fan in the office tomorrow. A. install B. to install C. to be installed D. installed ② After a few rounds of talks, both sides regarded the territory dispute . A. being settled B. to be settled C. had settled D. as settled ③ You will see this product wherever you go. A. to be advertised B. advertised C. advertise D. advertising ④ His remarks left me about his real purpose. A. wondered B. wonder C. to wonder D. wondering ⑤ When I caught him me I stopped buying things there and started dealing with another shop. A. cheating B. cheat C. to cheat D. to be cheating ⑥ The sale usually takes place outside the house, with the audience on benches, chairs or boxes. A. having seated B. seating C. seated D. having been seated 考查涉及到 感官动词后的宾语补足语,如③. have, make, let, leave 等特殊单词后的宾语补足语. regard 类后面的宾语补足语 with 独立分句后面的 常用动词后面的宾语补足语.
  6) 做表语的非谓语动词的选择 表语的考查多侧重于分词做表语形式的选择, 很少有动名词的用法的考查, 虽然选项中有不 定式作为干扰项,只要能看出是做表语的也就不用考虑.如: ① The house was very quiet, as it was on the side of the mountain. A. isolated B. isolating C. being isolated D. having been isolated ② These surveys indicate that many crimes go by the police, mainly because not all victims report them.
A. unrecorded B. to be unrecorded C. unrecording D. to have been unrecorded 分词做表语可以做系动词 be 的表语,也可以做其它系动词的表语,如 go, feel,seem, look, remain 等等.这些系动词后非谓语动词的饿用法规则是相同的.
  7) to 作为介词与作为不定式符号的选择 to 可以是介词,也可以用来引导不定式,三级考试中对种类用法的考查也比较多.如: ① I have no objection your story again. A. to hear B. to hearing C. to having heard D. to have heard ② The traditional approach with complex problems is to break down into smaller, more easily managed problems. A. to dealing B. in dealing C. dealing D. to deal ③ The man in the corner confessed to a lie to the manager of the company. (19
  97.
  6) A. have told B. be told C. being told D. having told 这类考题的考查方式有两种, 一是四个选项中有两个相对的选项 to do something 和 to doing something,这时考查的自然是 to 的性质;另一种是 to 在题干中,如③.
  8) 分词前连词的使用 分词前连词的使用是为了使分词的作用更加明了, 使考生更加准确地理解试题. 考查有两种 情况 (
  1)根据连词选择适当的分词形式 Michael used to look hurt and surprised when . A. scolding B. to scold C. having scolded D. scolded when 的使用说明非谓语动词做时间状语,答案不可能是 B, scold 与句子主语间的逻辑关 从 系来看,应该是动宾关系,答案应该是 D. (
  2)根据状语的功能选择不同的连词 Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50 percent of patient do not take drugs directed. A. like B. so C. which D. as 由上下文的意思可以看出,分词所做的是方式状语,连词应该是 as.
  9) 非谓语动词的体 非谓语动词中分词的体有完成体和进行体,即 having done, having been done 和 being done, 完成体只用于做状语的场合,而进行体可以用于做定语和做补足语. 动名词的体也有 having done, having been done 和 being done 的结构主要用于做主语和宾语 的场合. 不定式的体有 to be doing 和 to have done,主要用于 pretend, happen, seem, appear, be said to 等结构中.如: ① The man in the corner confessed to a lie to the manager
of the company. A. have told B. be told C. being told D. having told having told 在句中做介词宾语,表示动作发生在谓语动词之前. ② I'd rather read than watch television; the programs seem all the time. A. to get worse B. to be getting worse C. to have got worse D. getting worse 从 all the time 的使用可以推断 get worse 是一个渐变过程,所以用不定式的进行体. ③ The speech a lively discussion started. A. being delivered B. was delivered C. be delivered D. having been delivered 该结构属于独立主格结构做时间状语, 状语分词所表示的动作发生在谓语动词之前, 所以应 该用完成体,答案为 D.
 

相关内容

【DOC】大学英语三级考试语法

   大学英语三级考试语法 一, 非谓语动词 近几年的语法测试中非谓语动词约占 31.1%,平均每年近 5 道题,可谓是语法项目考查的重 点, 那么非谓语动词的考查都有哪些特点, 解答时又应注意些什么呢?下面我和大家就一起 来分析一下: 1,非谓语动词考查特点 1) 谓语动词与非谓语动词的判断 对谓语动词与非谓语动词区别的考查主要集中在独立主格结构,如: All things because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing bu ...

大学英语三级考试大纲及考试技巧

   1 高等学校英语应用能力考试(PRETCO)A 级考试大纲 高等学校英语应用能力考试( ) 我国高等职业教育、 普通高等专科教育和成人高等教育的教学目标是培养高级应用性人 才,其英语教学应贯彻"实用为主,够用为度"的方针;既要培养学生具备必要的英语语言基 础知识, 也应强调培养学生运用英语进行有关涉外业务工作的能力。 高等学校英语应用能力 考试就是为了检验高职高专学生是否达到所规定的教学要求而设置的考试。 本考试以 《高职 高专教育英语课程教学基本要求(试行)》(简称《基 ...

大学英语四级考试

   Breakfast or Internet Karl and Dorsey Gude of East Lansing, Michigan, USA, can remember simpler mornings, not too long ago. They sat together and chatted as they ate breakfast at home. They read the newspapers and competed only with the television ...

英语四级考试语法

   2007-05-27 | 四级语法 四级语法 时态",就是时间+状态 状态。 一:时态:所谓的"时态 ,就是时间 状态。谓语动词的时 时态:所谓的 时态 态见下表: 态见下表: 1.主动形式 . 过去 现在 将来 过去将来 一般 did do will/shall do should/would do 进行 was/were doing am/is/are doing will/sh all be doing / 完成 had done have/has done wil ...

大学英语四级考试流程

   大学英语四级考试流程 8:509:00试音时间 9:009:10播放考场指令, 发放作文考卷 9:10取下耳机,开始作文考试 9:35发放含有快速阅读的试题 册(但9:40才允许开始做) 9:409:55做快速阅读 9:5510:00收答题卡一(即 作文和快速阅读) 9 5510 00 9:5510:00重新戴上耳机, 试音寻台,准备听力考试 10:00开始听力考试,电台开始 放音 听力结束后完成剩余考项。 11:20全部考试结束。 ...

大学英语三级考试语法

   大学英语三级考试语法 一、 非谓语动词 近几年的语法测试中非谓语动词约占 31.1% ,平均每年近 5 道题,可谓是语法 项目考查的重点,那么非谓语动词的考查都有哪些特点,解答时又应注意些什么 呢?下面我和大家就一起来分析一下: 1 、非谓语动词考查特点 1) 谓语动词与非谓语动词的判断 对谓语动词与非谓语动词区别的考查主要集中在独立主格结构,如: All things because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do not hing b ...

成人英语三级考试词汇下载

   词 汇 Vocabulary) 表 (Vocabulary) 找外语学习资料,学视频网络课程,就来外语教育网 找外语学习资料, 学视频网络课程, www.for68.com bbs.for68.com 课程:职称英语、 课程:职称英语、CET4、PETS、法律英语、成人英语三级、日语、韩语、法语、德语、俄语、西语、洋话连篇 、 、法律英语、成人英语三级、日语、韩语、法语、德语、俄语、西语、 报名咨询电话: 免费热线: e-mail:for68@chinaacc.com 报名咨询电话:010- ...

2010年12月大学英语四级考试真题

   Part I minutes) 2010 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题 Writing (30 Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 150 words following the outline giv ...

英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(二)

   英语四级考试语法结构与词汇应试策略(二)     三、复习思路   1.全面掌握基本语法点,重点记住各个项目中的“偏,特,难”点   2.掌握常用习惯用法和词组   3.注意在阅读中培养语感,因为在语篇层次上培养的语感往往可以直接帮助答题   4.研究以往考试试题,适当做些练习记住典型题例   四、词汇题答题技巧   由于《大纲》强调要在语篇层次上解决语法与词汇问题,所以四级考试的这部分试题也很少是单个的句子,大多为并列句或复合句,因此我们也应学会根据语篇知识来掌握答题技巧,尤其是要注意句子 ...

2011年大学英语四级考试口试大纲及样题.

   2011 年大学英语四级考试口试大纲 编辑提醒 2011 年上半年大学英语四级考试将在 6 月 18 日 09:00~11:20 举行,下半年将在 12 月 17 日 09:00~11:20 举行,为了帮助大家有效的报考复习,考试大外语站点编辑收集整理了 相关信息供大家参考,希望对大家有所帮助,考试大祝大家顺利通过考试! 考试介绍 考试中心 考试时间 计分规则 报名条件 考试培训 考试大纲 成绩查询 机考解析 证书样张 口试大纲 口语考试成绩合格者由教育部高等教育司发给证书,证书分为 A、 ...

热门内容

英语单词记忆技巧

   英语单词记忆技巧??词根,词缀 英语中常见的前缀 一.反义前缀 1)表示否定意义的前缀 a- = not, without 表示"无","不" a-+ symmetry (对称)→asymmetry 不对称 a- + typical (典型的)→atypical 非典型的 dis- = not, deprive of 表示"不","剥夺","取消 " dis- + agree(一致, 同意)→ ...

2010年英语协会学习部策划书

   2010 年英语协会学习部策划书 一. 活动背景 由于协会的会员感觉缴纳会费后, 由于协会的会员感觉缴纳会费后,协会没有安排过什 么活动, 让他们感觉到被欺骗, 而且由于现在英语角。 么活动, 让他们感觉到被欺骗, 而且由于现在英语角。 晨读等我们学习部主要负责的活动已经开始, 晨读等我们学习部主要负责的活动已经开始,但是很 少会员参与,影响活动的成效和影响, 少会员参与,影响活动的成效和影响,也会使得协会 的名誉受到侵害。 的名誉受到侵害。而且重要的是借这次机会向 向会员推荐英语报纸, 向 ...

100天备战高考英语作文

   100 天备战高考英语作文 比如在一篇文章中,“公立学校的经费由政府负担”后面的“Public schools are paid for by the government.”就是相应的英语表达。同学将学会用“pay for”表达“…的经费由…负担”、认识 到 government 前需加定冠词 the。 通过“这是学校图书馆的书”后面的“I got this book from the school library.”, 同学将学到 英语表达的技巧:用“get…from”表达“这是…的…” ...

初三英语作文专题复习演示文稿

   ABC English Composition Zhou Hong Descriptive writing Picture describing Four steps Picture Describing Four steps The main idea Who When The grammar Where The structure What The vocabulary How Picture describing: Jack up at 7:20 every day. gets go ...

研究生英语翻译

   数词的用法 Numerals usage 第7组 S1001011 组 simmon 普通的分数数值表示法 表达公式: 表达公式: eight ninths 九分之八 seven tenths 十分之七 one seventh 七分之一 one fourth/ a quarter 四分之一 one/a half 二分之一 (此为英美人习惯的 用法,不可写作one second) “零点几(十分之几)”、“零点零几 零点几(十分之几) 百分之几) (百分之几)”等数值表示法 表达公式: 表达公 ...